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curriculum planning

Farzaneh Afkhaminia, Hasan Siamian, Naser Behnampour, Adib Moghimi, Shiva Karimpour
Background: One of the performance measures of any educational system is the degree to which students learn their education. Academic achievement includes the acquisition of a set of skills and abilities that are acquired during the course and in decision making and the various issues of leadership of individuals. A variety of factors affect the academic success of students. The present study aims to investigate the successful student's point of view from students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016-2017...
October 2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Anita Pokorny, Jaclyn Boyle, Alexander Hoffman, Cory P Coffey, Stacey Schneider
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe and assess a longitudinal Professional Identity Development (PID) curriculum at Northeast Ohio Medical Universities (NEOMED) College of Pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Northeast Ohio Medical University, a four-year professional program, has assimilated its career development and advising program into the curriculum as a primary element of the Pharmacist Patient Care Experience (PPCE) course. The concept of PID focuses on student pharmacist career development...
November 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Suzanne C Smeltzer, Jennifer G Ross, Bette Mariani, Colleen H Meakim, Elizabeth Bruderle, Elizabeth Petit de Mange, Serah Nthenge
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing population of people with disabilities (PWD), health care professionals, including nurses, receive little educational preparation to provide health care to them. To address this issue in nursing education, the faculty of a school of nursing designed and implemented an innovative teaching strategy that can be adopted by other nursing programs and faculty. METHOD: A systematic plan was developed and implemented to integrate standardized patients with disabilities (SPWD) into an existing undergraduate nursing program...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Nancy A Warren, Harriette L Spiegel
Registered nurses are choosing to further their educational careers by seeking a bachelor's of science degree online (RN-to-BSN). The impetus for choosing the online delivery method is related to the ability to sign into a Learning Management System during times that are advantageous to their hospital work schedules, family, and daily living activities. The RN-to-BSN online option degree requires a Critical Care/Advanced Health Care Course as part of their curriculum plan; therefore, the article presents an overall view of the critical care course, the theoretical underpinnings for progression to the online delivery method, and examples of a module required by the critical care course...
January 2019: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
C Sahanaa, Amit Kumar Mishra
INTRODUCTION: In communication process, feedback plays a major role. Usually, a formal/informal feedback is collected from students on their experience and understanding about the tasks given by the mentor to assess the learning process. Receiving high-quality feedback (positive or negative) is valuable from multiple perspectives. Students may or may not enjoy sessions on innovative teaching-learning methods; in that case, feedback helps to modify it into a more effective and acceptable method of teaching...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Praveen Sridhar, Sabrina E Sanchez, Peter J DiPasco, Lawrence Novak, Tracey Dechert, Tejal S Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: The necessity of a nonclinical education for surgery residents is a topic of exploration. We examine chief resident (CR) and program director (PD) perspectives on the need for a standardized nonclinical curriculum. METHODS: PDs and CRs from accredited general surgery programs were solicited to partake in an anonymous survey. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: There were 42 PD and 68 CR responses. Half or more CRs lack confidence to independently determine their own worth, find a job, negotiate a contract, select disability insurance, and formulate retirement plans...
January 2019: Journal of Surgical Research
Susan Steinemann, Aimee Gardner, Tess Aulet, Shimae Fitzgibbons, Andre Campbell, Robert Acton
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that medical experts would concur the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education Medical Student Simulation-based Surgical Skills Curriculum ("ACS/ASE Curriculum") could be used to teach and assess Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs). METHODS: A "crosswalk" was created between ACS/ASE Curriculum modules and eight EPAs. Medical education experts participated in a Delphi process regarding feasibility of using the modules for teaching and assessing EPAs...
October 15, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Elena Pallari, Zarnie Khadjesari, James S A Green, Nick Sevdalis
BACKGROUND: Surgical quality improvement (QI) is a global priority. We report the design and proof-of concept testing of a QI skills curriculum for urology residents. METHODS: 'Umbrella review' of QI curricula (Phase-1); development of draft QI curriculum (Phase-2); curriculum review by Steering Committee of urologists (Attendings & Residents), QI and medical education experts and patients (Phase-3); proof-of-concept testing (Phase-4). RESULTS: Phase-1: Six systematic reviews were identified of 4332 search hits...
November 13, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Kimberly Collins, Akshata Hopkins, Nicole A Shilkofski, Rachel B Levine, Raquel G Hernandez
Introduction Difficult patient encounters (DPEs) are common and can lead to frustration and dissatisfaction among healthcare providers. Pediatric resident physician experiences with DPEs and curricula for enhancing necessary communication skills have not been well described. Materials and methods We used a cross-sectional survey research design for our needs assessment on resident experiences with DPEs. Thirty-three pediatric residents completed this anonymous survey. The survey assessed residents' experiences with and self-efficacy regarding DPEs...
September 21, 2018: Curēus
Ziyad Afzal Kayani, Irum Gilani, Usman Mahboob
BACKGROUND: Curriculum is a plan of educational experiences and activities offered to a learner. Curricular reform is a dynamic process. To make a curricular change impactful the curriculum needs to be accepted and followed by all stakeholders otherwise it will be unsuccessful. Change is not readily accepted as evidence suggests that there have been frequent curricular reforms but with little change in medical education. Evidence suggests that teachers agree for upgrading themselves towards recent trends in the field of medical education...
July 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
David M Latini, D Shawn Cole, Denni Woodmansee, R Keith Bailey, Krista Berner, Petar Breitinger, Maurita Carrejo, Jason Domagalski, Lurie McAdow, Shelia Palmer, Jerry VanRuiswyk, Debbie Hettler, Kenneth R Jones, Karen Sanders
PURPOSE: Results from an evaluation of a 12-month postgraduate Veterans Health Administration (VHA) residency in primary care for physician assistants (PAs). METHODS: Descriptive and open-ended data were collected to describe the experience of faculty and trainees participating in the first 3 years of this pilot residency. Quantitative data were summarized using descriptive statistics. Text data were transcribed and reviewed for common themes across residency sites and respondents...
December 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Josie Xu, Paolo Campisi, Vito Forte, Brian Carrillo, Allan Vescan, Ryan Brydges
BACKGROUND: Portable educational technologies, like simulators, afford students the opportunity to learn independently. A key question in education, is how to pair self-regulated learning (SRL) with direct instruction. A cloud-based portable otoscopy simulator was employed to compare two curricula involving SRL. Pre-clerkship medical students used a prototype smartphone application, a 3D ear attachment and an otoscope to complete either otoscopy curriculum. METHODS: Pre-clerkship medical students were recruited and randomized to two curriculum designs...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
T Hardcastle, A Wood
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of temporal bone virtual reality surgical simulator use in the undergraduate otorhinolaryngology curriculum. METHODS: Medical students attended a workshop involving the use of a temporal bone virtual reality surgical simulator. Students completed a pre-workshop questionnaire on career interests. A post-workshop questionnaire evaluated the perceived usefulness and enjoyment of the virtual reality surgical simulator experience, and assessed changes in their interest in ENT...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Olesia P Gulchii, Iryna M Khomenko, Nadiia M Zakharova, Oleksandra P Ivakhno, Nataliia V Piven
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Training programs for workforce in health area considered as a topical issue and regulates by numerous international and national standards and guidance. In public health system development circumstances the issue of enhance competences for doctors becomes particularly important. Modern achievements of andragogy, sociology and psychology can greatly improve the educational processes in training personnel for public health needs. The aim: to rationalize methodological approaches for efficiency improvement of the competency model for training public health experts in a reforming environment of the healthcare service in Ukraine...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Lily Rowan Mahon, Amanda N Hawthorne, Julie Lee, Heather Blue, Laura Palombi
BACKGROUND: As the burden from the opioid epidemic continues to increase in the state of Minnesota and across the nation, the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy seeks to design an innovative, comprehensive harm reduction curriculum in order to better train student pharmacists to serve the varied needs of the greater community. This study examines incoming individuals' baseline knowledge of and attitudes toward harm reduction in order to better inform curriculum planning and to ultimately produce pharmacists capable of impacting the devastating effects of the opioid crisis...
November 16, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
Brandon Worley, Luvneet Verma, Jillian Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The public and other physicians expect dermatologists to be experts on aesthetic dermatology services. In Canada, current challenges may limit residents from achieving competency in aesthetic dermatology during their training. This may adversely affect patient safety, create medicolegal risks, and deter graduates from offering aesthetic procedures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to characterize the curriculum, hands-on learning opportunities, and perceptions of aesthetic dermatologic training in Canadian dermatology residency training programs...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Daniel S Gardner, Meredith Doherty, Angela Ghesquiere, Carolina Villanueva, Cara Kenien, Jean Callahan, M Cary Reid
Palliative care has demonstrated effectiveness in alleviating the biological, emotional, social, and spiritual symptoms that accompany serious illness, and improving quality of life for seriously ill individuals and their family members. Despite increasing availability, there are significant disparities in access to and utilization of palliative care, particularly among diverse, low-income, and community-dwelling older adults with chronic illness. Training frontline service providers is a novel approach to expanding access to palliative care among underserved elders...
November 15, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Tami Hendriksz, Zachary Markman, Abraham Pera
Advances in ultrasonography (US) have allowed this technology to play an increasingly important role in numerous fields of medicine. It is important that medical schools incorporate this broadly applicable tool into their curricula. Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine-CA has implemented a progressive US curriculum that is intended to complement osteopathic education, keep pace with medical advances, and arm future physicians with the most advanced skills and tools to practice medicine. In this article, the authors highlight the importance of US training in medical education and demonstrate the relative ease, cost-effectiveness, and direct benefit to students of implementing such a curriculum...
November 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Connor Drake, Caroline Meade, Sharon K Hull, Ashley Price, Ralph Snyderman
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the feasibility of implementing personalized health planning (PHP) within shared medical appointments (SMAs) for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The PHP-SMA approach was designed to synergize the benefits of SMAs with those of PHP, enabling greater patient engagement focused on meeting individualized therapeutic goals in a group setting. METHODS: Patients were assigned randomly to a PHP-SMA or a standard eight-session SMA series...
November 2018: Southern Medical Journal
Aasim I Padela, Joshua Davis, Stephen Hall, Alyrene Dorey, Shellie Asher
Background: Although the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Emergency Medicine require clinical ethics education in residency training, instruction varies widely. We assessed the educational preparedness of trainees in emergency medicine to address ethics challenges common to their field. Methods: The survey assessed two outcomes: 1) knowledge of specific ethical challenges and 2) perceived educational preparedness, across five ethics areas: 1) informed consent and decisional-capacity assessment, 2) surrogate decision making, 3) interpretation of advanced directives, 4) withdrawing and/or withholding life support, and 5) presumed consent for emergency treatment...
October 2018: AEM education and training
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