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curriculum planning

Elizabeth J Elsey, Joe West, Gareth Griffiths, David J Humes
OBJECTIVE: General surgery specialty training in the United Kingdom takes 6 years and allows trainees to take time out of training. Studies from the United States have highlighted an increasing trend for taking time out of surgical training for research. This study aimed to evaluate trends in time out of training and the impact on the duration of UK general surgical specialty training. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A cohort study using routinely collected surgical training data from the Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Program database for General surgery trainees registered from August 1, 2007...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Robert J Ingram
The emergency responder community trains for and responds to many types of incidents on a daily basis and has done so for years. This experience with fires, emergency medical calls, chemical spills, confined spaces, and other common calls for assistance has helped responders develop an understanding of the problems and a confidence in solving them. Radiation from an accidental release in a facility or during transportation, or from a terrorist incident that causes radioactive materials to be released from their containment vessel, remains a cause of concern and fear...
February 2018: Health Physics
Virginia Senkomago, Rachael Joseph, Monica Sierra, Elizabeth Van Dyne, Meheret Endeshaw, Denise Duran, David E Sugerman, Mona Saraiya
Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In 2012, there were > 14 million new cancer cases and > 8 million cancer deaths, with 70% of these deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Part of the success of cancer prevention and control efforts requires the development and strengthening of the public health workforce, particularly in LMICs where the cancer burden is the greatest. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) supports workforce capacity development globally through Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) established in ministries of health in > 70 countries...
July 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
Luke Nicholls, Ben Bravery, Revadhi Chelvjmirojah, Kate Shi, Minh Thi Tieu, Sandra Turner, Apsjmiro Windsor
INTRODUCTION: Radiation therapy is a core component of curative and palliative cancer treatment; however, its indications and benefits remain poorly understood across the medical profession. METHODS: An electronic survey focussing on curriculum content, teaching and assessment in radiation oncology and plans for curriculum change was developed. The Faculty of Radiation Oncology, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiology (RANZCR) distributed the survey to all 24 Australian and New Zealand medical schools...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Ann C Schwartz, Amber Frank, Justine W Welsh, Kelly Blankenship, Sandra M DeJong
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this article is to review the findings of a 2017 survey of psychiatry training program directors to identify current gaps and barriers in addictions training in general adult psychiatry programs. METHODS: The American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training (AADPRT) Taskforce on Addictions was created in 2017 with the aim of determining what programs need to improve addictions training in psychiatry residency programs and identifying ways to meet these needs...
August 2, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Justine W Welsh, Ann C Schwartz, Sandra M DeJong
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this article is to identify current gaps in adolescent addictions training in order to develop a strategic plan to enhance clinical and didactic curricula for child and adolescent psychiatry fellowships. METHODS: The American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training (AADPRT) Taskforce on Addictions was assembled in 2017 and consisted of 10 AADPRT members and 4 consultants to the committee with known experience in addictions treatment and training...
July 31, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Gordon Lee Gillespie, C Ann Gakumo, Diane Von Ah, Daniel J Pesut, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Tami Thomas
From 2008 to 2017, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars Program inspired, developed, and supported cohorts of next generation national leaders in academic nursing through career development awards. With support from mentors, scholars in the program created individual development plans focused on scholarship, teaching, service, and leadership. The curriculum of the scholar development program combined goals and objectives related to leadership development, enhancement of nursing education skills, and focused programs of research and scholarship...
July 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Anne-Marie Reid, Shelley A Fielden, Janet Holt, Joan MacLean, Naomi D Quinton
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is time consuming to develop and sustain and presents many logistical and practical challenges to curriculum developers. Drawing on findings from an evaluation study of an IPE pilot, this paper brings new insights into both positive implications and potentially negative consequences of delivering large scale IPE. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate a large scale IPE pilot delivered to students in the first year of their training...
July 25, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Jo-Ann Stankus, Mark Hamner, Michael Stankey, Peggy Mancuso
BACKGROUND: The traditional admission methodology used by many schools of nursing is the second-tier admission based on specified criteria. This method has been associated with a student body that is predominately female, white, and English speaking. PROBLEM: Rational judgment modeling (points assigned to criteria) used to evaluate applicants for admission into prenursing programs potentially overlooks students who do not fit into the traditional model. APPROACH: This study compared predictive logistic regression with traditional rational judgment models to classify potential nursing school applicants...
July 26, 2018: Nurse Educator
Alla El-Awaisi, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Sundari Joseph, Lesley Diack
In an IPE environment, students are expected to have better understanding of the roles, responsibilities, and contribution of other health care professions to enhance interprofessional working and collaboration with an end result of improving patient-centred and team-based care. Although many studies have investigated students' attitudes, very few employ a mixed methods design and hardly are from Middle Eastern countries. A two-staged sequential explanatory mixed method design was used to comprehensively capture the perspectives of pharmacy students toward IPE and collaborative practice...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Eric Shappell, James Ahn, Nadia Ahmed, Ilene Harris, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
Introduction: Personal finance has been linked to wellness and resiliency; however, the level of financial literacy among residents is low. Development of a personal finance curriculum could improve the financial well-being of trainees. The first step in this process is understanding residents' educational needs. Objective: The objective was to describe the financial knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of residents to inform the design of a personal finance curriculum...
July 2018: AEM education and training
Ihab Shafek Atta, Fahd Nasser AlQahtani
Introduction: Many curricula integrate radiology with anatomy courses but none of these curricula adopt integration of pathology with radiology as interdisciplinary form at the undergraduate level. The aim of the current study was to identify the outcome of interdisciplinary integrated course of pathology and radiology in musculoskeletal system module (MSK). Methods: A comparative interventional study was conducted on 60 students representing a whole class of the third year of level V...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Sue E Kim, Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Eliza Gibson, Erica N Madero, Barbara Rubino, Janina Morrison, Debra Rosen, Wendy Imberg, Michael R Cousineau
Previous studies have shown that lifestyle modification can successfully prevent or delay development of type 2 diabetes. This trial aimed to test if an underserved, low-income population would engage in a digital diabetes prevention program and successfully achieve lifestyle changes to reduce their risk of type 2 diabetes. Participants were recruited from three health care facilities serving low-income populations. The inclusion criteria were: a recent blood test indicating prediabetes, body mass index (BMI) > 24 kg/m2 , age 18-75 years, not pregnant, not insured, Medicaid insured or Medicaid-eligible, internet or smartphone access, and comfort reading and writing in English or Spanish...
June 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Susanne P Lajoie, Maren Gube
Medical school is designed to provide students with the necessary education and training needed to be effective and safe physicians. Debates about how best to instruct medical students along this trajectory are abundant. Students learn through a planned curriculum as well as a self-directed one motivated by their own level of interest and ability to access and integrate the exponential growth of medical information available through technology. The rate of change in clinical findings means that some of what is learned in today's classroom will likely be out of date by the time of graduation...
July 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
Aaron Brown, Emeka Ajufo, Cecil Cone, Mark Quirk
As medical students search for ways to squeeze more hours of learning into their day, many have turned to technology for quick and efficient ways to study. Most commonly this includes based apps for purchase that involve visual tasks, mental review and repetition. Tasks involve flashcard creation, answering multiple choice questions (MCQs) and schedule planning. They typically require students to visually interact with a computer or smartphone screen. Alternatively, auditory apps may not only offer the benefit of enhanced learning through review and repetition, but also address convenience, portability, and metacognitive development without physical and temporal requirements of visual presentation...
July 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
Roberto Latina, Patrizia Forte, Chiara Mastroianni, Albina Paterniani, Lucia Mauro, Loredana Fabriani, Daniela D'Angelo, Maria Grazia De Marinis
INTRODUCTION: Proper assessment of pain is imperative for the development of an effective pain management plan and is a core responsibility of nurses and healthcare professionals. This article describes the contents of Italian on-line bachelor's in nursing degree programs, with particular focus on pain management. METHOD: A descriptive study was made on curricula published and available on-line in Italian Nursing Schools, and the concordance with the standards set by the Consensus Curriculum on Pain for Nursing ofthe International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP, 2015) was analyzed...
March 2018: Professioni Infermieristiche
Michael G Botelho, Kalpana R Agrawal, Michael M Bornstein
OBJECTIVES: To examine the outcomes of e-learning or blended learning interventions in undergraduate dental radiology curricula and analyze the nature of the knowledge levels addressed in learning interventions. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using a search strategy based on MeSH key words specific to the focus question and indexed in the MEDLINE database. The search again was supplemented by hand-searching of selected journals. Data were extracted relating to outcomes of knowledge and student perceptions...
August 1, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
Sara M Eltaki, Devada Singh-Franco, David J Leon, My-Oanh Nguyen, William R Wolowich
INTRODUCTION: To determine the allocation of faculty and curricular time to the teaching of transitions of care (ToC) concepts by colleges of pharmacy (COPs) to equip students with the necessary skills for the provision of these services. METHODS: A novel 15-question anonymous electronic survey was sent to 136 pharmacy practice chairpersons. RESULTS: Response rate was 26.5% (n = 36). Of these, 47% employed ToC faculty while 44% are not actively recruiting for that position in the foreseeable future...
June 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Ben Jackson, Rumbidzai Chandauka, Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt
Quality Improvement skills are deemed essential for future clinical practice of doctors by professional regulatory bodies. This paper presents the challenges of a curriculum development initiative to ensure that all medical students have involvement with a quality improvement project during a general practice placement in their fourth year. The curriculum development is described within a 'Plan-Do-Study-Act' framework. The learning is presented as a reflective discussion with conclusions and recommendations on how potential current barriers to implementing authentic participation in quality improvement projects for undergraduate medical students might be met...
July 19, 2018: Education for Primary Care
Megan E Young, Lindsay B Demers, Victoria Parker, Hollis Day, Serena Chao
Internal medicine residency programs consider effectively discharging patients from the hospital an important training milestone. However, it is rare for residents to have the opportunity to follow discharged patients into the community and see discharge plans in action. This curriculum provided residents with the opportunity to evaluate patients in their homes after they were discharged from the hospital to assess the alignment of the discharge plan with patients' real-life circumstances. Thirty-nine internal medicine residents participated in a structured exercise during a posthospital discharge home visit to older patients they cared for during the hospital admission...
July 18, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
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