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Educational research

Serena Lucrezi, Martina Milanese, Marco Palma, Carlo Cerrano
Citizen Science (CS) strengthens the relationship between society and science through education and engagement, with win-win benefits. Marine Citizen Science (MCS) is increasingly popular, thanks to society's growing interest in marine environments and marine issues. Scuba diving significantly increases the potential of MCS, thanks to the skills and behavioural properties of people who participate in the sport. To be able to exploit this potential, however, MCS needs to face challenges related to CS, to scuba diving activities and to the broader scuba diving industry...
2018: PloS One
Flávia de Oliveira Motta Maia, Diná de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da Cruz, Gilceria Tochika Shimoda, Karina Sichieri, Luciana Inaba Senier Iida
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this project was to reduce the incidence and harm from falls that occur among patients admitted in the acute Internal Medicine Unit and Intensive Care Unit in a public teaching hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Falls are a challenge for health professionals and healthcare services as they may result in high-impact outcomes for patients, such as functional decline, increase in length of hospital stay, increase in the cost of healthcare services, and death...
August 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Joanes Faustine Mboineki, Chen Changying, Weihong Zhang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the demand for competent health care professionals and better services is high, studies concerning nursing education are not a priority in sub-Saharan African countries, as revealed in limited available records. Strengthening nursing education by establishing proper training models for newly developed advanced practice roles such as "nurse practitioner" (NP) will increase competency in nurses and reduce the shortage of skilled staff within the health care system, thereby enhancing the proper provision of health care services...
August 14, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Hallgeir Viken, Line Skarsem Reitlo, Nina Zisko, Javaid Nauman, Nils Petter Aspvik, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Ulrik Wisløff, Dorthe Stensvold
PURPOSE: Dropout from exercise programs, both in the real world and in research, is a challenge, and more information on dropout-predictors is needed for establishing strategies to increase the likelihood of maintaining participants in a prescribed exercise program. The aim of the present study was to determine the dropout rate and its predictors during a 3-year exercise program in older adults. METHODS: In total, 1514 men and women (age 72.4±1.9 years) were included in the present study...
August 15, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Peter Cantillon, Tim Dornan, Willem De Grave
PURPOSE: Most clinical teachers have not been trained to teach, and faculty development for clinical teachers is undermined by poor attendance, inadequate knowledge transfer, and unsustainability. A crucial question for faculty developers to consider is how clinicians become teachers "on the job." Such knowledge is important in the design of future workplace-based faculty development initiatives. The authors conducted a scoping review of research on the relationship between becoming a clinical teacher and the clinical environments in which those teachers work...
August 14, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Anthony R Artino, Erik W Driessen, Lauren A Maggio
PURPOSE: To maintain scientific integrity and engender public confidence, research must be conducted responsibly. Whereas deliberate scientific misconduct such as data fabrication is clearly unethical, other behaviors-often referred to as questionable research practices (QRPs)-exploit the ethical shades of gray that color acceptable practice. This study aimed to measure the frequency of self-reported misconduct and QRPs in a diverse, international sample of health professions education (HPE) researchers...
August 14, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Vincent D Pellegrini, David S Guzick, Donald E Wilson, C McCollister Evarts
Health care has evolved from a cottage industry to a very complex one comprising nearly one-fifth of the U.S. economy. Large aggregated health care systems have evolved primarily for the purpose of optimizing financial performance by capturing greater market share and taking advantage of economies of scale in care delivery. With the noble intent of providing a broader base of support for the academic mission, academic health centers (AHCs) have followed suit by partnering with community hospitals and organizations with variable prior experience in the education and research arenas...
August 14, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Luke A Devine, Shiphra Ginsburg, Terese Stenfors, Tulin D Cil, Heather McDonald-Blumer, Catharine M Walsh, Lynfa Stroud
PURPOSE: Although the field of medical education research is growing and residents are increasingly recruited to participate as subjects in research studies, little is known about their experiences. The goal of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of residents who are study participants in medical education research. METHOD: A phenomenographic approach was chosen to examine the range of residents' experiences as research participants. A maximum variation sampling strategy was used to identify residents with diverse experiences...
August 14, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Paola A Mosquera, Per E Gustafsson, Miguel San Sebastián
AIMS: Research is scarce regarding studies on income and educational inequality trends in cardiovascular disease in Sweden. The aim of this study was to assess trends in educational and income inequalities in first hospitalizations due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) from 1993 to 2010 among middle-aged women and men in Northern Sweden. METHODS: The study comprised repeated cross-sectional register data from year 1993-2010 of all individuals aged 38-62 years enrolled in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP)...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
S M Ruzycki, J R Desy, N Lachman, A P Wolanskyj-Spinner
Millennial students born between 1980 and 1999 are currently the most prevalent generation in medical schools. Understanding this generation of inspiring yet challenging learners is key to satisfying instructional interaction. Effective strategies for teaching Millennial learners can be summarized with 5 R's: ensuring a relaxed learning environment, building rapport with learners, highlighting the relevance and rationale of learning objectives and assessments, and implementing research-based educational methods...
August 16, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
M Lizette Rangel, Natalia I Heredia, Belinda Reininger, Lorna McNeill, Maria E Fernandez
Hispanics are under-represented in clinical research. To ensure that the Hispanic population benefits from advances in public health and medicine, including personalized medicine, there is a need to increase their participation in clinical trials and biobanking. There is a great need for improving awareness and addressing concerns individuals may have about participation. The purpose of this study was to adapt, implement, and evaluate educational materials about clinical trials and biobanking for Hispanic individuals...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Bethany Rittle-Johnson, Erica L Zippert, Katherine L Boice
Initial participants were 79 children who were recruited from six preschool programs in the U.S. Full assessment data was available for 73 children (average age of 4 years 7 months), including demographic data (gender, ethnicity, financial need, language(s) spoken at home and special education status). Children׳s math, repeating patterning, spatial and verbal skills were assessed at the beginning of the pre-kindergarten year. Assessments included the brief version of the Research-Based Early Mathematics Assessment, two measures of repeating patterning skills, three measures of spatial skills (the Block Design subtest of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence , the Position in Space subtest of the Developmental Test of Visual Perceptio n, and a Corsi Block Tapping Task), the Picture Vocabulary Test from the NIH Toolbox app and a backward letter span task...
October 2018: Data in Brief
Lovely Antony, Linu Sara George, Tessy Treesa Jose
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess stress and coping among caregivers of cancer patients on palliative care and to acquire a deeper understanding of their lived experiences. Materials and Methods: A mixed method study was conducted among caregivers of cancer patients on palliative care using mixed method approach and triangulation design. Data were gathered using self-administered stress rating scale, brief COPE inventory, and structured interview schedule...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Ashley J Malin, Stefanie A Busgang, Alejandra J Cantoral, Katherine Svensson, Manuela A Orjuela, Ivan Pantic, Lourdes Schnaas, Emily Oken, Andrea A Baccarelli, Martha M Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Chris Gennings
Adequate nutrition is important for neurodevelopment. Although nutrients are ingested in combination, the impact of specific nutrients within the context of a nutrient mixture has not been studied with respect to health, such as neurodevelopment. Therefore, we examined the impact of prenatal and childhood nutrient mixtures on neurodevelopmental outcomes. Participants included mother⁻child pairs in the Programming Research in Obesity, Growth, Environment, and Social Stress (PROGRESS) prospective birth cohort in Mexico City...
August 15, 2018: Nutrients
Su-Lan Lin, Dan Wang, Ya-Jing Xian, Jing Yang, Ping-Ping Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current status of social anxiety and depression among the fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students in Urumqi, China, and to provide data support for mental health education for primary school students in the future. METHODS: Stratified cluster random sampling was performed to select 919 fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students from four primary schools for the Han and minority ethnic groups in Urumqi as research subjects. Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Children's Depression Inventory were used to evaluate the current status of social anxiety and depression...
August 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Shwu-Jiuan Sheu, Wen-Liang Lin, Yea-Huei Kao Yang, Chi-Min Hwu, Ching-Lan Cheng
BACKGROUND: Pay-for-Performance programs have shown improvement in indicators monitoring adequacy and target achievement in diabetic care. However, less is known regarding the impact of this program on the occurrence and long-term effects of diabetic retinopathy. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of pay-for-performance program on the development of treatment needed for diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide retrospective cohort study with a matching design using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2012...
August 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sabina Super, Niels Hermens, Kirsten Verkooijen, Maria Koelen
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that sports participation is positively related to youth developmental outcomes, but it is still unknown if sports participation relates to these outcomes among socially vulnerable youth. Hence, this research aimed to examine the relationship between sports participation and youth developmental outcomes (i.e., problem behaviour, pro-social behaviour, school performance, subjective health, well-being, self-regulation skills, and sense of coherence) for socially vulnerable youth...
August 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Constance Dahlin, Patrick Coyne, Jaime Goldberg, Leigh Vaughan
Palliative care is one of the newer health specialties and continues to mature. While there has been remarkable progression of clinical skills and education, there has been a lack of focus on palliative care interdisciplinary leadership or development of leadership skills. This article highlights the importance of interdisciplinary palliative leadership within the 5 realms of clinical practice, research, education, policy/advocacy, and administration. A definition of leadership is offered and discussion of successful leadership skills is described...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
Diane B Francis
Celebrity health disclosures motivate people to seek information about various health topics. However, limited systematic evaluations exist on effects of celebrity disclosures of mental illness, despite observations that this is a growing phenomenon and have important implications for public health education. Further, research has rarely examined the impact of such disclosures on minority populations. This study sought to understand factors associated with young Black men's information seeking following exposure to a depression disclosure by Scott Mescudi...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Colleen M Nevins, Jacqueline Sherman, Keri Canchola, Kalie Ihrig, Brooklyn Steinfeld, William E Wagner
PURPOSE: Health promotion is often neglected by students during their nursing education, yet research indicates that self-care practices can significantly reduce compassion fatigue and burnout. An intervention study investigated strategies to increase exercise and hydration in baccalaureate nursing students. METHOD: Using a convenience sample ( n = 73), data were collected through pre- and postsurveys of nursing students participating in an 8-week period that focused on strategies to increase walking and drinking water...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
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