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Body contour

Christoffer Aam Ingvaldsen, Tyge Tind Tindholdt, Kim Alexander Tønseth
Background: The dermolipectomy of the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEAP) flap procedure is designed to give an end result as seen with abdominoplasty (AP). Several steps of an AP are, however, not routinely performed. This study compared the patient-reported outcomes between these 2 procedures with an emphasis on the abdomen. Methods: Thirty-four patients reconstructed with a DIEAP flap (DIEAP group), and 30 patients with an AP (AP group) were asked to complete 2 study-specific questionnaires...
August 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
I Cho, J W Park, B Cho, J Kwak, S M Yoon, J P Nesseler, J Park, J H Kim
PURPOSE: Stereotactic body radiation therapy is a promising treatment modality for locally advanced pancreatic cancer. To determine the optimal radiation treatment, we compared the plan characteristics of volumetric-modulated arc therapy and intensity-modulated radiation therapy when administered with stereotactic body radiation therapy to treat pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer were treated by stereotactic body radiation therapy at a dose of 24-32Gy in four fractions with marker-guided gated volumetric-modulated arc therapy...
October 12, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
C M Legemate, H Goei, O F E Gostelie, T H J Nijhuis, M E van Baar, C H van der Vlies
INTRODUCTION: During the last decade, the Versajet™ hydrosurgery system has become popular as a tool for tangential excision in burn surgery. Although hydrosurgery is thought to be a more precise and controlled manner for burn debridement prior to skin grafting, burn specialists decide individually whether hydrosurgery should be applied in a specific patient or not. The aim of this study was to gain insight in which patients hydrosurgery is used in specialized burn care in the Netherlands...
October 12, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Ignacio Cid Del Prado-Vera, Howard Ferris, Sergei A Subbotin
Six new species of Geomonhystera (Nematoda, Monhysterida: Monhysteridae) Andrássy, 1981, are described and illustrated, five from México and one from Ecuador. The new species have many features in common and in common with at least several other species of the genus. Consequently, those features individually are not very useful for species-level diagnosis. They include the cuticular striation which, under light microscopy, ranges from fine to apparently smooth; however, scanning electron micrographs reveal very fine cuticular striation on all the new species...
September 4, 2018: Zootaxa
Sunghyun Kim, Sei Hwan You, Young Ju Eum
PURPOSE: We describe the daily bladder volume change observed by mega-voltage computed tomography (MVCT) during pelvic radiotherapy with potential predictors of increased bladder volume variations. Materials and METHODS: For 41 patients who received pelvic area irradiation, the volumes of bladder and pelvic body contour were measured twice a day with pre- and post-irradiation MVCT from the 1st to the 10th fraction. The median prescription dose was 20 Gy (range, 18 to 30 Gy) up to a 10th fraction...
September 2018: Radiation Oncology Journal
Ronald Booij, Ricardo P J Budde, Marcel L Dijkshoorn, Marcel van Straten
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of a 3D camera for body contour detection and patient positioning in CT compared to routine manual positioning by radiographers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Four hundred twenty-three patients that underwent CT of the head, thorax, and/or abdomen on a scanner with manual table height selection and 254 patients on a scanner with table height suggestion by a 3D camera were retrospectively included. Within the camera group, table height suggestion was based on infrared body contour detection and fitting of a scalable patient model to the 3D data...
October 10, 2018: European Radiology
Danielli Nunes Cristovam, Simone Botelho, Marília Fernandes Andrade, Joseane Marques, Ligia Sousa
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of the whole body vibration in improving of cellulite in the women's gluteal region. METHODS: Controlled clinical trial performed with 42 women, with cellulite in the gluteal region, detected by means of clinical examination. After evaluation, the women were divided into two groups: Whole-Body Vibration (WBV_G) and control (C_G). The evaluations were performed at the beginning and the end of 10 sessions and superficial skin temperature, perimetry in the gluteal region, analysis of body contouring, analysis of improvement by blind reviewers and instrument of satisfaction, by numeric scale were investigated...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Carolina Duarte-Salazar, Norma Marín-Arriaga, Lucio Ventura-Ríos, Armando Alpízar-Aguirre, Raúl Pichardo-Bahena, Aurelia Arellano Hernández
Tophaceous deposits in lumbar spine is considered a rare condition. We report the case of a 44-year-old patient with low back pain and radiculopathy. Radiographs revealed lytic spondylolisthesis in L5. Magnetic resonance imaging showed hypointense signal on T1 and a heterogeneous signal on T2 located in the L4-L5 interspinous space and in the left facet joint that invades left neuroforamen. The left knee ultrasound showed «double contour» of the medial femoral condyle. Decompressive laminectomy with arthrodesis at the level of L5-S1 was performed...
October 5, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
Yu Huang, Penglin Zhang
Current standards assume the same frequency weightings for discomfort at all magnitudes of vibration, whereas biodynamic and psychological studies show that the frequency-dependence of objective and subjective responses of the human body depends on the magnitude of vibration. This study investigated the discomfort of seated human body caused by vertical whole-body vibration over the frequency range 2-100 Hz at relatively high magnitudes from 1.0 to 2.5 ms-2 r.m.s. Twenty-eight subjects (15 males and 13 females) judged the discomfort using the absolute magnitude estimation method...
October 8, 2018: Ergonomics
Andrew M Simpson, Daniel P Donato, Alvin C Kwok, Jayant P Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Breast reduction is one of the most common procedures performed by plastic surgeons. Despite good outcomes and high patient satisfaction, there are little national data on the predictors that lead to complications in this patient population. We accessed a national outcomes database to examine these factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study examining the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2006 to 2015. Patients who underwent primary breast reduction were identified...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Simona Marzi, Alessia Farneti, Antonello Vidiri, Francesca Di Giuliano, Laura Marucci, Filomena Spasiano, Irene Terrenato, Giuseppe Sanguineti
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging may provide several quantitative indices strictly related to distinctive tissue signatures with radiobiological relevance, such as tissue cellular density and vascular perfusion. The role of Intravoxel Incoherent Motion Diffusion Weighted Imaging (IVIM-DWI) and Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced (DCE) MRI in detecting/predicting radiation-induced volumetric changes of parotids both during and shortly after (chemo)radiotherapy of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was explored...
October 1, 2018: Radiation Oncology
Viviane Mancinelli Fonseca, Priscila Soares Campos, Thays Fernanda Certo, Luana Taís de-Faria, Priscila Bianchi Juliano, Dennys Esper Cintra, Richard Eloin Liebano, Caroline da Silva, Renata Michelini Guidi, Estela Sant'Ana
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, a new method focused ultrasound (FUS) has been used in the treatment of localized fat. The objectives of this work were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the FUS in the treatment of abdominal subcutaneous fat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one healthy women were divided into two groups: G1 (N = 7), 6 sessions, 3 passes, once a week and G2 (N = 23), 10 sessions, 2 passes, twice a week. Outcome measures were reduction of circumference and fat thickness...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Jie Gao, Masaki Tomonaga
Bodies are important social cues for animals. Body recognition in humans is deteriorated by inversion. This inversion effect suggests the configural processing of bodies, which is different from the processing used for other objects. However, it is not known if this type of body processing exists in non-human primates. We tested seven chimpanzees using upright and inverted chimpanzee body stimuli and other stimuli in matching-to-sample tasks to examine the body inversion effect and the body parts that invoke it...
2018: PloS One
Mohamed F Abozeid, Hossam Tahseen, Inji Kenawi
Background: Reduction mammaplasty is 1 of the highly challenging yet demanded plastic surgeries worldwide. Different techniques have been described, and their modifications are always evolving to achieve better aesthetic results. The objective of the current study was to explore the efficiency and safety of bipedicled McKissock's technique with 3 newly added modifications as a reliable procedure for reduction mammaplasty. Methods: The study was conducted in Royal Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, during the period from January 2015 to October 2016...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Takashi Nuri, Koichi Ueda, Yasushi Fujimori
This is the first case report of long-term follow-up after applying the autologous cultured dermal substitute to establish the wound bed before split skin graft. The results suggest that application of autologous cultured cultured dermal substitute contributes to establish the high-quality wound bed for skin graft. Split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) are the gold standard for the treatment of burn scar contracture. Young patients in particular may require additional skin grafts as they grow, and donor site for skin grafts may be limited...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Arafat Khalphallah, Enas Elmeligy, Hanan K Elsayed, Bahaa Eldeen A Abedellaah, Doaa Salman, Al-Lethie A Al-Lethie, Sara A Bayoumi
Traumatic pericarditis (TP) remains a serious problem facing bovine producers; particularly in the developing countries; causing severe economic losses. This study was carried out on 47 buffaloes including; control buffaloes (n = 20) and buffaloes with TP (n = 27) at Assiut governorate, Egypt. All animals were subjected to thorough clinical examination, whole blood profiling, blood serum biochemical assays, and radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations. The recorded ultrasonographic findings included; the contractility, contour and shape of the reticulum, shape and size of the heart and spleen involvement...
December 2017: International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine
Brian P Kelley, Kevin C Chung, Ting-Ting Chung, Katelyn G Bennett, Gina Sacks, Erika D Sears, Jennifer F Waljee
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs are useful alternatives to narcotics for analgesia. However, concerns remain regarding their safety. The authors evaluated ketorolac use and complications. We hypothesized that no association between ketorolac and morbidity exists in patients undergoing body contouring. METHODS: Truven MarketScan claims database was analyzed for patients undergoing breast and body contouring surgery. Patients selected received ketorolac and were enrolled a minimum of 90 days...
October 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Trang T Ly, Jennifer E Layne, Lauren M Huyett, David Nazzaro, Jason B O'Connor
The Omnipod DASH™ Insulin Management System (Insulet Corp, Billerica, MA) is a discreet, tubeless, wearable insulin pump that holds up to 200 units of U-100 insulin and delivers therapy through customizable basal rates and bolus amounts. This recently FDA-cleared system consists of the insulin pump ("Pod"), which is worn on body and delivers insulin, and the Personal Diabetes Manager (PDM), which is a handheld device used to wirelessly control and monitor the Pod functionality. The PDM can also be paired with the CONTOUR® NEXT ONE blood glucose (BG) meter (Ascensia Diabetes Care, Basel, Switzerland) to wirelessly receive BG readings...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Antti Viljanen, Jarna C Hannukainen, Minna Soinio, Henry K Karlsson, Paulina Salminen, Pirjo Nuutila, Eija Vesti
PURPOSE: Study purpose was to investigate the effects of bariatric surgery on intraocular pressure (IOP) and other ophthalmic parameters in a prospective observational follow-up study. METHODS: Ophthalmic examination was performed on 22 obese women before and 6 months after bariatric surgery. A control group of 15 non-obese age-matched women were studied twice 6 months apart. IOP was measured with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) and the Pascal dynamic contour tonometer (PDCT)...
September 20, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Chen Xin, Yuwei Li, Xi Luo, Tianjia Shao, Jingyi Yu, Kun Zhou, Youyi Zheng
This paper presents a fully automatic framework for extracting editable 3D objects directly from a single photograph. Unlike previous methods which recover either depth maps, point clouds, or mesh surfaces, we aim to recover 3D objects with semantic parts and can be directly edited. We base our work on the assumption that most human-made objects are constituted by parts and these parts can be well represented by generalized primitives. Our work makes an attempt towards recovering two types of primitive-shaped objects, namely, generalized cuboids and generalized cylinders...
September 19, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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