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Bfr training

Miguel S Conceição, Edson M M Junior, Guilherme D Telles, Cleiton A Libardi, Alex Castro, André L L Andrade, Patrícia C Brum, Úrsula Urias, Mirian Ayumi Kurauti, José Maria Costa Júnior, Antonio Carlos Boschero, Cláudia R Cavaglieri, Donny M Camera, Mara P T Chacon-Mikahil
INTRODUCTION: Low-intensity endurance training performed with blood flow restriction (ET-BFR) can improve muscle strength, cross-sectional area (CSA) and cardiorespiratory capacity. Whether muscle strength and CSA as well as cardiorespiratory capacity (i.e.:V˙O2max) and underlying molecular processes regulating such respective muscle adaptations are comparable to resistance and endurance training is unknown. PURPOSE: To determine the respective chronic (i.e.: 8 weeks) functional, morphological and molecular responses of ET-BFR training compared to conventional, unrestricted resistance training (RT) and endurance training (ET)...
August 15, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Vida Naderi-Boldaji, Siyavash Joukar, Ali Noorafshan, Alireza Raji-Amirhasani, Samaneh Naderi-Boldaji, Mohammad-Abbas Bejeshk
AIMS: Low-intensity aerobic training along with limbs blood flow restriction can improve mass and strength of skeletal muscle, but its effects on aging heart structure and performance is unidentified. We investigated the effects of this model of training on myocardial function, histology and angiogenesis in old male rats. MAIN METHODS: Animals randomly were divided into control (Ctl), sham-operated (Sh), limbs blood flow restriction (BFR), sham-operated plus 10 weeks low intensity treadmill exercise (Sh + Ex), and BFR plus exercise (BFR + Ex) groups...
August 7, 2018: Life Sciences
Peter C Douris, Zachary S Cogen, Helen T Fields, Lauren C Greco, Matthew R Hasley, Christina M Machado, Peter M Romagnuolo, George Stamboulis, Joanne DiFrancisco-Donoghue
Background: Blood flow restriction (BFR) applied during low intensity exercise produces hypertrophy and strength gains equivalent to traditional training. Previous research has shown the positive effects of BFR on younger and older adults. However, the effectiveness of BFR on subjects with Parkinson Disease (PD) has not been investigated. Hypotheses/Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of BFR on a recreationally active person with PD in regards to functional improvements and safety...
April 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Everton Domingos, Marcos D Polito
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare, by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis, the effects of resistance training with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) on blood pressure (BP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review was composed according to the preferred Reporting items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Searches were carried out in the databases PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science. BP was the main outcome for the analysis of the acute, post-exercise, and chronic effect of resistance exercise with and without BFR...
August 4, 2018: Life Sciences
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mitchell I Kennedy, Zach S Aman, Andrew S Bernhardson, Luke T O'Brien, Robert F LaPrade
Blood flow restriction (BFR) therapy is becoming increasingly popular in musculoskeletal injury rehabilitation. In particular, this form of therapy is being utilized more often in the postoperative setting following knee surgery, including anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. BFR therapy provides patients and clinicians an alternative treatment option to standard muscle strengthening and hypertrophy guidelines in the setting of postoperative pain, weakness, and postoperative activity restrictions that contribute to muscle atrophy...
August 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Thiago Rozales Ramis, Carlos Henrique de Lemos Muller, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Bruno Costa Teixeira, Anderson Rech, Marcelo Gava Pompermayer, Niara da Silva Medeiros, Álvaro Reischak de Oliveira, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Jerri Luiz Ribeiro
Ramis, TR, Muller, CHdL, Boeno, FP, Teixeira, BC, Rech, A, Pompermayer, MG, Medeiros, NdS, Oliveira, ÁRd, Pinto, RS, and Ribeiro, JL. Effects of traditional and vascular restricted strength training program with equalized volume on isometric and dynamic strength, muscle thickness, electromyographic activity, and endothelial function adaptations in young adults. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare the acute and chronic effects of partial vascular occlusion training in young, physically active adults...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
John Faltus, Johnny Owens, Corbin Hedt
Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a common dysfunctional state in the basketball population accompanied by pain, weakness and proprioceptive deficits which greatly affect performance. Research evidence has supported the use of blood flow restriction (BFR) training as an effective treatment strategy for improving muscle strength, hypertrophy and function following injury in a variety of patient populations. In managing CAI, it is important to address proximal and distal muscle weakness, pain, and altered proprioception to reduce the likelihood of re-occurring ankle injury...
June 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Luke Hughes, Bruce Paton, Fares Haddad, Benjamin Rosenblatt, Conor Gissane, Stephen David Patterson
OBJECTIVES: To compare the acute perceptual and blood pressure responses to: 1) light load blood flow restriction resistance exercise (BFR-RE) in non-injured individuals and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) patients; and 2) light load BFR-RE and heavy load RE (HL-RE) in ACLR patients. DESIGN: Between-subjects, partially-randomised. METHODS: This study comprised 3 groups: non-injured BFR-RE (NI-BFR); ACLR patients BFR-RE (ACLR-BFR); ACLR patients HL-RE (ACLR-HL)...
July 10, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
Paul Hwang, Darryn S Willoughby
It is widely established throughout the literature that skeletal muscle can induce hypertrophic adaptations following progressive overload of moderate to high-intensity resistance training. However, there has recently been a growing body of research that shows that the combination of blood flow restriction (BFR) with low intensity resistance exercise can induce similar gains in muscular strength and hypertrophic adaptations. The implementation of external pressure cuffs over the most proximal position of the limb extremities with the occlusion of venous outflow of blood distal to the occlusion site defines the BFR methodological protocol...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Felipe C Vechin, Cleiton A Libardi, Miguel S Conceição, Felipe Damas, Cláudia R Cavaglieri, Mara Patrícia T Chacon-Mikahil, Luiz L Coutinho, Sonia C S Andrade, Manoel Neves-Jr, Hamilton Roschel, Valmor Tricoli, Igor L Baptista, Anselmo Moriscot, Carlos Ugrinowitsch
We aimed to investigate the mechanisms underlying muscle growth after 12 weeks of RT-BFR and HRT in older individuals. Participants were allocated into the groups HRT, RT-BFR and control (CG). High-throughput transcriptome sequencing was performed by the Illumina HiSeq2500 platform. HRT and RT-BFR presented similar increases in quadriceps femoris CSA and few genes were differently expressed between interventions. The small differences in gene expression between interventions suggest that similar mechanisms may underpin training-induced muscle growth...
July 12, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Hening Laswati, David Sugiarto, Dewi Poerwandari, Jahja Alex Pangkahila, Hiroaki Kimura
Strengthening exercise combined with blood flow restriction potentially increases muscle strength. This type of exercise does not require heavy weight liftings and is a feasible method to be performed by persons suffering illnesses. However, strengthening exercise may induce inflammatory responses due to muscle and vascular endothelial damage. This study aimed to investigate alterations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and fibrinogen levels in healthy subjects after five weeks of low intensity resistance training (LIRT) with blood flow restriction (BFR) on increasing strength in comparison with high intensity resistance training (HIRT) and LIRT alone, and to evaluate aspects related to the relative safety of LIRT + BFR...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Physiology
Moisés M Picón, Iván M Chulvi, Juan-Manuel T Cortell, Juan Tortosa, Yasser Alkhadar, José Sanchís, Gilberto Laurentino
Different types of exercise might produce reductions in blood pressure (BP). One physiological mechanism that could explain the lowering adaptation effect on BP after an exercise program is an improved in baroreflex control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity. Consequently, exploring the different methods of training and their post-exercise hypotension (PEH) becomes of interest for healthcare providers. Recently, it has been suggested that blood flow restriction training (BFR) can generate PEH. The aim of this study was to determine the acute response on cardiovascular variables after low intensity resistance training with BFR in normotensive subjects...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
A N Jørgensen, P Aagaard, U Frandsen, E Boyle, L P Diederichsen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of 12 weeks of low-load blood-flow restricted resistance (BFR) training on self-reported and objective physical function, and maximal muscle strength in patients with sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM). METHOD: Twenty-two patients with sIBM were randomized into a training group (BFR group) or a non-exercising control group, according to CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines. The BFR group performed 12 weeks of BFR training twice per week...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Júlio C G Silva, Rodrigo R Aniceto, Leandro S Oliota-Ribeiro, Gabriel R Neto, Leonardo S Leandro, Maria S Cirilo-Sousa
This study compared the acute effects of resistance exercise with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) on basketball players' mood states. A total of 11 male basketball players (M age = 19.9, SD = 2.8 years; M height = 180.8, SD = 7.8 cm; M weight = 71.1, SD = 9.1 kg; M body mass index = 22.1, SD = 1.9 kg/m2 ) were randomly assigned to two experimental conditions: (a) low-load resistance exercise with BFR (LLRE + BFR) and high-load resistance exercise (HLRE) without BFR...
August 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
H J Thomas, B R Scott, J J Peiffer
OBJECTIVES: Blood flow restriction (BFR) during interval cycling may stimulate aerobic and anaerobic adaptations. However, acute physiological responses to BFR interval cycling have not been extensively investigated. DESIGN: Eighteen males completed low-intensity (LI), low-intensity with BFR (LIBFR ) and high-intensity (HI) interval cycling sessions in randomised and counterbalanced order. These included a standardised warm-up and three two-min intervals interspersed with two-min recovery...
September 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Mohammad-Ali Bahreinipour, Siyavash Joukar, Fariborz Hovanloo, Hamid Najafipour, Vida Naderi, Alireza Rajiamirhasani, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani
AIMS: Existing evidence emphasize the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in sarcopenia which is revealed as loss of skeletal muscle mass and neuromuscular junction remodeling. We assessed the effect of low-intensity aerobic training along with blood flow restriction on muscle hypertrophy index, muscle-specific kinase (MuSK), a pivotal protein of the neuromuscular junction and Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) in aged male rats. MAIN METHODS: Animals groups were control (CTL), sham (Sh), leg blood flow restriction (BFR), exercise (Ex), sham + exercise (Sh + Ex), and BFR plus exercise (BFR + Ex) groups...
June 1, 2018: Life Sciences
Richard A Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Acta Physiologica
Pedro Fatela, Joana F Reis, Goncalo V Mendonca, Tomás Freitas, Maria J Valamatos, Janne Avela, Pedro Mil-Homens
Fatela, P, Reis, JF, Mendonca, GV, Freitas, T, Valamatos, MJ, Avela, J, and Mil-Homens, P. Acute neuromuscular adaptations in response to low-intensity blood flow restricted exercise and high-intensity resistance exercise: are there any differences? J Strength Cond Res 32(4): 902-910, 2018-Numerous studies have reported similar neuromuscular adaptations between low-intensity (LI) blood-flow restricted exercise (BFRE) and high-intensity (HI) resistance training. Unfortunately, none of these experimental designs individualized blood flow restriction (BFR) levels to each participant...
April 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Afonso Borges, Carolina Teodósio, Pedro Matos, Pedro Mil-Homens, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Christopher Fahs, Goncalo V Mendonca
Borges, A, Teodósio, C, Matos, P, Mil-Homens, P, Pezarat-Correia, P, Fahs, C, and Mendonca, GV. Sexual dimorphism in the estimation of upper-limb blood flow restriction in the seated position. J Strength Cond Res 32(7): 2096-2102, 2018-Arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) is typically used to normalize blood flow restriction (BFR) during low-intensity BFR exercise. Despite strong evidence for sexual dimorphism in muscle blood flow, sex-related differences in AOP estimation remain a controversial topic. We aimed at determining whether the relationship of upper-limb AOP with arm circumference and systolic blood pressure (BP) differs between men and women resting in the seated position...
July 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Toshiaki Nakajima, Seiichiro Koide, Tomohiro Yasuda, Takaaki Hasegawa, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Syotaro Obi, Shigeru Toyoda, Fumitaka Nakamura, Teruo Inoue, David C Poole, Yutaka Kano
Low-force exercise training with blood flow restriction (BFR) elicits muscle hypertrophy as seen typically after higher-force exercise. We investigated the effects of microvascular hypoxia [i.e., low microvascular O2 partial pressures (P mvO2 )] during contractions on muscle hypertrophic signaling, growth response, and key muscle adaptations for increasing exercise capacity. Wistar rats were fitted with a cuff placed around the upper thigh and inflated to restrict limb blood flow. Low-force isometric contractions (30 Hz) were evoked via electrical stimulation of the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
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