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teaching method

Li Hui Tay, Andrew Kok Wah Ong, Dora Siew Ping Lang
INTRODUCTION: Counseling is a brief psycho-educational intervention that is useful in facilitating personal growth and adaptive resolution of life stresses. With increased recognition on the psycho-emotional needs of patients with cancer, it is prudent to consider the possibility of expanding the role of nurses in the provision of counseling. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative systematic review aimed to establish the best available evidence on the experiences of adult cancer patients receiving counseling provided by nurses...
October 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Lauren A Gard, Jonna Peterson, Corrine Miller, Nilasha Ghosh, Quentin Youmans, Aashish Didwania, Stephen D Persell, Muriel Jean-Jacques, Paul Ravenna, Matthew J O'Brien, Mita Sanghavi Goel
PURPOSE: Medical training has traditionally focused on the proximate determinants of disease, with little focus on how social conditions influence health. The authors conducted a scoping review of existing curricula to understand the current programs designed to teach primary care residents about the social determinants of health (SDH). METHOD: In January and March 2017, the authors searched seven databases. Eligible articles focused on primary care residents, described a curriculum related to SDH, were published between January 2007 and January 2017, and were based in the United States...
October 16, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Holly Feen-Calligan, Julie Moreno, Emma Buzzard
This article is a descriptive study of two groups who came together through service-learning: The first group is graduate art therapy students enrolled in a research class, who partnered with six community agencies to help them prepare assignments for undergraduate service-learning students in a subsequent semester. The art therapy research students also assisted the agencies with program evaluation. The second group is the six directors of the community agencies who were preparing for service-learning students enrolled in an art history class titled Art as A Social Practice...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sonia Chanchlani, Daniel Chang, Jeremy Sl Ong, Aresh Anwar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of a peer mentoring program for first year medical interns and to assess the demand for and benefits of such a program in an Australian hospital. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomised controlled study of the impact on first year interns of peer-led mentoring by second and third year interns, undertaken during 2015 at the Royal Perth Hospital, a tertiary teaching hospital. Methods and main outcome measure: Interns were recruited and randomised 1:1 to being assigned or not assigned a mentor...
October 22, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Elizabeth M Bloom
Horizontal violence (HV), or nonphysical intergroup conflict expressed in overt and covert behaviors of hostility, is pervasive in nursing and has been discussed in the literature for more than two decades. It is costly and has potentially devastating effects including high nurse turnover rates, increased illness, decreased productivity, and decreased quality of patient care. Recognizing how these behaviors are established and sustained is necessary if nurses are to overcome these types of behaviors. This mixed methods study used an online survey to examine 76 hospital nurses' experiences and responses to episodes of HV as well as its effects on job performance...
October 17, 2018: Nursing Forum
Norbert Nemeth, Iren Miko, Istvan Furka
During the past decades microsurgical training programs together with skill assessment methods had been developing intensively worldwide. Concerning the teaching of basic techniques at various levels, we aimed to summarize the education program types and experiences at our department, in order to define the way of continuity. All in the hope that this summary might contain useful information for other educators as well. About 50 years ago, in the late 1960s, microsurgical basic education had been established in Debrecen...
September 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Justin L Sewell, Lauren A Maggio, Olle Ten Cate, Tamara van Gog, John Q Young, Patricia S O'Sullivan
AIM: Cognitive load theory (CLT) is of increasing interest to health professions education researchers. CLT has intuitive applicability to workplace settings, yet how CLT should inform teaching, learning, and research in health professions workplaces is unclear. METHOD: To map the existing literature, we performed a scoping review of studies involving cognitive load, mental effort and/or mental workload in professional workplace settings within and outside of the health professions...
October 17, 2018: Medical Teacher
Philipp P Caffier, Tadeus Nawka, Ahmed Ibrahim-Nasr, Björn Thomas, Holger Müller, Seo-Rin Ko, Wen Song, Manfred Gross, Sebastian Weikert
OBJECTIVE: To develop a three-dimensional (3D) laryngostroboscopic examination unit, compare the optic playback quality in relation to established 2D procedures, and report the first case series using 3D rigid laryngostroboscopy for diagnosis and management of laryngotracheal diseases. STUDY DESIGN: Laboratory study, prospective case series. METHODS: The optical efficacy of newly developed rigid 3D endoscopes was examined in a laboratory setting...
October 17, 2018: Laryngoscope
Christopher R Kieliszak, Dustin J Jones, Richard T Klapchar, Ryan M Collar, David L Steward
Background: Thyroid nodules are increasingly common. Although guidelines have been published, it is unclear whether recommendations for the use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and ultrasonography are followed. Objective: To evaluate the impact of a quality improvement initiative regarding utilization of FNA and ultrasonography before resection of malignant thyroid neoplasms at a community-based hospital. Methods: A retrospective medical record review of patients who received thyroidectomy with histologically proven malignant thyroid neoplasms at a community-based teaching center in the Midwest in 2014 revealed inconsistent use of FNA and ultrasonography per national guidelines...
October 15, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Wolfram Windisch, Sarah Bettina Schwarz, Friederike Sophie Magnet, Michael Dreher, Claudia Schmoor, Jan Hendrik Storre, Verena Knipel
BACKGROUND: Inhalation errors frequently occur in patients receiving inhalation treatment, which can significantly impair treatment success. While this underscores the importance of inhalation training, the role of modern web-based instructional videos has not yet been investigated. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial using standardized checklists (10 items: preparation, N = 3, inhalation routine, N = 6, and closure of inhalation, N = 1) was carried out to determine the relative effects of web-based, device-specific videos versus standard personal instruction on reducing multiple (≥2) inhalation errors in severe COPD patients requiring hospitalisation...
2018: PloS One
Manel Jellouli, Emira Ben Hamida, Yousra Hammi, Meriem Ferjani, Tahar Gargah
BACKGROUND: Teaching by the Clarification, Illustration, Application and Participation of Students (CIAP) approach is a method of participatory pedagogy that helps active learning to help the learner understand and integrate the new Knowledge to be able to apply them. The objectives of this work were to describe the conduct of a CIAP session and to evaluate this method of learning among students. METHODS: The session took place in a room in the Forensic Medicine Department of the Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis on April 18, 2017 for 60 minutes...
March 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Rim Charfi, Emira Ben Hamida, Anis Klouz, Sameh Trabelsi, Mohamed Hédi Loueslati
BACKGROUND: Learning transfer, in medical teaching, remains an essential question and optimizing it is the main preoccupation of every trainer in medical sciences. Some learning methods showed their efficacy as the contextualized learning in the framework of a professional activity or in a situation recalling it in a realistic manner. AIM: To describe steps of planning and progress of a session of clarification, illustration, application et participation (CIAP) of pharmacology teaching students from second cycle of medical studies (DCEM) and to assess the session...
January 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Dhia Kaffel, Emira Ben Hamida
INTRODUCTION: The CIAP (Clarification, Illustration, Application, Participation) teaching, was adopted by our faculty since 1988. It allows a pedagogical approach favoring teacher / student contact. It puts the disciple in the center of the work. However, this method has been initiated for a long time, its actual place in our teaching is not yet well established and not all teachers adhere to it because it has never been evaluated before. AIM: To evaluate the CIAP teaching in rheumatology in abarticular shoulder pathology in DCEM1 students...
February 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Kevin J Guzman, Natacha Gemo, Deborah B Martins, Pedro Santos, Daniel A DeUgarte, Fatima Ademo, David Kulber, Celma Issufo
Background: Limited data exist on plastic surgery practices in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to characterize the spectrum of disease and operative procedures at a teaching hospital in Maputo, Mozambique to help understand the challenges of providing care for the local providers and to provide contextual relevance for training through partnerships. Methods: A mixed-methods approach was utilized to perform an ongoing needs assessment. A retrospective review was performed of plastic surgery operative records, ward admissions records, and death records in a tertiary-care hospital in Maputo, Mozambique for the period January 2015 to December 2015...
August 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Dana A Schinasi, Irini N Kolaitis, Frances M Nadel, Yuemi An-Grogan, Rebekah Burns, Leah Berman, Annie M Quinn, Kathy N Shaw
Background Full disclosure of patient safety events (PSE) is desired by patients and their families, is required by the Joint Commission and many state laws, and is vital to improving patient outcomes. A key barrier to consistent disclosure of patient safety events is a self-reported lack of proper training. Physicians must be trained to recognize when a PSE has occurred and effectively carry out disclosure, all while caring for a patient who is actively experiencing the consequences of an unintended outcome...
August 3, 2018: Curēus
Emily K Flores, Rick Hess
Objective. To determine whether using standardized patients dressed in moulage improves pharmacy students' ability to assess skin disorders compared to using picture-based paper cases. To determine pharmacy student preferences when learning assessment of skin disorders through these two educational methods. Methods. Faculty members investigated student assessments of drug-induced skin disorders and contact dermatitis by using picture-based paper cases compared with using standardized patients dressed in moulage in a patient assessment course...
September 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Laura H Waite, Alice L Scaletta, Diane E Hadley
Objective. To describe a novel design on teaching dyslipidemia management that would help students compare and apply past and current clinical recommendations using a variety of new mechanisms. Methods. Didactic time consisted of three sections: lecture; faculty-led panel discussion; and interactive, progressive, student-driven patient case. The accompanying case studies course involved varying interactive student activities, including literature review, adverse event reporting, and immediate feedback assessment tools...
September 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Ciara O'Toole, Alice S-Y Lee, Fiona E Gibbon, Anne K van Bysterveldt, Nicola J Hart
BACKGROUND: Communication and language development are areas of particular weakness for young children with Down syndrome. Caregivers' interaction with children influences language development, so many early interventions involve training parents how best to respond to their children and provide appropriate language stimulation. Thus, these interventions are mediated through parents, who in turn are trained and coached in the implementation of interventions by clinicians. As the interventions involve a considerable commitment from clinicians and families, we undertook this review to synthesise the evidence of their effectiveness...
October 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Norhidayah Mohd Tahir, Wan Nurazreena Wan Hassan, Roslan Saub
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare vacuum-formed thermoplastic retainers (VFRs) constructed on stone models (VFR-CV) and those constructed on three-dimensional (3D) printed models (VFR-3D) based on patients' perspective and post-treatment stability. Study design: The research was designed as a crossover, randomized control trial. Materials and methods: Subjects comprised patients receiving fixed appliances at a teaching institution and indicated for VFRs...
October 12, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
J Kevin Dorsey, Austin M Beason, Steven J Verhulst
PROBLEM: The traditional clerkship model of brief encounters between faculty and students results in reduced meaningful learning opportunities due to the lack of a relationship that enables repeated observation, supervisor feedback, trust formation, and growth. INTERVENTION: Clinical clerkships at our institution were restructured to decrease fragmentation of supervision and foster an educational alliance between faculty and student. A mixed-methods approach was used to study the impact of this curriculum reform on the student experience in the obstetrics and gynecology clerkship...
October 15, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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