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Pediatric snoring

Xiao-Dan Li, Jun Tai, Zhi-Fei Xu, Gui-Xiang Wang, Yun-Xiao Wu, Jiang-Nan Du, Jie Zhang, Xiao-Xia Peng, Xin Ni
Background: It is known that short sleep duration adversely affects children's behavior and physical development. This study aimed to investigate the status of sleep duration in 3-14-year-old children in Beijing and explore the related factors of sleep loss with them. Methods: In this study, a cross-sectional study of random stratified cluster sampling was conducted on 3-14-year-old children and adolescents in Beijing. According to the proportion of children in each district and school, the final cohort included a total of 11 kindergartens, 7 primary schools, and 8 junior high schools from 7 districts of Beijing...
August 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Erica C Jansen, Galit Levi Dunietz, Barbara T Felt, Louise M O'Brien
We examined whether gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms were associated with sleep disturbances in a community-based sample of 337 school-aged children from Ypsilanti, Michigan. Parents completed the sleep-related breathing disorder scale of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire and the Conners' parents rating scale, which included questions concerning GI symptoms. One fifth of the children screened positive for sleep-disordered breathing; the same fraction had sleepiness, and one-quarter snored more than half the time...
July 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
J Tai, Z F Xu, X D Li, J N Du, G X Wang, J Ma, P J Hu, X Y Yan, J Zhang, Y M Zhang, Y H Liu, J Zhao, L Zheng, J Chen, X Ni
Objective: To investigate the snoring status of school-aged children in Beijing and explore the association of snoring and academic performance. Methods: A total of 7 925 children aged from 6 to 14 were selected from 15 primary and middle schools at 7 districts (Xicheng, Chaoyang, Changping, Shunyi, Fangshan, Huairou and Mentougou) in Beijing in 2015, using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. The recruited children were asked to complete the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and a questionnaire related to sleep behavior...
July 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Jason Z Bronstein, Li Xie, Thomas H Shaffer, Aaron Chidekel, Robert Heinle
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Objective measurements of thoracoabdominal asynchrony (TAA), such as average phase angle (θavg), can quantify airway obstruction. This study demonstrates and evaluates use of θavg for predicting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pediatric polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: This prospective observational study recruited otherwise healthy 3- to 8-year-old children presenting for PSG due to snoring, behavioral problems, difficulty sleeping, and/or enlarged tonsils...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Kristine M Stangenes, Mari Hysing, Silje K Fevang, Irene B Elgen, Thomas Halvorsen, Trond Markestad, Bjørn Bjorvatn
Objective: Prematurely born children have been reported to have more sleep problems throughout childhood than children born at term. The aim of this study was to explore if prenatal or neonatal factors can predict sleep problems at age 11 years in children born extremely preterm (EPT). Method: A prospective observational study of all infants who were born EPT in Norway in 1999 and 2000. Prenatal and neonatal data were collected by all Norwegian obstetric and pediatric departments. Parental questionnaire mapped sleep problems and sleep habits at the age of 11 years...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Ashok K Rohra, Catherine A Demko, Mark G Hans, Carol Rosen, Juan Martin Palomo
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence of high-risk factors for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in an orthodontic population of children. SDB is a spectrum of breathing disorders ranging from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: The sample included 303 healthy children between the ages of 9 and 17. High risk of SDB was assessed using the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, a validated instrument that consists of 22 questions, and high risk is defined as positive answers to 33% or more of the questions answered...
July 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Chi-Chih Lai, Pei-Wen Lin, Hsin-Ching Lin, Michael Friedman, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Anna M Salapatas, Meng-Chih Lin, Pa-Chun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To develop an adequate model using reliable clinical and physical factors to predict pediatric obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: Complete anthropometric measurements including BMI z score, tonsil size grading, and updated Friedman tongue position (uFTP) were evaluated. Subjective assessments of clinical symptoms/signs, including snoring visual analog scale (VAS), nasal obstruction, and mouth breathing, were recorded. RESULTS: Eighty-eight children (57 boys and 31 girls, mean age = 9...
June 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Ariel Tarasiuk, Yael Segev
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a syndrome manifesting with snoring and increased respiratory effort due to increased upper airway resistance. In addition to cause the abnormal sleep, this syndrome has been shown to elicit either growth retardation or metabolic syndrome and obesity. Treating OSA by adenotonsillectomy is usually associated with increased risk for obesity, despite near complete restoration of breathing and sleep. However, the underlying mechanism linking upper airways obstruction (AO) to persistent change in food intake, metabolism, and growth remains unclear...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
S Anderson, N Alsufyani, A Isaac, M Gazzaz, H El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is hoped to identify reasons of failure of adenotonsillectomy (AT) in treating pediatric sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Maxillomandibular disproportion has been studied as another association which may explain alternative pathogenesis of SDB. We aimed to explore the relation between the size of the gonial angle and inclination of the epiglottis measured from cone beam CT (CBCT) and tongue base collapse based on DISE in children with SDB...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
G Q Zhao, Y R Li, X Y Wang, X Ding, C Y Wang, W Xu, D M Han
Objective: To evaluate the difference of accessing pediatric sleep symptoms and living qualities between 3 diagnostic criteria: American Thoracic Society (ATS), International Classification of Sleep Disorder (ICSD-3), domestic Urumqi criterion (Draft); To investigate the relationship of PSG parameters and quality of life scale OSA-18. Method: Children with snoring who received PSG in Capital Medical University Beijing Tongren Hospital were recruited from Jan 2016 to Apr 2017. Subjects were diagnosed and grouped to SS, ICSD, ATS&ICSD (ATS&ICSD1, ATS&ICSD2) according to 3 criteria: ATS (AHI>5 or OAI>1), ICSD-3 (OAHI≥1) and Urumqi (AHI>5 or OAI>1, with LSaO₂<92%)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
D N Kapitanov, L A Satanin, N A Chernikova, L V Shishkina, E V Shelesko, S R Arustamyan, E Yu Bukharin
Schwannomas (neurinomas) are benign, encapsulated, and slow-growing neoplasms developing from any peripheral, cranial, or vegetative nerve that has the Schwann sheath. Schwannomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in adults occur rarely, less than 4% of cases. The world literature lacks similar data for the pediatric age group because these tumors in children are unique and extremely rare. The most common clinical symptoms of sinonasal schwannoma are nasal breathing disorders, hyposmia or anosmia, and snoring at night...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Guilherme-Machado de Carvalho, Henrique-Furlan Pauna, Agrício-Nubiato Crespo, Reinaldo-Jordão Gusmão, Alexandre-Caixeta Guimarães
Introduction: Lymphoma is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck occurring during childhood. Early diagnosis is very important in terms of prognosis in patients with tonsillar lymphoma.Our objective was to evaluate the clinical manifestations of pediatric tonsillar lymphoma according to different age groups. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of available English, Spanish, or Portuguese literature from January 1996 to June 2012 was performedin the BIREME, Cochrane, IBECS, Lilacs, PubMed/Medline, SCIELO, and Scopus databases, using "tonsillar lymphoma" and "children" as keywords...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Wojciech Kukwa, Christian Guilleminault, Magdalena Tomaszewska, Andrzej Kukwa, Antoni Krzeski, Ewa Migacz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of upper respiratory tract infections (URI) - as indicated by rhinosinusitis (RS), ear infections (EI), and antibiotic consumption - in a general pediatric population and evaluate the relationship between these conditions and habitual snoring and mouth breathing during sleep. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was performed in three medium-sized Polish cities from 2011 to 2015. RESULTS: 4837/6963 questionnaires (69...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Barbara Marlenga, Nathan King, William Pickett, Joshua Lawson, Louise Hagel, James A Dosman
Objectives: To examine sleep patterns in a large cohort of rural children and explore the association between sleep patterns and injury occurrence. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses of the baseline survey from a prospective cohort study (2012 to 2017) was conducted with 46 rural schools in Saskatchewan, Canada who distributed surveys to parents of 2275 rural dwelling farm and nonfarm children aged 0 to 17 years. Parents reported child sleep characteristics and farm or nonfarm injury in the previous calendar year...
July 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Joerg Schnoor, Thilo Busch, Nazar Turemuratov, Andreas Merkenschlager
BACKGROUND: Children with obstructive sleep apnea are at high risk for perioperative airway obstruction. Many "at risk" children may remain unrecognized. The aim of this study is to find a clinically practicable test to identify obstructive sleep apnea in childhood. METHODS: In this pilot study, we prospectively compared four parental questionnaires with the respective findings of subsequent sleep laboratory testing in children. Right before sleep laboratory testing, children's parents answered both the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, a subscale of the Sleep Related Breathing Disorder questionnaire (PSQ-SRBD-Subscale), and an eight-item questionnaire derived from it...
February 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Sarah Morsbach Honaker, Tamara Dugan, Ameet Daftary, Stephanie Davis, Chandan Saha, Fitsum Baye, Emily Freeman, Stephen M Downs
OBJECTIVE: To examine primary care provider (PCP) screening practice for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and predictive factors for screening habits. A secondary objective was to describe the polysomnography completion proportion and outcome. We hypothesized that both provider and child health factors would predict PCP suspicion of OSA. METHODS: A computer decision support system that automated screening for snoring was implemented in 5 urban primary care clinics in Indianapolis, Indiana...
May 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Rana Alouda, Maram Alshehri, Shoog Alnaghmoosh, Maryam Shafique, May Wathiq Al-Khudhairy
Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to determine if an association exists between mothers work status and her children's incidence of bruxism and habits related to bruxism. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through data collection of a questionnaire answered by 561 mothers' about their working status and their child's habits and behaviors. The survey consisted of 5 parts with a total of 34 questions: mother's information, child's behavior, child's sleeping pattern, mother's knowledge about bruxism, and child's medical history...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Gunnhildur Gudnadottir, Eva Ellegård, Johan Hellgren
Objective To study the efficacy of budesonide nasal spray on the health-related quality of life and symptoms among children with sleep-disordered breathing. Study Design Randomized, parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Sixty children (ages, 4-10 years) who were referred because of snoring and/or apneas for >3 months were included between January 2015 and June 2016 and randomized in a double-blind design to treatment with 64 μg/mL of budesonide nasal spray (n = 30) or placebo nasal spray (n = 30) twice daily for 6 weeks...
April 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Sarah N Biggs, Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether overweight and obesity increased the detrimental effects of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on cognition, behavior, mood, and quality of life. METHODS: Children and adolescents (8-16 years) with clinically diagnosed SDB were categorized into two groups: healthy weight (Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score <1.04, N = 11) and overweight/obese (BMI z-score ≥ 1.04, N = 10). Age-matched healthy weight, non-snoring controls (N = 25) were recruited from the community...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
Maíra da Rocha, Renata Caroline Mendonça Ferraz, Vitor Guo Chen, Gustavo Antonio Moreira, Reginaldo Raimundo Fujita
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the evolution of polysomnographic parameters of children with Down syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome submitted to adenotonsillectomy and the interaction of comorbidities on therapeutic outcome. METHODS: Ninety patients with Down syndrome and habitual snoring were identified between 2005 and 2015 in a Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Clinic. Parent's complaints were evaluated by the test of equality of two proportions. Wilcoxon test was used to examine pre- and post-operative polysomnographic differences...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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