Read by QxMD icon Read

IGF-1R phosphorylation

Jingtao Zhang, Guilan Wen, Longhua Sun, Wenxin Yuan, Ran Wang, Qinghua Zeng, Guangyi Zhang, Bentong Yu
Lung cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignancies worldwide. Cryptotanshinone (CPT) is a diterpene quinone compound extracted from natural plants and has been reported to have anticancer effects in several cancers including human lung cancer. However, the mechanism by which CPT acts to prevent lung cancer cell growth is largely unknown. In the present study, by using MTT assay, colony formation assay, wound healing and western blotting assays, the effects of CPT on the cell proliferation and migration of human lung cancer cells and the potential cellular signaling mechanisms were investigated...
August 10, 2018: Oncology Reports
Kewei Ren, Jilei Tang, Xuefeng Jiang, Huiqing Sun, Luming Nong, Nan Shen, Yanqing Gu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The biological effects of periodic mechanical stress on the mitogenesis of chondrocytes have been studied extensively over the past few years. However, the mechanisms underlying the ability of chondrocytes to sense and respond to mechanical stimuli remain to be determined. In the current study, we analyzed the mechanisms by which periodic mechanical stress is translated into biochemical signals and verified the key role of non-integrin mechanosensors including Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in chondrocyte proliferation...
August 3, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Daniel J Heidenberg, Nora M Haney, Bashir M Rezk, Sudha Talwar, Samuel C Okpechi, Sudesh K Srivastav, Matthew Honda, Bryant Song, Kevin Swan, Salah Awadallah, James Anaissie, Taylor Peak, Kenneth J DeLay, Phillip J Kadowitz, Suresh C Sikka, Asim B Abdel Mageed, Wayne J G Hellstrom
To determine if the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) pathway is involved in the improvement in erectile function recovery in rats after nerve crush injury treated with pioglitazone (Pio). Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups. The first group received sham operation (n = 5). The second group underwent bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI, n  = 7). The third group received BCNI and Pio treatment (BCNI  +  Pio, n = 7), whereas the fourth group underwent BCNI with Pio treatment and IGF-1 inhibition (BCNI  +  Pio  +  JB-1, n = 7)...
August 2, 2018: International Journal of Impotence Research
Liang Hu, Fei Han, Lin Chen, Xie Peng, Daiwen Chen, De Wu, Lianqiang Che, Keying Zhang
Background: Intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) neonates impair postnatal skeletal muscle growth. The aim of this study was to investigate whether high nutrient intake (HNI) during the suckling period could improve muscle growth and metabolic status of IUGR pigs. Methods: Twelve pairs of IUGR and normal birth weight (NBW) pigs (7 days old) were randomly assigned to adequate nutrient intake and HNI formula milk groups. Psoas major (PM) muscle sample was obtained after 21 days of rearing...
2018: Genes & Nutrition
Yih Ho, Yu-Chen Sh Yang, Yu-Tang Chin, Szu-Yi Chou, Yi-Ru Chen, Ya-Jung Shih, Jacqueline Whang-Peng, Chun A Changou, Hsuan-Liang Liu, Shwu-Jiuan Lin, Heng-Yuan Tang, Hung-Yun Lin, Paul J Davis
Leiomyomas (myomas) are the most common benign smooth muscle cell tumor of the myometrium. Resveratrol, a stilbene, has been used as an anti-inflammatory and antitumor agent. In the current study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of resveratrol on the proliferation of primary human myoma cell cultures. Resveratrol arrested cell proliferation via integrin αvβ3. It also inhibited integrin αvβ3 expression and protein accumulation. Concurrently, constitutive AKT phosphorylation in myoma cells was inhibited by resveratrol...
July 17, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Kai Jin, Lunliang Ruan, Jiujun Pu, Ailing Zhong, Fuchao Wang, Song Tan, Hua Huang, Jiamin Mu, Gang Yang
Pituitary corticotroph tumors lead to excess adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) secretion, resulting in Cushing's disease (CD), which is associated with significant mortality. Standard treatments include neurosurgery, radiotherapy and medical therapy. Both surgery and radiotherapy have undesirable complications and high recurrence rates. At present, there is only one medical option available that targets pituitary adenoma and ACTH secretion, the drug pasireotide. However, hyperglycemia is common during pasireotide treatment...
July 17, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Bin Yan, Minjun Huang, Canjun Zeng, Na Yao, Jie Zhang, Bo Yan, Huaji Jiang, Xinggui Tian, Xiang Ao, Huiyu Zhao, Wen Zhou, Jun Chu, Liping Wang, Cory J Xian, Zhongmin Zhang, Liang Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Narrowing of the lumbar spinal canal is a condition called lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and is a high-morbidity problem in the elderly. LSS is commonly caused by hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum (HLF). Previous studies showed that fibrosis of the ligamentum flavum (LF) largely contributed to HLF. However, the underlying pathomechanism remains unclear. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is known to have an intimate relationship with fibrosis in various tissues. Nevertheless, currently, there are few studies regarding IGF-1 in HLF...
July 17, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yong-Jian Hu, Qian Sun, Wen-Hua Zhang, Yu-Jia Huo, Chan-Juan Xu, Jian-Feng Liu
Metabotropic glutamate receptor 2 (mGlu2) belongs to the group-II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors and is a neurotransmitter G protein-coupled receptor. The group-II mGlu receptors are promising antipsychotic targets, but the specific role of mGlu2 signaling remains unclear. Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are also believed to participate in brain pathogenesis. To investigate whether there is any communication between mGlu2 and RTKs, we generated a CHO-mGlu2 cell line that stably expresses mGlu2 and showed that activation of mGlu2 by LY379268, a group II mGlu agonist, was able to transactivate insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R)...
June 26, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Olalekan M Ogundele, Joaquin Pardo, Joseph Francis, Rodolfo G Goya, Charles C Lee
Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling regulates the activity and phosphorylation of downstream kinases linked to inflammation, neurodevelopment, aging and synaptic function. In addition to the control of Ca2+ currents, IGF-1R signaling modulates the activity of calcium-calmodulin-dependent kinase 2 alpha (CaMKIIα) and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK/ErK) through multiple signaling pathways. These proteins (CaMKIIα and MAPK) regulate Ca2+ movement and long-term potentiation (LTP)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Na Liu, Hua Yang, Hong Wang
Background: In recent years, the aberrant expression of miR-598 in tumorigenesis has been demonstrated, as well as the fact that the IGF-1R pathway is also involved in the development of human gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying miR-598-regulated IGF-1R expression in human GC. Materials and methods: We analyzed the expression of miR-598 and IGF-1R in GC samples and cells, and evaluated the clinical significance of miR-598 and IGF-1R in GC patients...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Reema Singh, Priyanka Chaudhary, Ranjana Arya
Sialic acids (SAs) are nine carbon acidic amino sugars, found at the outermost termini of glycoconjugates performing various physiological and pathological functions. SA synthesis is regulated by UDP-GlcNAc 2-epimerase/ManNAc kinase (GNE) that catalyzes rate limiting steps. Mutations in GNE result in rare genetic disorders, GNE myopathy and Sialuria. Recent studies indicate an alternate role of GNE in cell apoptosis and adhesion, besides SA biosynthesis. In the present study, using a HEK cell-based model for GNE myopathy, the role of Insulin-like Growth Factor Receptor (IGF-1R) as cell survival receptor protein was studied to counter the apoptotic effect of non-functional GNE...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chao Su, Wenchang Wang, Cunchuan Wang
The present study aimed to investigate the association between insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-11 (MMP-11) expression in gastric cancer (GC) and the underlying mechanisms in SGC-7901 cells. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that the expression of IGF-1 and MMP-11 was significantly upregulated in GC tissues compared with normal gastric tissue. Furthermore, IGF-1 significantly and dose-dependently promoted MMP-11. Western blotting revealed that the addition of IGF-1 to SGC-7901 cells led to an evident enhancement in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), IGF-1R and Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) phosphorylation at 20 and 40 min...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
Cheng Zhang, Jiamin Zhang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most harmful types of cancer. Previous studies have demonstrated that microRNA (miR)-223 is downregulated in the serum and tumor tissue of patients with HCC. The present study aimed to investigate the regulatory role of miR-223 on insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and downstream factors in HCC. The Hep3B cell line was transfected with miR-223 mimic and inhibitor. Following transfection, cell proliferation was analyzed using a cell counting kit 8 assay and cellular apoptosis was assessed using flow cytometry...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Seong Ho Jeon, Jung Ki Yoo, Chang Min Kim, Eun Su Lim, So Jeong Lee, Ji Min Lee, Seung-Hun Oh, Jin Kyeoung Kim
Lung cancer cases are increasing yearly; however, few novel therapeutic strategies for treating this disease have been developed. Here the dysregulation between microRNAs and oncogenes or tumour-suppressor genes forms a close connection-loop to the development or progression in human lung carcinogenesis. That is, the relationship between microRNAs and carcinogenic mechanism may find the critical clue to improve the treatment efficacy. Accordingly, we identified and characterised a novel microRNA, hsa-miR-12528, in A549 cells...
May 1, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Yihui Chen, Wei Zhong, Baohua Chen, Chuanyu Yang, Song Zhou, Jing Liu
To investigate the anti-angiogenic effect and underlying molecular mechanisms of curcumin on HepG2 cells under hypoxic conditions, insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) knockout HepG2 cells were constructed using a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 genome-editing system. Hypoxic conditions were generated using cobalt chloride (CoCl2 ). An MTT assay was performed to measure the effects of curcumin on cell viability in hypoxia-induced IGF-1R knockout HepG2 cells, while western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of IGF-1R, phosphorylated (p)-protein kinase B (Akt), p-extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Erk)1/2, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Swadesh K Das, Anjan K Pradhan, Praveen Bhoopathi, Sarmistha Talukdar, Xue-Ning Shen, Devanand Sarkar, Luni Emdad, Paul B Fisher
Although prostate cancer is clinically manageable during several stages of progression, survival is severely compromised once cells invade and metastasize to distant organs. Comprehending the pathobiology of invasion is required for developing efficacious targeted therapies against metastasis. Based on bioinformatics data, we predicted an association of melanoma differentiation-associated gene-9 [syntenin, or syndecan binding protein (SDCBP)] in prostate cancer progression. Using tissue samples from various Gleason stage prostate cancer patients with adjacent normal tissue, a series of normal prostate and prostate cancer cell lines (with differing tumorigenic/metastatic properties), mda-9/syntenin -manipulated variants (including loss-of-function and gain-of-function cell lines), and CRISPR/Cas9 stable MDA-9/Syntenin knockout cells, we now confirm the relevance of and dependence on MDA-9/syntenin in prostate cancer invasion...
June 1, 2018: Cancer Research
Yu-Jen Chiu, Mann-Jen Hour, Yi-An Jin, Chi-Cheng Lu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Tai-Lin Chen, Hsu Ma, Yu-Ning Juan, Jai-Sing Yang
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of the bone and is characterized by local invasion and distant metastasis. Over the past 20 years, long-term outcomes have reached a plateau even with aggressive therapy. Overexpression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF‑1R) is associated with tumor proliferation, invasion and migration in osteosarcoma. In the present study, our group developed a novel quinazoline derivative, 6-fluoro‑2-(3-fluorophenyl)-4-(cyanoanilino)quinazoline (HMJ‑30), in order to disrupt IGF‑1R signaling and tumor invasiveness in osteosarcoma U‑2 OS cells...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
L J Gu, Y Y Zhang, L Wang, J L Wang, X Wang, W J Yuan
Objective: To investigate the changes of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) axis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its role in skeletal muscle atrophy. Methods: A total of 240 patients with CKD stage 1-5 (without dialysis treatment) were included between August 2016 and February 2017. Serum IGF-1 and IGF-1 binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) were measured using chemiluminescence, and the influencing factors of serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were analyzed. Besides, male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) were randomly assigned to the sham-operated control group (Control, n =15) and the 5/6 nephrectomy group ( n =15) as CKD animal model...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Adam J Camblin, Emily A Pace, Sharlene Adams, Michael D Curley, Victoria Rimkunas, Lin Nie, Gege Tan, Troy Bloom, Sergio Iadevaia, Jason Baum, Charlene Minx, Akos Czibere, Chrystal U Louis, Daryl C Drummond, Ulrik B Nielsen, Birgit Schoeberl, J Marc Pipas, Robert M Straubinger, Vasileios Askoxylakis, Alexey A Lugovskoy
Purpose: Insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF-1R) is critically involved in pancreatic cancer pathophysiology, promoting cancer cell survival and therapeutic resistance. Assessment of IGF-1R inhibitors in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapy, however, failed to demonstrate significant clinical benefit. The aim of this work is to unravel mechanisms of resistance to IGF-1R inhibition in pancreatic cancer and develop novel strategies to improve the activity of standard-of-care therapies. Experimental Design: Growth factor screening in pancreatic cancer cell lines was performed to identify activators of prosurvival PI3K/AKT signaling...
June 15, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Bai Hui Chen, Ji Hyeon Ahn, Joon Ha Park, Minah Song, Hyunjung Kim, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jae Chul Lee, Young-Myeong Kim, In Koo Hwang, Dae Won Kim, Choong-Hyun Lee, Bing Chun Yan, Il Jun Kang, Moo-Ho Won
Rufinamide is a novel antiepileptic drug and commonly used in the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. In the present study, we investigated effects of rufinamide on cognitive function using passive avoidance test and neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus using Ki-67 (a marker for cell proliferation), doublecortin (DCX, a marker for neuroblast) and BrdU/NeuN (markers for newly generated mature neurons) immunohistochemistry in aged gerbils. Aged gerbils (24-month old) were treated with 1 mg/kg and 3 mg/kg rufinamide for 4 weeks...
April 25, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"