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eating disorder and nurse

C M McHugh, M Harron, A Kilcullen, P O’Connor, N Burns, A Toolan, E O’Mahony
Anorexia nervosa affects 0.5% of the population (90% female) with the highest mortality of any psychiatric illness, usually suicide, or cardiovascular or neurological sequelae of either malnutrition or refeeding syndrome. The latter two conditions occur in the inpatient setting, carry a high mortality and are thoroughly avoidable with careful informed clinical management. This paper provides an overview of the service and care of these patients in a general hospital setting in Ireland. In response to a number of acute presentations a cross discipline Pop-up Eating Disorder Unit (psychiatrist, physician, dietician, nurse) was established in Sligo University Hospital in 2014 and has experience of 20 people treated according to the MARSIPAN guideline (Management of Really Sick Inpatients with Anorexia Nervosa)...
September 10, 2018: Irish Medical Journal
Debra Haas Stavarski, Robbi K Alexander, Shelby N Ortiz, Thomas Wasser
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) experience suicidal thoughts and behaviors at elevated rates compared to the general population. Hope-engendering nursing actions may increase patients' levels of hope for the future, improve coping self-efficacy, and possibly reduce suicidality. Although nursing staff are integral ED treatment team members, little is known about nursing actions targeting hopefulness. AIM: Explore differences between patients' and nurses' perceptions of hope-engendering nurse actions and the relationship actions have with patients' perception of hope...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Mohammad Heidari, Mansureh Ghodusi Borujeni, Malihe Khosravizad
Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are a significant concern for public health, leading to temporary and permanent disability. Health care workers, including nurses, are at high risk for these disorders. This study aimed to assess the health-promoting lifestyles of nurses and their association with musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms. Methods: This study explored health-promoting lifestyles and their association with musculoskeletal symptoms in nurses...
July 2018: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Belén Leyva-Vela, Francisco Jesús Llorente-Cantarero, Silvia Henarejos-Alarcón, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: Many jobs are associated with psychological or social risk factors. Knowledge of occupational diseases is essential for adopting rational control measures. The aim was to study and describe frequent social, psychological and physiological risk factors for nurses. METHODS: Psychological and social risks were evaluated in nurses with regular or irregular shifts. In addition, differences between nurses or nursing assistants were studied. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, Eating Attitudes Test, Profile of Mood State, Athens Insomnia Scale, Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Minnesota Leisure Time were administered...
September 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Kaitlyn Rechenberg, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic health conditions in youth in the United States, and its incidence is rising worldwide. Youth with T1D are at a high risk of psychological comorbidity, for example, anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Psychological comorbidities, especially anxiety symptoms, have been correlated with poorer diabetes outcomes, but anxiety symptoms have not been well studied in these youth. The primary aim of this study was to describe the experience of anxiety symptoms in youth with T1D, especially as those symptoms relate to diabetes self-management tasks...
October 30, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Teresa Madeira, Catarina Peixoto-Plácido, Nuno Sousa-Santos, Osvaldo Santos, Violeta Alarcão, Beatriz Goulão, Nuno Mendonça, Paulo Jorge Nicola, Agneta Yngve, Asta Bye, Astrid Bergland, Teresa F Amaral, Carla Lopes, João Gorjão Clara
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the nutritional status and to identify malnutrition-associated variables of older adults living in Portuguese nursing homes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Data on demographic and socio-economic characteristics, self-reported morbidity, eating-related problems, nutritional status, cognitive function, depression symptoms, loneliness feelings and functional status were collected by trained nutritionists through a computer-assisted face-to-face structured interview followed by standardised anthropometric measurements...
October 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Sonya Chelvanayagam, Janet James
Diabulimia has become a common term used to describe a condition when a person with type 1 diabetes has an eating disorder. The individual may omit or restrict their insulin dose to lose/control weight. Evidence suggests that as many as 20% of women with type 1 diabetes may have this condition. The serious acute and long-term complications of hyperglycaemia are well documented. Detection of this condition is challenging and health professionals need to be vigilant in assessing reasons for variable glycaemic control and weight changes...
September 20, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
This was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out among Medical and Nursing students to assess the presence of eating disorders. Data was collected using self administered 'Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food' (SCOFF) and 'Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)' questionnaires. It was found that 34.1% and 10.4% of the participants were at high risk to suffer from eating disorders on SCOFF and EAT-26 scales. Further, age, gender and education found to have significant association on SCOFF and EAT-26 scores (p < 0...
November 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Anne Mette Skovgaard, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Johansen, Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Else Marie Olsen
Standardised measures are needed in the general child health surveillance. A standardised record with manualised guidelines have been created for use in the existing services of community health nurses, to collect epidemiological data and improve the quality of regional child health surveillance. The record has been used since 2000, and currently one third of the Danish child population is included. Research findings suggest targets of intervention towards risk trajectories of overweight, weight faltering, eating problems and neuro-developmental disorders...
August 20, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
C María Pérez-Sánchez, D Nicolás Torres, J J Hernández Morante
BACKGROUND: although eating disorders are usually linked to young adolescents, these mental disorders can also appear in the elderly, especially in those living in nursing homes, which might be associated or not with the cognitive decline; however, there are few data regarding elderly subjects. OBJECTIVES: the objective of the present work was to evaluate the presence of abnormal eating attitudes in nursing home residents and its relation with several cognitive, nutritional and psychological factors that could be influencing their nutritional state...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Jee Hee Han, Sun Ah Kim, Sue Kim, Jin Young Park
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify factors influencing disordered eating behaviors in female college students based on the theory of triadic influence. DESIGN AND METHOD: The participants in this study were 307 college females in Korea. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analyses. FINDINGS: Multiple regression analysis revealed that objectified body consciousness, social physique anxiety, and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance influenced disordered eating behavior (R2  = 0...
July 3, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath
OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI), weight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Audrey Purcell, Mary Clarke, Ian Maidment
Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important and potentially preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalised patients. It is a significant, international patient safety issue affecting medical, surgical and mental health in-patients. There is a paucity of published evidence on the incidence of VTE, and the role of VTE risk-assessment and prophylaxis, in mental healthcare settings. Epidemiological evidence indicates that antipsychotic medications are an independent risk factor for VTE...
June 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Selma Gicevic, Audrey J Gaskins, Teresa T Fung, Bernard Rosner, Deirdre K Tobias, Sheila Isanaka, Walter C Willett
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity scores (DDS) are considered as metrics for monitoring the implementation of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals, but they need to be rigorously evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To examine two DDS, the Food Groups Index (FGI), and the Minimum Dietary Diversity-Women (MDD-W), alongside two dietary quality scores, the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) and the Prime Diet Quality Score (PDQS), with risks of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDPs)...
2018: PloS One
Klodian Dhana, Geng Zong, Changzheng Yuan, Eva Schernhammer, Cuilin Zhang, Xiaobin Wang, Frank B Hu, Jorge E Chavarro, Alison E Field, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: In women, adhering to an overall healthy lifestyle is associated with a dramatically reduced risk of cardio-metabolic disorders. Whether such a healthy lifestyle exerts an intergenerational effects on child health deserves examination. METHODS: We included 5701 children (9-14 years old at baseline) of the Growing Up Today Study 2, and their mothers, who are participants in the Nurses' Health Study II. Pre-pregnancy healthy lifestyle was defined as a normal body mass index, no smoking, physical activity ≥150 min/week, and diet in the top 40% of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010...
July 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
M P Tavolacci, J Delay, S Grigioni, P Déchelotte, J Ladner
BACKGROUND: Healthcare students are future health care providers and serve as role models and coaches to enhance behaviors for healthy lifestyles. However healthcare students face multiple stressors that could lead to adopting risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in health risk factors among healthcare students between 2007 and 2015, and to identify specific health behaviors based on the curriculum in a population of healthcare students. METHODS: Two cross sectionnal studies were conducted in 2007 and 2015 among nursing, medical, pharmacy, and physiotherapy students (Rouen, France)...
2018: PloS One
Laura M Anderson, Thomas P Chacko
Binge eating disorder, food addiction, and dysregulated overeating are common among people with severe obesity and prevalent among bariatric surgery populations. These problematic eating habits share commonalities with other addictions. Effective, holistic self-management is needed to promote long-term weight loss and psychosocial adjustment among patients who are severely obese who undergo surgery, especially those with clinically remarkable levels of binge eating, food addiction, or dysregulated overeating...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Caroline Honsek, Stefan Kabisch, Margrit Kemper, Christiana Gerbracht, Ayman M Arafat, Andreas L Birkenfeld, Ulrike Dambeck, Martin A Osterhoff, Martin O Weickert, Andreas F H Pfeiffer
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Insoluble cereal fibres have been shown in large prospective cohort studies to be highly effective in preventing type 2 diabetes, but there is a lack of interventional data. Our 2 year randomised double-blind prospective intervention study compared the effect of an insoluble oat fibre extract with that of placebo on glucose metabolism and incidence of diabetes. METHODS: A total of 180 participants with impaired glucose tolerance underwent a modified version of the 1 year lifestyle training programme PREvention of DIAbetes Self-management (PREDIAS) and were randomised to receive a fibre supplement (n = 89; 7...
June 2018: Diabetologia
Xin Yi Seah, Xiang Cong Tham, Netty Ryanie Kamaruzaman, Piyanee Klainin Yobas
Eating disorders are complex disorders requiring specialised care, thus knowledge and attitudes are crucial for management. This study aims to examine nurses' knowledge, attitudes, reported practice, and perceptions towards patients with eating disorders in Singapore. A concurrent mixed-methods study was carried out in Southeast Asia's only psychiatric unit with eating disorders programme. Twenty nurses were recruited using census sampling. Quantitative data were analysed with descriptive and inferential statistics, while qualitative data were analysed with content and thematic analysis...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Suhong Chen, Kai Lin, Hanxiao Wang, Miyae Yamakawa, Kiyoko Makimoto, Xiaoyan Liao
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of dementia patients in China, there is a pressing need for a reliable and valid Chinese instrument that can measure neuropsychiatric symptoms in institutionalized dementia patients. This study examined the reliability and structural validity of the Chinese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, Nursing Home version (NPI-NH), in a sample of institutionalized dementia patients in China. METHODS: A total of 112 residents with dementia (Clinical Dementia Rating = 1: 10...
March 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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