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Fat deposition

Antonella Dalle Zotte, Marco Cullere, Cátia Martins, Susana P Alves, João P B Freire, Luísa Falcão-E-Cunha, Rui J B Bessa
The inclusion of Black Soldier Fly (BSF) fat or extruded linseed (LIN) in diets for growing rabbits on meat fatty acids (FA), dimethyl acetals (DMA), oxidative stability and color was evaluated. Forty-eight rabbits with 35 days of age were individually housed, fed one of 4 diets (LIN-Low, 30 g/kg of fat from LIN; LIN-High, 60 g/kg of fat from LIN; BSF-Low, 30 g/kg of BSF fat; BSF-High, 60 g/kg of BSF fat) and slaughtered after 5 weeks. Diets with BSF reduced the intramuscular FA but increased the 12:0 and 14:0 in meat compared to LIN, whereas LIN diets increased the 18:3n-3 deposition in meat...
August 2, 2018: Meat Science
Amit Kumar, Julie R Melotti, Thomas M Cooley, Scott D Fitzgerald
Three separate mortality events affecting wild eastern fox squirrels ( Sciurus niger) were investigated in suburban areas within southeastern Michigan over a 3-yr period from the summer of 2015 through the winter of 2017. A total of seven squirrels were submitted for investigation. The squirrels were generally in fair to good body condition with moderate fat deposits. The tissues that most commonly exhibited gross or histologic lesions included the lungs, liver, and heart, whereas spleen and brain exhibited lesions less frequently...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Huan Liu, Siying Li, Xiaohui Liu, Yuling Chen, Haiteng Deng
SIRT3 is a NAD+-dependent mitochondrial protein deacetylase implicated in the regulation of central metabolism and mitochondrial proteostasis. SIRT3 is downregulated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), which is the most common form of renal cancer. Although ccRCC is characterized by a typical Warburg-like phenotype, mitochondrial dysfunction and elevated fat deposition, it is unknown whether SIRT3 plays a role in tumorigenesis and the development of this disease. In the present study, we found that SIRT3 overexpression and knockdown had opposing effects on the growth of ccRCC cells, decreasing and increasing the rate of cell proliferation, respectively...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
B E Young, C Levek, R M Reynolds, M C Rudolph, P MacLean, T L Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To model breastfed infant growth and body composition patterns over the first 4 months with multiple bioactive components of human milk (HM) and clinical factors (including maternal BMI status), which are related to growth. METHODS: Longitudinal observation of infant growth and body composition from 0 to 4 months among 41 predominantly breastfed infants (25 mothers of Normal-weight and 16 mothers with overweight/obesity). Fasted morning HM samples were collected at 5 time-points...
August 9, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Jerry W Hupp, David H Ward, David X Soto, Keith A Hobson
The macronutrients that Arctic herbivores invest in their offspring are derived from endogenous reserves of fat and protein (capital) that females build prior to the period of investment or from foods they consume concurrently with investment (income). The relative contribution from each source can be influenced by temporal and environmental constraints on a female's ability to forage on Arctic breeding areas. Warming temperatures and advancing Arctic phenology may alter those constraints. From 2011-2014, we examined relationships among spring temperature, timing of migration and reproduction, and the sources of nutrients females deposited in eggs for three sympatric species of geese that nested in northern Alaska...
August 9, 2018: Global Change Biology
Stanley Dumeus, Marthandam Asokan Shibu, Wan-Teng Lin, Ming-Fu Wang, Chao-Hung Lai, Chia-Yao Shen, Yueh-Min Lin, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: High-fat diet (HFD)-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) poses therapeutic challenges in elderly subjects. Due to lack of efficient drug therapy, plant-based bioactive peptides have been studied as alternative strategy in NAFLD and for less toxicity in elderly. To mimic fatty liver in aging conditions, researchers highly commended the genetically engineered strains SAMP8 (senescence-accelerated mice prone 8). However, there is a paucity of reports about the anti-steatosis effects of bioactive peptides against fatty liver development under a combined action of high-fat diet exposure and aging process...
August 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jae-Joon Lee, Hyun A Kim, Joomin Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a global health problem of significant importance which increases mortality. In place of anti-obesity drugs, natural products are being developed as alternative therapeutic materials. In this study, we investigated the effect of Brassica juncea L. leaf extract (BLE) on fat deposition and lipid profiles in high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFC)-induced obese rats. MATERIALS/METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups (n = 8 per group) according to diet: normal diet group (ND), high-fat/high-cholesterol diet group (HFC), HFC with 3% BLE diet group (HFC-A1), and HFC with 5% BLE diet group (HFC-A2)...
August 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
Yin Liu, Zhibin Jin, Haiyan Zhang, Yingwei Zhang, Minke Shi, Fanqing Meng, Qi Sun, Hourong Cai
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary is an uncommon site of extramedullary involvement in multiple myeloma (MM). Diffuse parenchymal amyloidosis as pulmonary manifestation of MM is even rarer. We report a rare case of diffuse parenchymal pulmonary amyloidosis associated with MM diagnosed by video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy (VATLB). CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old woman complained of cough and shortness of breath. HRCT disclosed diffuse ground-glass opacifications with interlobular septal thickening in bilateral lungs...
August 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
Tae Sub Park, Joonghoon Park, Jeong Hyo Lee, Jeong-Woong Park, Byung-Chul Park
Chicken as a food source is one of the most widespread domestic animals, and it has been used extensively as a research model. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) system is the most efficient and reliable tool for precise genome-targeted modification and has generated considerable excitement for industrial applications, as well as biologic science. Unlike in mammals, germline-transmittable primordial germ cells (PGCs) in chicken were used as an alternative strategy for the production of genetically altered chickens...
August 7, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Marine F Dewez, Patrice Etourneau, François Lecompte, Sylvain Briere, Pascal Froment
Genetic selection has improved the growth performance of poultry, but also influenced other metabolic parameters and physiological functions such as reproduction. To counter the negative effects of this enhanced development, modifications of the environment or diet are frequently used. As all animals are not equally sensitive and do not respond in the same way, the evolution of the body composition has got to be better characterized with non-invasive tools to reach a higher flock homogeneity and improve production yield...
July 31, 2018: Poultry Science
Shinichi Ishihara, Nobuyuki Fujita, Koichiro Azuma, Takehiro Michikawa, Mitsuru Yagi, Takashi Tsuji, Michiyo Takayama, Hideo Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a condition in which excess lumbar epidural fat (EF) deposition often leads to compression of the cauda equina or nerve root. Although SEL is often observed in obese adults, no systematic research investigating the potential association between SEL and metabolic syndrome has been conducted. PURPOSE: To elucidate potential association between SEL and metabolic syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study used data of a medical checkup...
August 1, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Yueli Zhi, Han Huang, Lihong Liang
Asthma is the most common chronic childhood disease worldwide, characterized by airway remodeling and chronic inflammation, orchestrated primarily by Th2 cytokines. The aim of the current study was to explore the influences of milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8 (MFG-E8)/integrin β3 signaling involved in airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma. BALB/c mice were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA), followed by OVA nebulization. The levels of MFG-E8 expression were declined markedly in the OVA-induced allergy murine model...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Kalyan Sharma, Sudhir Kumar Yadav, Bimbadhar Valluru, Ling Liu
RATIONALE: Clear cell sarcoma of tendon and aponeurosis (CCSTA) or soft parts is a rare malignant melanin producing tumor entity that is derived from the neural crest cells originating from soft tissues displaying melanocytic differentiation. Diagnosis of CCSTA is difficult as it is dependent on age, size, location, necrosis, calcifications, cystic degeneration, and local to distant metastatic deposits. These tumors have very poor prognosis with a survival rate of 5-10 years because of local recurrence, early to late metastasis to lymph nodes, lungs, bones, and liver...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Bahareldin A Abdalla, Jie Chen, Qinghua Nie, Xiquan Zhang
Genetic selection for an increased growth rate in meat-type chickens has been accompanied by excessive fat accumulation particularly in abdominal cavity. These progressed to indirect and often unhealthy effects on meat quality properties and increased feed cost. Advances in genomics technology over recent years have led to the surprising discoveries that the genome is more complex than previously thought. Studies have identified multiple-genetic factors associated with abdominal fat deposition. Meanwhile, the obesity epidemic has focused attention on adipose tissue and the development of adipocytes...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Fatimah Othman, Noor Safiza Mohamad Nor, Geeta Appannah, Nor Azian Mohd Zaki, Rashidah Ambak, Azahadi Omar, Mansor Fazliana, Ruhaya Salleh, Barakatun Nisak Mohd Yusof, Norliza Muksan, Tahir Aris
BACKGROUND: Diet compositions are likely to be one of the influential factors for body fat deposition. The aim of this paper was to determine the nutrient changes and its association to body fat loss among the overweight and obese housewives in the MyBFF@home study. METHODS: Data of participants in the MyBFF@home study (intervention and control groups) were analysed. Participants in the intervention group received personalised dietary counselling consisted of reduced calorie diet 1200-1500 kcal/day, while the control group was assigned to receive women's health seminars...
July 19, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Olamiposi Olajumoke Omosowone, Abibat Motunrayo Ogunrinde
The study evaluated the effect of partial or total supplementation of soybean meal with full-fat Telifaria occidentalis seed meal on performance and whole body composition of Heteroclarias fingerlings. Five iso-nitrogenous (40% crude protein) basal diets were prepared using locally available feedstuffs, while T. occidentalis seed meal was added at varying inclusion levels (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%). One hundred and fifty apparently healthy Heteroclarias fingerlings (4.26 ± 0.26 g) were stocked in glass tanks (50 L capacity) at 10 fish / tank with each treatment in triplicate...
July 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Fernando F Anhê, Renato T Nachbar, Thibault V Varin, Jocelyn Trottier, Stéphanie Dudonné, Mélanie Le Barz, Perrine Feutry, Geneviève Pilon, Olivier Barbier, Yves Desjardins, Denis Roy, André Marette
OBJECTIVE: The consumption of fruits is strongly associated with better health and higher bacterial diversity in the gut microbiota (GM). Camu camu ( Myrciaria dubia ) is an Amazonian fruit with a unique phytochemical profile, strong antioxidant potential and purported anti-inflammatory potential. DESIGN: By using metabolic tests coupled with 16S rRNA gene-based taxonomic profiling and faecal microbial transplantation (FMT), we have assessed the effect of a crude extract of camu camu (CC) on obesity and associated immunometabolic disorders in high fat/high sucrose (HFHS)-fed mice...
July 31, 2018: Gut
Alejandro Vilas-Sueiro, Daniel González-Vilas, Cristina Aguilera, Benigno Monteagudo, Cristina De De Las Heras
Dear Editor, Lupus panniculitis or lupus profundus is a rare inflammatory complication found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) (1). When the breast is involved, the term lupus mastitis (LM) is used. This disease involving the breast is rare, and the lesions may precede, coincide with, or occur later than the onset of other lupus lesions. Tissue biopsy is required to confirm the suspected diagnoses of LM. We report a case of a patient with lupus mastitis due to the important differential diagnosis...
December 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Haneesha Mohan, Sydney L Brandt, Ja Hyun Kim, Frances Wong, Mi Lai, Kacey J Prentice, Dana Al Rijjal, Lilia Magomedova, Battsetseg Batchuluun, Elena Burdett, Alpana Bhattacharjee, Carolyn L Cummins, Denise D Belsham, Brian Cox, Ying Liu, Michael B Wheeler
AIM: Prescription ω-3 fatty acid ethyl ester supplements are commonly used for the treatment of dyslipidemia in humans. Recent studies show that 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropanoic acid (CMPF), a metabolite formed from fish oil supplementation, was able to prevent and reverse high fat diet (HFD) induced fatty liver in mice. In the present study, we investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms responsible for CMPF's hepatic lipid lowering effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CD1 male mice were i...
July 30, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Stephanie V Wrottesley, Ken K Ong, Pedro T Pisa, Shane A Norris
This study examines the associations between maternal Traditional dietary pattern adherence and HIV/treatment with neonatal size and adiposity in urban, black South Africans, as well as how specific maternal factors - that is BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG) - may influence these associations. Multiple linear regression models were used to examine associations among maternal Traditional diet pattern adherence (pattern score), HIV/treatment status (three groups: HIV negative, HIV positive (antenatal antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation), HIV positive (pre-pregnancy ART initiation)), BMI and GWG (kg/week), and newborn (1) weight:length ratio (WLR, kg/m) in 393 mother-neonate pairs, and (2) Peapod estimated fat mass index (FMI, kg/m3) in a 171-pair subsample...
July 30, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
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