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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356046/a-large-scale-analysis-of-variance-in-written-language
#1
Brendan T Johns, Randall K Jamieson
The collection of very large text sources has revolutionized the study of natural language, leading to the development of several models of language learning and distributional semantics that extract sophisticated semantic representations of words based on the statistical redundancies contained within natural language (e.g., Griffiths, Steyvers, & Tenenbaum, ; Jones & Mewhort, ; Landauer & Dumais, ; Mikolov, Sutskever, Chen, Corrado, & Dean, ). The models treat knowledge as an interaction of processing mechanisms and the structure of language experience...
January 22, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355907/e-learning-for-health-professionals
#2
REVIEW
Alberto Vaona, Rita Banzi, Koren H Kwag, Giulio Rigon, Danilo Cereda, Valentina Pecoraro, Irene Tramacere, Lorenzo Moja
BACKGROUND: The use of e-learning, defined as any educational intervention mediated electronically via the Internet, has steadily increased among health professionals worldwide. Several studies have attempted to measure the effects of e-learning in medical practice, which has often been associated with large positive effects when compared to no intervention and with small positive effects when compared with traditional learning (without access to e-learning). However, results are not conclusive...
January 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355670/access-to-dental-services-for-children-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Rahila Ummer-Christian, Teresa Iacono, Nathan Grills, Archana Pradhan, Nicole Hughes, Mark Gussy
BACKGROUND: Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD) face considerable challenges in participating in dental services. These challenges include resource constraints and inadequate skills of health service providers to work with this population. AIM: The aim was to scope published studies that addressed access to dental services for children with IDD in order to determine the extent to which various barriers have been researched, using an access framework derived from the literature...
January 17, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355645/errors-in-the-use-of-inhalers-by-healthcare-professionals-a-systematic-review
#4
Vicente Plaza, Jordi Giner, Gustavo J Rodrigo, Myrna B Dolovich, Joaquin Sanchis
BACKGROUND: Inefficient inhaler technique (IT) compromises the optimal delivery of medication. However, the IT knowledge of health care professionals (HCP) has received scant attention. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of published reports assessing the IT proficiency of HCPs in using pressurized metered dose (pMDI) and dry powder (DPI) inhalers. METHODS: Studies published between 1975 and 2014 that directly assessed the IT skills of HCPs were selected according to pre-defined selection criteria...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354984/-electroacupuncture-for-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#5
Jie Zhan, Xuewen Wang, Nanfang Cheng, Feng Tan
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) for post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). METHODS: The randomized clinical trials (RCTs) regarding EA for PSCI published before October of 2016 were researched in China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), WanFang database, VIP medicine information system, PubMed and Cochrane Library. The literature screening and information extraction was conducted by two independent reviewers...
October 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354926/-effects-of-needling-depth-on-clinical-efficacy-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-systematic-review
#6
Junjun Sun, Yafeng Wang, Zhuang Zhang, Huijuan Cao, Pei Wang, Minyi Zhao, Nijuan Hu, Guiwen Wu, Shangqing Hu, Hongyu Meng, Jiang Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of needling depth on clinical efficacy of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). METHODS: Ten electronic databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Wanfang Database, MEDLINE, CENTRAL, CINAHL PLUS, AMED, Embase, PsycINFO, and 6 registry platforms of clinical trials were searched. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effect of needling depth on clinical efficacy of LDH were collected; in addition, the reference lists of the studies included were hand searched...
September 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354679/cortical-merging-in-s1-as-a-substrate-for-tactile-input-grouping
#7
Julien Corbo, Yoh'I Zennou-Azogui, Christian Xerri, Nicolas Catz
Perception is a reconstruction process guided by rules based on knowledge about the world. Little is known about the neural implementation of the rules of object formation in the tactile sensory system. When two close tactile stimuli are delivered simultaneously on the skin, subjects feel a unique sensation, spatially centered between the two stimuli. Voltage-sensitive dye imaging (VSDi) and electrophysiological recordings [local field potentials (LFPs) and single units] were used to extract the cortical representation of two-point tactile stimuli in the primary somatosensory cortex of anesthetized Long-Evans rats...
January 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353928/first-reports-morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-longidorus-caespiticola-and-longidorus-poessneckensis-nematoda-longidoridae-from-ukraine
#8
Solomia Susulovska, Pablo Castillo, Antonio Archidona-Yuste
Seven needle nematode species of the genus Longidorus have been reported in Ukraine. Nematological surveys for needle nematodes were carried out in Ukraine between 2016 and 2017 and two nematode species of Longidorus (L. caespiticola and L. poessneckensis) were collected from natural and anthropogenically altered habitats on the territory of Opillia and Zakarpattia in Ukraine. Nematodes were extracted from 500 cm3 of soil by modified sieving and decanting method. Extracted specimens were processed to glycerol and mounted on permanent slides and subsequently identified morphologically and molecularly...
December 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353803/metagenome-enrichment-approach-used-for-selection-of-oil-degrading-bacteria-consortia-for-drill-cutting-residue-bioremediation
#9
Alaine B Guerra, Jorge S Oliveira, Rita C B Silva-Portela, Wydemberg Araújo, Aline C Carlos, Ana Tereza R Vasconcelos, Ana Teresa Freitas, Yldeney Silva Domingos, Mirna Ferreira de Farias, Glauber José Turolla Fernandes, Lucymara F Agnez-Lima
Drill cuttings leave behind thousands of tons of residues without adequate treatment, generating a large environmental liability. Therefore knowledge about the microbial community of drilling residue may be useful for developing bioremediation strategies. In this work, samples of drilling residue were enriched in different culture media in the presence of petroleum, aiming to select potentially oil-degrading bacteria and biosurfactant producers. Total DNA was extracted directly from the drill cutting samples and from two enriched consortia and sequenced using the Ion Torrent platform...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353708/adolescents-experiences-of-living-with-sickle-cell-disease-an-integrative-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Brenda Agyeiwaa Poku, Ann-Louise Caress, Susan Kirk
BACKGROUND: Sickle Cell Disease is the commonest monogenic haemoglobinopathy worldwide. Living with a long-term condition such as sickle cell disease during adolescence constitutes a significant challenge for the key stakeholders due to the combined effects of chronic illness and adolescent development. For adolescents with sickle cell disease to be cared for and supported appropriately and effectively, it is crucial that health professionals have a comprehensive knowledge and understanding of how adolescents experience living with the condition...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353225/spectrum-of-mutations-in-index-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-singapore-single-center-study
#11
Sharon Li Ting Pek, Sanjaya Dissanayake, Jessie Choi Wan Fong, Michelle Xueqin Lin, Eric Zit Liang Chan, Justin I-Shing Tang, Chee Wan Lee, Hean Yee Ong, Chee Fang Sum, Su Chi Lim, Subramaniam Tavintharan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by the presence of high plasma low density lipoproteins cholesterol (LDL-c). Patients with FH, with mutation detected, are at increased risk of premature cardiovascular disease compared to those without mutations. The aim of the study was to assess the type of mutations in patients, clinically diagnosed with FH in Singapore. METHODS: Patients (probands) with untreated/highest on-treatment LDL-c>4...
December 27, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353160/prediction-of-venous-thromboembolism-using-semantic-and-sentiment-analyses-of-clinical-narratives
#12
Susan Sabra, Khalid Mahmood Malik, Mazen Alobaidi
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the third most common cardiovascular disorder. It affects people of both genders at ages as young as 20 years. The increased number of VTE cases with a high fatality rate of 25% at first occurrence makes preventive measures essential. Clinical narratives are a rich source of knowledge and should be included in the diagnosis and treatment processes, as they may contain critical information on risk factors. It is very important to make such narrative blocks of information usable for searching, health analytics, and decision-making...
January 3, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352556/what-causes-psychosis-an-umbrella-review-of-risk-and-protective-factors
#13
Joaquim Radua, Valentina Ramella-Cravaro, John P A Ioannidis, Abraham Reichenberg, Nacharin Phiphopthatsanee, Taha Amir, Hyi Yenn Thoo, Dominic Oliver, Cathy Davies, Craig Morgan, Philip McGuire, Robin M Murray, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Psychosis is a heterogeneous psychiatric condition for which a multitude of risk and protective factors have been suggested. This umbrella review aimed to classify the strength of evidence for the associations between each factor and psychotic disorders whilst controlling for several biases. The Web of Knowledge database was searched to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies which examined associations between socio-demographic, parental, perinatal, later factors or antecedents and psychotic disorders, and which included a comparison group of healthy controls, published from 1965 to January 31, 2017...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352289/electroacupuncture-at-guanyuan-cv-4-zusanli-st-36-and-baihui-du-20-regulate-the-aging-related-changes-in-gene-expression-profile-of-the-hippocampus-in-sub-acutely-aging-rats
#14
Jianmin Liu, Jing Liu, Guang'an Wang, Guangya Liu, Huanjiao Zhou, Yun Fan, Fengxia Liang, Hua Wang
To investigate the molecular mechanisms of sub-acutely aging and demonstrate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at the Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Baihui (DU 20) acupoint on the sub-acutely aging brain, cDNA microarrays and bioinformatics analyses were carried out. Thirty Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats were selected and randomly divided into three groups: the control group (C), the sub-acutely aging model group (M) and the electroacupuncture group (M+EA). Sub-acutely aging model rats were obtained by D-galactose s...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352172/hemoglobin-catalyzes-coa-degradation-and-thiol-addition-to-flavonoids
#15
Toshiki Nagakubo, Takuto Kumano, Yoshiteru Hashimoto, Michihiko Kobayashi
In the presence of CoA, cell-free extracts prepared from porcine liver was found to convert 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (DHF) to a pantetheine conjugate, which was a novel flavonoid. We purified a 7,8-DHF-converting enzyme from the extracts, and identified it as hemoglobin (Hb). The purified Hb showed the following two activities: (i) degradation of CoA into pantetheine through hydrolytic cleavage to yield pantetheine and 3'-phospho-adenosine-5'-diphosphate (ADP) independently of heme, and (ii) addition of a thiol (e...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351894/the-use-of-technology-in-identifying-hospital-malnutrition-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Dino Trtovac, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a condition most commonly arising from the inadequate consumption of nutrients necessary to maintain physiological health and is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia. Malnutrition occurring in the hospital setting is caused by insufficient monitoring, identification, and assessment efforts. Furthermore, the ability of health care workers to identify and recognize malnourished patients is suboptimal. Therefore, interventions focusing on the identification and treatment of malnutrition are valuable, as they reduce the risks and rates of malnutrition within hospitals...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351287/a-novel-association-rule-mining-approach-using-tid-intermediate-itemset
#17
Iyad Aqra, Tutut Herawan, Norjihan Abdul Ghani, Adnan Akhunzada, Akhtar Ali, Ramdan Bin Razali, Manzoor Ilahi, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo
Designing an efficient association rule mining (ARM) algorithm for multilevel knowledge-based transactional databases that is appropriate for real-world deployments is of paramount concern. However, dynamic decision making that needs to modify the threshold either to minimize or maximize the output knowledge certainly necessitates the extant state-of-the-art algorithms to rescan the entire database. Subsequently, the process incurs heavy computation cost and is not feasible for real-time applications. The paper addresses efficiently the problem of threshold dynamic updation for a given purpose...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350762/occurrence-of-ochratoxins-fumonisin-b2-aflatoxins-b1-and-b2-and-other-secondary-fungal-metabolites-in-dried-date-palm-fruits-from-egypt-a-mini-survey
#18
Mohamed F Abdallah, Rudolf Krska, Michael Sulyok
This study was conducted to investigate the natural co-occurrence of 295 fungal and bacterial metabolites in 28 samples of dried date palm fruits collected from different shops distributed in Assiut Governorate, Upper Egypt in 2016. Extraction and quantification of the target analytes were done using the "dilute and shoot" approach followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. In total, 30 toxic fungal metabolites were detected. Among these metabolites, 4 types of ochratoxins including ochratoxin type A and B were quantified in 3 samples (11%) with a contamination range from 1...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350255/nuclear-magnetic-resonance-and-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-techniques-for-the-characterization-of-bioactive-compounds-from-humulus-lupulus-l-hop
#19
Davide Bertelli, Virginia Brighenti, Lucia Marchetti, Anna Reik, Federica Pellati
Humulus lupulus L. (hop) represents one of the most cultivated crops, it being a key ingredient in the brewing process. Many health-related properties have been described for hop extracts, making this plant gain more interest in the field of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical research. Among the analytical tools available for the phytochemical characterization of plant extracts, quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (qNMR) represents a new and powerful technique. In this ambit, the present study was aimed at the development of a new, simple, and efficient qNMR method for the metabolite fingerprinting of bioactive compounds in hop cones, taking advantage of the novel ERETIC 2 tool...
January 19, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350021/bodybuilding-protein-supplements-and-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-adult
#20
M J C S Sousa, A L Reis Ferreira, J P Moreira da Silva
We report a case of a previously healthy 24-year-old man with a 3-month history of gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise and also few minutes after the ingestion of cow's milk (CM) without exercise. He reported the ingestion of a blend of hydrolyzed whey and casein proteins for bodybuilding for the last 2 years. The in vivo tests showed positivity to CM, α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin and casein extracts, and also to the protein supplement. The serum specific IgE was positive for CM, β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin...
January 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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