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Jiagen Wen, Meizi Zeng, Zhaoqian Liu, Honghao Zhou, Heng Xu, Min Huang, Wei Zhang
Metformin is the most widely used drug among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. However, drug interaction on metformin will influence its glucose-lowering effect or increase its side effect of lactic acidosis. In this study, a randomized, two-stage, crossover study was conducted to unveil the potential drug interaction between metformin and the anti-hypertension drug, telmisartan. Totally, 16 healthy Chinese male volunteers were enrolled. Blood samples from various time-points after drug adminstration were analyzed for metformin quantification...
November 25, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Krzysztof Pałgan, Magdalena Żbikowska-Götz, Kinga Lis, Elżbieta Chrzaniecka, Zbigniew Bartuzi
Introduction: Asthma is a multiphenotypic disease, and therapeutic managenment in patients with severe asthma is particulary difficult, with conventional treatment of severe asthma showing poor efficacy. Aim: To analyse forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) following the adminstration of omalizumab. Material and methods: Six patinents (mean age: 50 ±12.6) with severe, uncontrolled asthma according to the GINA guidelines were enrolled in the study...
October 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Elizabeth L Stockley, Joseph Y Ting, John C Kingdom, Sarah D McDonald, Jon F Barrett, Anne R Synnes, Luis Monterrosa, Prakesh S Shah
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum magnesium sulfate administration is recommended for fetal neuroprotection in women with imminent very preterm birth. However, previous studies have not included or separately analyzed the outcomes of pregnancies with fetal growth restriction that were treated with intrapartum magnesium sulfate. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of growth-restricted fetuses born <29 weeks' gestation and exposed to maternal intrapartum magnesium sulfate...
December 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fatemeh Saeidienik, Mohammad Reza Shahraki, Hamed Fanaei, Fereshteh Badini
Introduction: Depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for one to several weeks. Several studies have shown that iron nanoparticles have neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. This study aimed to evaluate anti-depressive effect of iron nanoparticles in male rats. Methods: Depression was induced by Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) adminstration. Rats were randomly assigned into six groups (10 in each group): 1) control (sterile saline solution; 200 μL, IP); 2) LPS (LPS;100 μg/kg, IP); 3) Low dose Iron Nanoparticle (LINP) (1 mg/kg, IP); 4) High dose Iron Nanoparticle (HINP), 5 mg/kg IP); 5) LPS/LINP (LPS; 100μg/kg IP+INP 1 mg/kg IP); and 6) LPS/HINP (LPS; 100 μg/kg IP+INP 5 mg/kg IP)...
May 2018: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
Yunxia Du, Wei Zhang, Shuxia Liu, Xiaojuan Feng, Fan Gao, Qingjuan Liu
It is high incidence of tubulointerstitial lesion (TIL) in lupus nephritis (LN) and TIL can affect the prognosis of patients with LN. Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 was activated in LN and STAT3 inhibition could delay the onset of LN. Here, we evaluated the role of a well-known STAT3 inhibitor, S3I-201, on TIL in lupus nephritis. STAT3 was activated in MRL/lpr mice (a mouse model of lupus nephritis), and treatment with S3I-201 inhibited the activation of it. The level of 24-h urine protein and nitrogen urea increased in MRL/lpr mice and adminstration of S3I-201 reduced the level of urinary protein...
September 3, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jun Shen, Linling Xu, Chujie Qu, Huimin Sun, Junjian Zhang
Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) leads to neuropsychiatric disorders, such as depression, anxiety and cognitive impairment. Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol existed in polygonum cuspidatum and has been demonstrated to be a potent activator of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1). Previous studies reported that resveratrol treatment ameliorated CUMS-induced depressive-like behavior and cognitive deficits through upregulating cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression...
September 3, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Donghoon Han, Si-Hyuck Kang, Youngjin Cho, Il-Young Oh
Background/Aims: Despite the U.S. Food and Drug Adminstration approving a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-conditional pacemaker system in 2011, many physicians remain reluctant to perform MRI scanning in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the real-world safety of MRI in these patients. Methods: This single-center retrospective study examined the interrogation data and outcomes of patients with pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators who underwent MRI...
April 4, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Yasmin S Mohamed, Lamiaa A Ahmed, Hesham A Salem, Azza M Agha
Liver fibrosis is one of the most serious conditions affecting patients worldwide. In the present study, the role of nitric oxide and KATP channel was investigated for the first time in the possible protection mediated by nicorandil in bile duct ligation-induced liver fibrosis in rats. Nicorandil (3 mg/kg/day) was given orally 24 h after bile duct ligation for 14 days till the end of the experiment. Nicorandil group showed marked improvement in liver function tests, hepatic oxidative stress and inflammatory markers as well as inducible and endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein expressions...
May 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Neeraj Upmanyu, Pawan Kumar Porwal
Purpose: Desmopressin acetate (DDAPV), a synthetic analogue of vasopressin, has been recommended to be used in diabetes insipidus, mild forms of hemophilia and Von Willebrand disease. The DDAPV is available for adminstration via different routes viz. oral, parenteral and nasal, however its dose is very less in case of nasal sprays (20 µg) and parenteral route (4 µg) compared to oral route (0.1 to 0.3 mg in tablet). A sensitive and selective method is needed to be developed and validated for assay of low concentrations of DDAPV in its pharmaceutical dosage form i...
September 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
K R Sivashankar, S K Dass
Postoperative pain relief in 40 children undergoing elective infraumbilical surgery was assessed after caudal epidural adminstration of either lignocaine or bupivacaine in the doses of 0.5 mL/kg body weight of a 1 per cent solution and 0.5 mL/kg body weight of a 0.25 per cent solution respectively. Pain free period was assessed by subjective pain scales. The pain free period was significantly prolonged in children who were given bupivacaine (14.75 ± 2.75 hours) as compared to lignocaine (7.25 ± 3.25 hours)...
October 1996: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
T Ovrakh, S Serik, O Kochubiei
In patients with ischemic heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus in 4-6 weeks after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) on stable dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel co-adminstrated with rosuvastatin residual platelet reactivity on adenosine diphosphate was higher than in patients receiving atorvastatin. However, the rate of high residual on-clopidogrel treatment platelet reactivity (RCPR) in rosuvastatin-treated patients exceeded the rate of high RCPR in atorvastatin-treated patients insignificantly...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
Matthew Morrison, Autumn Schultz, Deborah L Sanchez, Maria C Catalano, Glenn Catalano
Risperidone is an atypical antipsychotic agent that was originally approved by the United States Food and Drug Adminstration for the treatment of schizophrenia. There are many side effects that are frequently associated with the use of risperidone. These include weight gain, anxiety, extra-pyramidal side effects, and elevated prolactin levels. More infrequently, the use of risperidone has been linked to leukopenia. We will now present the case of a 66-year-old gentleman who developed leukopenia after the initiation of risperidone to control agitation due to delirium...
May 30, 2017: Current Drug Safety
Afaf El-Ansary, Huda S Al-Salem, Alqahtani Asma, Abeer Al-Dbass
BACKGROUND: Rodent models may guide investigations towards identifying either environmental neuro-toxicants or drugs with neuro-therapeutic effects. This work aims to study the therapeutic effects of bee pollen on brain glutamate excitotoxicity and the impaired glutamine-glutamate- gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) circuit induced by propionic acid (PPA), a short chain fatty acid, in rat pups. METHODS: Twenty-four young male Western Albino rats 3-4 weeks of age, and 45-60 g body weight were enrolled in the present study...
May 22, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
Hongfu Yang, Rongqing Sun, Ning Ma, Qilong Liu, Xiaoge Sun, Panpan Zi, Junsheng Wang, Ke Chao, Lei Yu
This study mainly studied the effect of inhibition of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signal by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction in a murine acute lung injury model. The results showed that LPS exposure activated NF-κB and its upstream proteins and caused lung inflammation, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction in mice. While inhibition of NF-κB by PDTC adminstration alleviated LPS-induced generation of lymphocytes, IL-1β, and TNF-α...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
M Z Du, R Duan, D C Shao, X Y Zhang, F Zhang, H Li
Objective: To determine the effects of QO-58 on pain behavior associated with monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA. Methods: The OA model was established with an intra-articular injection of 3 mg/50 MIA through the right patellar ligament. Then the model rats were treated with 50 mg/kg QO-58 by intraperitoneal injection, and pain-related behaviors were assessed by single administration and multiple administrations of QO-58. Results: Single adminstration of QO-58 increased the mechanical threshold and prolonged the withdrawal latency of OA pain with the antinociceptive effect occurring at 6 h and 10 h...
May 9, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Jae Chul Lee
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe pulmonary vascular disease characterized by sustained increase in pulmonary arterial pressure and excessive thickening and remodeling of distal small pulmonary arteries. During disease progression, PAH include increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, right ventricular (RV) enlargement, increased pulmonary vascular resistance, and smooth muscle hypertrophy in pulmonary arterioles. Several anti-PAH therapies targeting various pathways involved in PAH progression have been approved by the Food and Drug Adminstration...
March 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Mohammad Mahdi Vashghani Farahani, Reza Ahadi, Mohammadamin Abdollahifar, Mohammad Bayat
Previous studies report positive effects of pentoxifylline (PTX) alone or in combination with other drugs on some pathologic bone diseases as well as an ability to accelerate osteogensis and fracture healing in both animal models and human patients. The aim of this present study was to evaluate the effects of PTX administration on Hounsfield unit and bone strength at catabolic response (bone resorbing) of a fracture in an experimental rat model of ovariectomy induced osteoporosis (OVX-D). Thirty adult female rats were divided into groups as follows: 1 (OVX, control, no treatment); 2 (OVX, sham: daily distilled water); 3 (OVX, daily alendronate: 3 mg/kg); 4 (OVX, twice daily 100 mg/kg PTX) and 5 (OVX, PTX+alenderonate)...
March 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
Wei Gao, Ying Guo, Hongxia Yang
Cigarette smoke is the one of the major factors that leads to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Inflammation and oxidant stress have been known to play critical roles in the development of COPD. Platycodin D (PLD) has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. In this study, we aimed to investigate the protective effects of PLD on cigarette smoke (CS)-induced lung inflammation in mice. PLD was adminstrated i.p. to mice 2h before CS exposure daily for five consecutive days...
June 2017: International Immunopharmacology
N Zoremba, G Schälte, C Bruells, F K Pühringer
Due to the great advantages, it is not possible to imagine current practice in anesthesia without the adminstration of muscle relaxants. For a long time the administration of succinylcholine for rapid sequence induction (RSI) was considered to be the state of the art for patients at risk for aspiration. The favorable characteristics are, however, accompanied by many, sometimes severe side effects. Due to the development of non-depolarizing muscle relaxants, in particular rocuronium in combination with sugammadex, there is the possibility to achieve a profile of action similar to succinylcholine with low side effects...
May 2017: Der Anaesthesist
Floyd F Steele, Shannon C Whitehouse, Jacob S Aday, Adam J Prus
Neurotensin is a neuropeptide neurotransmitter that interacts with multiple neurotransmitter systems, including those regulating amygdalar function, via NTS1 and NTS2 receptors. Both receptors are expressed in the amygdala and agonists for NTS1 or NTS2 receptors have exhibited anxiolytic effects in animal models. Systemic adminstration of NTS1 receptor agonist PD149163 was recently shown to reduce footshock conditioned 22-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations in rats, suggesting that PD149163 produced an anxiolytic effect...
March 1, 2017: Brain Research
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