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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310256/new-prognostic-biomarkers-of-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
Leonardo Lorente
The outcome prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) was classically established using various macromorphological factors and serum alpha-fetoprotein levels prior to LT. However, other biomarkers have recently been reported to be associated with the prognosis of HCC patients undergoing to LT. This review summarizes clinical data on these new biomarkers. High blood levels of malondialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity, caspase-cleaved cytokeratin-18, soluble CD40 ligand, substance P, C-reactive protein, and vascular endothelial growth factor, increased neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and platelet to lymphocyte ratio in blood, high peripheral blood expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase messenger ribonucleic acid, and high HCC expression of dickkopf-1 have recently been associated with decreased survival rates...
October 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302195/molecular-classification-of-hepatocellular-adenomas-impact-on-clinical-practice
#2
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Védie, Olivier Sutter, Marianne Ziol, Jean-Charles Nault
Hepatocellular adenomas are rare benign liver tumors usually developing in young women using oral contraception. The two main complications are hemorrhage (10-20%) and malignant transformation into hepatocellular carcinoma (<5%). A molecular classification has been recently updated in six major subgroups, linked to risk factors, histology, imaging and clinical features: adenomas inactivated for HNF1A , inflammatory adenomas, β-catenin-activated adenomas mutated in exon 3, β-catenin-activated adenomas mutated in exon 7-8, sonic hedgehog adenomas, and unclassified adenomas...
January 2018: Hepatic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295962/epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-is-involved-in-ethanol-promoted-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-metastasis-and-stemness
#3
Danlei Chen, Dandan Yu, Xinyi Wang, Yan Liu, Yongjing He, Ruiqing Deng, Yu Jiang, Fengyun Zhang, Yakun Liu, Mei Xu, Jiabin Li, Jia Luo, Siying Wang
Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high rate of relapse and metastasis. Ethanol is a well-known risk factor for HCC; it promotes the progression and aggressiveness of HCC. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In clinic studies, we showed that alcohol consumption is positively correlated with TNM stage and vessel invasion; HCC patients with chronic drinking history had faster progression rate and poorer prognosis compared to non-drinkers. In experimental models, ethanol exposure enhanced the metastasis, and invasion of HCC cells...
October 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268125/identification-of-serum-%C3%AE-catenin-as-a-biomarker-in-patients-with-hbv-related-liver-diseases
#4
Liang Duan, Qianfan Yang, Jun Yang, Qin Hu, Bo Wang, Pu Li, Weixian Chen
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence indicates that β-catenin is a pivotal regulator that contributes to the initiation and development of various types of diseases. Recently, β-catenin can be detected in human serum and also reported to be correlated with several disease progression in a little research. However, very little is known about the relationship between serum β-catenin and HBV-related liver disease. METHODS: Serum levels of β-catenin, from 77 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 63 patients with hepatitis B associated liver cirrhosis (HBLC), 61 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 41 healthy HBV carriers (HHCs) and 78 healthy controls (HCs) were measured by ELISA...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257989/oncogenic-strap-supports-hepatocellular-carcinoma-growth-by-enhancing-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#5
Wenhui Wang, Shan Li, Pengyu Liu, Kostandinos Sideras, Harmen J G van de Werken, Marieke van der Heide, Wanlu Cao, Marla Lavrijsen, Maikel P Peppelenbosch, Marco Bruno, Qiuwei Pan, Ron Smits
Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays a key role in the onset and development of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), with about half of them acquiring mutations in either CTNNB1 or AXIN1. The serine/threonine kinase receptor associated protein (STRAP), a scaffold protein, was recently shown to facilitate the aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in colorectal cancers. However, the function of STRAP in HCC remains completely unknown. Here increased levels of STRAP were observed in human and mouse HCCs...
September 26, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257238/propofol-inhibits-proliferation-migration-invasion-and-promotes-apoptosis-through-down-regulating-mir-374a-in-hepatocarcinoma-cell-lines
#6
Sheng-Qun Liu, Jing-Liang Zhang, Zhan-Wen Li, Zhen-Hua Hu, Zhe Liu, Yi Li
BACKGROUND: Propofol is a commonly used anaesthetic with controversial effects on cancer cells. We aimed to explore the functional roles of propofol in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells as well as the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells were used in this study. Firstly, the effects of propofol on cell viability, migration, invasion, apoptosis, and involved proteins were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, Transwell assay, flow cytometry assay and Western blot analysis, respectively...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30249289/spag5-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-by-downregulating-scara5-through-modifying-%C3%AE-catenin-degradation
#7
Hongliang Liu, Junwen Hu, Ran Wei, Longfei Zhou, Hua Pan, Hongchao Zhu, Mingwen Huang, Jun Luo, Wei Xu
BACKGROUND: The sperm-associated antigen 5 (SPAG5) plays a key role in controlling various cellular phenomena, including cell cycle progression and proliferation. However, the role of SPAG5 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. METHODS: This study investigated the function and clinical significance of SPAG5 protein expression in hepatocellular carcinoma. We analyzed SPAG5 expression in surgical specimens from 136 HCC patients. The correlation between the clinical characteristics and prognosis was also determined...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30249208/knockdown-long-non-coding-rna-anril-inhibits-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-hepg2-cells-by-down-regulation-of-mir-191
#8
Deyu Huang, Chunhua Bi, Qingxi Zhao, Xueli Ding, Cheng Bian, Hui Wang, Ting Wang, Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor with high fatality rate. Recent studies reported that up-regulation of long non-coding RNA antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (lncRNA ANRIL) was found in HCC tissues, and which could affect HCC cells biological processes. However, the potential molecular mechanism of ANRIL in HCC is still unclear. The study aimed to uncover the effect of ANRIL on HepG2 cells growth, migration and invasion. METHODS: The knockdown expression vectors of ANRIL were transfected into HepG2 cells, and qRT-PCR, CCK-8, flow cytometry, Transwell and western blot assays were performed to analyze the effect of ANRIL on cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion...
September 24, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248355/proline-rich-protein-11-silencing-inhibits-hepatocellular-carcinoma-growth-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-through-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#9
Wei Qiao, Hengyang Wang, Xiaozhao Zhang, Kongliang Luo
Proline-rich protein 11 (PRR11) has been shown to play an critical roles in the development of cancer. However, the clinical significance and the biological role of PRR11 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the expression pattern, prognostic value and the biological role of PRR11 in HCC. PRR11 expression in 80 HCC surgical specimens was examined, and its clinical significance was analyzed. The role of PRR11 in cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion were also determined...
September 21, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246873/a-first-case-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-the-baboon-papio-spp-placenta
#10
Natalia Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, Maira Carrillo, Cun Li, Peter Nathanielsz, Christopher Maguire, James Maher, Edward Dick, Gene Hubbard, Jerzy Stanek
We present a case of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the placenta of healthy baboon (Papio spp.). Grossly, the fetal, maternal, and placental tissues were unremarkable. Histologically, the placenta contained an unencapsulated, poorly demarcated, infiltrative, solidly cellular neoplasm composed of cells that resembled hepatocytes. The neoplastic cells were diffusely positive for vimentin and focally positive for Ae1/Ae3, Arginase -1, glutamine synthetase, and CD10, and negative for ER, vascular markers (CD31 and D240), S100, glypican, C-reactive protein, FABP, desmin, and beta-catenin; INI1 positivity was similar to non-neoplastic tissues...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243081/pnma1-regulated-by-mir-33a-5p-promotes-proliferation-and-emt-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-activating-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#11
Pengpeng Liu, Baiyan Chen, Yang Gu, Quanyan Liu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors throughout the world. However, its mortality rate remains very high due to the absence of early diagnostic modalities and effective treatments, and its specific pathogenesis remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of PNMA1 in the tumorigenesis of HCC. We found that PNMA1 was significantly upregulated in HCC. Clinically, higher expression of PNMA1 was associated with aggressive phenotypes and poor prognosis. Functionally, silencing of PNMA1 repressed proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and knockdown of PNMA1 suppressed tumor cell migration and invasion...
September 19, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234394/interferon-%C3%AE-combined-with-herbal-compound-songyou-yin-effectively-inhibits-the-increased-invasiveness-and-metastasis-by-insufficient-radiofrequency-ablation-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-an-animal-model
#12
Ning Zhang, Long-Rong Wang, Dou-Dou Li, De-Ning Ma, Cheng-Hao Wang, Xi-Gan He, Dong-Mei Gao, Lu Wang, Zhao-You Tang
OBJECTIVE: We had previously proved that insufficient radiofrequency ablation (RFA) could enhance invasiveness and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is mediated by activating β-catenin signaling. Thus, the aim of the present study was to demonstrate whether the combined treatment of interferon-α (IFN-α) and "Songyou Yin" (SYY) minimizes the pro-metastatic effects of insufficient RFA, as well as to explore its underlying mechanism...
September 20, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230592/long-noncoding-rna-dgcr5-represses-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-by-inactivating-wnt-signaling-pathway
#13
Xiao-Lan Wang, Min Shi, Tian Xiang, Yan-Zhi Bu
Increasing studies have indicated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert important roles in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, it is of great significance to identify the dysregulated lncRNAs in HCC. According to the previous reports, it has been suggested that DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 5 (DGCR5) might participate in HCC and can serve as potential biomarker for HCC. In our current study, we concentrated on the biological function and roles of lncRNA-DGCR5 in HCC. It was indicated that DGCR5 was decreased in HCC tissues and HCC cells including HepG2, Hep3B, MHCC-97L, SNU-449, and SNU-182 cells compared with the normal human liver cell line LO2...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221686/microrna-552-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-by-downregulating-wif1
#14
Chao Li, Zi Wang, Shuangjiang Chen, Jingyao Zhang, Kai Qu, Chang Liu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are involved in the metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, it was demonstrated that miR‑552 was upregulated in HCC tissues. High miR‑552 expression was associated with malignant clinicopathological features and decreased survival rates. The in vitro results indicated that miR‑552 overexpression promoted migration, invasion and epithelial‑mesenchymal transition in Hep3B cells. However, the knockdown of miR‑552 inhibited its oncogenic roles in Huh‑7 cells...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221043/-%C3%AE-catenin-peptide-vaccines-repress-hepatocellular-carcinoma-growth-via-cd8-t-cell-activation
#15
Fei Huang, Junying Chen, Ruilong Lan, Zeng Wang, Ruiqing Chen, Jingan Lin, Lurong Zhang, Lengxi Fu
As classical therapy method of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not effective enough, HCC immunotherapy is a hot spot for research in recent years. Although in recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors are focused in cancer therapy, vaccines and adoptive cell therapy (ACT), as traditional immunotherapy methods for HCC are still promising. We found that δ-Catenin might be a new tumor-associated antigen for HCC, for it could be upregulated as a stress associated protein under hypoxia and irradiation treatment...
2018: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193922/dietary-exacerbation-of-metabolic-stress-leads-to-accelerated-hepatic-carcinogenesis-in-glycogen-storage-disease-type-ia
#16
Monika Gjorgjieva, Julien Calderaro, Laure Monteillet, Marine Silva, Margaux Raffin, Marie Brevet, Caroline Romestaing, Damien Roussel, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Gilles Mithieux, Fabienne Rajas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSDIa) is a rare genetic disease associated with glycogen accumulation in hepatocytes and steatosis. With age, most adult patients with GSDIa develop hepatocellular adenomas (HCA), which can progress to hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). In this study, we characterized metabolic reprogramming and cellular defense alterations during tumorigenesis in the liver of hepatocyte-specific G6pc deficient (L.G6pc-/- ) mice, which develop all the hepatic hallmarks of GSDIa...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166525/long-non-coding-rna-snhg5-promotes-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-by-regulating-mir-26a-5p-gsk3%C3%AE-signal-pathway
#17
Yarui Li, Dan Guo, Yan Zhao, Mudan Ren, Guifang Lu, Yun Wang, Juan Zhang, Chen Mi, Shuixiang He, Xinlan Lu
Accumulating evidence have suggested that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) had malfunctioning roles in the development of human cancers. The present study aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 5 (SNHG5) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression using human tissues and cell lines. The quantitative real-time PCR results showed that SNHG5 was up-regulated in both HCC tissues and hepatoma cell lines and was closely associated with tumor size, hepatitis B virus infection, histologic grade, TNM stage, and portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) in HCC patients...
August 30, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150059/androgen-receptor-drives-hepatocellular-carcinogenesis-by-activating-enhancer-of-zeste-homolog-2-mediated-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#18
Haibin Song, Zhuo Yu, Xuehua Sun, Jun Feng, Qi Yu, Hanif Khan, Xiaojun Zhu, Lingying Huang, Man Li, Myth T S Mok, Alfred S L Cheng, Yueqiu Gao, Hai Feng
BACKGROUND: Androgen receptor (AR) plays a crucial role as a transcription factor in promoting the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) which is prone to aberrant chromatin modifications. However, the regulatory effects of AR on epigenetic mediators in HCC remain ill-defined. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), an oncogene responsible for the tri-methylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3), was identified to be overexpressed in approximate 70-90% of HCC cases, which prompted us to investigate whether or how AR regulates EZH2 expression...
September 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145863/microrna-766-3p-inhibits-tumour-progression-by-targeting-wnt3a-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Yu You, Keting Que, Yun Zhou, Zhen Zhang, Xiaoping Zhao, Jianpin Gong, Zuojin Liu
Recent studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. In this study, we showed that miR-766-3p was decreased in approximately 72% of HCC tissues and cell lines, and its low expression level was significantly correlated with tumour size, TNM stage, metastasis, and poor prognosis in HCC. Ectopic miR-766-3p expression inhibited HCC cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion. In addition, we showed that miR-766-3p repressed Wnt3a expression...
August 27, 2018: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144972/hypermethylated-kcnq1-acts-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Haiyan Fan, Meng Zhang, Wei Liu
Potassium (K+ ) channels are dysregulated in tumor tissues and functionally these channels contribute significantly to the malignant phenotypes of the cancer cells, including cell apoptosis, chemo- and radio-resistance, proliferation, and migration. However, little is known about the potential implications of K+ channels in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the current study was to investigate the expression profile of KCNQ1 in HCC and assess its possible cellular implications as well as mechanism to disease progression...
September 18, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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