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sex workers

Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Ivlabehire Bertrand Meda, Issaka Zongo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Ashley Grosso, Benoit Cesaire Samadoulougou, Grissoum Tarnagda, Kadari Cisse, Apoline Sondo, Nongoba Sawadogo, Yves Traoré, Nicolas Barro, Stefan Baral, Seni Kouanda
Background: Syphilis among female sex workers (FSW) remains a public health concern due to its potential impact on their health and the possibility of transmission to their clients, partners, and children. Recent data on the prevalence of syphilis in the population in West Africa are scarce. The objective of this study was to measure the seroprevalence of syphilis serological markers among female sex workers in Burkina Faso. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among FSW between February 2013 and May 2014...
2018: International Journal of Microbiology
Manish Modi, Rajveer Singh, Manoj Kumar Goyal, Jitender Gairolla, Gagandeep Singh, Vivek Rishi, J S Thakur, R K Sehgal, Vivek Kumar Garg, Niranjan Khandelwal, Parampreet S Kharbanda, Sudesh Prabhakar, Vivek Lal
Objectives: Many community-based and hospital-based studies across the world have yielded contradictory results regarding association of positive Toxocara canis serology and epilepsy. The present study was planned to analyze disease burden of epilepsy in rural community of North India and its association with exposure to T. canis in this part of the world. Methods: A door-to-door screening survey was carried out in the rural community using a validated questionnaire for epilepsy by trained field workers, which was finally confirmed by trained neurologists...
October 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Lucy Platt, Pippa Grenfell, Rebecca Meiksin, Jocelyn Elmes, Susan G Sherman, Teela Sanders, Peninah Mwangi, Anna-Louise Crago
BACKGROUND: Sex workers are at disproportionate risk of violence and sexual and emotional ill health, harms that have been linked to the criminalisation of sex work. We synthesised evidence on the extent to which sex work laws and policing practices affect sex workers' safety, health, and access to services, and the pathways through which these effects occur. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We searched bibliographic databases between 1 January 1990 and 9 May 2018 for qualitative and quantitative research involving sex workers of all genders and terms relating to legislation, police, and health...
December 2018: PLoS Medicine
Mª Luisa Compés Dea, Elena Olivan Bellido, Cristina Feja Solana, Isabel Aguilar Palacio, Gloria García-Carpintero Romero Del Hombrebueno, Begoña Adiego Sancho
OBJECTIVE: The measurement of inequalities using composite indicators facilitates the prioritization and implementation of public health actions. The most commonly source of information used for this has been the Population and Housing Census of 2011 (PCH_2011).The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of PHC_2011 and develop a deprivation index (DI) by Basic Healthcare Area (BHA) and to analyse its association with mortality in Aragon. METHODS: Ecological study by BHA...
December 10, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Jennifer L Syvertsen, Kawango Agot, Spala Ohaga, Angela Robertson Bazzi
AIMS: Globally, women who use drugs often practice sex work and experience multiple health and social harms that complicate their drug treatment needs. In East Africa, understanding the emergence of heroin use among women is critical in efforts to build effective drug treatment programming, including the ongoing scale-up of medication-assisted treatment (MAT). We explored heroin use among women engaged in sex work in Kenya to inform services. METHODS: In a qualitative study of 45 female sex workers reporting substance use in Kisumu, Kenya, 32 reported lifetime heroin use and comprise the focus of this analysis...
November 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Che-Rung Liu, Xi Li, Po-Lin Chan, Zhuang Hui, Ji-Dong Jia, Xiao-Chun Wang, Ying-Ru Lo, Nick Walsh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Chronic hepatitis C is a major global health challenge. China has the world's largest burden of hepatitis C and related liver disease, with several groups having an increased risk of acquiring hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We undertook a systematic review in Chinese and English literature to determine the seroprevalence of anti-HCV among men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers, people who use drugs (PWUD) and migrant workers in China. METHODS: We searched three Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang and Chongqing VIP Information) and four English databases (Pubmed, EMBASE, Global Health and CINAHL) for studies published between 2010-2015...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Liselotte Coorevits, Ans Traen, Luk Bingé, Patrick Descheemaeker, Jerina Boelens, Marijke Reynders, Elizaveta Padalko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Hina Khalid, Erika G Martin
Unprotected sex among commercial sex workers (CSWs) remains a leading cause of HIV transmission internationally. Previous research on condom use among CSWs has focused on females, with limited research among transgenders or on the role of network operators who mediate paid sexual transactions. We test whether network operators increase the likelihood of condom use among female and transgender CSWs in four Pakistan provinces using the 2011 Integrated Behavioral and Biological Survey. We find that transgender CSWs recruiting clients through network operators had higher odds of consistently using condoms compared with female CSWs recruiting clients through another source (relative OR: 2·80, 95% CI: 1·67, 4·70)...
December 10, 2018: AIDS Care
Giulia Rinaldi, Aliasghar A Kiadaliri, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli
Background: Sex workers have high incidences of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Although, interventions targeting sex workers have shown to be effective, evidence on which strategies are most cost-effective is limited. This study aims to systematically review evidence on the cost-effectiveness of sexual health interventions for sex workers on a global level. It also evaluates the quality of available evidence and summarizes the drivers of cost effectiveness. Methods: A search of published articles until May 2018 was conducted...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
C Zhou, W Dong, D D Lu, F J Zhong, T F Jiang, H Cheng, Z Y Wu, K M Rou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
J Wang, Y L Ma, W Y Zhang, J Ma, Z Q Li, R R Zhang, L Wang, S F Pan, Z B Zhu, X Yang, Z L Li, L Z Lin, Y F Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Q Y Yu, P Xu, P Lin, Y Li, L H Wang, D D Li, P Lyu
Objective: To study the epidemiological characteristics and latent classes of non-marital heterosexual transmission among human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) individuals in Jiangmen, Guangdong province between 2015 and 2017. Methods: HIV/AIDS cases from Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System were collected from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017. Inclusion criteria of HIV/AIDS were heterosexual transmission, non-marital heterosexual contact and older than 15 years...
December 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Y C Yang, R Z Shi, R H Tang, R H Ye, J B Wang, X Duan, Y K Wang, H Y Cheng, N He, S T Yao, Y Jiang, S Duan
Objective: To obtain HIV incidence among injection drug users (IDU) and female sex workers (FSW) in Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan Province during 2009-2017. Methods: We recruited drug users and female sex workers from all sentinel surveillance sites across Dehong Prefecture during 2009-2017. A total of 10 480 IDU and 18 126 FSW in Dehong Prefecture were recruited by fingerprint technique. Data about drug uses, commercial sexual behavior, sociodemographic characteristics was collected by structured questionnaire...
December 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
W Dong, C Zhou, M H Jia, Y J Zhou, X Chen, J Kang, G G Fang, C W Qin, J Y Wei, X L Mi, Y B Wan, Z Y Wu, K M Rou
Objective: To understand the HIV and syphilis infection and related treatment status of low-fee female sex workers (FSWs) in 3 provinces of China. Methods: Four cross-sectional survey data of low-fee FSWs from six cities (counties) in Guangxi, Yunnan and Hunan Province between October 2012 and July 2015 were obtained from the national science and technology major special project intervention study for reducing sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in low-fee FSWs' database, which included social demographic characteristics, sexual service characteristics and related medical care seeking behaviors, etc...
December 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Kathryn Peebles, R Scott McClelland, Julie Overbaugh, Barbra A Richardson, Rose Bosire, James N Kiarie, Carey Farquhar, Brandon L Guthrie
BACKGROUND: HIV-1-discordant couples that remain discordant despite repeated exposure may differ from the general population in their distribution of transmission risk factors, including low plasma viral load (PVL) in the infected partner even in the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: We followed two cohorts of HIV-1-infected Kenyan women: females in discordant couples (FDC) and female sex workers (FSW). We compared the distribution of undetectable (<150 copies/mL) and low PVL (<1,000 copies/mL) between the cohorts using bootstrap methods and exact Poisson regression...
2018: PloS One
Arjee Restar, Mary Nguyen, Kimberly Nguyen, Alexander Adia, Jennifer Nazareno, Emily Yoshioka, Laufred Hernandez, Don Operario
BACKGROUND: The Philippines is experiencing one of the fastest growing epidemics globally. Evidence-based public health policies are needed. To describe the public health literature on HIV risk groups and prevention approaches in the Philippines, we reviewed published empirical studies with HIV-related outcomes. METHODS: Based on an a priori systematic review protocol, we searched PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases for quantitative studies conducted in the Philippines that reported on HIV risk groups factors and interventions to prevent HIV...
2018: PloS One
Harald Hannerz, Helle Soll-Johanning, Ann Dyreborg Larsen, Anne Helene Garde
PURPOSE: A recent study among female nurses in Denmark found an increased mortality among night-time workers, which has raised concerns about the sufficiency of the EU Working Time Directive. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between night-time work and all-cause mortality among full-time employees in the general workforce of Denmark. METHODS: Interview data from the Danish Labour Force Surveys, 1999-2013, were linked to national registers with individual-level data on occupation, industry, socioeconomic status (SES), emigrations and deaths...
December 4, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Won Jin Lee, Yeongchull Choi, Seulki Ko, Eun Shil Cha, Jaeyoung Kim, Young Min Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Songwon Seo, Ye Jin Bang, Yae Won Ha
BACKGROUND: Timely assessment of cancer risk from current radiation exposure among medical radiation workers can contribute to the development of strategies to prevent excessive occupational radiation exposure. The purpose of the present study is to estimate the lifetime risk of cancers induced by occupational radiation exposure among medical radiation workers. METHODS: Using estimated organ doses and the RadRAT risk assessment tool, the lifetime cancer risk was estimated among medical radiation workers who were enrolled in the Korean National Dose Registry from 1996 to 2011...
December 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
Kenneth Lam, Howard B Abrams, John Matelski, Karen Okrainec
BACKGROUND: Follow-up with a primary care provider within 1-2 weeks of discharge from hospital has been associated with reduced readmissions. We sought to determine appointment attendance with primary care providers postdischarge and identify factors associated with attendance. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving general medicine patients who had been discharged from hospital between Sept. 1, 2014, and Dec. 30, 2015, from 2 Ontario academic hospitals, and who had been supported by a transitional care specialist and advised to see a primary care provider within 1 week...
October 2018: CMAJ Open
Housseini Dolo, Michel Mandro, Deogratias Wonya'Rossi, Francoise Ngave, Jessica Fraeyman, Joseph N Siewe, Patrick Suykerbuyk, Robert Colebunders
BACKGROUND: A recent study in the Logo and Rethy health zones in the Ituri Province in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reported that the majority of the persons with epilepsy (PWE) had not been treated with anti-epileptic medication (AEM) or had stopped treatment. Prior to the implementation of an epilepsy treatment programme in these health zones, this study investigated the perceptions and experiences regarding epilepsy and its treatment amongst community leaders, PWE and/or their families, traditional healers and health professionals...
December 4, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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