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teaching method

Dietmar Goebel, Frank Drollinger, Andrea Drollinger
In the sport of golf, there is no standard teaching method or swing technique even though golf is known for overuse injuries. This prospective study was to analyze classic swing kinematics in comparison with the Free-Release ® method and to define a physiological golf swing. Two hundred eighty-three players, age 50-59 years, were included in the study. For both swing techniques, examination addressed swing visualization, center of pressure (COP), center of mass (COM), as well as pelvic movement in relationship to different standing widths...
November 2018: Sports Med Int Open
Thomas C Sauter, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Gert Krummrey, Beat Lehmann, Monika Brodmann-Maeder, Wolf E Hautz
Introduction, background and context: There have been few reports on the implementation of a structured curriculum for emergency medicine, as emergency medicine is not yet an established medical specialty for training in many European countries, including Switzerland and Germany. Because of the non-plannable workload in the emergency setting, common training approaches are often difficult to implement. Need-assessments of emergency medicine trainees commonly identify a need for interactive, time-independent ways of learning that integrate modern forms of knowledge transfer...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Justin B Leaf, Joseph H Cihon, Julia L Ferguson, John McEachin, Ronald Leaf, Mitchell Taubman
The teaching of receptive labels (i.e., auditory-visual conditional discriminations) is common among early intervention programs for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Discrete trial teaching (DTT) is a common approach used to teach these receptive labels. Some have argued that the stimuli within the array, target and non-target, must be counterbalanced to prevent the development of undesired stimulus control. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three different approaches to stimulus rotation to teach receptive labels to five young children diagnosed with ASD...
December 31, 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Jennifer Quigley, Annette K Griffith, Kelly Kates-McElrath
Play skills are an essential component of a learner's repertoire, allowing access to social interactions with peers and adults. Children with developmental disabilities frequently require explicit teaching to acquire play skills rather than acquiring them through natural learning opportunities. Without targeted practice, these deficits could continue to expand, separating the children from their typically developing peers. This study aimed to teach three children with developmental disabilities independent play skills in the form of building blocks with a diagram...
December 31, 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Marilaeta Cindryani, I Made Gede Widnyana, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit Aribawa, Tjokorda Ga Senapathi
Background: Anesthesia crisis management (ACM) simulation would expose anesthesiology residents and trainees to dynamic emergencies that need quick yet effective responses to gain their core strength and capabilities as anesthesiologists. Our department had already employed ACM simulation into modules and practiced in examinations. The aim is to enhance professional working ethics and human responsibility in residents, which would be accomplished in semi-realistic simulation. This would be a useful tool for lecturers to evaluate current teaching methods and measure protégés in daily emergencies, which should be done better in continuous pattern...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Iman El Sayed, Sherif Abdelmonem
We aimed to study differences in postgraduate students' achievement if they are taught evidence-based medicine (EBM) by face-to-face or by online learning. We assessed the performance of 28 postgraduate students who completed a face-to-face learning module and 34 students who completed an online learning module in a cross-sectional study. The teaching materials were the same in both courses so that any performance difference would be due to the teaching method. Grading involved semester work (15%), midterm (25%), oral (15%) and final (30%) examinations...
December 11, 2018: BMJ evidence-based medicine
Grzegorz Wysiadecki, Edward Clarke, Michał Polguj, Robert Haładaj, Andrzej Żytkowski, Mirosław Topol
Klingler's technique was discovered in the 1930s. It is a modified method of brain fixation and dissection, based on freezing and thawing of the brain tissue, subsequent peeling away of white matter fibers and the gradual exposure of white matter tracts. The added value of this technique is that it is carried out in a stratigraphic manner; This fact makes it an invaluable tool for an in-depth understanding of the complex anatomical organization of the cerebral hemispheres. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of Klingler's method while taking into account the original description of the technique and its value for medical training...
December 11, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Hitoshi Yokoyama
PURPOSE: This review summarizes the recent progress made in understanding the skill acquisition process of achieving expert status in various fields that require fine motor skills. We discuss the attempts to apply this progress to develop competent surgeons. METHODS: We reviewed the existing literature, using the keywords "surgical training", "skill acquisition", and "simulator-based training", using Medline, as well as recent books and chapters related to these issues...
December 7, 2018: Surgery Today
Pamela Rojas, Carolina Rain, Victoria Cuadra, Carla Castañón
BACKGROUND: Considering the frequency of sexual abuse and domestic violence (SA-DV) in the population, the likelihood of a medical student meeting patients with this problem is substantial. However, most students do not consider SA-DV in their differential diagnoses. Since 2014, this team has been working in strengthening undergraduate curriculum in SA-DV. It has been a challenging and slow process. PURPOSE: To identify barriers and facilitators perceived by the undergraduate teaching team in order to suggest modifications in the curriculum in relation to the competencies required for screening and early intervention for victims of SA-DV...
August 2018: Revista Médica de Chile
Irfan Qadir, Saeed Ahmad, Atiq Uz Zaman, Chirag Muhammad Khan, Shahzad Ahmad, Amer Aziz
Purpose: This study was performed to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes following one-stage hip reconstruction, consisting of open reduction femoral shortening and pelvic osteotomy, for neglected developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH). Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 77 hips in 65 patients (46 females and 19 males; 12 had bilateral dislocations), operated at a Ghurki Trust Teaching Hospital in Pakistan between 2013 and 2015...
December 2018: Hip & Pelvis
Ivy Muya, Joanne Garside, Marco Van-der Plas, Mohammed Ali Mohammed
Introduction: Bosasso General Hospital is located in Puntland Somalia, an area affected by prolonged civil conflict, terrorism, clan fighting and piracy. International evidence highlights that staff skills and competence may have a significant impact on patient outcomes however there has been little research on emergency education in such an austere and volatile environment. The purpose of this study therefore was to identify current practices and gaps in delivering emergency medicine education in this resource-deprived environment...
December 2018: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Revue Africaine de la Médecine D'urgence
Dhuha Youssef Wazqar
Aim: To explore and understand work stress and its sources among oncology nurses in a Saudi university-teaching hospital. Design: Qualitative descriptive study using semistructured interviews. Methods: Fourteen oncology nurses working in a university-teaching hospital were interviewed between October - December 2016. Qualitative content analysis according to the Krippendorff method was used to explore work-related stressors among oncology nurses in Saudi Arabia...
January 2019: Nursing Open
Jonas Keller, Aline Wolfensberger, Lauren Clack, Stefan P Kuster, Mesida Dunic, Doris Eis, Yvonne Flammer, Dagmar I Keller, Hugo Sax
Background: Hand Hygiene (HH) compliance was shown to be poor in several studies. Improving the availability of alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) is a cornerstone for increasing HH compliance. Methods: In this study, we introduced wearable dispensers for ABHR in an Emergency Department (ED) well equipped with mounted ABHR dispensers and accompanied this single-modal intervention by a quasi-experimental mixed-method study. The study was performed in the ED of the University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland, a 950-bed tertiary teaching hospital...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Saraswati Aryasomayajula, Amit Raithatha, Matthew Haywood, Ravi Jobanputra, Rujuta Roplekar, Vikas Acharya
Background: Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery is a niche and unique specialty that has been recognized as being poorly taught throughout medical school and postgraduate training. Junior doctors who rotate into this specialty often find it hard and struggle to manage patients. Aims: The aim of this study was to devise a junior doctor-focused induction program with specific emphasis on shadowing and partnered working to improve confidence and competence. Methods: Feedback from previous trainees was used to identify valuable training opportunities within the 4-month rotation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Mojtaba Moosavian, Hosein Ghadri, Zahra Samli
Objective: Nosocomial infections due to vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are known as a source of spreading these bacteria. The aim of this prospective study was molecular detection of vanA and vanB genes among VRE isolated from patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in Ahvaz in southwest of Iran. Materials and methods: Overall, 243 non-duplicate rectal swab specimens were collected from ICU-hospitalized patients in teaching hospitals affiliated to Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Tiffany A Moore Simas, Joanna M Cain, Robert J Milner, Martha E Meacham, Annika L Bannon, Leonard L Levin, Nili Amir, Katherine Leung, Judith K Ockene, Luanne E Thorndyke
INTRODUCTION: To describe Academic Health Center (AHC) faculty leadership development program characteristics and categorize leadership topics into thematic areas suggesting competency domains to guide programmatic curricular development. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted (PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature [CINAHL], and Journal Storage [JSTOR databases]). Eligible studies described programs with leadership development intent for faculty in AHCs...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Tara Mariolis, Carol McKew
This article summarizes a pilot simulation using standardized patients that was designed to develop skills necessary to care for the critically ill mental health patient nearing the end of life. Although the simulation was found to be a valuable teaching strategy, additional research, with a rigorous design, is recommended to further develop this teaching method. The authors suggest adopting a theoretical framework for debriefing that would elicit emotions, address the emotional needs of students, and assist them to develop coping strategies and skills necessary to care for patients at the end of life...
December 5, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Azra Amerjee, Munazza Akhtar, Iffat Ahmed, Sheikh Irfan
Background: Hybrid simulation training (HST) is a teaching modality that combines patient interaction using simulated patient (SP) with pelvic model. This provides realism to learners, lacking in manikins alone. This study was designed to compare knowledge, procedural, and communication skills of medical students regarding intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) insertion before and after introducing HST and to assess learner satisfaction with this methodology. Methods: This quasi-experimental mixed-method study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from October 2016 to September 2017, for third-year medical students (n = 90)...
May 2018: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Alessandra Mendes de Barros, Flávia Regina Souza Ramos, Priscila Orlandi Barth, Maria José Menezes Brito, Heloiza Maria Siqueira Rennó, Jéssica Mendes Rocha
STUDY AIM: To discover college nursing professors' deliberation and coping strategies in view of moral distress. DESIGN: Qualitative study with a descriptive and exploratory design. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 12 college nursing professors who taught at three public universities in Brazil. METHODS: The adapted Delphi method was applied. The data were collected in three phases with concomitant data collection and analysis...
November 30, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Ying Zhao, Yan Hu, Ji Liang, Xu Qian
This simulation-based Ethiopia Midwife Train-the-Trainer program for skilled birth attendants is one part of the China-UK Global Health Support Program (GHSP) activities and an approach to improving the Ethiopia trainers' midwifery teaching skills. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a simulation-based training for Ethiopia skilled birth attendants. This program was divided into three stages. In Stage 1, Fudan team trained 5 trainers from Ethiopia. In Stage 2, Fudan team supervised and evaluated the 1st stage Ethiopia trainers to train their peers becoming the trainers in Fudan University...
December 3, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
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