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Third molar extraction treatment

Carlo Fornaini, Elisabetta Merigo, Federica Poli, Jean-Paul Rocca, Stefano Selleri, Giuseppe Lagori, Annamaria Cucinotta
Background and Aim: An important surgical goal is to provide a first intention wound healing without trauma produced by sutures and for this aim in the past several methods have been tested. The aim of this ex vivo preliminary study was to demonstrate the capacity of a 1070 nm pulsed fiber laser to treat the dental fractures by enamel and dentine melting with the apposition of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles as filler. Methods: Out of thirty freshly-extracted human third molars, decay-free, twenty-four cylinders of 5 mm thickness were obtained to perform the test...
June 30, 2018: Laser Therapy
R Valencia, R Espinosa, N Borovoy, S Pérez, I Ceja, M Saadia
PURPOSE: The goal of this in vitro study was to identify whether occlusal enamel deproteinization is effective in the removal of organic material in order to obtain quality etching patterns using phosphoric acid (H3 PO4 ) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) compared to phosphoric acid alone. STUDY DESIGN: Nine extracted third permanent molars were polished with pumice and water. Every pit and fissure was evaluated as a unit, resulting in 40 individual units and then these were divided into five treatment groups...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Reann Cornell, Jae Hyun Park
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Influence of orthodontic premolar extraction therapy on the eruption of the third molars: A systematic review of the literature. Brezulier D, Fau V, Sorel O. J Am Dent Assoc 2017;148(12):903-12. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available.
September 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Soner Karaali, Ufuk Emekli
Myositis ossificans (MO) is a rare non-neoplastic disorder characterized by heterotopic ossification in soft tissues, mainly muscles. MO traumatica is characterized by ossification of the soft tissues after acute or repetitive trauma, burns, or surgical intervention. Muscular or soft tissue trauma is usually present as the underlying etiology. MO traumatica usually involves the extremity muscles. The number of reported cases involving the masticatory muscles is extremely low. The most common clinical sign of this condition is progressive limitation of mouth opening...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Do-Hoon Kim, Sang-Jin Sung
A 20-year-old woman had a severe anterior skeletal open bite and a moderate skeletal Class III relationship with a prognathic mandible and a straight profile. She declined surgery. However, molar intrusion in a Class III patient with a straight profile can cause forward mandibular rotation and deterioration of the profile to a concave pattern. We used digital facial profile prediction software to determine whether the orthodontic compensation treatment would be acceptable to the patient. The final treatment plan consisted of extraction of the third molars, maxillary molar intrusion, and total distalization of the mandibular dentition with multiple microscrew implants...
August 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Paolo Viganò, Niklaus P Lang, Gianfranco Cesaretti, Franco Bengazi, Yuki Omori, Daniele Botticelli
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate presumptive differences in osseointegration at implants installed in healed sites or extraction sockets, supporting either crowns or bridges that were functionally loaded or left unloaded. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In six dogs, the mesial roots of the first mandibular molars were treated endodontically. Bilaterally, the teeth were hemisected, and the distal roots extracted. First and second mandibular premolars were extracted as well. After three months, the mandibular third and fourth distal roots were extracted after endodontic treatment of the mesial roots...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Yu Cai, Rui Sun, Ji-Hong Zhao
This study aimed to investigate the application of piezosurgery-associated flapless surgery for increasing bone space during teeth extraction and evaluate its success rate, postoperative outcomes, and incidence of major complications.From January 2014 to December 2016, patients who experienced teeth extraction via piezosurgery-associated flapless surgery were enrolled in this study. The positions, diagnosis, dental medical history, and radiographic examination of teeth were recorded before the treatment. During the surgery, the fracture or displacement of root, injuries of soft tissue, and fractures of the alveolar process were noted...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ruodan Jiang, Yongxiang Xu, Hong Lin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of two disinfection/sterilization methods on the permeability of dentin specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty intact human third molars were freshly extracted and cut, close to the pulp chamber, into dentin disks with a 500-μm thickness. The disks were randomized (n = 20 each) into a 70% ethanol group (acid-etched dentin disks soaked in 70% ethanol for 15 min) and a steam autoclaving group (acid-etched dentin disks autoclaved for 25 min)...
June 14, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Ahmed S Bakry, Mona A Abbassy
OBJECTIVES: To compare the remineralization efficacy of using the MI paste plus according to manufacturer's instructions to MI varnish and to using a modified method of MI-paste plus application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 enamel specimens were obtained from the buccal and lingual surfaces of 50 extracted human non-caries third molars. All specimens were challenged by a buffered demineralization solution for 4 days, and were divided in 4 groups with 25 specimens in each group...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Hélio Sampaio-Filho, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Marcela Leticia Leal Gonçalves, Daniela de Fátima Teixeira da Silva, Maria Cristina Borsatto, Isabel Peixoto Tortamano, Priscila Larcher Longo, Christiane Pavani, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of LLL (Low level laser therapy) in auriculotherapy points for pain reduction following lower third molar extractions. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, single-blinded study. METHODS: Eighty-four bilateral, symmetrical third molar surgeries were performed in 42 healthy patients using a split-mouth design. In the immediate postoperative period, each side was randomly treated in a single-blind method with an LLL at the auriculotherapy points or simulation of its use (contralateral side) over a 21-day interval...
2018: PloS One
M Reymus, C Fotiadou, A Kessler, K Heck, R Hickel, C Diegritz
AIM: To assess the feasibility of producing artificial teeth for endodontic training using 3D printing technology, to analyse the accuracy of the printing process, and to evaluate the teeth by students when used during training. METHODOLOGY: Sound extracted human teeth were selected, digitalized by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and appropriate software and finally reproduced by a stereolithographic printer. The printed teeth were scanned and compared with the original ones (trueness) and to one another (precision)...
June 14, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Luis Fernando Simoneti, Giovana Maria Weckwerth, Thiago José Dionísio, Elza Araujo Torres, Paulo Zupelari-Gonçalves, Adriana Maria Calvo, José Roberto Lauris, Flávio Cardoso Faria, Carlos Ferreira Santos
In view of the gastrointestinal problems generated by the ketoprofen use, the ketoprofen association with omeprazole is available on the market. However, this association efficacy in acute pain control has not been established. Bilateral extraction of lower third molars in similar positions is currently the most used model for the evaluation and investigation of the efficacy and pharmacological effects of new compounds for the treatment of acute postoperative pain. The randomized and crossover study consisted in evaluating the clinical efficacy of therapy performed by ketoprofen 100 mg (twice daily-b...
March 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Sachin Rai, Vidya Rattan, Akshat Gupta, Praveen Kumar
Aims & objective: To evaluate the efficacy of combined intralesional injection of Hyaloronidase and Triamcinolone with third molar removal in early and intermediate stage (Stage II & III) of Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) for improvement in mouth opening and hypersensitivity to food. Study design: 48 patients in stage II & III OSMF were selected for the study. All the third molars were extracted in each patient followed by 6-8 doses of combined intralesional injection of Hyaloronidase and triamcinolone at 10 days interval targeting the fibrotic bands...
May 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Emilie Luong, Amir Shayegan
Aim: The aim of this study was to make a comparison between microleakage of conventionally restored class V cavities using acid etchant and the ones conditioned by erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser, and also to assess and compare the effectiveness of enamel surface treatments of occlusal pits and fissures by acid etching and conditioned by Er:YAG laser-etch. Materials and methods: Seventy-two extracted third molars were used in this study. The samples were divided into two major groups: class V cavities and pit and fissure sealants...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
José López-Cedrún, Sebastián Videla, Miguel Burgueño, Inma Juárez, Samir Aboul-Hosn, Rafael Martín-Granizo, Joan Grau, Miguel Puche, José-Luis Gil-Diez, José-Antonio Hueto, Anna Vaqué, Mariano Sust, Carlos Plata-Salamán, Antoni Monner
BACKGROUND: Co-crystal of tramadol-celecoxib (CTC), containing equimolar quantities of the active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) tramadol and celecoxib (100 mg CTC = 44 mg rac-tramadol hydrochloride and 56 mg celecoxib), is a novel API-API co-crystal for the treatment of pain. We aimed to establish the effective dose of CTC for treating acute pain following oral surgery. METHODS: A dose-finding, double-blind, randomised, placebo- and active-controlled, multicentre (nine Spanish hospitals), phase II study (EudraCT number: 2011-002778-21) was performed in male and female patients aged ≥ 18 years experiencing moderate to severe pain following extraction of two or more impacted third molars requiring bone removal...
June 2018: Drugs in R&D
Niwut Juntavee, Apa Juntavee, Preeyarat Plongniras
Objective: This study investigates the effects of nano-hydroxyapatite (NHA) gel and Clinpro (CP) on remineralization potential of enamel and cementum at the cavosurface area of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing ceramic restoration. Materials and methods: Thirty extracted human mandibular third molars were sectioned at 1 mm above and below the cemento-enamel junction to remove the cemento-enamel junction portions and replaced them with zirconia ceramic disks by bonding them to the crown and root portions with resin cement...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Ran-Ran Liu, Jun Tian
Teeth impaction is a common developmental malformation in oral diseases. Impacted teeth are usually the canines, third molar, central incisors, premolars, and second molars. The prevalence of impaction of maxillary canines and mandibular wisdom teeth is higher than that of other teeth. Most recent studies have focused on the canines and third molars, but research on impacted premolars is limited. In clinical practice, the majority of orthodontic patients require premolar extraction. Thus, impacted premolars play important roles in orthodontic design and prognosis...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
V Rakhshan
Dry socket is a common complication of dental extraction, especially extraction of third molars. Knowledge of the frequent risk factors of alveolitis osteitis is useful in determining high-risk patients, treatment planning, and preparing the patients mentally. The aim of this narrative review was to summarize the common risk factors of dry socket. Unlike surgery difficulty, surgeon's experience, oral contraception use, and oral hygiene which showed stronger evidence, the influences of age, gender, and smoking were rather inconclusive...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Mario Santagata, Atirge Cecere, Rosario V E Prisco, Gianpaolo Tartaro, Salvatore D'Amato
Background: The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of the management of both horizontal and vertical defects of alveolar crest using the bone slat technique approach in conjunction with third molar removal prior to implant placement in the aesthetic area. Methods: We present a 20-year-old female patient who lost a maxillary lateral incisor. The objective of treatment was to replace the lateral incisor with an implant-supported crown restoration without interfering with the integrity and topography of the adjacent gingival tissues...
September 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
I Miclotte, J O Agbaje, Y Spaey, P Legrand, C Politis
The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of complications after extraction of third molars (M3) or other teeth, and to describe their management. We made a retrospective cohort study of patients having M3 or other teeth extracted, and recorded complications up to two years' follow-up. A total of 142 complications developed after 2355 procedures (6%) - 7% after extraction of M3 compared with 5% after extractions of other teeth (p=0.024). The three most common complications were wound infection (2%), pain without apparent cause (<1%), and oroantral communication (<1%)...
June 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
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