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caveolin stroke

Mar Castellanos, Cecile van Eendenburg, Carme Gubern, Elisabet Kádár, Gemma Huguet, Josep Puig, Tomás Sobrino, Gerard Blasco, Joaquín Serena, Juan Manuel Sánchez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experimental models of cerebral ischemia demonstrate that the decrease in the caveolin-1 membrane protein results in an increase in endothelial permeability. Because this phenomenon is responsible for hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after cerebral ischemia, we aimed to determine whether caveolin-1 levels may predict bleeding after recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA) administration in patients with acute stroke. METHODS: We studied 133 patients with a first hemispheric stroke treated with r-tPA within 4...
June 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Han-Sen Chen, Xi Chen, Wen-Ting Li, Jian-Gang Shen
Reactive nitrogen species (RNS) play important roles in mediating cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. RNS activate multiple signaling pathways and participate in different cellular events in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Recent studies have indicated that caveolin-1 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) are important signaling molecules in the pathological process of ischemic brain injury. During cerebral ischemia-reperfusion, the production of nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite (ONOO- ), two representative RNS, down-regulates the expression of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) and, in turn, further activates nitric oxide synthase (NOS) to promote RNS generation...
May 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Shuai Zhang, Qier An, Tianfu Wang, Shuping Gao, Guangqian Zhou
Post-stroke hyperglycemia during early reperfusion increases blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and subsequently aggravates brain injury and clinical prognosis. The decreased level of tight junction proteins (TJPs) has been reported but the underlying mechanism remains largely elusive. Herein we designed to investigate the detailed molecular events in brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) ex and in vivo. After oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) for 90 min and reperfusion with 8 or 16 mM glucose for 30 min, glucose at 16 mM caused significant decrease in the TJP expression and particularly ZO-1 redistribution from membrane to cytoplasm of BMECs...
May 1, 2018: Neuroscience
Shanshan Wang, Brian P Head
Cardiovascular disease and associated cerebral stroke are a global epidemic attributed to genetic and epigenetic factors, such as diet, life style and an increasingly sedentary existence due to technological advances in both the developing and developed world. There are approximately 5.9 million stroke-related deaths worldwide annually. Current epidemiological data indicate that nearly 16.9 million people worldwide suffer a new or recurrent stroke yearly. In 2014 alone, 2.4% of adults in the United States (U...
February 5, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Hann-Yeh Shyu, Ming-Hua Chen, Yi-Hsien Hsieh, Jia-Ching Shieh, Ling-Rong Yen, Hsiao-Wei Wang, Chun-Wen Cheng
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is localized in caveole and has important effects on caveolar coordination through its interaction with caveolin-1 (Cav-1), which supports normal functioning of vascular endothelial cells. However, the relationship between genotypic polymorphisms of e-NOS and Cav-1 genes and ischemic stroke (IS) remains lesser reported. This hospital-based case-control study aimed to determine the genetic polymorphisms of the eNOS (Glu298Asp) and Cav-1 (G14713A and T29107A) genes in association with susceptibility risk in patients who had suffered from a large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) stroke...
2017: PloS One
Qiongyi Pang, Huimei Zhang, Zhenzhen Chen, Yudan Wu, Min Bai, Yidian Liu, Yun Zhao, Fengxia Tu, Chan Liu, Xiang Chen
Exercise is known to aid functional recovery following ischemia, though the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of exercise on recovery from ischemic stroke are not fully understood. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) contributes to angiogenesis and promotes neurologic functional recovery after stroke. The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms whereby treadmill exercise ameliorated impaired angiogenesis and neurogenesis following transient cerebral ischemia in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats...
May 15, 2017: Brain Research
Dorea Pleasant-Jenkins, Charles Reese, Panneerselvem Chinnakkannu, Harinath Kasiganesan, Elena Tourkina, Stanley Hoffman, Dhandapani Kuppuswamy
Chronic ventricular pressure overload (PO) results in congestive heart failure (CHF) in which myocardial fibrosis develops in concert with ventricular dysfunction. Caveolin-1 is important in fibrosis in various tissues due to its decreased expression in fibroblasts and monocytes. The profibrotic effects of low caveolin-1 can be blocked with the caveolin-1 scaffolding domain peptide (CSD, a caveolin-1 surrogate) using both mouse models and human cells. We have studied the beneficial effects of CSD on mice in which PO was induced by trans-aortic constriction (TAC)...
April 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Hui-Qin Li, Yan Li, Zi-Xian Chen, Xiao-Guang Zhang, Xia-Wei Zheng, Wen-Ting Yang, Shuang Chen, Guo-Qing Zheng
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most devastating types of stroke. Here, we aim to demonstrate that electroacupuncture on Baihui (GV20) exerts neuroprotection for acute ICH possibly via the caveolin-1/matrix metalloproteinase/blood-brain barrier permeability pathway. The model of ICH was established by using collagenase VII. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: Sham-operation group, Sham electroacupuncture group, and electroacupuncture group. Each group was further divided into 4 subgroups according to the time points of 6 h, 1 d, 3 d, and 7 d after ICH...
2016: Neural Plasticity
Kang-Ho Choi, Hyung-Seok Kim, Man-Seok Park, Eun-Bin Lee, Jung-Kil Lee, Joon-Tae Kim, Ja-Hae Kim, Min-Cheol Lee, Hong-Joon Lee, Ki-Hyun Cho
Cerebral edema from the disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) after cerebral ischemia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality as well as a common event in patients with stroke. Caveolins (Cavs) are thought to regulate BBB functions. Here, we report for the first time that Cav-1 overexpression (OE) decreased brain edema from BBB disruption following ischemic insult. Edema volumes and Cav-1 expression levels were measured following photothrombosis and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Endothelial cells that were transduced with a Cav-1 lentiviral expression vector were transplanted into rats...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Oh Young Bang, Jong-Won Chung, Suk Jae Kim, Mi Jeong Oh, Soo Yoon Kim, Yeon Hee Cho, Jihoon Cha, Je Young Yeon, Keon Ha Kim, Gyeong-Moon Kim, Chin-Sang Chung, Kwang Ho Lee, Chang-Seok Ki, Pyoung Jeon, Jong-Soo Kim, Seung Chyul Hong, Gyeong Joon Moon
BACKGROUND: Moyamoya disease is a unique cerebrovascular occlusive disease of unknown etiology. Ring finger protein 213 (RNF213) was identified as a susceptibility gene for Moyamoya disease in East Asian countries. However, the pathogenesis of Moyamoya disease remains unclear. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed clinical data for 139 patients with Moyamoya disease (108 bilateral Moyamoya disease, 31 unilateral Moyamoya disease), 61 patients with intracranial atherosclerotic stroke, and 68 healthy subjects...
December 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Jun Zhang, Wusheng Zhu, Lulu Xiao, Qinqin Cao, Hao Zhang, Huaiming Wang, Zusen Ye, Yonggang Hao, Qiliang Dai, Wen Sun, Yunyun Xiong, Xinfeng Liu, Ruidong Ye, Gelin Xu
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) plays pivotal roles in the endothelial damage following stroke. The present study aimed to investigate whether serum Cav-1 level is associated with the presence of cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. To this end, 156 patients were consecutively enrolled. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging was analyzed to determine the surrogates of cSVD, including cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), silent lacunar infarcts (SLIs), and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs)...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
M A Hassan Talukder, Marilena Preda, Larisa Ryzhova, Igor Prudovsky, Ilka M Pinz
Insulin resistance and diabetes are comorbidities of obesity and affect one in 10 adults in the United States. Despite the high prevalence, the mechanisms of cardiac insulin resistance in obesity are still unclear. We test the hypothesis that the insulin receptor localizes to caveolae and is regulated through binding to caveolin-3 (CAV3). We further test whether haploinsufficiency forCAV3 increases the susceptibility to high-fat-induced insulin resistance. We used in vivo and in vitro studies to determine the effect of palmitate exposure on global insulin resistance, contractile performance of the heart in vivo, glucose uptake in the heart, and on cellular signaling downstream of theIR We show that haploinsufficiency forCAV3 increases susceptibility to palmitate-induced global insulin resistance and causes cardiomyopathy...
March 2016: Physiological Reports
Stefanie Gurnik, Kavi Devraj, Jadranka Macas, Maiko Yamaji, Julia Starke, Alexander Scholz, Kathleen Sommer, Mariangela Di Tacchio, Rajkumar Vutukuri, Heike Beck, Michel Mittelbronn, Christian Foerch, Waltraud Pfeilschifter, Stefan Liebner, Kevin G Peters, Karl H Plate, Yvonne Reiss
The homeostasis of the central nervous system is maintained by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Angiopoietins (Ang-1/Ang-2) act as antagonizing molecules to regulate angiogenesis, vascular stability, vascular permeability and lymphatic integrity. However, the precise role of angiopoietin/Tie2 signaling at the BBB remains unclear. We investigated the influence of Ang-2 on BBB permeability in wild-type and gain-of-function (GOF) mice and demonstrated an increase in permeability by Ang-2, both in vitro and in vivo...
May 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
Haoming Song, Youjun Cheng, Gang Bi, Yihui Zhu, Wei Jun, Wenlin Ma, Huimin Wu
Intracranial hemorrhage remains the most feared complication in tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) thrombolysis for ischemic stroke. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still poorly elucidated. In this study, we reported an important role of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) s-nitrosylation in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and 9 secretion from tPA-treated ischemic endothelial cells. Brain vascular endothelial cells (bEND3) were exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) for 2 h before adding recombinant human tPA for 6 h...
2016: PloS One
Shaikamjad Umesalma, Frederick Keith Houwen, Gary L Baumbach, Siu-Lung Chan
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a major determinant of inward remodeling and hypertrophy in pial arterioles that may have an important role in stroke during chronic hypertension. Previously, we found that epidermal growth factor receptor is critical in Ang II-mediated hypertrophy that may involve caveolin-1 (Cav-1). In this study, we examined the effects of Cav-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) on Ang II-mediated structural changes in pial arterioles. Cav-1-deficient (Cav-1(-/-)), MMP9-deficient (MMP9(-/-)), and wild-type mice were infused with either Ang II (1000 ng/kg per minute) or saline via osmotic minipumps for 28 days (n=6-8 per group)...
March 2016: Hypertension
Andrew K J Boyce, Michelle S Kim, Leigh E Wicki-Stordeur, Leigh Anne Swayne
The ubiquitous pannexin 1 (Panx1) ion- and metabolite-permeable channel mediates the release of ATP, a potent signalling molecule. In the present study, we provide striking evidence that ATP, in turn, stimulates internalization of Panx1 to intracellular membranes. These findings hold important implications for understanding the regulation of Panx1 when extracellular ATP is elevated. In the nervous system, this includes phenomena such as synaptic plasticity, pain, precursor cell development and stroke; outside of the nervous system, this includes things like skeletal and smooth muscle activity and inflammation...
September 15, 2015: Biochemical Journal
Zhenfei Chen, Yinliang Qi, Chao Gao
MicroRNA-22 (miR-22) was previously reported to elicit cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and had an anti-apoptotic effect on neurons. However, its effects on cardiac myocyte apoptosis and cardiac function during ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) are not clear. In the present study, we demonstrate that pre-administration of miR-22 mimic reduced I/R-induced cardiac dysfunction significantly in a rat model. We found that miR-22 overexpression inhibited cardiac myocyte apoptosis, and reduced cardiac remodeling during I/R...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Xiao-Wei Mao, Chun-Shui Pan, Ping Huang, Yu-Ying Liu, Chuan-She Wang, Li Yan, Bai-He Hu, Xin Chang, Ke He, Huan-Na Mu, Quan Li, Kai Sun, Jing-Yu Fan, Jing-Yan Han
The restoration of blood flow following thrombolytic therapy causes ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury leading to blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and subsequent brain edema in patients of ischemic stroke. Levo-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP) occurs in Corydalis genus and some other plants. However, whether l-THP exerts protective role on BBB disruption following cerebral I/R remains unclear. Male C57BL/6N mice (23 to 28 g) were subjected to 90 min middle cerebral artery occlusion, followed by reperfusion for 24 h...
2015: Scientific Reports
Wei-Ye Liu, Zhi-Bin Wang, Yue Wang, Ling-Chang Tong, Ya Li, Xin Wei, Ping Luan, Ling Li
AIMS: Blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays significant roles in the circumstance maintains for the central nervous system (CNS). The dysfunction of the BBB could occur in all pathological conditions of CNS diseases, such as ischemic stroke, cerebral edema, or inflammatory disorders. However, the comparisons among different animal models with a broken BBB in vivo are still need to be further studied. METHODS: Here we used three different mice models in vivo, including MCAO induce, LPS treatment, and cold injury to mimic the situation in clinic...
July 2015: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Lisa D Laury-Kleintop, Jennifer R Mulgrew, Ido Heletz, Radu Alexandru Nedelcoviciu, Mee Young Chang, David M Harris, Walter J Koch, Michael D Schneider, Alexander J Muller, George C Prendergast
Non-compensated dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) leading to death from heart failure is rising rapidly in developed countries due to aging demographics, and there is a need for informative preclinical models to guide the development of effective therapeutic strategies to prevent or delay disease onset. In this study, we describe a novel model of heart failure based on cardiac-specific deletion of the prototypical mammalian BAR adapter-encoding gene Bin1, a modifier of age-associated disease. Bin1 deletion during embryonic development causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and neonatal lethality, but there is little information on how Bin1 affects cardiac function in adult animals...
November 2015: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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