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Vahé S Tateosian, Katelynn Champagne, Tong J Gan
The issue of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) still poses a significant burden on our patients. Although rarely associated with a life-threatening condition, it is consistently considered as one of the most undesirable side effects of surgery and anesthesia. There are well-established risk factors for the development of PONV that include patient-related factors, anesthetic technique, use of volatile anesthetics, use of nitrous oxide, duration of anesthesia, opioid administration, and type of surgery...
June 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Teresa C Chen, Ambika Hoguet, Anna K Junk, Kouros Nouri-Mahdavi, Sunita Radhakrishnan, Hana L Takusagawa, Philip P Chen
PURPOSE: To review the current published literature on the use of spectral domain (SD) OCT to help detect changes associated with the diagnosis of glaucoma. METHODS: Searches of the peer-reviewed literature were conducted on June 11, 2014, November 7, 2016, August 8, 2017, and April 19, 2018, in the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases and included only articles published since the last glaucoma imaging Ophthalmic Technology Assessment, which included articles up until February 2006...
November 2018: Ophthalmology
Abdurrahman Erdem Başaran, Ayşen Başaran, İbrahim Cemal Maslak, Gökhan Arslan, Ayşen Bingöl
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate radiological, clinical, and demographic data of patients with noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis and to compare high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scores based on the demographic and clinical characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 34 patients (18 male, 16 female) were assessed in terms of age at symptom onset, age at diagnosis, annual attack frequency, cough severity score, physical examination findings, and pulmonary function test results...
September 13, 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Murat Türk, Sakine Nazik Bahçecioğlu, Nuri Tutar, Fatma Sema Oymak, İnci Gülmez, İnsu Yılmaz
OBJECTIVES: Omalizumab is a monoclonal antibody that is used as add-on therapy for treating moderate-to-severe persistant atopic asthma in patients with persistant symptoms and frequent exacerbations, despite step 4 treatment according to GINA guidelines. Real-life studies on omalizumab treatment are limited in Turkey. Thus, the present study aims to assess the clinical efficacy and treatment outcomes of omalizumab in patients with atopic severe persistant asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with atopic severe persistant asthma who were treated with omalizumab between 2009 and 2017 were retrospectively evaluated...
September 13, 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
İpek Özmen, Elif Yıldırım, Murat Öztürk, Birsen Ocaklı, Reyhan Yıldız, Rüya Aydın, Meral Karakış, Özgür Yılmaz, Emine Aksoy
OBJECTIVES: Chronic respiratory diseases exert a global health burden with high health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on emergency admission and hospitalization rates of patients with chronic respiratory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, hospitalization rates and emergency admissions of patients before (December 2014-December 2015) and after PR (January 2015-December 2016) were investigated...
September 13, 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Tülay Yavan, Aslı Güleşen, Hatice Bebiş
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to conduct a validity and reliability study of the Turkish version of the abstinence-related motivational engagement (ARME) scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 122 people and was administered in a smoking cessation clinic. The sociodemographic-smoking status characteristics questionnaire and the ARME scale were used for data collection. A psycholinguistic language adaptation was performed. In the validity, analyses, content, construct, and criterion-related validities were used...
September 13, 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Elvira Lara, Mathieu Vandenbulcke, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of being active for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) on cognition and the acknowledgement that MCI is a critical period for intervening to prevent dementia, little is known about the actual sedentary levels in people with MCI. This study investigates correlates of sedentary behavior (SB) in people with MCI. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health were analyzed...
October 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Konstantinos D Tambalis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Glyceria Psarra, Labros S Sidossis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of fast-food consumption and the association between fast food and lifestyle factors in a representative sample of children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. Fast-food consumption and dietary habits were evaluated using questionnaires (KIDMED index). Anthropometric and physical fitness measurements were obtained by trained investigators. Physical activity (PA) status, sedentary activities and sleeping habits were assessed through self-completed questionnaires...
October 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Dolors Mateo-Ortega, Joaquín T Limonero, Jorge Maté-Méndez, Elba Beas, Jesús González-Barboteo, Elisabeth Barbero, Sara Ela, Xavier Gómez-Batiste
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to describe the development of a new tool, the Psychosocial and Spiritual Needs Evaluation scale Instrumento de Evaluación de Necesidades Psicosociales y Espirituales del Enfermo al Final de Vida (ENP-E), designed to assess the psychosocial needs of end-of-life (EOL) patients. And, secondarily, to describe the face validity and psychometric properties of this instrument in the Spanish-speaking context. METHOD: The scale was developed through a seven-stage process: (1) literature review; (2) expert panel establishment; (3) discussion and agreement on the most relevant dimensions of psychosocial care; (4) description of key indicators and consensus-based questions to evaluate such dimensions; (5) assessment of the scale by external palliative care (PC) professionals; (6) evaluation by patients; and (7) analysis of scale's psychometrics properties...
October 16, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
T Yasui, R M Ehrhardt, G R Bowman, M Vázquez-Añon, J D Richards, C A Atwell, T R Overton
Trace minerals have important roles in immune function and oxidative metabolism; however, little is known about the relationships between supplementation level and source with outcomes in dairy cattle. Multiparous Holstein cows (n=48) beginning at 60 to 140 days in milk were utilized to determine the effects of trace mineral amount and source on aspects of oxidative metabolism and responses to intramammary lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Cows were fed a basal diet meeting National Research Council (NRC) requirements except for no added zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) or manganese (Mn)...
October 16, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Joanna Tarrant, Richard O Jenkins, Katie T Laird
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the survival of Clostridium difficile spores on hospital bed sheets through the United Kingdom National Health System (UK NHS) healthcare laundry process (Health Technical Memorandum (HTM) 01-04) in vitro and on bed sheets from patients with C. difficile through the commercial laundry. METHODS: Clostridium difficile spores were inoculated onto cotton sheets and laundered through a simulated washer extractor cycle using an industrial bleach detergent with sodium hypochlorite 15% and peracetic acid sour 14% (acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide; pH, 2-4)...
October 16, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
S Walther, J A Bernard, V A Mittal, S A Shankman
Despite the clinical impact of motor symptoms such as agitation or retardation on the course of depression, these symptoms are poorly understood. Novel developments in the field of instrumentation and mobile devices allow for dimensional and continuous recording of motor behavior in various settings, particularly outside the laboratory. Likewise, the use of novel assessments enables to combine multimodal neuroimaging with behavioral measures in order to investigate the neural correlates of motor dysfunction in depression...
October 16, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Joost Verbeek, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Americo Cicchetti, Marco Marchetti
OBJECTIVES: The emergence of new medical technologies and budget restrictions has led to a substantial increase in the use of hospital-based health technology assessment (HB-HTA). This qualitative study explores whether there is a possibility and interest to realize the collection and dissemination of HB-HTA reports on an international scale by exploring the opinions from HB-HTA experts. METHODS: A survey was designed and sent to an international group of experts knowledgeable in HB-HTA from eighteen different countries...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Matthew P Kirschen, Josh Blinder, Aaron Dewitt, Megan Snyder, Rebecca Ichord, Robert A Berg, Vinay Nadkarni, Alexis Topjian
IntroductionNeurodevelopmental disabilities in children with CHD can result from neurologic injury sustained in the cardiac ICU when children are at high risk of acute neurologic injury. Physicians typically order and specify frequency for serial bedside nursing clinical neurologic assessments to evaluate patients' neurologic status.Materials and methodsWe surveyed cardiac ICU physicians to understand how these assessments are performed, and the attitudes of physicians on the utility of these assessments. The survey contained questions regarding assessment elements, assessment frequency, communication of neurologic status changes, and optimisation of assessments...
October 16, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne, Melkamu Merid Mengesha, Andreas A Teferra, Mamaru Ayenew Awoke, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) poses a significant risk for the development of active tuberculosis (TB) and complicates its treatment. However, there is inconclusive evidence on whether the TB-DM co-morbidity is associated with a higher risk of developing multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize available evidence on the association of DM and MDR-TB and to estimate a pooled effect measure. METHODS: PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Web of Science, World Health Organization (WHO), and Global Health Library database were searched for all studies published in English until July 2018 and that reported the association of DM and MDR-TB among TB patients...
October 15, 2018: Systematic Reviews
En Lin Goh, Winston Choong Ngan Lou, Swathikan Chidambaram, Shaocheng Ma
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that is highly prevalent worldwide. Knee osteoarthritis is the most common form of osteoarthritis and is a major cause of pain and disability. However, there remains a lack of treatments available that have demonstrated effectiveness in stopping or reversing the degenerative process. Joint distraction has emerged as a viable alternative in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis to delay the need for knee arthroplasty. METHODS: An electronic search will be conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane and EBSCO databases...
October 15, 2018: Systematic Reviews
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A body of empirical work demonstrates that wide fluctuations in a person's blood pressure across consecutive measures, known as blood pressure variability (BPV), hold prognostic value to predict stroke and transient ischemic attack. However, the magnitude of association between BPV and other neurological outcomes remains less clear. This systematic review aims to pool together data regarding BPV with respect to incident dementia, cognitive impairment, and cognitive function...
October 15, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Ludovic Trinquart, Adam G Dunn, Florence T Bourgeois
BACKGROUND: Prospective trial registration is a powerful tool to prevent reporting bias. We aimed to determine the extent to which published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were registered and registered prospectively. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE from January 2005 to October 2017; we also screened all articles cited by or citing included and excluded studies, and the reference lists of related reviews. We included studies that examined published RCTs and evaluated their registration status, regardless of medical specialty or language...
October 16, 2018: BMC Medicine
Hiromasa Tanino, Tatsuya Sato, Yasuhiro Nishida, Ryo Mitsutake, Hiroshi Ito
BACKGROUND: Dislocation continues to be a common complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). A larger intraoperative range of motion (ROM) is believed to minimize dislocation risk, and intraoperative stability tests have been used to assess the ROM. However, it is not clear whether or not intraoperative stability tests can predict hip stability after THA. It is also unclear which angles are required in intraoperative stability tests. We investigated the usefulness of intraoperative stability tests, and other risk factors to predict hip stability after THA...
October 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Simon Roner, Fabio Carrillo, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Andreas Schweizer, Ladislav Nagy, Philipp Fuernstahl
BACKGROUND: Opening-wedge osteotomies of the distal radius, performed with three-dimensional printed patient-specific instruments, are a promising technique for accurate correction of malunions. Nevertheless, reports of residual malalignments and discrepancies in the plate and screw position from the planned fixation exist. Consequently, we developed a patient-specific ramp-guide technique, combining navigation of plate positioning, osteotomy cutting, and reduction. The aim of this study is to compare the accuracy of navigation of three-dimensional planned opening-wedge osteotomies, using a ramp-guide, over state-of-the-art guide techniques relying solely on pre-drilled holes...
October 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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