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Cardiovascular depression

Enayet K Chowdhury, Michael Berk, Mark R Nelson, Lindon M H Wing, Christopher M Reid
ABSTRACTBackground:Both elevated blood pressure and/or depression increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. This study in treated elderly hypertensive patients explored the incidence of depression, its association (pre-existing and incident) with mortality and predictors of incident depression. METHODS: Data from 6,083 hypertensive patients aged ≥65 years enrolled in the Second Australian National Blood Pressure study were used. Participants were followed for a median of 10...
August 13, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Sammi R Chekroud, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Amanda B Zheutlin, Martin Paulus, Harlan M Krumholz, John H Krystal, Adam M Chekroud
BACKGROUND: Exercise is known to be associated with reduced risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetes, but its association with mental health remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association between exercise and mental health burden in a large sample, and to better understand the influence of exercise type, frequency, duration, and intensity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 1 237 194 people aged 18 years or older in the USA from the 2011, 2013, and 2015 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System survey...
August 8, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Eleni Pavlidou, Maria Mantzorou, Aristeidis Fasoulas, Christina Tryfonos, Dimitris Petridis, Constantinos Giaginis
INTRODUCTION: Moderate wine consumption is a characteristic of the Mediterranean diet. Studies around the world have shown a beneficial effect of moderate alcohol intake, especially wine, on health. This review aims to critically summarise the most recent studies that investigate the beneficial effects of moderate wine intake on human health. METHODS: The PubMed database was comprehensively searched to identify trials published from 2013 to 2018 that investigated the association between moderate wine consumption and health...
August 8, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
YongHwan Kim, Young Sook Lee, Myeong Gyu Kim, Yun-Kyoung Song, Youngwon Kim, Hayoung Jang, Jae Hyun Kim, Nayoung Han, Eunhee Ji, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh
It has been reported that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) might induce major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), but the association between the use of SSRIs and MACE has not been elucidated as yet. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the use of SSRIs and MACE in depressed patients with previous cardiovascular events. Two researchers independently selected randomized-controlled studies (RCTs) according to the predefined inclusion criteria and evaluated the quality of articles...
August 9, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
Sonnet S Jonker, Samantha Louey, Charles E Roselli
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and common disorder in women, and those affected experience an increased burden of cardiovascular disease. It is an intergenerational syndrome, as affected women with high androgen levels during pregnancy "program" fetal development, leading to a similar phenotype in their female offspring. The effect of excess maternal testosterone exposure on fetal cardiomyocyte growth and maturation is unknown. METHODS Pregnant ewes received biweekly injections of vehicle (Control) or 100 mg testosterone propionate between 30-59 days of gestation (dGA; Early T) or 60-90 dGA (Late T)...
August 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
John D Hoover, William W Wong, Iki Adachi, Paige Brandt, Aamir Jeewa
OBJECTIVES: Up to one third of children with heart failure exhibit growth failure. Limited data exists reporting energy requirements in this population. A study was designed to characterize the energy intake and total daily energy expenditure of children with heart failure using the doubly labeled water method. DESIGN: Prospective study using doubly labeled water to measure total daily energy expenditure in children with heart failure. Doubly labeled water was administered orally and daily urine samples collected for 10 days...
August 7, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Patrick J Smith, James A Blumenthal, Alan L Hinderliter, Lana L Watkins, Benson M Hoffman, Andrew Sherwood
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) and endothelial dysfunction have been associated independently with poorer neurocognition in middle-aged adults, particularly on tests of frontal lobe function. However, to our knowledge, no studies have examined markers of microvascular dysfunction on neurocognition or the potential interaction between macro- and microvascular biomarkers on neurocognition in middle-aged and older adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Participants included 202 adults with MDD who were not receiving mental health treatment...
June 28, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Lars de Vroege, Wilco H M Emons, Klaas Sijtsma, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
Introduction: Alexithymia may moderate the effectiveness of treatment and may predict impaired general functioning of patients suffering from somatic symptom and related disorders (SSRD). Aim: We compared alexithymia levels in a clinical prospective study with 234 consecutive patients suffering from SSRD from the Centre of Excellence for Body, Mind, and Health, Tilburg using the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire, with general population norm scores. Second, we explored treatment outcomes of a multimodal treatment tailored to patient needs by Shared Decision Making (SDM) and Patient Related Outcome Monitoring (PROM) in patients with SSRD...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Michelle G Hawkins, Peter J Pascoe, Heather K DiMaio Knych, Tracy L Drazenovich, Philip H Kass, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman
OBJECTIVE To determine effects of 3 plasma concentrations of fentanyl on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane (MACiso ) and cardiovascular variables in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis). ANIMALS 6 adult parrots. PROCEDURES In phase 1, anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane; intermittent positive-pressure ventilation was provided. The MACiso was determined for each bird by use of a bracketing method and supramaximal electrical stimulus. Fentanyl (20 μg/kg) was administered IV, and blood samples were collected over time to measure plasma fentanyl concentrations for pharmacokinetic calculations...
June 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan Ajith
Dietary long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids belong to omega (ω)-3, -6 or -9 series. Both experimental and clinical studies demonstrated the beneficial effect of ω -3 fatty acids of fish oil, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) against human ailments including cardiovascular diseases and rheumatoid arthritis. They are metabolized in cyclooxygenase and lipooxygenase pathways and also by cytochrome P450 isozymes. Biological importance of DHA in the development of brain and retina are established as well...
August 7, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
John G Baker, John J Leddy, Andrea L Hinds, Jennifer Shucard, Tania Sharma, Sergio Hernandez, Joel Durinka, Robert Zivadinov, Barry S Willer
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) rates are higher among retired professional contact sport athletes than in noncontact athlete controls and compare history of contact sports with other MCI risk factors. SETTING: University Concussion Management Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one retired National Football League and National Hockey League players and 21 aged-matched noncontact athlete controls. DESIGNS: Case-control...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Li Ren, Jie Deng, Su Min, Lihua Peng, Qibin Chen
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective treatments for depressive disorder. Sub-anesthetic dose of ketamine exerts a rapid and robust antidepressive effect. However, it is still unclear whether ketamine usage in ECT is efficacious as an antidepressant. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of ketamine in ECT among patients with depressive disorder. MEDLINE, EMBASE, the CENTRAL and PsycINFO for randomized controlled trials were searched to assess the effects of ketamine used in ECT until 31 Mar 2018 (PROSPERO: CRD42018081024)...
July 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Angela Rao, Phillip J Newton, Michelle DiGiacomo, Louise D Hickman, Christine Hwang, Patricia M Davidson
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence on gender-specific, individually tailored secondary prevention (cardiac rehabilitation [CR]) services for women with heart disease. Women participate less in CR programs, thus increasing their risk of further cardiac events. This review aims to (1) determine the effectiveness of gender-specific interventions specifically designed for women with heart disease, delivered in outpatient CR settings; and (2) classify key elements of effective CR strategies/models for women with heart disease...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Sadayuki Hashioka, Ken Inoue, Maiko Hayashida, Rei Wake, Arata Oh-Nishi, Tsuyoshi Miyaoka
Increasing evidence suggests that infection and persistent low-grade inflammation in peripheral tissues are important pathogenic factors in major depression. Major depression is frequently comorbid with systemic inflammatory diseases/conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, allergies of different types, multiple sclerosis, cardiovascular disease, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic liver disease, diabetes, and cancer, in which pro-inflammatory cytokines are overexpressed. A number of animal studies demonstrate that systemic inflammation induced by peripheral administration of lipopolysaccharide increases the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in both the periphery and brain and causes abnormal behavior similar to major depression...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Mohammed Al-Hijji, Mohamad Alkhouli, Fahad Alqahtani, Vuyisile T Nkomo, Kevin L Greason, David R Holmes
Electrocardiographic (ECG) strain has been linked to excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis. We aim to determine the differential impact of baseline ECG-strain on long-term mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Patients who underwent TAVI from January 2012 to March 2016 at Mayo Clinic were included. Left ventricular (LV) strain was defined as the presence of ≥1mm convex ST-segment depression with asymmetrical T-wave inversion in leads V5 to V6 on baseline ECG...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Giuliano Tocci, Ilaria Figliuzzi, Vivianne Presta, Francesca Miceli, Barbara Citoni, Roberta Coluccia, Maria Beatrice Musumeci, Andrea Ferrucci, Massimo Volpe
Uncontrolled hypertension is one of the most common determinant for the persistently high burden of cardiovascular (CV) disease, mostly including coronary artery disease (CAD) and hospital admissions due to acute coronary events. Markedly high blood pressure (BP) levels are also frequently observed during the acute phase of coronary syndromes (both ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina). In particular, a sustained raise of BP levels above 180/110 mmHg associated with acute cardiac organ damage, i...
July 31, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
Paul Sator
Biologic therapies like adalimumab are the gold standard for psoriasis treatment with efficacy and safety profiles allowing for long-term treatment. However, adalimumab cannot be used in all patients and may cause adverse drug reactions. This study reviews conditions that might limit the use of adalimumab under real-life conditions. Local injection site reactions affect 12-37% of patients but rarely require specific therapy. Dermatological adverse events (AEs) include the paradoxical psoriasis and tend to respond to adequate therapy without adalimumab discontinuation...
August 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
Whitney Duff, Natasha Haskey, Gillian Potter, Jane Alcorn, Paulette Hunter, Sharyle Fowler
We performed a scoping review on sought-after complementary therapies for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), specifically diet, physical activity and exercise (PA/E), and psychotherapy. We aim to update patients with IBD on therapies for self-care and provide physicians with guidance on how to direct their patients for the management of IBD. A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PUBMED was completed in Sept 2016. Studies on diet, PA/E, or psychotherapy in patients with IBD were included. Medical Subject Heading terms and Boolean operators were used...
July 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Luigi Ferrucci, Elisa Fabbri
Most older individuals develop inflammageing, a condition characterized by elevated levels of blood inflammatory markers that carries high susceptibility to chronic morbidity, disability, frailty, and premature death. Potential mechanisms of inflammageing include genetic susceptibility, central obesity, increased gut permeability, changes to microbiota composition, cellular senescence, NLRP3 inflammasome activation, oxidative stress caused by dysfunctional mitochondria, immune cell dysregulation, and chronic infections...
July 31, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
Germain Perrin, Sarah Berdot, Frédérique Thomas, Bruno Pannier, Nicolas Danchin, Pierre Durieux, Brigitte Sabatier
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between high dietary sodium intake and hypertension is well established. Some drugs are associated with high-sodium content, particularly effervescent tablets (ETs). Despite a possible cardiovascular risk associated with the use of such drugs, observational data describing exposure to ETs in ambulatory subjects are lacking.This study aims to estimate the prevalence of exposure to ETs and to highlight factors associated with this exposure in a large French health check-up population...
July 30, 2018: BMJ Open
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