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depression meta

Robert T Mathie, Susanne Ulbrich-Zürni, Petter Viksveen, E Rachel Roberts, Elizabeth S Baitson, Lynn A Legg, Jonathan R T Davidson
BACKGROUND:  This study focuses on randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of individualised homeopathic treatment (IHT) in which the control (comparator) group was other than placebo (OTP). AIMS:  To determine the comparative effectiveness of IHT on health-related outcomes in adults and children for any clinical condition that has been the subject of at least one OTP-controlled trial. For each study, to assess the risk of bias and to determine whether its study attitude was predominantly 'pragmatic' or 'explanatory'...
August 18, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Amalie Thorsti Møller Rønnstad, Anne-Sofie Halling-Overgaard, Carsten R Hamann, Lone Skov, Alexander Egeberg, Jacob P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) has been associated with anxiety and depression, but the magnitude of the alleged association is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between AD in children and adults and, respectively, depression, anxiety, and suicidal behavior. METHODS: The medical databases PubMed, Embase, and PsychINFO were searched. RESULTS: There was a significant association between adult AD and, respectively, depression (pooled odds ratio [OR], 2...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Jee Su Suh, Maiko Abel Schneider, Luciano Minuzzi, Glenda M MacQueen, Stephen C Strother, Sidney H Kennedy, Benicio N Frey
Neuroimaging studies assessing neurobiological differences between patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and healthy controls (HC) are often hindered by small sample sizes and heterogeneity of the patient sample. We performed a comprehensive literature search for studies assessing cortical thickness between patient and control groups, including studies investigating treatment effects on cortical thickness. We identified 34 studies meeting criteria for the systematic review and used Seed-based d Mapping to meta-analyze 24 of those that met additional criteria...
August 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Susan T Ennett, Robert W Faris, Andrea M Hussong, Nisha Gottfredson, Veronica Cole
Although the contributions of friend selection and friend influence to adolescent homophily on substance use behaviors has been of enduring research interest, moderators of these processes have received relatively little research attention. Identification of factors that dampen or amplify selection and influence on substance use behaviors is important for informing prevention efforts. Whereas prior research has examined adolescent drinking, smoking, and marijuana use, the current study examined whether friend selection and friend influence operated on substance use involvement, an indicator of problematic use, and whether depressive symptomology moderated these processes...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Anna Dencker, Christina Nilsson, Cecily Begley, Elisabeth Jangsten, Margareta Mollberg, Harshida Patel, Helena Wigert, Eva Hessman, Helen Sjöblom, Carina Sparud-Lundin
PROBLEM: Fear of childbirth negatively affects women during pregnancy and after birth. AIM: To summarise the findings of published studies regarding possible causes/predisposing factors and outcomes of fear of childbirth for childbearing women. DESIGN: A systematic review, searching five databases in March 2015 for studies on causes/predisposing factors and outcomes of fear of childbirth, as measured during pregnancy and postpartum. Quality of included studies was assessed independently by pairs of authors...
August 13, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Shefaly Shorey, Cornelia Yin Ing Chee, Esperanza Debby Ng, Yiong Huak Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Yap Seng Chong
This review aims to examine the prevalence and incidence of postpartum depression among healthy mothers without prior history of depression including postpartum depression and who gave birth to healthy full-term infants. A systematic search of, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and PubMed was performed for English articles from the inception of the database to November 2017, as well as a manual search of the reference lists of the included articles, and an expert panel was consulted. Across 15,895 articles, 58 articles (N = 37,294 women) were included in the review...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Alfonsina D'Iorio, Gianpaolo Maggi, Carmine Vitale, Luigi Trojano, Gabriella Santangelo
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms such as cognitive deficit and behavioural disturbances. Apathy seems to be related to cognitive impairment, but some studies failed to confirm the relationship due to different methodological procedures across studies. A meta-analysis on 8 studies was performed to explore the cognitive correlates of apathy without depression and dementia (pure apathy). Global cognitive function, memory, executive functions, processing speed/attention/working memory, visuospatial abilities and language were the outcomes...
August 13, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Simon Ladwig, Zien Zhou, Ying Xu, Xia Wang, Clara K Chow, Katja Werheid, Maree L Hackett
OBJECTIVE: Depression after stroke and myocardial infarction are common but often assumed to be undertreated without reliable evidence being available. Thus, we aimed to determine treatment rates and investigate the application of guidelines in these conditions. METHODS: Databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Scopus were systematically searched without language restriction from inception to 06/30/2017. Prospective observational studies with consecutive recruitment reporting any antidepressant treatment in adults with depression after stroke or myocardial infarction were included...
August 15, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Wole Akosile, David Colquhoun, Ross Young, Bruce Lawford, Joanne Voisey
OBJECTIVES: There are some psychosocial factors that have similar importance to biological factors in the genesis of coronary diseases. However, reasons for high rates of coronary heart disease in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are yet to be fully elucidated. Using a meta-analysis, we investigated the longitudinal relationship between PTSD and coronary heart disease (CHD) as an independent factor in the aetiology of CHD. METHODS: The databases of Medline, EBSCOhost and Psychoinfo were electronically searched for relevant articles...
August 16, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Tobias Rowland, Benjamin I Perry, Rachel Upthegrove, Nicholas Barnes, Jayanta Chatterjee, Daniel Gallacher, Steven Marwaha
BACKGROUND: A reliable biomarker signature for bipolar disorder sensitive to illness phase would be of considerable clinical benefit. Among circulating blood-derived markers there has been a significant amount of research into inflammatory markers, neurotrophins and oxidative stress markers.AimsTo synthesise and interpret existing evidence of inflammatory markers, neurotrophins and oxidative stress markers in bipolar disorder focusing on the mood phase of illness. METHOD: Following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines, a systematic review was conducted for studies investigating peripheral biomarkers in bipolar disorder compared with healthy controls...
September 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Wondale Getinet, Tadele Amare, Berhanu Boru, Shegaye Shumet, Wubet Worku, Telake Azale
Introduction: Antenatal depression is a syndrome, in which women experience depressed mood, excessive anxiety, insomnia, and change in weight during the period of pregnancy. Maternal depression negatively influences child outcomes and maternal health. Antenatal depression was measured by different rating scales, namely, BDI, EPDS, and PHQ. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize logical evidence about the prevalence and potential risk factors of antenatal depression in Ethiopia...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
Getinet Ayano, Melat Solomon, Mebratu Abraha
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and is associated with poor quality of life, additional comorbidities, disability, unemployment, poorer therapeutic outcomes and risky behaviors. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aims to systematically summarize empirical evidence and to formulate recommendations for future research. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and relevant literature for possible studies to include...
August 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Hiran Thabrew, Karolina Stasiak, Sarah E Hetrick, Stephen Wong, Jessica H Huss, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Long-term physical conditions affect 10% to 12% of children and adolescents worldwide; these individuals are at greater risk of developing psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression. Access to face-to-face treatment for such problems is often limited, and available interventions usually have not been tested with this population. As technology improves, e-health interventions (delivered via digital means, such as computers and smart phones and ranging from simple text-based programmes through to multimedia and interactive programmes, serious games, virtual reality and biofeedback programmes) offer a potential solution to address the psychological needs of this group of young people...
August 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Martin Taylor-Rowan, Oyiza Momoh, Luis Ayerbe, Jonathan J Evans, David J Stott, Terence J Quinn
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common post-stroke complication. Pre-stroke depression may be an important contributor, however the epidemiology of pre-stroke depression is poorly understood. Using systematic review and meta-analysis, we described the prevalence of pre-stroke depression and its association with post-stroke depression. METHODS: We searched multiple cross-disciplinary databases from inception to July 2017 and extracted data on the prevalence of pre-stroke depression and its association with post-stroke depression...
August 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Zheng Liu, Yu-Ying Sun, Bao-Liang Zhong
BACKGROUND: Caring for people with dementia is highly challenging, and family carers are recognised as being at increased risk of physical and mental ill-health. Most current interventions have limited success in reducing stress among carers of people with dementia. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) draws on a range of practices and may be a promising approach to helping carers of people with dementia. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of MBSR in reducing the stress of family carers of people with dementia...
August 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kristy M Johnstone, Eva Kemps, Junwen Chen
Anxiety and depression are among the most common mental health issues experienced in childhood. Implementing school-based prevention programs during childhood, rather than adolescence, is thought to provide better mental health outcomes. The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy of universal school-based prevention programs that target both anxiety and depression in children (aged 13 years or below), and examine three moderators (i.e., program type, primary target of program, and number of sessions) on prevention effects...
August 14, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Ada Ng, Wilson W Tam, Melvyn W Zhang, Cyrus S Ho, Syeda F Husain, Roger S McIntyre, Roger C Ho
We carried out systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate whether peripheral levels of pro-inflammatory markers including Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF- α) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) are significantly higher in elderly with depression and Alzheimer's disease. We searched Pubmed, PsycINFO and Embase, and thirty-four relevant studies (2609 with Depression, 1645 with Alzheimer's disease and 14363 Controls) were included. Compared with controls, IL-1β (pooled standardized mean difference [SMD]: 0...
August 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nathan A Clarke, Michael A Akeroyd, Helen Henshaw, Derek J Hoare
INTRODUCTION: Subjective tinnitus is very common and has a number of comorbid associations including depression, sleep disturbance and concentration difficulties. Concentration difficulties may be observable in people with tinnitus through poorer behavioural performance in tasks thought to measure specific cognitive domains such as attention and memory (ie, cognitive performance). Several reviews have discussed the association between tinnitus and cognition; however, none to date have investigated the association between tinnitus and cognitive performance through meta-analysis with reference to an established theoretical taxonomy...
August 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Darius A Rohani, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Lars Vedel Kessing, Jakob E Bardram
BACKGROUND: Several studies have recently reported on the correlation between objective behavioral features collected via mobile and wearable devices and depressive mood symptoms in patients with affective disorders (unipolar and bipolar disorders). However, individual studies have reported on different and sometimes contradicting results, and no quantitative systematic review of the correlation between objective behavioral features and depressive mood symptoms has been published. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to (1) provide an overview of the correlations between objective behavioral features and depressive mood symptoms reported in the literature and (2) investigate the strength and statistical significance of these correlations across studies...
August 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Rafael G Dos Santos, José Carlos Bouso, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, Jaime E C Hallak
Mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the population. Although several pharmacological treatments are available, they are not effective for a significant proportion of patients and are associated with several adverse reactions. Therefore, new treatments should be explored. Recent with serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics including ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) suggest that these drugs have anxiolytic, antidepressive, and antiaddictive effects...
August 13, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
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