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Mekonen Eshete Abebe, Wakgari Deressa, Victoria Oladugba, Arwa Owais, Taye Hailu, Fikre Abate, Abiye Hailu, Yohannes Demissie, Shiferaw Degu, Bezuwork Alemayehu, Mulualem Gessesse, Milliard Deribew, Paul Egl Gravem, Peter Mossey, Azeez Butali
OBJECTIVE: To assess the oral health-related quality of life (OH-RQoL) using a translated standardized measure in an understudied population of Ethiopian children born with orofacial clefts (OFCs) and their parents. METHODS: Using a descriptive study design, we assessed the OH-RQoL of 41 patients with OFCs between the ages of 8 and 17 years and their parents. Participants received multidisciplinary cleft care from 2008 to 2016. They completed an Amharic translation of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Giuseppe Marulli, Giovanni Maria Comacchio, Marco Schiavon, Alessandro Rebusso, Marco Mammana, Davide Zampieri, Egle Perissinotto, Federico Rea
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive techniques seem to be promising alternatives to open approaches in the surgical treatment of early-stage thymoma, although there are controversies because of lack of data on long-term results. The aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical and oncological results after robotic thymectomy for early-stage thymoma compared to median sternotomy. METHODS: Between 1982 and 2017, 164 patients with early-stage thymoma (Masaoka I and II) were operated on by median sternotomy (108 patients) or the robotic approach (56 patients)...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
ChengLin Zhong, SiChen Li, JingJing Li, FengPeng Li, MingXia Ran, LingYun Qiu, DiYan Li, Qing Zhu, Yan Wang, HuaDong Yin, Gang Shu, Chaowu Yang, XiaoLing Zhao
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-alpha (PPARα) and Egl nine homolog 3 (EGLN3) play critical roles in facilitating the adaptation to a hypoxic environment. However, the relationship between EGLN3 and PPARα variants and hypoxic adaptation remains poorly understood in Tibetan chickens. To better understand the effects of genetic variation, we sequenced exons of PPARα and EGLN3 in 138 Lowland chickens (LC) from 7 breeds that were located in Emei, Miyi, Shimian, Wanyuan, Pengxian, and Muchuan in the Sichuan province, and Wenchang in the Hainan province (altitudes for these locations are below 1800 meters)...
2018: PloS One
Sigita Glaveckaite, Egle Uzdavinyte-Gateliene, Zaneta Petrulioniene, Darius Palionis, Nomeda Valeviciene, Gintaras Kalinauskas, Pranas Serpytis, Aleksandras Laucevicius
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate (i) the effectiveness of combined surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting with restrictive mitral valve annuloplasty) and (ii) the late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance-based predictors of ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) recurrence. METHODS: The prospective analysis included 40 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, IMR >II° and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction undergoing combined surgery...
March 9, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Viktorija Kirillova, Petras Prakas, Rafael Calero-Bernal, Inese Gavarāne, José Luis Fernández-García, Manuel Martínez-González, Eglė Rudaitytė-Lukošienė, Miguel Ángel Habela Martínez-Estéllez, Dalius Butkauskas, Muza Kirjušina
BACKGROUND: Typically, carnivores serve as definitive hosts for Sarcocystis spp. parasites; currently, their role as intermediate hosts is being elucidated. The present study aimed to identify and molecularly characterize Sarcocystis cysts detected in striated muscle of red foxes from different populations in Latvia, Lithuania and Spain. METHODS: Muscle samples from 411 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and 269 racoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from Latvia, 41 red foxes from Lithuania and 22 red foxes from Spain were examined for the presence of Sarcocystis sarcocysts by light microscopy (LM)...
March 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Paola Caruso, Elena G Biosca, Edson Bertolini, Ester Marco-Noales, María Teresa Gorris, Concetta Licciardello, María M López
The characterization and intraspecific diversity of a collection of 45 Ralstonia solanacearum strains isolated in Spain from different sources and geographical origins is reported. To test the influence of the site and the host on strain diversity, phenotypic and genotypic analysis were performed by a polyphasic approach. Biochemical and metabolic profiles were compared. Serological relationship was evaluated by Indirect-ELISA using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. For genotypic analysis, hrpB and egl DNA sequence analysis, repetitive sequences (rep-PCR), amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) profiles and macrorestriction with XbaI followed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were performed...
December 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
Bianca Tesi, Jelena Rascon, Samuel C C Chiang, Birute Burnyte, Alexandra Löfstedt, Anders Fasth, Miriam Heizmann, Sandra Juozapaite, Rosita Kiudeliene, Egle Kvedaraite, Valdone Miseviciene, Audrone Muleviciene, Martha-Lena Müller, Magnus Nordenskjöld, Reda Matuzeviciene, Ruta Samaitiene, Carsten Speckmann, Sigita Stankeviciene, Vytautas Zekas, Matthias Voss, Stephan Ehl, Nerija Vaiciene-Magistris, Jan-Inge Henter, Marie Meeths, Yenan T Bryceson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Afshin Beheshti, Egle Cekanaviciute, David J Smith, Sylvain V Costes
Spaceflight introduces a combination of environmental stressors, including microgravity, ionizing radiation, changes in diet and altered atmospheric gas composition. In order to understand the impact of each environmental component on astronauts it is important to investigate potential influences in isolation. Rodent spaceflight experiments involve both standard vivarium cages and animal enclosure modules (AEMs), which are cages used to house rodents in spaceflight. Ground control AEMs are engineered to match the spaceflight environment...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jonas Cicenas, Egle Zalyte, Amos Bairoch, Pascale Gaudet
Protein kinases are a large family of enzymes catalyzing protein phosphorylation. The human genome contains 518 protein kinase genes, 478 of which belong to the classical protein kinase family and 40 are atypical protein kinases [...].
March 1, 2018: Cancers
Haowen Liu, Lei Li, Wei Wang, Jihong Gong, Xiaofei Yang, Zhitao Hu
The locomotion of C. elegans is balanced by excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter release at neuromuscular junctions. However, the molecular mechanisms that maintain the balance of synaptic transmission remain enigmatic. Here, we investigated the function of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in triggering spontaneous release at cholinergic and GABAergic synapses. Recordings of the miniature excitatory/inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs and mIPSCs, respectively) showed that UNC-2/CaV2 and EGL-19/CaV1 channels are the two major triggers for spontaneous release...
February 27, 2018: Cell Reports
Eglė Rudaitytė-Lukošienė, Petras Prakas, Dalius Butkauskas, Liuda Kutkienė, Iglė Vepštaitė-Monstavičė, Elena Servienė
Diaphragm muscles of 25 sika deer (Cervus nippon) farmed in Lithuania were examined for sarcocysts of Sarcocystis species. Two new Sarcocystis species, Sarcocystis frondea and Sarcocystis nipponi, were observed using light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and characterized by 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and subunit I of cytochrome c oxidase (cox1) sequence analyses. By LM, sarcocysts of S. frondea and S. nipponi were ribbon-shaped and had finger-like sarcocyst wall protrusions, respectively...
February 26, 2018: Parasitology Research
Aivara Urbutė, Marija Paulionytė, Domicelė Jonauskaitė, Eglė Machtejevienė, Rūta J Nadišauskienė, Žilvinas Dambrauskas, Paulius Dobožinskas, Mindaugas Kliučinskas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are only few training programs in obstetric emergencies currently in use and only some of them were evaluated with an adequate sample of participants. Therefore, we present the evaluation of the novel Standardized Trainings in Obstetrical Emergencies (STrObE), conducted in Lithuania. The aim of this study was to analyze whether participants' self-reported knowledge and confidence increased after the trainings, and whether the impact of the trainings was long-lasting...
February 8, 2018: Medicina
Egle Strainiene, Mindaugas Binkis, Silvija Urnikyte, Vaidotas Stankevicius, Ausra Sasnauskiene, Gabrielis Kundrotas, Andrius Kazlauskas, Kestutis Suziedelis
BACKGROUND: Since the first evidence suggesting existence of stem-like cancer cells, the process of cells reprogramming to the stem cell state remains as an attractive tool for cancer stemness research. Current knowledge in the field of cancer stemness, indicates that the microenvironment is a fundamental regulator of cell behavior. With regard to this, we investigated the changes of genome wide gene expression in reprogrammed human colon normal epithelial CRL-1831 and colon carcinoma DLD1 cell lines grown under more physiologically relevant three-dimensional (3D) cell culture microenvironment compared to 2D monolayer...
February 27, 2018: BMC Cancer
Thomas Melchardt, Teresa Magnes, Clemens Hufnagl, Aaron R Thorner, Matthew Ducar, Daniel Neureiter, Wolfgang Tränkenschuh, Eckhard Klieser, Alexander Gaggl, Sebastian Rösch, Gerd Rasp, Tanja N Hartmann, Lisa Pleyer, Gabriel Rinnerthaler, Lukas Weiss, Richard Greil, Alexander Egle
BACKGROUND: Tumour heterogeneity and clonal evolution within a cancer patient are deemed responsible for relapse in malignancies and present challenges to the principles of targeted therapy, for which treatment modality is often decided based on the molecular pathology of the primary tumour. Nevertheless, the clonal architecture in distant relapse of head and neck cancer is fairly unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For this project, we analysed a cohort of 386 patients within the Austrian Registry of head and neck cancer...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Jinfeng Xiang, Qiangsheng Hu, Yi Qin, Shunrong Ji, Wenyan Xu, Wensheng Liu, Si Shi, Chen Liang, Jiang Liu, Qingcai Meng, Dingkong Liang, Quanxing Ni, Jin Xu, Bo Zhang, Xianjun Yu
Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma have much worse prognoses, and much effort has been directed toward understanding the molecular biological aspects of this disease. Accumulated evidence suggests that constitutive activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signalling contributes to the oncogenesis and progression of pancreatic cancer. Transcription factor 7-like2/transcription factor 4 (TCF7L2/TCF4), a β-catenin transcriptional partner, plays a vital role in the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. In the present study, we investigated the clinicopathological significance of TCF7L2 in pancreatic cancer...
February 23, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Pornnipa Thano, Angsana Akarapisan
Bacterial wilt of Curcuma alismatifolia (Patumma) caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a major disease affecting the quality of rhizome exports. Traditionally, R. solanacearum is classified into five races based on differences in host range and six biovars based on biochemical properties. Recently a classification scheme based on phylotypes and sequevars was presented by the scientific community as a tool for determining phylogenetic relationships within R. solanacearum. This study used traditional and molecular methods to identify R...
February 15, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Egle Bendoraitiene, Sandra Zemgulyte, Marija Borisovaite
Background: Avulsion of the permanent teeth is one of the most serious oral health problems among active children and adolescents. Traumatized patients require immediate and correct treatment in order to restore damaged structures and function that have major impact on daily patient's life. As a result, proper guidelines and fast treatment methods are necessary. This case report discusses treatment of maxillary right central incisor with an open apex that had been avulsed and replanted...
October 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
Heejung Cho, Eun-Sung Song, Young Kee Lee, Seungdon Lee, Seon-Woo Lee, Ara Jo, Byoung-Moo Lee, Jeong-Gu Kim, Ingyu Hwang
The Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RSSC) can be divided into four phylotypes, and includes phenotypically diverse bacterial strains that cause bacterial wilt on various host plants. This study used 93 RSSC isolates responsible for potato bacterial wilt in Korea, and investigated their phylogenetic relatedness based on the analysis of phylotype, biovar, and host range. Of the 93 isolates, twenty-two were identified as biovar 2, eight as biovar 3, and sixty-three as biovar 4. Applied to the phylotype scheme, biovar 3 and 4 isolates belonged to phylotype I, and biovar 2 isolates belonged to phylotype IV...
February 2018: Plant Pathology Journal
Beata Aleksiūnienė, Egle Preiksaitiene, Aušra Morkūnienė, Laima Ambrozaitytė, Algirdas Utkus
Many studies have shown that molecular karyotyping is an effective diagnostic tool in individuals with developmental delay/intellectual disability. We report on a de novo interstitial 1q22q23.1 microdeletion, 1.6 Mb in size, detected in a patient with short stature, microcephaly, hypoplastic corpus callosum, cleft palate, minor facial anomalies, congenital heart defect, camptodactyly of the 4-5th fingers, and intellectual disability. Chromosomal microarray analysis revealed a 1.6-Mb deletion in the 1q22q23...
February 9, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Brigita Glebauskiene, Rasa Liutkeviciene, Egle Zlatkute, Loresa Kriauciuniene, Dalia Zaliuniene
To evaluate retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness in patients with pituitary adenoma (PA) by optical coherence tomography and to compare it with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of pituitary extension. 154 eyes of 77 patients with PA were evaluated. Ophthalmologic evaluation was performed before surgical treatment. Average and per quadrant thickness of peripapillary RNFL (internal limiting membrane to nerve fiber layer/ganglion cell layer) were calculated. Optical coherence tomography was performed in a disc circle mode (layer distance 3...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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