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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930920/postsurgical-pain-in-children-unraveling-the-interplay-between-child-and-parent-psychosocial-factors
#1
Jennifer A Rabbitts, Emma Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930263/salicylate-poisoning-potential-of-topical-pain-relief-agents-from-age-old-remedies-to-engineered-smart-patches
#2
REVIEW
Ashleigh Anderson, Aaron McConville, Laura Fanthorpe, James Davis
The pain relief capabilities of methyl salicylate are well established and a multitude of over-the-counter products populate pharmacy shelves. Over-application of the topical preparation containing the drug, or its accidental ingestion, invariably result in salicylate poisoning and in severe cases can be fatal. The drug has been a regular feature of the US National Poison Database Survey over the past decade and continues to pose a risk to children and adults alike. The aim of the review has been to cast a spotlight on the drug and assess why its use remains problematic, how technology could offer more efficacious delivery regimes, and minimise the possibility of accidental or intentional misuse...
June 30, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929074/role-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-complications-of-tonsillectomy-in-pediatric-patients
#3
Ziya Salturk, Tolgar Lutfi Kumral, Ahmet Arslanoglu, Imran Aydogdu, Guven Yildirim, Guler Berkiten, Yavuz Uyar
Tonsillectomy and tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy are among the most common surgical procedures in otolaryngology practice. Gastroesophageal reflux was identified as a risk factor for complications in tonsillectomy. This prospective study was designed to assess the role of reflux in the development of complications following tonsillectomy in pediatric patients. Children (n = 60) who underwent tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy were divided into two groups, i.e., the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) group and control group...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928927/unusual-cause-of-acute-scrotum-in-children-a-case-report
#4
Salahoudine Idrissa, Mohamed Amine Oukhouya, Mohamed Tazi, Abdelhalim Mahmoudi, Aziz Elmadi, Khalid Khattala, Youssef Bouabdallah
A 13-year-old boy was presented in the pediatric emergency with a 2-week history of swelling of the right scrotal contents of simple evolution, which was worsened by the appearance of an acute scrotal pain 48 h prior to his consultation. The doppler ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an incarceration of the omentum in an inguinal hernia. Acute scrotal pain and swelling is a common reason for surgical consultation in the emergency department of children. However, omentum is a rare content of inguinal hernia in children and infarct is exceptional...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926485/depression-and-depressive-symptoms-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-scoping-review
#5
Christianne Laliberté Durish, Rosemary S Pereverseff, Keith O Yeates
OBJECTIVE: This scoping review aimed to summarize the existing knowledge base regarding depression and depressive symptoms in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify gaps in the literature in an effort to guide future research. METHODS: MEDLINE Ovid and PsycINFO Ovid databases were each searched by the authors using search terms intended to identify any original research study that examined depressive symptoms in children (ie, aged 0-18 years) with TBI...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926470/acceptability-and-practicality-of-the-turkish-translation-of-pediatric-gait-arm-legs-and-spine-in-turkish-children
#6
Ezgi Deniz Batu, Özge Keniş Coşkun, Hafize Emine Sönmez, Duygu Karali, Elif Arslanoğlu Aydin, Yelda Bilginer, Evrim Karadağ Saygi, Seza Özen
BACKGROUND: The pediatric Gait, Arms, Leg, and Spine (pGALS) is a practical questionnaire for musculoskeletal (MSK) system evaluation in school-age children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability/practicality of pGALS Turkish translation in Turkey (cross-sectional study). METHODS: The Turkish translation of pGALS was administered to children (4-18 years) who attended to the Pediatric Emergency Department of Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey, and the outpatient clinic of the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department of Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey, during 1 month in 2016...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926327/long-term-outcomes-of-the-calcaneo-stop-procedure-in-the-treatment-of-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#7
Francisca Pinho Costa, Gilberto Costa, Manuel Santos Carvalho, António Mendes Moura, Rui Pinto, João Torres
INTRODUCTION: Flexible flatfoot is common amongst children, although treatment is rarely indicated. The calcaneo-stop procedure has been reported to be effective in short-term studies. We aim to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the calcaneo-stop procedure in the treatment of flexible flatfoot in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six calcaneo-stop procedures performed between 1995 and 2006 on 13 patients were evaluated clinically and using photopodoscopy, and the FAOS questionnaire was applied for both feet...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926159/randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-of-intranasal-ketamine-compared-to-intranasal-fentanyl-for-analgesia-in-children-with-suspected-extremity-fractures
#8
Stacy L Reynolds, Kathleen K Bryant, Jonathan R Studnek, Melanie Hogg, Connell Dunn, Megan A Templin, Charity G Moore, James R Young, Katherine Rivera Walker, Michael S Runyon
OBJECTIVE: We compared the tolerability and efficacy of intranasal sub-dissociative ketamine to intranasal fentanyl for analgesia of children with acute traumatic pain and investigated the feasibility of a larger non-inferiority trial that could investigate the potential opioid sparing effects of intranasal ketamine. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial compared intranasal ketamine 1 mg/kg to intranasal fentanyl 1.5 μg/kg in children 4-17 years old with acute pain from suspected, isolated extremity fractures presenting to an urban level II pediatric trauma center from December 2015 to November 2016...
September 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924390/how-school-nurses-experience-and-understand-everyday-pain-among-adolescents
#9
Magnhild Høie, Kristin Haraldstad, Gudrun Rohde, Liv Fegran, Thomas Westergren, Sølvi Helseth, Åshild Slettebø, Berit Johannessen
BACKGROUND: Pain problems are a rapidly growing health problem found among both children and adolescent, and about 15-30% have reported chronic pain problems. School nurses in Norway meet adolescents with various ailments, including pain. Yet research on how school nurses perceive the pain experienced by adolescents is limited. The aim of the present study was to explore how school nurses explain and experience the everyday pain of adolescents. METHOD: A qualitative study with an explorative design comprising five focus group interviews...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924127/recurrent-painful-ophthalmoplegic-neuropathy-with-residual-mydriasis-in-an-adult-should-it-be-classified-as-ophthalmoplegic-migraine
#10
Yuya Kobayashi, Yasufumi Kondo, Kana Uchibori, Jun Tsuyuzaki
Recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy (RPON) is a rare condition that manifests as headache and ophthalmoplegia. It typically occurs in children. Although migraine or neuropathy have been suggested as etiologies, the precise etiology remains unclear. In the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition-beta version (ICHD3β) (code 13.9), RPON was categorized into painful cranial neuropathies and other facial pains. We encountered a 48-year-old woman who had diplopia and right ptosis...
September 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922261/the-effect-of-gluten-free-diet-on-clinical-symptoms-and-the-intestinal-mucosa-of-patients-with-potential-celiac-disease
#11
Roberta Mandile, Valentina Discepolo, Serena Scapaticci, Maria Rosaria Del Vecchio, Maria Antonia Maglio, Luigi Greco, Riccardo Troncone, Renata Auricchio
In this prospective study, we evaluated the effect of gluten free diet (GFD) in a cohort of 65 children with potential celiac disease (PCD). Patients received GFD for signs/symptoms (N = 47) or parents' choice (N = 18). Most frequent signs/symptoms were low Body Mass Index (BMI) (36%), recurrent abdominal pain (34%) and diarrhea (19%). Of the 35/47 patients followed-up on GFD, only 54% (19/35) showed a complete clinical response. In 9/65 patients an intestinal biopsy was also performed after at least one year of GFD...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/inter-observer-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#12
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter-observer agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919815/an-acceptance-based-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-experiencing-acute-pain-a-single-subject-study
#13
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, JoAnne Dahl, Louise von Essen, Gustaf Ljungman
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with cancer report pain as one of their most recurrent and troublesome symptoms throughout the cancer trajectory. Pain evokes psychological distress, which in turn has an amplifying effect on the pain experience. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced acute pain predict increased pain tolerance, decreased pain intensity and decreased discomfort of pain. The aim of this study was to preliminarily evaluate an acceptance-based intervention for children and adolescents with cancer experiencing acute pain, with regard to feasibility and effect on pain intensity and discomfort of pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919321/clinicopathological-pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-south-egypt-cancer-institute-experience
#14
Amany Ali, Heba Sayed, Mohamed Salem, Mohamed Hamdy, Amro Farok
BACKGROUND: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare and represent 1-1.5% of all cancers in children and adolescents. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinicopathological pattern at presentation and management and outcome of MOGCTs in children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study included all girls diagnosed with MOGCTs between January 2005 and January 2015 in Pediatric and Surgical Oncology Departments at South Egypt Cancer Institute, Assiut University...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918691/measuring-musculoskeletal-pain-in-infants-children-and-adolescents
#15
Zoe A Michaleff, Steven J Kamper, Jennifer N Stinson, Lise Hestbaek, Chris M Williams, Paul Campbell, Kate M Dunn
Synopsis Accurate, reliable, and timely assessment of pain is critical for effective management of musculoskeletal pain conditions. The assessment of pain in infants, children, and adolescents with and without cognitive impairment can be particularly challenging for clinicians for a number of reasons, including factors related to: the consultation (eg, heterogeneous patient population, time constraints), the clinician (eg, awareness / knowledge of available pain scales), standardised assessment scales (eg, availability, psychometric properties, and application of each scale) the patient (eg, developmental stage, ability to communicate), and the context in which the interaction takes place (eg, familiarity with the setting and physiological and psychological state)...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918003/relevance-of-adding-a-triangular-dynamic-cushion-on-a-traditional-chair-a-3d-analysis-of-seated-schoolchildren
#16
T Fettweis, M N Onkelinx, C Schwartz, C Demoulin, J L Croisier, M Vanderthommen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is highly prevalent in the general population and is even reported as early as at primary school. A poor sitting position has been suggested as an etiologic factor. This study analysed, in primary schoolchildren, the influence of a triangular dynamic cushion that aims to help children maintain their physiological lumbar lordosis and to induce movement to reduce the static effect of the sitting position. METHODS: Thirty 8-year-old children took part in this study...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917955/lidocaine-gel-for-urethral-catheterization-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#17
Michael E Chua, Paul Nimrod B Firaza, Jessica M Ming, Jan Michael A Silangcruz, Luis H Braga, Armando J Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of lidocaine gel vs nonanesthetic gel (NAG) in reducing transurethral bladder catheterization (TUBC) procedural pain in children. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was done using electronic medical databases and trial registries up to September 2016 with no language restrictions. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the efficacy and safety of lidocaine gel vs NAG in reducing TUBC-associated pain in children were screened, identified, and appraised...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916590/us-emergency-department-trends-in-imaging-for-pediatric-nontraumatic-abdominal-pain
#18
Lauren M Niles, Monika K Goyal, Gia M Badolato, James M Chamberlain, Joanna S Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To describe national emergency department (ED) trends in computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound imaging for the evaluation of pediatric nontraumatic abdominal pain from 2007 through 2014. METHODS: We used data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey to measure trends in CT and ultrasound use among children with nontraumatic abdominal pain. We performed multivariable logistic regression to measure the strength of the association of ED type (pediatric versus general ED) with CT and ultrasound use adjusting for potential confounding variables...
September 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916542/comparative-effectiveness-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-agents-and-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-therapy-in-children-with-enthesitis-related-arthritis-the-first-year-after-diagnosis
#19
Pamela F Weiss, Rui Xiao, Timothy G Brandon, Ilaria Pagnini, Tracey B Wright, Timothy Beukelman, Esi Morgan-DeWitt, Chris Feudtner
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effect of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy compared to conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARD) in children with enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) over the first year after diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective comparative effectiveness study of children diagnosed with ERA. We estimated the effect of anti-TNF therapy on clinical variables (active joint count, tender entheses count) and patient-reported pain and global assessment of disease activity over the first year after diagnosis using state-of-the-art comparative effectiveness analytic methods...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#20
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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