keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ad libitum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220483/prenatal-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-disrupts-naturally-occurring-bimodal-dna-methylation-at-proximal-promoter-of-fggy-an-obesity-relevant-gene-encoding-a-carbohydrate-kinase-in-gonadal-white-adipose-tissues-of-cd-1-mice
#1
Julia A Taylor, Keiko Shioda, Shino Mitsunaga, Shiomi Yawata, Brittany M Angle, Susan C Nagel, Frederick S Vom Saal, Toshi Shioda
Exposure of mammalian fetuses to endocrine disruptors can increase the risk of adult-onset diseases. For example, we previously showed that exposure of mouse fetuses to bisphenol A (BPA) caused adult-onset obesity. To obtain insights into roles of epigenetic changes in the delayed toxic effects of endocrine disruption, we determined effects of fetal mouse exposure to BPA on genome-wide DNA methylation and mRNA expression in gonadal white adipose tissues by deep sequencing (MBD-seq and RNA-seq), bisulfite pyrosequencing, and real-time qPCR...
December 6, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215569/the-effect-of-feed-form-on-diet-digestibility-and-cecal-parameters-in-rabbits
#2
Isabella Corsato Alvarenga, Charles Gregory Aldrich, Micah Kohles
Fifteen New Zealand rabbits were randomly assigned to one of 3 dietary treatment groups of 5 animals each and fed pelleted, extruded, or muesli diets in a completely randomized design experiment. Rabbits were placed in individual cages with ad libitum access to water and food for 45 days acclimation followed by 30 days experimental period. Feed intake of rabbits fed pelleted and extruded diets was greater (p < 0.05) than rabbits fed the muesli diet (125.6 and 130.4 vs. 91.9 g/d), but weight change and feed efficiency were not affected by treatment...
December 7, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214857/feeding-time-can-alleviate-negative-effects-of-heat-stress-on-performance-meat-quality-and-health-status-of-turkey
#3
M F A Farghly, M Alagawany, M E Abd El-Hack
1. A total of 180 one-day-old chickens were randomly assigned to 6 equal groups to investigate the effect of feeding time on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, leg problems and physiological responses of growing turkeys under the high temperature conditions of summer. 2. Birds of the first group were ad libitum fed and were considered as the controls (C). The second group (T1) was given 80% of diet in the morning and 20% of diet in the afternoon, The third group (T2) was given 60% of diet in the morning and 40% of diet in the afternoon, The fourth group (T3) was given 40% of diet in the morning and 60% of diet in the afternoon, The fifth group (T4) was given 20% of diet in the morning and 80% of diet in the afternoon and the sixth group (T5) was given 100% of diet in the afternoon...
December 7, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214422/emu-oil-improves-clinical-indicators-of-disease-in-a-mouse-model-of-colitis-associated-colorectal-cancer
#4
Lauren C Chartier, Gordon S Howarth, Ian C Lawrance, Debbie Trinder, Scott J Barker, Suzanne Mashtoub
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ulcerative colitis is a remitting and relapsing inflammatory bowel disorder. Current treatments are limited, and if poorly controlled, colitis may progress to colorectal cancer. Previously, Emu Oil protected the intestine in experimental models of gut damage. We aimed to determine whether Emu Oil could reduce the severity of chronic colitis and prevent the onset of neoplasia in a mouse model of colitis-associated colorectal cancer. METHODS: Female C57BL/6 mice were injected (day 0) with azoxymethane, followed by ad libitum access to three dextran sulfate sodium/water cycles (7 days of dextran sulfate sodium and 14 days of water)...
December 6, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214018/transcriptional-changes-in-mesenteric-and-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-from-holstein-cows-in-response-to-plane-of-dietary-energy
#5
S J Moisá, P Ji, J K Drackley, S L Rodriguez-Zas, J J Loor
Background: Dairy cows can readily overconsume dietary energy during most of the prepartum period, often leading to higher prepartal concentrations of insulin and glucose and excessive body fat deposition. The end result of these physiologic changes is greater adipose tissue lipolysis post-partum coupled with excessive hepatic lipid accumulation and compromised health. Although transcriptional regulation of the adipose response to energy availability is well established in non-ruminants, such regulation in cow adipose tissue depots remains poorly characterized...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211774/food-restriction-reduces-neurogenesis-in-the-avian-hippocampal-formation
#6
Barbara-Anne Robertson, Lucy Rathbone, Giselda Cirillo, Richard B D'Eath, Melissa Bateson, Timothy Boswell, Peter W Wilson, Ian C Dunn, Tom V Smulders
The mammalian hippocampus is particularly vulnerable to chronic stress. Adult neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus is suppressed by chronic stress and by administration of glucocorticoid hormones. Post-natal and adult neurogenesis are present in the avian hippocampal formation as well, but much less is known about its sensitivity to chronic stressors. In this study, we investigate this question in a commercial bird model: the broiler breeder chicken. Commercial broiler breeders are food restricted during development to manipulate their growth curve and to avoid negative health outcomes, including obesity and poor reproductive performance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211027/dietary-intake-of-protein-from-different-sources-and-weight-regain-changes-in-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-after-weight-loss-the-diogenes-study
#7
Marleen A van Baak, Thomas M Larsen, Susan A Jebb, Alfredo Martinez, Wim H M Saris, Teodora Handjieva-Darlenska, Anthony Kafatos, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Marie Kunešová, Arne Astrup
An increase in dietary protein intake has been shown to improve weight loss maintenance in the DIOGenes trial. Here, we analysed whether the source of the dietary proteins influenced changes in body weight, body composition, and cardiometabolic risk factors during the weight maintenance period while following an energy-restricted diet. 489 overweight or obese participants of the DIOGenes trial from eight European countries were included. They successfully lost >8% of body weight and subsequently completed a six month weight maintenance period, in which they consumed an ad libitum diet varying in protein content and glycemic index...
December 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209440/efficacy-of-fenugreek-based-bionanocomposite-on-renal-dysfunction-and-endogenous-intoxication-in-high-calorie-diet-induced-obesity-rat-model-comparative-study
#8
Victoria V Konopelniuk, Ievgenii I Goloborodko, Tetyana V Ishchuk, Tetyana B Synelnyk, Ludmila I Ostapchenko, Mykola Ya Spivak, Rostyslav V Bubnov
Background: Worldwide obesity spread is a global health problem and needs to be further studied. Co-morbidities of obesity include insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus type 2, and dyslipidemia, which are the most frequent contributing factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS), as well as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and chronic kidney disease. The aim was to study renal function and endogenous intoxication panel on high-calorie diet-induced obesity rat model and perform comparative study of the treatment efficacy of Fenugreek-based bionanocomposite vs antiobesogenic drugs (Orlistat)...
December 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208688/the-impact-of-acute-bouts-of-interval-and-continuous-walking-on-energy-intake-and-appetite-regulation-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Ida A Müller, Anne-Sophie Wedell-Neergaard, Thomas P J Solomon, Kristian Karstoft
In healthy subjects, it has been suggested that exercise may acutely suppress energy-intake and appetite, with peak intensity being an important determinant for this effect. In subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D), the effect of exercise on appetite-related variables is, however, virtually unknown. We aimed to assess the effects of two exercise interventions, differing with regards to peak intensity, on energy-intake, satiety and appetite-related hormones in subjects with T2D. Thirteen subjects with T2D completed three 60-min interventions with continuous measurement of oxygen consumption in a randomized and counterbalanced order: (1) Control, (2) Continuous walking (CW; intended 73% of VO2peak), (3) Interval-walking (IW; repeated cycles of 3 min slow [54% of VO2peak] and 3 min fast walking [89% of VO2peak])...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207315/8-oxoguanine-dna-glycosylase-ogg1-controls-hepatic-gluconeogenesis
#10
Katja Scheffler, Lyudmila Rachek, Panpan You, Alexander D Rowe, Wei Wang, Anna Kuśnierczyk, Lene Kittelsen, Magnar Bjørås, Lars Eide
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) resides in close proximity to metabolic reactions, and is maintained by the 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (Ogg1) and other members of the base excision repair pathway. Here, we tested the hypothesis that changes in liver metabolism as under fasting/feeding conditions would be sensed by liver mtDNA, and that Ogg1 deficient mice might unravel a metabolic phenotype. Wild type (WT) and ogg1-/- mice were either fed ad libitum or subjected to fasting for 24h, and the corresponding effects on liver gene expression, DNA damage, as well as serum values were analyzed...
November 28, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203941/atypical-hypocalcemia-in-2-dairy-cows-after-having-been-fed-discarded-vegetable-cooking-oil
#11
Allan J Gunn, Angel Abuelo
Two mid-lactation dairy cows were presented sternally recumbent 4 days after the herd had been fed discarded vegetable cooking oil ad libitum. In both affected animals hypocalcemia was confirmed by clinical chemistry and response to treatment. This atypical presentation of hypocalcemia associated with feeding discarded cooking oil is previously unreported.
December 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203514/time-restricted-feeding-alters-the-innate-immune-response-to-bacterial-endotoxin
#12
Yasmine M Cissé, Jeremy C Borniger, Elise Lemanski, William H Walker, Randy J Nelson
An important entraining signal for the endogenous circadian clock, independent of light, is food intake. The circadian and immune systems are linked; forced desynchrony of the circadian clock via nighttime light exposure or genetic ablation of core clock components impairs immune function. The timing of food intake affects various aspects of the circadian clock, but its effects on immune function are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that temporal desynchrony of food intake alters innate immune responses. Adult male Swiss Webster mice were provided with food during the night, the day, or ad libitum for 4 wk, followed by administration of LPS prior to the onset of either the active phase (zeitgeber time [ZT]12: Experiment 1) or the inactive phase (ZT0: Experiment 2)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202887/the-effects-of-gelled-konjac-glucomannan-fibre-on-appetite-and-energy-intake-in-healthy-individuals-a-randomised-cross-over-trial
#13
Fei Au-Yeung, Elena Jovanovski, Alexandra L Jenkins, Andreea Zurbau, Hoang V T Ho, Vladimir Vuksan
Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a viscous dietary fibre that can form a solid, low-energy gel when hydrated and is commonly consumed in a noodle form (KGM-gel). Increased meal viscosity from gel-forming fibres have been associated with prolonged satiety, but no studies to date have evaluated this effect with KGM-gel. Thus, our objective was to evaluate subsequent food intake and satiety of KGM-gel noodles when replacing a high-carbohydrate preload, in a dose-response manner. Utilising a randomised, controlled, cross-over design, sixteen healthy individuals (twelve females/four males; age: 26·0 (sd 11·8) years; BMI: 23·1 (sd 3·2) kg/m2) received 325 ml volume-matched preloads of three KGM-gel noodle substitution levels: (i) all pasta with no KGM-gel (1849 kJ (442 kcal), control), half pasta and half KGM-gel (1084 kJ (259 kcal), 50-KGM) or no pasta and all KGM-gel (322 kJ (77 kcal), 100-KGM)...
December 5, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197120/resveratrol-inhibits-obesity-associated-adipose-tissue-dysfunction-and-tumor-growth-in-a-mouse-model-of-postmenopausal-claudin-low-breast-cancer
#14
Emily L Rossi, Subreen A Khatib, Steven S Doerstling, Laura W Bowers, Melissa Pruski, Nikki A Ford, Randolph D Glickman, Mengmeng Niu, Peiying Yang, Zhengrong Cui, John DiGiovanni, Stephen D Hursting
Adipose tissue dysregulation, a hallmark of obesity, contributes to a chronic state of low-grade inflammation and is associated with increased risk and progression of several breast cancer subtypes, including claudin-low breast tumors. Unfortunately, mechanistic targets for breaking the links between obesity-associated adipose tissue dysfunction, inflammation, and claudin-low breast cancer growth have not been elucidated. Ovariectomized female C57BL/6 mice were randomized (n = 15/group) to receive a control diet, a diet-induced obesity (DIO) diet, or a DIO + resveratrol (0...
November 20, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192516/knockdown-of-angiopoietin-like-2-mimics-the-benefits-of-intermittent-fasting-on-insulin-responsiveness-and-weight-loss
#15
Cécile Martel, Anthony Pinçon, Alexandre Maxime Bélanger, Xiaoyan Luo, Marc-Antoine Gillis, Olivia de Montgolfier, Nathalie Thorin-Trescases, Éric Thorin
Angiopoietin-like 2 (ANGPTL2) is an inflammatory adipokine linking obesity to insulin resistance. Intermittent fasting, on the other hand, is a lifestyle intervention able to prevent obesity and diabetes but difficult to implement and maintain. Our objectives were to characterize a link between ANGPTL2 and intermittent fasting and to investigate whether the knockdown of ANGPTL2 reproduces the benefits of intermittent fasting on weight gain and insulin responsiveness in knockdown and wild-type littermates mice...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188890/iberian-cured-ham-consumption-improves-endothelial-function-in-healthy-subjects
#16
J Saban-Ruiz, M Fabregate-Fuente, R Fabregate-Fuente, A Andres-Castillo, A Palomino-Antolin, D Barrio-Carreras, L Martin-Fernandez, F Altamirano, C Fernandez-Fernandez, C Andres-Lacueva
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that dietary components such as oleic acid or polyphenols exert beneficial effects on endothelium. We aimed to assess the impact of regular consumption of Iberian cured-ham (ICH) on endothelial function. DESIGN: An open-label, randomized controlled parallel study. SETTING: Volunteers recruited through advertisements at a hospital in Madrid, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 102 Caucasian adults (76...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186059/effect-of-gamma-oryzanol-as-therapeutic-agent-to-prevent-cardiorenal-metabolic-syndrome-in-animals-submitted-to-high-sugar-fat-diet
#17
Fabiane Valentini Francisqueti, Igor Otávio Minatel, Artur Junio Togneri Ferron, Silméia Garcia Zanati Bazan, Vanessa Dos Santos Silva, Jéssica Leite Garcia, Dijon Henrique Salomé de Campos, Ana Lúcia Ferreira, Fernando Moreto, Antonio Carlos Cicogna, Camila Renata Corrêa
BACKGROUND: The high consumption of fat and sugar contributes to the development of obesity and co-morbidities, such as diabetes, and cardiovascular and kidney diseases. Different strategies have been used to prevent these diseases associated with obesity, such as changes in eating habits and/or the addition of dietary components with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, such as gamma-oryzanol (γOz) present mainly in bran layers and rice germ. METHODS: Animals were randomly divided into four experimental groups and fed ad libitum for 20 weeks with control diet (C, n = 8), control diet + γOz (C + γOz, n = 8), high-sugar and high-fat diet (HSF, n = 8), and high-sugar and high-fat diet + γOz (HSF + γOz, n = 8)...
November 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185933/severe-riboflavin-deficiency-induces-alterations-in-the-hepatic-proteome-of-starter-pekin-ducks
#18
Jing Tang, Maria A Hegeman, Jian Hu, Ming Xie, Wenbiao Shi, Yong Jiang, Vincent de Boer, Yuming Guo, Shuisheng Hou, Jaap Keijer
Suboptimal vitamin B2 status is encountered globally. Riboflavin deficiency depresses growth and results in a fatty liver. The underlying mechanisms remain to be established and an overview of molecular alterations is lacking. We investigated hepatic proteome changes induced by riboflavin deficiency to explain its effects on growth and hepatic lipid metabolism. In all, 360 1-d-old Pekin ducks were divided into three groups of 120 birds each, with twelve replicates and ten birds per replicate. For 21 d, the ducks were fed ad libitum a control diet (CAL), a riboflavin-deficient diet (RD) or were pair-fed with the control diet to the mean daily intake of the RD group (CPF)...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185929/impact-of-a-non-restrictive-satiating-diet-on-anthropometrics-satiety-responsiveness-and-eating-behaviour-traits-in-obese-men-displaying-a-high-or-a-low-satiety-phenotype
#19
Hélène Arguin, Angelo Tremblay, John E Blundell, Jean-Pierre Després, Denis Richard, Benoît Lamarche, Vicky Drapeau
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a non-restrictive satiating diet in men displaying various degrees of satiety efficiency. In all, sixty-nine obese men aged 41·5 (sd 5·7) years were randomly assigned to a control (10-15, 55-60 and 30 % energy as protein, carbohydrate and lipid, respectively; n 34) or satiating (20-25, 45-50 and 30-35 % energy as protein, carbohydrate and lipid, respectively; n 35) diet for 16 weeks, and were classified as having a low (LSP) or high (HSP) satiety phenotype...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185139/body-weight-change-of-abergelle-breed-and-abergelle-crossbred-goats-fed-hay-supplemented-with-different-level-of-concentrate-mixture
#20
Bewketu Amare, Tewodros Alemu, Belay Deribe, Alemu Dagnachew, Natnael Teshager, Alemu Tsegaye
The experiment was conducted at Sekota District using 36 intact yearling males of pure Abergelle breed and Abergelle crossbred goats (50%) with a mean live weight of 18.92 ± 0.72 kg (mean ± SE). The objective of the experiment was to evaluate the effect of different levels of concentrate mixture supplementation on feed intake, live weight gain, and economic gain of the breeds. Goats were blocked based on initial body weight and were randomly assigned to the dietary treatments. The experimental design was a 2 × 3 factorial in RCBD (randomized complete block design)...
November 28, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
keyword
keyword
16889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"