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teaching method

Mònica Castellà-Creus, Pilar DELGado-Hito, Isabel Andrés-Martínez, Maria-Eulàlia Juvé-Udina
AIM: To understand the individualization process of the standardized care plan that nurses design for hospitalized patients. BACKGROUND: To apply the nursing process, it is advisable to use standardized care plans to standardize the diagnosis, planning and assessment stages. However, the fundamental element of this methodology is the individualization of the care plan. DESIGN: A qualitative study, framed within the constructivist paradigm and applying the Grounded Theory method, in accordance with Strauss and Corbin's approach...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sarah Armenia, Loka Thangamathesvaran, Akia D Caine, Neil King, Anastasia Kunac, Aziz M Merchant
Introduction  High-fidelity team-based simulation has been identified as an effective way of teaching and evaluating both technical and nontechnical skills. Several studies have described the benefits of this modality in a variety of acute care settings, but a lack of standardized methodologies has resulted in heterogeneous findings. Few studies have characterized high fidelity simulation across a broad range of acute care settings and integrated the latest evidence on its educational and patient impact. Methods  The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO databases were searched for empirical studies from the last 10 years, investigating high fidelity team-based simulation in surgical, trauma, and critical care training curricula...
July 2018: Surgery Journal
Zawwar Reza, Hassan Khan Jadoon, Syed Hasan Danish, Syed Ali Fahad Kazmi, Farah Ahmed
A cross sectional study was conducted in a private medical university among undergraduate MBBS and BDS students, to ascertain their opinion regarding various teaching methods. Convenience sampling technique was utilized with data collection spanning over March to August 2015 on a sample of 398 students. A self-administered questionnaire was used for the purpose. Descriptive analysis was applied for numerical data while chi square was used for categorical data. P value under 0.05 was considered significant. Our results showed that around 120 (30%) of the participants supported PBL as the most effective teaching method while 64(16%) considered clinical rotations, and 60(15%) voted for lectures...
August 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Jo Hill, Adam Gerace, Candice Oster, Shahid Ullah
Objective The aims of the present study were to establish rates of resuscitation order documentation of patients aged ≥65 years from both psychogeriatric and general medical units and to compare patients on predictors of resuscitation status, particularly examining the effect of depression. Methods A retrospective case note audit of psychogeriatric (n = 162) and general medical (n = 135) unit admissions within a tertiary teaching hospital was performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine significant clinical and demographic predictors of resuscitation status...
August 14, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Renee Lovi, John Hurley, Marie Hutchinson
Health care professionals are frequently one of the first points of contact in episodes of intimate partner violence (IPV). This paper presents qualitative data from a larger research project on IPV-related content in undergraduate curriculum for Australian health care professionals. IPV is a serious public health issue with findings from this paper supporting the proposition that key health care workers such as nurses, midwives and paramedics are ill prepared to respond to the challenges it poses. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand the barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of IPV-related content into undergraduate curricula for nurses, midwives and paramedics...
August 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Shanan Mahal, Sorabh Datta, Virendrasinh Ravat, Priya Patel, Bipin Saroha, Rikinkumar S Patel
Objective This study aimed to determine the differences in hospitalization outcomes among patients admitted for congestive cardiac failure (CCF) with underlying subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). Methods This retrospective case-control study used data from the nationwide inpatient sample (NIS) for the years 2012-2014. We identified cases with CCF as the primary diagnosis and SCH as the secondary diagnosis using validated ICD-9-CM codes and controls with CCF only. The differences in hospitalization outcomes and hospital characteristics were quantified using the multinomial logistic regression model (adjusted odds ratio (aOR))...
June 8, 2018: Curēus
Aida Sefidani Forough, Esther Tl Lau, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie Ay Cichero, Greg J Kyle, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Lisa M Nissen
Solid oral dosage forms such as tablets and capsules are generally the preferred method of drug delivery due to their convenience, cost, and acceptability. However, for many people, it can be a challenge to swallow solid oral medications, even those with healthy swallowing function. This review describes current strategies available to facilitate medication administration to otherwise healthy people with pill-swallowing difficulties. In general, restoring and maintaining the ability to swallow pills whole should ideally be the first choice in managing people with pill-swallowing difficulties...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Lorenzo Lorusso, Marco Piccolino, Saba Motta, Anna Gasparello, Jean-Gaël Barbara, Laura Bossi-Régnier, Gordon M Shepherd, Larry Swanson, Pierre Magistretti, Barry Everitt, Zoltán Molnár, Richard Brown
Over the last 50 years neuroscience has enjoyed a spectacular development, with many discoveries greatly expanding our knowledge of brain function. Despite this progress, there has been a disregard for preserving the history of these discoveries. In many European countries, historic objects, instruments, and archives are neglected, while libraries and museums specifically focusing on neuroscience have been closed or drastically cut back. To reverse this trend, the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS) has organized a number of projects, including (1) the History of Neuroscience on-line projects, (2) the European Brain Museum Project (EBM), (3) the History on-line library, (4) the FENS meeting History Corner, (5) history lectures in historic venues, and (6) a series of history seminars in various European venues...
August 12, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
V Nagendrababu, S J Pulikkotil, O S Sultan, J Jayaraman, J A Soh, P M H Dummer
The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of technology-enhanced learning (TEL) in the field of Endodontics to improve educational outcomes compared to traditional learning methods. Randomized controlled studies published in English were identified from two electronic databases (PubMed and Scopus) up to May 2018. Two authors independently performed study selection, data extraction and assessed the risk of bias (ROB). Any teaching method using TEL was considered as the intervention, and this was compared to traditional methods...
August 12, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Patrycja Misztal-Okońska, Dorota Lasota, Mariusz Goniewicz, Krzysztof Goniewicz, Witold Pawłowski, Robert Czerski, Alicja Tuszczyńska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The ability to provide first aid, especially cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in accordance with the guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) is a key element in helping and rescuing people with pre-hospital cardiac arrest. As recommended by the ERC 2015 guidelines, one of the most important steps to be taken to increase the rate of CPR appraisal by participants or cardiac arrest witnesses is to teach these skills to all children in schools. Numerous studies have shown that school-age children are positive about learning resuscitation, and moreover, they are important multipliers of knowledge because they are happy to transmit the information they receive to family members and the closest surroundings...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Bharati Sharma, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Kyllike Christensson
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between self-confidence of final-year students in selected midwifery skills and teaching-learning methods used in the two formally recognized education programs for nurse-midwives in India. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey PARTICIPANTS: 633 final-year students, from 25 educational institutions randomly selected, stratified by type of program (diploma/bachelor), and ownership (private/government) in Gujarat...
August 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Muhammad Nasir Ayub Khan, Daniëlle M L Verstegen, Abu Bakar Hafeez Bhatti, Diana H J M Dolmans, Walther Nicolaas Anton van Mook
The study aims to find the factors hindering the implementation of surgical site infection control guidelines in the operating rooms of low-income countries. The design of the study is a mixed-method sequential explanatory study. The setting is Shifa International Hospital and Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan. Participants are health care workers. A questionnaire and structured key informant interviews probed the perspectives and perceptions of different stakeholders regarding the factors which hinder the implementation of surgical site infection control guidelines...
August 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Mohsen Salari, Amrollah Roozbehi, Abdolvahed Zarifi, Rohani Ahmad Tarmizi
BACKGROUND: Nursing education in Iran has conventionally focused on lecture-based strategies. Improvements in teaching and learning over the years have led to an expansion of the pedagogies available to educators. Likewise, there has been a suggestion for a move toward more learner-centered teaching strategies and pedagogies that can result in improvement in learning. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of Problem-Based Learning in developing cognitive skills in learning Pediatric Nursing among university students...
August 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Michael W van Emden, Jeroen J Geurts, Patrick Schober, Lothar A Schwarte
BACKGROUND: Manikins are widely used in airway management training; however, simulation of realism and interpatient variability remains a challenge. We investigated whether cadavers embalmed with the novel Fix for Life (F4L) embalmment method are a suitable and realistic model for teaching 3 basic airway skills: facemask ventilation, tracheal intubation, and laryngeal mask insertion compared to a manikin (SimMan 3G) and formalin-fixed cadavers. METHODS: Thirty anesthesiologists and experienced residents ("operators") were instructed to perform the 3 airway techniques in 10 F4L, 10 formalin-fixed cadavers, and 1 manikin...
August 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Lynne P Lewallen, Elizabeth R Van Horn
AIM: The purpose was to synthesize the published evidence to present the state of the science in clinical evaluation research in nursing education. BACKGROUND: Clinical evaluation is key to ensuring nursing students' clinical competence, application of knowledge, and critical thinking, all of which are important to patient safety and quality nursing care. METHOD: Cooper's research synthesis method was used. RESULTS: A comprehensive literature search resulted in 250 documents, of which 88 met study criteria...
August 7, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Nirmala Devi Arunasalam, Rob Burton
BACKGROUND: In recent years, many ASEAN countries, including Malaysia have embraced Transnational Higher Education (TNHE) post-registration top-up nursing degree programmes. These are bridging programmes that allow registered nurses to upgrade their diploma qualifications to a degree level. PURPOSE: To investigate the teaching and learning experiences of Malaysian nurses on Transnational Higher Education post-registration top-up degree programmes in Malaysia. DESIGN: Hermeneutic phenomenology and the ethnographic principle of cultural interpretation were used to explore the views of eighteen Malaysian nurses from two UK and one Australian TNHE universities (determined by convenience and snowball sampling methods) to ensure data saturation...
July 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Paolo Moisè, Danilo Marasso, Franco Miglio, Alberto Rainoldi, Gennaro Boccia
Brief bouts of physical activity during the school day are an innovative method for increasing physical activity in the school setting. The purpose of the study was to investigate if the introduction of an outdoor active break, based on walking and running, in a middle school in Italy is feasible in terms of implementation (i.e., adherence, costs, safety) and acceptability (i.e., satisfaction, intent to continue use, perceived appropriateness). One hundred and forty students (aged 12 ± 1 years) and 20 teachers (aged 50 ± 8 years) participated in the activity for four months...
2018: PloS One
Chia-Chien Li, Shiow-Ru Chang, Shiow-Ching Shun
AIM: To understand the self-care coping process among chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have been carried out to understand the experience and the challenges of living with CHF. However, the coping processes that patients use to overcome self-care challenges are less understood. DESIGN: A qualitative design with qualitative content analysis of data was employed. METHODS: Purposive sampling was conducted to recruit inpatients with CHF between March 1, 2014 and March 1, 2015 in a teaching hospital in Taiwan...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Mladen Hraste, Andrea De Giorgio, Petra Mandić Jelaska, Johnny Padulo, Ivan Granić
Mathematics is a science which can lead to both anxiety in children and teaching difficulties in teachers. Together, these two difficulties can increase the time spent in teaching and learning mathematics. The aim of this study is to examine the efficiency of a new integrated mathematics/geometry and physical activity program, specifically structured for increasing learning in fourth-grade pupils. Thirty-six children (age 10.36±0.55) were divided into an experimental (n1 = 19) group and a control (n2 = 17) group...
2018: PloS One
Saionara Nunes de Oliveira, Aline Massaroli, Jussara Gue Martini, Jeferson Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of the operationalization of clinical simulation as a pedagogical strategy in a subject of an undergraduate course in Nursing. METHOD: Clinical simulation cycles were carried out following the steps of action research, such as: planning, action, observation and reflection, from March 2014 to July 2015 with 10 professors and 44 students from a Primary Care and Mental Health subject of an undergraduate course in Nursing. RESULTS: Five cycles of clinical simulation were performed, at the end of each cycle modifications were suggested by students and professors and the operation was adjusted to meet the needs of the subject...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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