keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Knowledge extraction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324951/mentor-s-brain-functional-connectivity-network-during-robotic-assisted-surgery-mentorship
#1
Somayeh B Shafiei, Scott T Doyle, Khurshid A Guru
In many complicated cognitive-motor tasks mentoring is inevitable during the learning process. Although mentors are expert in doing the task, trainee's operation might be new for a mentor. This makes mentoring a very difficult task which demands not only the knowledge and experience of a mentor, but also his/her ability to follow trainee's movements and patiently advise him/her during the operation. We hypothesize that information binding throughout the mentor's brain areas, contributed to the task, changes as the expertise level of the trainee improves from novice to intermediate and expert...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324696/online-neural-monitoring-of-statistical-learning
#2
Laura J Batterink, Ken A Paller
The extraction of patterns in the environment plays a critical role in many types of human learning, from motor skills to language acquisition. This process is known as statistical learning. Here we propose that statistical learning has two dissociable components: (1) perceptual binding of individual stimulus units into integrated composites and (2) storing those integrated representations for later use. Statistical learning is typically assessed using post-learning tasks, such that the two components are conflated...
February 24, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324254/pilot-testing-model-to-uncover-industrial-symbiosis-in-brazilian-industrial-clusters
#3
Adriana Valélia Saraceni, Luis Mauricio Resende, Pedro Paulo de Andrade Júnior, Joseane Pontes
The main objective of this study was to create a pilot model to uncover industrial symbiosis practices in Brazilian industrial clusters. For this purpose, a systematic revision was conducted in journals selected from two categories of the ISI Web of Knowledge: Engineering, Environmental and Engineering, Industrial. After an in-depth revision of literature, results allowed the creation of an analysis structure. A methodology based on fuzzy logic was applied and used to attribute the weights of industrial symbiosis variables...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323852/extraction-of-features-from-sleep-eeg-for-bayesian-assessment-of-brain-development
#4
Vitaly Schetinin, Livija Jakaite
Brain development can be evaluated by experts analysing age-related patterns in sleep electroencephalograms (EEG). Natural variations in the patterns, noise, and artefacts affect the evaluation accuracy as well as experts' agreement. The knowledge of predictive posterior distribution allows experts to estimate confidence intervals within which decisions are distributed. Bayesian approach to probabilistic inference has provided accurate estimates of intervals of interest. In this paper we propose a new feature extraction technique for Bayesian assessment and estimation of predictive distribution in a case of newborn brain development assessment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319453/prenatal-vaccination-education-intervention-improves-both-the-mothers-knowledge-and-children-s-vaccination-coverage-evidence-from-randomized-controlled-trial-from-eastern-china
#5
Yu Hu, Yaping Chen, Ying Wang, Quanwei Song, Qian Li
OBJECTIVES: To verify the effectiveness of prenatal vaccination education intervention on improving mother's vaccination knowledge and child's vaccination status in Zhejiang province, eastern China. METHODS: Pregnant women with ≥ 12 gestational weeks were recruited and randomly assigned into the intervention group and the control group. The intervention group were given a vaccination education session while the control group were not. Two round surveys were performed before and 3 months after the intervention...
February 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318900/epidemiological-and-mycological-characteristics-of-candidemia-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
A Vaezi, H Fakhim, S Khodavaisy, A Alizadeh, M Nazeri, A Soleimani, T Boekhout, H Badali
To date, there has been no comprehensive review of the epidemiology, risk factors, species distribution, and outcomes of candidemia in Iran. This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of all reported candidemia cases in Iran until December 2015. The review process occurred in three steps, namely a literature search, data extraction and statistical analyses. After a comprehensive literature search, we identified 55 cases. The mean age of patients was 46.80±24.30 years (range 1-81 years)...
March 16, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318686/probiotic-supplementation-for-management-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adults-with-type-ii-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Fatemeh Hendijani, Vajihe Akbari
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effectiveness of probiotics in control of hypertension and dyslipidemia in diabetic patients remains unclear. Therefore, we systematically reviewed relevant data to elucidate the effects of probiotics on blood pressure and lipid profile of type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses databases until May 2016. The primary outcomes were systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides (TG)...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318567/determination-of-ochratoxin-a-in-wine-by-packed-in-tube-solid-phase-microextraction-followed-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#8
Mariane A Andrade, Fernando M Lanças
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a widely studied mycotoxin, can be found in a variety of food matrices. As its concentration in food is generally low (in the order of μg kg(-1)), sample preparation techniques are necessary for the analyte purification and pre-concentration in order to achieve the required low detection limits. The separation and detection methods used for OTA analysis should also offer proper sensitivity in order to allow the adequate quantification of the analyte. This manuscript addresses the development of a methodology aiming the analysis of OTA in wine samples by packed in-tube SPME in flow through extraction mode coupled to HPLC-MS/MS...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318159/-meta-analysis-of-the-condylar-position-changes-produced-by-functional-appliances-in-class-%C3%A2-malocclusion
#9
Huang Xinqi, Cen Xiao, Liu Jun
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the condylar position changes produced by functional appliances in class Ⅱ malocclusion by systematic review. METHODS: Electronic search was conducted using Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, Medline, Embase, Pubmed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Studies on condylar position changes produced by functional appliances in class Ⅱ malocclusion were included...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317677/trends-in-cataract-surgery-training-curricula
#10
Mona Lotfipour, Ramunas Rolius, Erik B Lehman, Seth M Pantanelli, Ingrid U Scott
PURPOSE: To evaluate trends in cataract surgery training curricula and factors affecting timing of resident participation as a primary surgeon. SETTING: Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of anonymous survey results. METHODS: A description of the study and link to an online survey was e-mailed to program directors of each ophthalmology residency training program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
January 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314523/detection-of-anabolic-and-androgenic-steroids-and-or-their-esters-in-horse-hair-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#11
Karen Y Kwok, Timmy L S Choi, Wai Him Kwok, Jenny K Y Wong, Terence S M Wan
Anabolic and androgenic steroids (AASs) are a class of prohibited substances banned in horseracing at all times. The common approach for controlling the misuse of AASs in equine sports is by detecting the presence of AASs and/or their metabolites in urine and blood samples using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). This approach, however, often falls short as the duration of effect for many AASs are longer than their detection time in both urine and blood...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304398/characterization-of-the-polyphenol-oxidase-gene-family-reveals-a-novel-microrna-involved-in-posttranscriptional-regulation-of-ppos-in-salvia-miltiorrhiza
#12
Caili Li, Dongqiao Li, Jiang Li, Fenjuan Shao, Shanfa Lu
Salvia miltiorrhiza is a well-known material of traditional Chinese medicine. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms of phenolic acid biosynthesis and metabolism are important for S. miltiorrhiza quality improvement. We report here that S. miltiorrhiza contains 19 polyphenol oxidases (PPOs), forming the largest PPO gene family in plant species to our knowledge. Analysis of gene structures and sequence features revealed the conservation and divergence of SmPPOs. SmPPOs were differentially expressed in plant tissues and eight of them were predominantly expressed in phloem and xylem, indicating that some SmPPOs are functionally redundant, whereas the others are associated with different physiological processes...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304113/partitioning-of-nanoparticle-originated-dissolved-silver-in-natural-and-artificial-sediments
#13
Juho E Rajala, Eeva-Riikka Vehniäinen, Ari Väisänen, Jussi V K Kukkonen
Sediments are believed to be a major sink for the silver nanoparticles (AgNP) in the aquatic environment, but there is a lack of knowledge about the environmental effects and behaviour of AgNP in sediments. The release of highly toxic Ag(+) through dissolution of AgNP is one mechanism leading to toxic effects in sediments. We applied an ultrasound-assisted sequential extraction method to evaluate the dissolution of AgNP and to study the partitioning of dissolved Ag in sediments. Ag was spiked into artificial (AS) and 2 natural sediments (HS, KS) as silver nitrate (AgNO3 ), uncoated AgNP (uc-AgNP), or polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated AgNP (PVP-AgNP)...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303531/comprehensive-analysis-of-mile-gene-expression-data-set-advances-discovery-of-leukaemia-type-and-subtype-biomarkers
#14
Wojciech Labaj, Anna Papiez, Andrzej Polanski, Joanna Polanska
Large collections of data in studies on cancer such as leukaemia provoke the necessity of applying tailored analysis algorithms to ensure supreme information extraction. In this work, a custom-fit pipeline is demonstrated for thorough investigation of the voluminous MILE gene expression data set. Three analyses are accomplished, each for gaining a deeper understanding of the processes underlying leukaemia types and subtypes. First, the main disease groups are tested for differential expression against the healthy control as in a standard case-control study...
March 16, 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303220/anemone-medicinal-plants-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-biology
#15
REVIEW
Da-Cheng Hao, Xiaojie Gu, Peigen Xiao
The Ranunculaceae genus Anemone (order Ranunculales), comprising more than 150 species, mostly herbs, has long been used in folk medicine and worldwide ethnomedicine. Various medicinal compounds have been found in Anemone plants, especially triterpenoid saponins, some of which have shown anti-cancer activities. Some Anemone compounds and extracts display immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities. More than 50 species have ethnopharmacological uses, which provide clues for modern drug discovery...
March 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303131/multiplexed-single-intact-cell-droplet-digital-pcr-music-ddpcr-method-for-specific-detection-of-enterohemorrhagic-e-coli-ehec-in-food-enrichment-cultures
#16
Tanis C McMahon, Burton W Blais, Alex Wong, Catherine D Carrillo
Foodborne illness attributed to enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), a highly pathogenic subset of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), is increasingly recognized as a significant public health issue. Current microbiological methods for identification of EHEC in foods often use PCR-based approaches to screen enrichment broth cultures for characteristic gene markers [i.e., Shiga toxin (stx) and intimin (eae)]. However, false positives arise when complex food matrices, such as beef, contain mixtures of eae-negative STEC and eae-positive E...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302979/development-of-a-method-for-measuring-phytanic-acid-as-a-lifestyle-related-disease-biomarker-in-rat-serum-using-ultra-fast-liquid-chromatography-ultraviolet-spectrophotometry-combined-with-a-modified-2-nitrophenylhydrazine-derivatization-method
#17
Aoi Miyamoto, Takahiko Aoyama, Masahiro Okamura, Noboru Fukuda, Takahiro Ueno, Masanori Abe, Yoshiaki Matsumoto
A simple and rapid ultra-fast liquid chromatography-ultraviolet spectrophotometry (UFLC-UV) method combined with modified 2-nitrophenylhydrazine (2-NPH) derivatization was developed for determining phytanic acid (Phy) in rat serum. Serum Phy and heptadecanoic acid (the internal standard) were derivatized by 2-NPH at ambient temperature for 20 min and extracted in n-hexane. After extracting derivatized Phy (D-Phy) and derivatized IS from the reaction mixture, the extracts were separated with a YMC-Pack C8 column (150 × 3...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302945/the-incidence-of-dentinal-cracks-during-root-canal-preparations-with-reciprocating-single-file-and-rotary-file-systems-a-meta-analysis
#18
Xi Wei, Bo Hu, Haiyang Peng, Ming Tang, Jinlin Song
As a dangerous factor in vertical root fracture, dentinal crack formation is often associated with root canal instruments. We conducted this meta-analysis to compare the influence of two types of nickel titanium (NiTi) instruments that have different movements (reciprocating single-file versus full-sequence rotary file systems) on dentinal cracks formation during root canal preparation. Searches were conducted in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Embase and Cochrane Library using a combination of keywords. Titles and abstracts of all articles were independently assessed by two reviewers in accordance with the predefined inclusion criteria...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302189/temporal-dynamics-of-rituals-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Robert W Bond, Stephen J Guastello, Andrea D Guastello
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessions, defined as intrusive and persistent thoughts, and compulsions, defined as repetitive ritualistic behaviors that attempt to neutralize the anxiety associated with the obsessions. The present study investigated the patterns of symptoms as they occur over time in order to generate new insights about the triggers to symptoms. Fourteen adult participants who met the DSM-5 criteria for OCD completed 7-day logbooks of daily activities including the times when they engaged in compulsive rituals...
April 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302117/the-effects-of-music-intervention-on-burn-patients-during-treatment-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Jinyi Li, Liang Zhou, Yungui Wang
BACKGROUND: The treatment of burn patients is very challenging because burn injuries are one of the most severe traumas that can be experienced. The effect of music therapy on burn patients has been widely reported, but the results have been inconsistent. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in burn patients to determine the effect of music during treatments. METHODS: We searched a variety of electronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Psychinfo, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for relevant trials on the basis of predetermined eligibility criteria...
March 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
keyword
keyword
16886
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"