keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AIDS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913363/facial-ageing-in-south-african-adult-males
#1
Estha J Schmidlin, Maryna Steyn, Tobias M R Houlton, Nanette Briers
Knowledge of facial ageing is important in forensic facial approximation and photo identification. Previous studies mostly investigated facial ageing in European faces, and this research therefore aims to provide data on patterns of facial ageing in an African sample. One hundred eighty-nine black South African males aged 20 years and older were photographed in anterior and lateral views. Facial images were captured in a consistent position by using a Canon EOS 1300D camera and 18- to 55-mm EFS lens. Thirty individuals per decade were included, with the 80+ age category being limited to only nine participants...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913303/re-entry-experiences-of-black-men-living-with-hiv-aids-after-release-from-prison-intersectionality-and-implications-for-care
#2
Shufang Sun, Natasha Crooks, Rebecca Kemnitz, Ryan P Westergaard
RATIONALE: Both the HIV epidemic and incarceration disproportionately affect Black men in the United States. A critical period for incarcerated Black men living with HIV/AIDS is re-entry into the community, which is often associated with adverse health outcomes. Additionally, Black men living with HIV/AIDS involved in the criminal justice system are burdened by multiple, intersecting disadvantaged identities and social positions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine community re-entry experiences among Black men living with HIV/AIDS from an intersectional perspective...
June 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913295/comparison-of-the-effects-of-contractubex%C3%A2-gel-and-benzothiazole-after-topical-application-in-an-experimental-model-of-epidural-fibrosis-in-rats
#3
Huseyin Bozkurt, Emel Cicek Bozkurt, Hulya Ozpinar, Densel Arac, Ismail Kaya, Hidir Ozer, Reyhan Egilmez
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative epidural adhesion is one of the most frequent causes of failed-back surgery syndrome, presenting with back and leg pain or neurological deficits. Development of preventive measures for epidural adhesion after laminectomy remains critical to improve the outcomes of lumbar surgery. We hypothesized that positive effects of the topical application of Contractubex®Gel and benzothiazole individually and in combination can aid in the prevention of epidural fibrosis in a rat laminectomy model...
June 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913109/specific-t-cell-induction-using-iron-oxide-based-nanoparticles-as-subunit-vaccine-adjuvant
#4
Lázaro Moreira Marques Neto, Nicholas Zufelato, Ailton Antônio de Sousa-Júnior, Monalisa Martins Trentini, Adeliane Castro da Costa, Andris Figueiroa Bakuzis, André Kipnis, Ana Paula JunqueiraKipnis
Metal-based nanoparticles (NPs) stimulate innate immunity; however, they have never been demonstrated to be capable of aiding the generation of specific cellular immune responses. Therefore, our objective was to evaluate whether iron oxide-based NPs have adjuvant properties in generating cellular Th1, Th17 and TCD8 (Tc1) immune responses. For this purpose, a fusion protein (CMX) composed of Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens was used as a subunit vaccine. Citrate-coated MnFe2 O4 NPs were synthesized by co-precipitation and evaluated by transmission electron microscopy...
June 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913100/hospitalization-trends-and-comorbidities-among-people-with-hiv-aids-compared-with-the-overall-hospitalized-population-illinois-2008-2014
#5
Livia Navon
OBJECTIVES: To understand trends in health care use among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), this study compared trends in hospitalization rates, comorbidities, and hospital death rates of hospitalized PLWHA with the overall hospitalized population in Illinois during 2008-2014. METHODS: This study identified principal hospitalizations (the principal discharge diagnosis coded with an HIV-related billing code) and secondary HIV hospitalizations (a non-principal discharge diagnosis coded with an HIV-related billing code) from 2008-2014 Illinois hospital discharge data...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913078/sexual-rehabilitation-after-prostate-cancer-through-assistive-aids-a-comparison-of-gay-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men
#6
Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Duncan Rose, Andrew Kellett, Gary Dowsett
The use of assistive aids in sexual rehabilitation after prostate cancer (PCa) was examined in 124 gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) and 225 heterosexual men. GBM were significantly more likely to use assistive aids (79% versus 56%), to try multiple assistive aids (M = 1.65 versus M = 0.83) including medication, penile injection, penile implant, vacuum pump, and nonmedical sex aids, and to seek information about sexual rehabilitation on the Internet, through counseling, or in a support group...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912954/impact-of-smartphone-assisted-prenatal-home-visits-on-women-s-use-of-facility-delivery-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-tanzania
#7
Kristy Hackett, Curtis Lafleur, Peter Nyella, Ophira Ginsburg, Wendy Lou, Daniel Sellen
BACKGROUND: About half of births in rural Tanzania are assisted by skilled providers. Point-of-care mobile phone applications hold promise in boosting job support for community health workers aiming to ensure safe motherhood through increased facility delivery awareness, access and uptake. We conducted a controlled comparison to evaluate a smartphone-based application designed to assist community health workers with data collection, education delivery, gestational danger sign identification, and referrals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912859/energetics-of-swimming-with-hand-paddles-of-different-surface-areas
#8
George H Crocker, Joseph F Moon, Jeff A Nessler, Sean C Newcomer
Crocker, GH, Moon, JF, Nessler, JA, and Newcomer, SC. Energetics of swimming with hand paddles of different surface areas. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Hand paddles are one of the most common training aids used by the competitive swimmer, yet little is known regarding how hand paddle surface area affects the metabolic cost of transport (COT) while swimming. The purpose of this study was to determine how altering hand paddle size affects energy use during submaximal, front-crawl (i.e., freestyle) swimming...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912837/earphone-and-aided-word-recognition-differences-in-cochlear-implant-candidates
#9
Theodore R McRackan, Joshua E Fabie, Jane A Burton, Suqrat Munawar, Meredith A Holcomb, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVE: Compare word recognition scores for adults undergoing cochlear implant evaluations (CIE) measured using earphones and hearing aids. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of data obtained during adult CIEs. SETTING: Tertiary cochlear implant center. PATIENTS: Two hundred eight ears in 183 subjects with greater than 10% word recognition scores measured with earphones. INTERVENTIONS/MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED: Preoperative pure-tone thresholds and word recognition scores measured with earphones and hearing aids...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912820/hearing-preservation-outcomes-after-cochlear-implantation-depending-on-the-angle-of-insertion-indication-for-electric-or-electric-acoustic-stimulation
#10
Silke Helbig, Youssef Adel, Martin Leinung, Timo Stöver, Uwe Baumann, Tobias Weissgerber
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed outcomes of hearing preservation (HP) surgery depending on the angle of insertion (AOI) in a cochlear implant (CI) patient population who used electric stimulation (ES) or combined electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral university hospital. PATIENTS: Ninety-one patients with different degrees of preoperative low-frequency residual hearing who underwent HP surgery with a free-fitting lateral-wall electrode array (MED-EL Flex) with lengths ranging from 20...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912817/prevalence-estimates-of-hiv-syphilis-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-female-sex-workers-fsw-in-brazil-2016
#11
Orlando da Costa Ferreira-Júnior, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza-Júnior, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSW) bear a high burden of sexually transmitted infections (STI). In this paper, we estimate the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HBV = hepatitis B virus (HBV), HCV = hepatitis C virus (HCV), syphilis and co-infections in the second Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among FSW in Brazil. METHOD: The survey was conducted in 12 Brazilian cities from July to November 2016. We used respondent-driven sampling (RDS) to recruit 350 FSW in each city...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912689/use-of-urea-wash-elisa-to-distinguish-zika-and-dengue-virus-infections
#12
Wen-Yang Tsai, Han Ha Youn, Jasmine Tyson, Carlos Brites, Jih-Jin Tsai, Celia Pedroso, Jan Felix Drexler, Angel Balmaseda, Eva Harris, Wei-Kung Wang
Serologic testing remains crucial for Zika virus diagnosis. We found that urea wash in a Zika virus nonstructural protein 1 IgG ELISA distinguishes secondary dengue virus infection from Zika virus infection with previous dengue (sensitivity 87.5%, specificity 93.8%). This test will aid serodiagnosis, serosurveillance, and monitoring of Zika complications in dengue-endemic regions.
July 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912607/reference-data-of-the-eortc-qlq-c30-questionnaire-five-consecutive-annual-assessments-of-approximately-2000-representative-dutch-men-and-women
#13
Floortje Mols, Olga Husson, Marije Oudejans, Carla Vlooswijk, Nicole Horevoorts, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and its treatment have an influence on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Normative data could help to interpret HRQOL among cancer patients. Our aim was to generate longitudinal normative data based on sex, age and morbidity for the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. METHODS: The QLQ-C30 and the Self-administered Comorbidity Questionnaire were administered to a representative panel of the Dutch-speaking population in the Netherlands in 2009 (n = 1743), 2010 (n = 2050), 2011 (n = 2040), 2012 (n = 2194) and 2013 (n = 2333)...
June 18, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912606/assessment-of-sigma-1-receptor-occupancy-in-mice-with-non-radiolabelled-ftc-146-as-a-tracer
#14
Gopinadh Bhyrapuneni, Jagadeesh Babu Thentu, Abdul Rasheed Mohammed, Raghupathi Reddy Aleti, Nagasurya Prakash Padala, Devender Reddy Ajjala, Ramakrishna Nirogi
The use of liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is advantageous in in-vivo receptor occupancy assays at pre-clinical drug developmental stages. Relatively, its application is effective in terms of high throughput, data reproducibility, sensitivity, and sample processing. In this perspective, we have evaluated the use of FTC-146 as a non-radiolabelled tracer to determine the sigma-1 receptor occupancy of test drugs in mice brain. Further, the brain and plasma exposures of test drug were determined at their corresponding occupancies...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912409/gene-cloning-prokaryotic-expression-and-biochemical-characterization-of-a-soluble-trehalase-in-helicoverpa-armigera-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae
#15
Dong Ai, Shenhang Cheng, Hetan Chang, Ting Yang, Guirong Wang, Caihong Yu
Trehalase is an indispensable component of insect hemolymph that plays important role in energy metabolism and stress resistance. In this study, we cloned and expressed the gene encoding soluble trehalase (HaTreh-1) of Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) and characterized the enzyme. HaTreh-1 had a full-length open reading frame encoding a protein of 571 amino acids. Sequence comparison indicated that HaTreh-1 was similar to some known insect trehalases. Two essential active sites (D321 and E519) and three essential residues (R168, R221, and R286) were conserved in HaTreh-1...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912173/deep-artificial-neural-networks-for-the-diagnostic-of-caries-using-socioeconomic-and-nutritional-features-as-determinants-data-from-nhanes-2013%C3%A2-2014
#16
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Jesús Rivas-Gutierrez, Rafael Magallanes-Quintanar, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
Oral health represents an essential component in the quality of life of people, being a determinant factor in general health since it may affect the risk of suffering other conditions, such as chronic diseases. Oral diseases have become one of the main public health problems, where dental caries is the condition that most affects oral health worldwide, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This condition has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused depending on the consumption of certain nutritional elements interacting simultaneously with different factors, such as socioeconomic factors...
June 18, 2018: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912019/left-atrial-strain-measurement-and-clinical-application
#17
Jonathan Buggey, Brian D Hoit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent literature on the use of left atrial strain in the diagnosis and management of patients with heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: Left atrial dysfunction is a hallmark of diastolic dysfunction and heart failure, in particular, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Recently, myocardial deformation analysis via strain and strain rate measurements have been applied to the left atrium. These measurements have been shown to aid in the diagnosis of heart failure and be accurate predictors of cardiac pressures, diastolic dysfunction, exercise performance, and clinical outcomes such as cardiac hospitalizations and mortality...
June 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912005/the-impact-of-changes-over-time-in-the-stanford-university-genotypic-resistance-interpretation-algorithm
#18
S A Hart, S Vardhanabhuti, S A Strobino, L J Harrison
IntroductionThe Stanford HIV-1 genotypic resistance interpretation algorithm has changed substantially over its lifetime. In many studies the algorithm version used is not specified. It is easy to assume results across versions are comparable, but the effects of version changes on resistance calls are unknown. We evaluate these effects for 20 antiretroviral drugs.MethodsWe calculated resistance interpretations for the same 5,993 HIV-1 sequences, from participants in AIDS Clinical Trials Group studies, under 14 versions of the Stanford algorithm from 2002 to 2017...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911947/oral-and-dental-anomalies-in-purebred-brachycephalic-persian-and-exotic-cats
#19
Lisa A Mestrinho, João M Louro, Iněs S Gordo, Maria M R E Niza, João F Requicha, Judith G Force, Jerzy P Gawor
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of dental anomalies in brachycephalic cats from various geographic regions and analyze potential relationships with oral disease. DESIGN Prospective multicenter cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 50 purebred Persian (n = 42) and Exotic (8) cats. PROCEDURES Cats were anesthetized, and a complete dental examination, dental charting, 3-view oral photography, and full-mouth dental radiography were performed. RESULTS Malocclusions were observed in 36 (72%) cats. Crowding of the teeth was evident in 28 (56%) cats, with the incisors being most commonly affected...
July 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911944/clinical-evaluation-of-a-benchtop-dry-chemistry-analyzer-for-measurement-of-ammonium-concentrations-in-canine-plasma-samples
#20
Silvia Funes, Jana Gordon, Elena Gorman, Craig Ruaux
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical performance of a veterinary benchtop dry chemistry analyzer for measurement of plasma ammonium concentrations in dogs by comparing results with those obtained by a reference standard test method. DESIGN Prospective evaluation study. SAMPLE 32 blood samples from 30 dogs (16 with and 14 without suspected hepatobiliary disease). PROCEDURES Blood samples were collected by jugular venipuncture. A veterinary benchtop dry chemistry analyzer and a reference standard (enzymatic) test method were used to measure ammonium concentrations in plasma collected from heparinized whole blood...
July 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
keyword
keyword
1689
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"