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curriculum planning

Arthur Rawlings, Jennifer Doty, Amanda Frevert, Jacob Quick
PURPOSE: Nondesignated preliminary residents (N-DPRs) in General Surgery face difficult challenges of overcoming failure to match and quickly reentering the match again with little time to significantly improve their application. Programs with N-DPRs should take seriously their responsibility for helping these residents obtain a successful career path just as they do for their categorical residents. This study evaluates an intervention to improve the matching of N-DPRs into desired positions...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Gian Carlo Sy Torres, Emmanuel Dayao Paragas
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of studies that have explored the quality of life (QoL) of nursing students in the Philippines. OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the QoL and identified the social determinants associated with the four domains of QoL among nursing students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 444 randomly selected baccalaureate nursing students in a university in the Philippines. The QoL was determined using an adapted WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire (∝ = 0...
October 17, 2018: Nursing Forum
Katherine D Westmoreland, Francis M Banda, Andrew P Steenhoff, Elizabeth D Lowenthal, Erik Isaksson, Bernhard A Fassl
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate effectiveness of an educational training workshop using role-playing to teach medical students in Botswana to deliver bad news. METHOD: A 3-hour small group workshop for University of Botswana medical students rotating at the Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone was developed. The curriculum included an overview of communication basics and introduction of the validated (SPIKES) protocol for breaking bad news...
October 17, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Cate A Egan, Collin A Webster, Gregory L Stewart, R Glenn Weaver, Laura B Russ, Ali Brian, David F Stodden
In this article, we report a qualitative case study, in which we examined enablers and barriers related to the development, implementation, and sustainability of a comprehensive school physical activity program (CSPAP) aligned with the Health Optimizing Physical Education (HOPE) curriculum model at a middle school. Literature on program-diffusion and school-university partnerships guided data collection and analysis. Data sources included semi-structured interviews with the program implementation team (n = 9) and the school's health and physical education teachers (n = 7); a focus group interview with students; documents (e...
October 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Samuel M Poloyac, Jane E Cavanaugh, Nicholas E Hagemeier, Krishna Kumar, Russell B Melchert, James M O'Donnell, Ronny Priefer, Daniel R Touchette, Dorothy F Farrell, Kirsten F Block
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The 2017-2018 Research and Graduate Affairs Committee (RGAC) was given three charges aimed at helping academic pharmacy address barriers that must be overcome by both students and schools to attract, retain, and support the development of a diverse, well-rounded, and successful graduate student population. These charges were (1) identifying teaching methodologies, tools and opportunities that graduate programs can introduce into curriculum to overcome barriers to success of today's and tomorrow's learners; (2) developing a strategy for achieving member support of the 2016-2017 recommended graduate competencies by identifying gaps in and existing examples of courses or opportunities that achieve competency-based pharmacy graduate education; and (3) identifying potential strategies to address identified barriers to pursuing graduate education, especially among under-represented student populations...
September 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Ayesha Ayub, Rehan Ahmed Khan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the awareness of faculty and medical students about students' roles with respect to patient safety and to define the domains that should be made a part of undergraduate curriculum. METHODS: The descriptive exploratory qualitative research was conducted from December 2016 to March 2017 at Islamic International Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, and comprised faculty members and final year medical students. World Health Organisation patient safety curriculum guideline for undergraduate medical schools was taken as the reference...
September 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Siritree Suttajit, Puckwipa Suwannaprom, Teeraporn Supapaan, Suntara Eakanunkul, Mayuree Tangkiatkumjai, Chuenjid Kongkaew, Claire Anderson, Payom Wongpoowarak
Purpose: To serve the higher demands of pharmaceutical services, pharmacy education in Thailand has shifted from 5-year BPharm program to 6-year PharmD program with two specialization tracks: pharmaceutical care (PC) and industrial pharmacy (IP). This study aimed to compare the perceptions regarding professional competencies, pharmacy profession, and planned workplace between graduates with 5-year BPharm and 6-year PharmD and between those with PC and IP specialty. Methods: A cross-sectional national survey using a paper-pencil self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all new graduates attending the pharmacy licensure examination in March 2015...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Samantha Greenberg, Melissa Nothnagle
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to explore family medicine residents' experiences with abortion training and identify positive and negative influences, and facilitators and barriers to providing abortion care. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study of recent graduates of an urban family medicine residency in the Northeast United States with an opt-out abortion curriculum. Individual recorded interviews were conducted with two classes of graduated residents until data saturation was reached...
October 2018: Family Medicine
Elizabeth Anderson, Annette Aldous, Dale Lupu
Advance care planning for persons with chronic kidney disease is under-utilized despite evidence it can improve care at the end of life. Motivational interviewing and Stages of Change Theory can help healthcare professionals elicit behavior change. This article outlines an approach to advance care planning using motivational interviewing with a healthcare coach to assist patients in expressing their unique values and wishes regarding care at the end of life. This Make Your Wishes About You (MY WAY) approach to advance care planning for patients with chronic kidney disease includes patient education material and a coach training curriculum freely available from the Coalition for Supportive Care of Kidney Patients...
September 2018: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
Pao-Li Wang, Akihiro Kaneko
Kampo medicine is a medical system that has been systematically organized based on the reactions of the human body. At present, in Western, herbal medicines means the whole herbal product. It is being called Kampo medicine as a medicinal drug in Japan. Since 2012, the "National Health Insurance Drug Price Standards Related to Dental Treatment" published by the Japan Dental Association have included seven Kampo formulations. In 2015, the Japan Dental Association sent a "Kampo Education Plan for Dentistry" to all dental universities in Japan...
November 2018: Japanese Dental Science Review
Katherine A Schofield, Deborah A Schwartz
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. INTRODUCTION: Occupational therapy (OT) programs must provide students with the skills necessary to fabricate orthoses. Input from OT educators can provide valuable insight into how these skills are taught and the resources used. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Explore how instruction in orthotic fabrication is addressed in OT education programs. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to all accredited OT programs in the United States...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Rebecca Vitale, Timothy Blaine, Elizabeth Zofkie, Sarah Moreland-Russell, Todd Combs, Ross C Brownson, Doug A Luke
BACKGROUND: The emergence of dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has driven a rapid increase in studies of how new scientific discoveries are translated and developed into evidence-based programs and policies. However, D&I science has paid much less attention to what happens to programs once they have been implemented. Public health programs can only deliver benefits if they reach maturity and sustain activities over time. In order to achieve the full benefits of significant investment in public health research and program development, there must be an understanding of the factors that relate to sustainability to inform development of tools and trainings to support strategic long-term program sustainability...
September 26, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Zaira R Palacios-Baena, Thea Christine Zapf, David S Y Ong, Alberto E Maraolo, Caroline Rönnberg, Cansu Çimen, Céline Pulcini, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño, Maurizio Sanguinetti
The purpose of this study was to map the supervision of European trainees in clinical microbiology and infectious diseases during their training. An international cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 38 questions was distributed among trainees and recently graduated medical specialists from European countries. Descriptive analyses were performed on both the total group of respondents and regionally. In total, 393 respondents from 37 different countries were included. The median of overall satisfaction with the supervisor was 4 (interquartile range 3-4) on a Likert scale (range 1, not satisfied at all-5, completely satisfied)...
September 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Kate Guastaferro, Katy Miller, John R Lutzker, Daniel J Whitaker, Jenelle Shanley Chatham, Betty S Lai, Allison KemnerMPH
A singular parent-support program is limited in its ability to address multiple child and family needs. One innovative solution is braiding, a process in which two evidence-based programs are systematically combined as a newly tailored, cohesive curriculum. In this paper we describe the systematic braiding of two parent-support curricula, Parents as Teachers® and SafeCare® . We highlight implementation challenges to inform future planning and braiding efforts. Based on qualitative data ( n = 13), we discuss five lessons learned, including identifying a pedagogical approach and sustainability at the model- and site-level...
December 2017: Intervención Psicosocial
Joan M Griffin, Lynette G Stuart-Mullen, Monika M Schmidt, Pamela J McCabe, Thomas J O'Byrne, Megan E Branda, Christopher J McLeod
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in adults and is associated with an increased risk of stroke, heart failure, and death. Therapy for this pervasive arrhythmia is complex, involving multiple options that chiefly manage symptoms and prevent stroke. Current therapeutic strategies are also of limited efficacy, and can present potentially life-threatening side effects and/or complications. Emerging research suggests that the burden of AF can be reduced by improving patient understanding of the arrhythmia and teaching patients to adopt and maintain lifestyle and behavior changes...
September 2018: Mayo Clinic proceedings. Innovations, quality & outcomes
Peter L Althausen, Kyle E Lybrand
The field of orthopedics is becoming increasingly complex as the demands for success are not merely clinical competence and good interpersonal skills. To achieve practice stability strategic planning, contract negotiation, health care law, practice management, health care economics, and personal finance are all needed skills. Unfortunately, most of these areas of professional growth require some basic background in business principles. This is an area that most recent residency graduates feel is neglected as a core educational competency...
October 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Prativa Karki, Yayi Suryo Prabandari, Ari Probandari, Megha Raj Banjara
BACKGROUND: Ensuring reduction in transmission of lymphatic Filariasis (LF) and addressing the compliance of people to mass drug administration (MDA) has led to renewed efforts in the field. School-based health education (SBHE) intervention, considered a cost-effective strategy with potential to reach the wider public through young people, was adopted as a strategy for social mobilization. This study assessed SBHE perceptions, implementation barriers, and factors in the supporting environment as well as its efficiency to successfully change LF MDA-related knowledge and practice...
2018: PloS One
Kara E Sawarynski, Dwayne M Baxa, Robert Folberg
PROBLEM: Medical student participation in research enhances appreciation of the scientific literature and the conduct of investigation, and may lead to an interest in academic medicine. Independent medical student research offers frequently overlooked opportunities to develop and assess professional practice abilities, including project design and implementation, interprofessional team communication, and time management. These skills, useful to physicians, are often challenging for medical students to master as they transition into clinical careers...
September 14, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Emily Kothe, Michelle Lamb, Lauren Bruce, Skye McPhie, Anna Klas, Briony Hill, Helen Skouteris
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obesity during pregnancy is a risk to the health of mother and child. Midwives can modify this key risk factor by providing weight management interventions to women before and during pregnancy. This study investigated social cognitive determinants of pre-clinical student midwives' intention to provide weight management intervention in preconception and antenatal clinical contexts. Social cognitive determinants from the theory of planned behaviour (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control) and self-determination theory (autonomous motivation) were used to predict pre-clinical students' intentions once they enter practice...
September 10, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Saima Batool, Muhammad Ahsan Raza, Rehan Ahmed Khan
Background & Objective: Pakistan like many Asian countries is investing in medical education to address increased societal needs and to meet the requirement of national and international accrediting bodies. Establishing medical education departments is part of this investment. The research question was "What are the expectations of faculty from medical education department?" The objective of this study was to explore the Faculty's perception about the roles of medical education department and their suggestions for its future endeavors...
July 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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