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Balwinder Singh

Monu Jariyal, Vikas Jindal, Kousik Mandal, Virash Kamal Gupta, Balwinder Singh
Microbial consortia isolated from aged phorate contaminated soil were used to degrade phorate. The consortia of three microorganisms (Brevibacterium frigoritolerans, Bacillus aerophilus and Pseudomonas fulva) could degrade phorate, and the highest phorate removal (between 97.65 and 98.31%) was found in soils inoculated with mixed cultures of all the three bacterial species. However, the mixed activity of any of two of these bacteria was lower than mixed consortia of all the three bacterial species. The highest degradation by individual mixed consortia of (B...
May 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Balwinder Singh, Jatinder Pal Singh, Amritpal Kaur, Narpinder Singh
Pomegranate peel (PoP), a juice byproduct often considered as a waste, comprises nearly around 30-40% portion of the fruit. Phenolic compounds (one class of bioactive phytochemicals) are primarily concentrated in the peel portion of pomegranate fruit. In PoP, the main phenolic compounds reported in the literature include flavonoids (anthocyanins such as pelargonidin, delphinidin, cyanidin along with their derivatives and anthoxanthins such as catechin, epicatechin and quercetin), tannins (ellagitannins and ellagic acid derivatives such as punicalagin, punicalin and pedunculagin) and phenolic acids (such as chlorogenic, caffeic, syringic, sinapic, p-coumaric, ferulic, ellagic, gallic and cinnamic acid)...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Virender Kumar, Hanuman S Jat, Parbodh C Sharma, Balwinder-Singh, Mahesh K Gathala, Ram K Malik, Baldev R Kamboj, Arvind K Yadav, Jagdish K Ladha, Anitha Raman, D K Sharma, Andrew McDonald
In the most productive area of the Indo-Gangetic Plains in Northwest India where high yields of rice and wheat are commonplace, a medium-term cropping system trial was conducted in Haryana State. The goal of the study was to identify integrated management options for further improving productivity and profitability while rationalizing resource use and reducing environmental externalities (i.e., "sustainable intensification", SI) by drawing on the principles of diversification, precision management, and conservation agriculture...
January 15, 2018: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
K K Sharma, V Shashi Bhushan, Cherukuri Sreenivasa Rao, K Narsimha Reddy, Hemanta Banerjee, Swagata Mandal, Balwinder Singh, R S Battu, Gagan Jyot, S K Sahoo, Soudamini Mohapatra, S Lekha, Gourishankar Manikrao, B Radhika, Vandana Tripathy, Rajbir Yadav, Poonam Shukla, Amar Nath Patel, Gitansh Singh, Suneeta Devi, Priya Pandey, Rahul Gautam, Shobhita Kalra, Ruchi Gupta, Geeta Singh, Madhuban Gopal, Suresh Walia
Multi-location supervised field trials were conducted in India at four locations of the All India Network Project (AINP) on Pesticide Residues to study the persistence, dissipation and risk assessment of flubendiamide and deltamethrin on cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Residues of flubendiamide and deltamethrin on cucumber resulting from three spray applications of a combination formulation (flubendiamide 90% + deltamethrin 60%, 150 SC) at recommended (22.5 + 15 g a.i./ha) and double the recommended (45 + 30 g a...
March 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Balwinder Singh, Jatinder Pal Singh, Amritpal Kaur, Narpinder Singh
Legumes are a good source of bioactive phenolic compounds which play significant roles in many physiological as well as metabolic processes. Phenolic acids, flavonoids and condensed tannins are the primary phenolic compounds that are present in legume seeds. Majority of the phenolic compounds are present in the legume seed coats. The seed coat of legume seeds primarily contains phenolic acids and flavonoids (mainly catechins and procyanidins). Gallic and protocatechuic acids are common in kidney bean and mung bean...
November 2017: Food Research International
Vishal Vashistha, Balwinder Singh, Sukhdeep Kaur, Larry J Prokop, Dharam Kaushik
CONTEXT: Conflicting data exists on the role of exercise interventions in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) regarding quality of life (QOL) endpoints. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, QOL, depression, and anxiety in PCa patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched seven major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and Scopus) for randomized control trials (RCTs) of supervised exercise interventions for men with PCa from database inception to October 2015...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
Balwinder Singh, Jatinder Pal Singh, Narpinder Singh, Amritpal Kaur
Saponins are a class of natural compounds present in pulses having surface active properties. These compounds show variation in type, structure and composition of their aglycone moiety and oligosaccharide chains. Saponins have plasma cholesterol lowering effect in humans and are important in reducing the risk of many chronic diseases. Moreover, they have shown strong cytotoxic effects against cancer cell lines. However, more epidemiological and clinical studies are required for the proper validation of these health promoting activities...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yang Yang, Lynn M Russell, Sijia Lou, Hong Liao, Jianping Guo, Ying Liu, Balwinder Singh, Steven J Ghan
Eastern China has experienced severe and persistent winter haze episodes in recent years due to intensification of aerosol pollution. In addition to anthropogenic emissions, the winter aerosol pollution over eastern China is associated with unusual meteorological conditions, including weaker wind speeds. Here we show, based on model simulations, that during years with decreased wind speed, large decreases in dust emissions (29%) moderate the wintertime land-sea surface air temperature difference and further decrease winds by -0...
May 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Balwinder Singh, Jatinder Pal Singh, Khetan Shevkani, Narpinder Singh, Amritpal Kaur
Pulses are good sources of bioactive compounds such as polyphenols, phytosterols and non-digestible carbohydrates that play important physiological as well as metabolic roles. These compounds vary in concentration amongst different pulse species and varieties. Pulse seed coats are rich in water-insoluble fibres and polyphenols (having high antioxidant activities), while cotyledons contain higher soluble fibres, oligosaccharides, slowly digestible and resistant starch content. Ferulic acid is the most abundant phenolic acid present in pulses, while flavonol glycosides, anthocyanins and tannins are responsible for the seed coat colour...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Gagan Jyot, Balwinder Singh
An easy and simple analytical method was standardized and validated for the estimation of residues of thiamethoxam and its metabolites in cotton. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile, water, and methanol; diluted with brine solution; partitioned into dichloromethane and ethyl acetate; dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate; and cleaned up by glass column chromatography. Final clear extracts were concentrated under vacuum and reconstituted into HPLC grade acetonitrile, and residues were estimated using an HPLC instrument equipped with a C18 column and photodiode array detector system...
May 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
Balwinder Singh, Andrew J Hughes, Gaurav Mehta, Patricia J Erwin, Ajay K Parsaik
OBJECTIVE: To consolidate the evidence from the literature to evaluate the role of prazosin in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DATA SOURCES: Major databases, including PubMed, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid PsycINFO, and Scopus, were searched through August 2015 for studies reporting the role of prazosin in the treatment of PTSD with no language constraints...
July 28, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
K K Sharma, V R Shukla, A R Patel, K M Vaghela, H K Patel, Paresh G Shah, Hemanta Banerjee, Tirthankar Banerjee, Ram K Hudait, Debi Sharma, S K Sahoo, Balwinder Singh, Vandana Tripathy
Dissipation kinetics of two systemic fungicides, namely fluopicolide and propamocarb used as a combination formulation (Infinito 68.75 SC), were studied on tomato at four different locations by the All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues to recommend their pre-harvest interval (PHI) and to propose the maximum residue limits (MRL) for the two fungicides based on chronic hazard exposure assessment. The combination fungicide was sprayed thrice at the recommended dosage of 93.75 g a.i./ha fluopicolide and 937...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Balwinder-Singh, E Humphreys, D S Gaydon, P L Eberbach
Machinery for sowing wheat directly into rice residues has become more common in the rice-wheat systems of the north-west Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia, with increasing numbers of farmers now potentially able to access the benefits of residue retention. However, surface residue retention affects soil water and temperature dynamics, thus the optimum sowing date and irrigation management for a mulched crop may vary from those of a traditional non-mulched crop. Furthermore, the effects of sowing date and irrigation management are likely to vary with soil type and seasonal conditions...
October 2016: Field Crops Research
Kuljit Singh, Benjamin Hibbert, Balwinder Singh, Kristin Carson, Manuja Premaratne, Michel Le May, Aun-Yeong Chong, Margaret Arstall, Derek So
AIMS: Admission hyperglycaemia (AH) has been associated with worse outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In the current review, we evaluated the impact of primary angioplasty (pPCI) on mortality in AMI patients with AH. Our second aim was to evaluate if AH is a marker of baseline risk or an independent predictor of mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: A comprehensive search of four major databases was performed. We included original research studies reporting data on mortality in AMI patients with AH (mean plasma glucose >156 mg/dL/8...
October 2015: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
Na Zhao, Jin Xu, Balwinder Singh, Xuerong Yu, Taixiang Wu, Yuguang Huang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications are not uncommon in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, especially in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or at high risk of CAD. Perioperative cardiac complications can lead to mortality and morbidity, as well as higher costs for patient care. Nitrates, which are among the most commonly used cardiovascular drugs, perform the function of decreasing cardiac preload while improving cardiac blood perfusion. Sometimes, nitrates are administered to patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery to reduce the incidence of cardiac complications, especially for patients with CAD...
August 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Balwinder Singh Sooch, Baljinder Singh Kauldhar, Munish Puri
A newly isolated microbial strain of thermophilic genus Geobacillus has been described with emphasis on polyphasic characterization and its application for degradation of hydrogen peroxide. The validation of this thermophilic strain of genus Geobacillus designated as BSS-7 has been demonstrated by polyphasic taxonomy approaches through its morphological, biochemical, fatty acid methyl ester profile and 16S rDNA sequencing. This thermophilic species of Geobacillus exhibited growth at broad pH and temperature ranges coupled with production of extraordinarily high quantities of intracellular catalase, the latter of which as yet not been reported in any member of this genus...
November 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Rajinder Kumar, Kousik Mandal, Gaurav Kumar Taggar, Ravinder Singh, Balwinder Singh
The bioefficacy, persistence and metabolism of foliar application of acephate 75 SP at the respective recommended and double doses of 1500 and 3000 g a.i. ha(-1) were studied on kharif mungbean crop. Acephate gave a very effective control of the pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) at the tested doses on mungbean crop throughout the cropping season, besides recording lower percent pod damage and higher grain yield. The recommended dose of acephate also recorded higher net returns and thus indicating its superiority...
July 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Ajay K Parsaik, Sonia S Mascarenhas, Aqeel Hashmi, Larry J Prokop, Vineeth John, Olaoluwa Okusaga, Balwinder Singh
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to consolidate the evidence concerning the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A (onabotulinumtoxinA) in depression. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Scopus through May 5, 2014, for studies evaluating the efficacy of botulinum toxin A in depression. Only randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. A pooled mean difference in primary depression score, and pooled odds ratio for response and remission rate with 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using the random-effects model...
March 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Khan Idrees Mohd, Meena Mrigesh, Balwinder Singh, Ishwar Singh
AIM: The present study was conducted to know the ultrastructural detail of the blood cells of Uttara fowl (native fowl of Uttarakhand). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiment was conducted on 10 apparently healthy adult birds of either sex reared at the Instructional Poultry Farm, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand. The blood was collected from wing vein using ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid as anticoagulant. The blood was further processed for scanning and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) studies separately...
March 2016: Veterinary World
Balwinder Singh, Jatinder Pal Singh, Amritpal Kaur, Narpinder Singh
Banana is a very popular fruit in the world market and is consumed as staple food in many countries. It is grown worldwide and constitutes the fifth most important agricultural food crop in terms of world trade. It has been classified into the dessert or sweet bananas and the cooking bananas or plantains. It is either eaten raw or processed, and also as a functional ingredient in various food products. Banana contains several bioactive compounds, such as phenolics, carotenoids, biogenic amines and phytosterols, which are highly desirable in the diet as they exert many positive effects on human health and well-being...
September 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
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