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Matias E Czerwonko, Juan Pekolj, Juan Mattera, Oscar A Peralta, Ricardo D García-Mónaco, Eduardo de Santibañes, Martín de Santibañes
PURPOSE: Pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in low weight recipients remains one of the most complex surgical procedures, with portal vein (PV) complications occurring in up to 19% of cases. When decreased PV flow is diagnosed intra- or perioperatively, intraoperative stent placement is a good substitute for surgical adjustment. Still, at the present moment, little is known about the technical feasibility, safety, efficacy, and long-term outcome of intraoperative stenting in LDLT...
December 15, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Yuko Yamamiya, Hemal Shroff, Lauren M Schaefer, J Kevin Thompson, Satoshi Shimai, D Luis Ordaz
Research among Western adult and adolescent males suggests that sociocultural influences are implicated in the drive for muscularity and weight-change behaviors. However, few studies have examined these relationships among adolescent boys from non-Western backgrounds. The current study sought to assess the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4), a 22-item, 5-factor measure of sociocultural influence on appearance ideals, among Japanese (n = 984) adolescent boys...
December 6, 2018: Eating Behaviors
María de Los A Rivera-Torres, Francisco Vélez Cruz, Rosa L Ramírez-Longchamps, Mercedes Rivera-Morales, María Villeneuve-Román, Vanessa M Besosa-Vigo
OBJECTIVE: Obesity, almost all around the world, has been described by the medical authorities as the most common pediatric illness in children and youngsters. The purpose of this study is to explore, describe, and analyze the experiences of obese adolescents on being obese and trying to reach a healthy weight. DESIGN AND METHODS: A convenience sample of eight obese adolescents from 15 to 17 years old of both genders from three high schools of the educational region of San Juan, Puerto Rico was obtained...
December 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Camilla B Mitchell, Bronte Black, Faith Sun, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Justin Cooper-White, Benois Maisonneuve, Brett Stringer, Bryan Day, Maté Biro, Geraldine M O'Neill
INTRODUCTION: The brain is a very soft tissue. Glioblastoma (GBM) brain tumours are highly infiltrative into the surrounding healthy brain tissue and invasion mechanisms that have been defined using rigid substrates therefore may not apply to GBM dissemination. GBMs characteristically lose expression of the high molecular weight tropomyosins, a class of actin-associating proteins and essential regulators of the actin stress fibres and focal adhesions that underpin cell migration on rigid substrates...
December 9, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
John Sassone, Mark Muster, Michelle T Barrack
Sassone, J, Muster, M, and Barrack, MT. Prevalence and predictors of higher-risk supplement use among National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study aimed to identify the prevalence and predictors associated with the use of higher-risk dietary supplements, defined as supplements containing herbal ingredients, caffeine, or those classified for weight loss, muscle-building, or as a preworkout supplement, among 557 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I male and female collegiate athletes...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
R Aller, D Primo, O Izaola, D A de Luis
BACKGROUND: The role of CB2R gene variants on weight loss after a dietary intervention has been investigated in few studies. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effect of this genetic variant (rs3123554) of CB2R gene on cardiovascular risk factors and weight loss secondary to high monounsaturated fat vs a high polyunsaturated fat hypocaloric diets. DESIGN: A Caucasian population of 362 obese patients was enrolled. Patients were randomly allocated during 3 months to one of two diets (Diet P high polyunsaturated (PUFAs) fat hypocaloric diet vs, Diet M high monounsaturated (MUFAs) fat hypocaloric diet)...
November 30, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Igor Grabovac, Lee Smith, Sinisa Stefanac, Sandra Haider, Chao Cao, Thomas Waldhoer, Sarah E Jackson, Lin Yang
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. METHODS: Adults 20-64 years (n=11,467) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Study between 2011 and 2016 were analyzed, with weight status, and chronic conditions (high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, osteoarthritis, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus)...
December 3, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Amber M Brochetti, Steven W Brose, Angela M Kuemmel, David J Dang, Dennis J Bourbeau
OBJECTIVE: Persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) have a higher prevalence of being overweight than the general population, which is thought to be due to a variety of metabolic, physiologic and psychological changes. The quality improvement project described in this work was designed to help overweight persons with SCI lose bodyweight through nutrition, exercise, and behavioral management strategies. METHODS: Eighteen persons with SCI who were overweight were enrolled in a 12-week interdisciplinary weight management program...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Stephanie A Houle-Johnson, Lisa Kakinami
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that young females are more likely to try to lose weight than young males, however whether this sex difference persists across demographic characteristics and weight status is unclear. Further, whether females are more likely than males to try to lose weight using unhealthy weight loss strategies has never been systematically assessed. The objective of this systematic review was to examine the literature on sex differences in weight loss intentions and strategies in children and adolescent observational studies to determine whether sex differences persisted across demographic characteristics (race/ethnicity, grade level) and weight status...
December 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
Fuhai Hui, Yingshi Zhang, Tianshu Ren, Xiang Li, Mingyi Zhao, Qingchun Zhao
PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess the efficacy of metformin for weight loss in overweight and obese people through a systematic review and network meta-analysis and to identify the most suitable dosage and intervention period for using metformin in adolescents and adults. METHODS: We searched databases for studies published by April 2018. A total of 34 trials (44 analyses) involving 8461 participants and 16 intervention arms were eligible. The study was registered with PROSPERO International prospective register of systematic reviews (CRD42017081053)...
December 3, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Christopher Bunn, Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Kate Hunt, Graham Brennan, Jemma Lennox, Alice Maclean, Cindy M Gray
BACKGROUND: Levels of obesity remain high in the UK. The Football Fans in Training (FFIT) randomised controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated that a 12-week, gender-sensitised weight management, physical activity and healthy eating group programme delivered through professional football clubs helped men aged 35-65 years with BMI at least 28 kg/m2 lose a clinically-significant amount of weight. We aimed to test the feasibility of a minimally-adapted FFIT programme for delivery to women by assessing recruitment and completion rates; determining if the programme content and delivery required further refinement; and evaluating the potential of FFIT for Women to deliver improvements in weight and other clinical, behavioural and psychological outcomes...
December 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
Oliver C Witard, Ina Garthe, Stuart M Philips
Track and field athletes engage in vigorous training that places stress on physiological systems requiring nutritional support for optimal recovery. Of paramount importance when optimising recovery nutrition are rehydration and refuelling which are covered in other papers in this volume. Here, we highlight the benefits for dietary protein intake over and above requirements set out in various countries at ~0.8-1.0 g/kg body mass (BM)/day for training adaptation, manipulating body composition, and optimising performance in track and field athletes...
December 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Michael D Rozier, Amir A Ghaferi, Angela Rose, Norma-Jean Simon, Nancy Birkmeyer, Lisa A Prosser
Importance: Surgical options for weight loss vary considerably in risks and benefits, but the relative importance of procedure-associated characteristics in patient decision making is largely unknown. Objective: To identify patient preferences for risks, benefits, and other attributes of treatment options available to individuals who are candidates for bariatric surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This discrete choice experiment of weight loss procedures was performed as an internet-based survey administered to patients recruited from bariatric surgery information sessions in the State of Michigan...
November 28, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Maximilian Zarbl, Klaus Weckbecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Yana C Vierboom, Samuel H Preston, Andrew Stokes
BACKGROUND: The incidence and/or diagnosis of a major disease may activate weight change. Patterns of weight change associated with diagnoses have not been systematically documented. METHODS: We use data on adults ages 30+ in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999-2014. Self-reported current weight and weight one year prior are used to estimate percent weight change in the last year. We use self-reported data on arthritis, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, liver conditions, and respiratory disease diagnoses to compare weight change among individuals never diagnosed with these conditions, individuals diagnosed 0-1 years ago, and individuals diagnosed 2+ years ago...
2018: PloS One
Xue Zou, Hongmei Wang, Dianlong Ge, Yan Lu, Lei Xia, Chaoqun Huang, Chengyin Shen, Yannan Chu
AIM: This study aims to develop a method for monitoring fat loss by detection of breath acetone. METHODS: A new method combining direct breath sampling system and proton transfer reaction MS (PTR-MS) was developed for on-line detection of breath acetone. The breath acetone of 272 volunteers was detected respectively when exercise or diet. RESULTS: Exercises perennially can make the breath acetone increase by 40-130%. Dinner fasting for 1 week can make it increase by 140%...
November 26, 2018: Bioanalysis
Dana Badau, Adela Badau
Background : The study was focused on identifying the relationship between the incidence of exercise dependence attitudes, the level of body perception, and preferences for use of fitness technology monitoring. Methods: We investigated 241 students from physical education and sports specializations. We used a questionnaire structured in 5 parts: personal information (age, gender, weight, height, and institutional membership), Exercise Dependence Scale-R (EDS-21), the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET), Body perception questionnaire, and Fitness Monitoring Technology...
November 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Clancy Black, Lenny R Vartanian, Kate Faasse
BACKGROUND: Public health campaigns commonly emphasise the association between excess weight and poor health. The present study aimed to examine the effect of information about weight and engagement with health behaviours on judgements of a person's health. METHOD: In two experimental studies, participants were asked to evaluate a target person's health and to make recommendations about that person's health-related behaviours. In Study 1 (n = 306), we manipulated the target's behaviours (healthy, unhealthy) and body weight (normal, overweight, obese); in Study 2 (n = 192), we manipulated the behaviour of an overweight target (healthy, unhealthy)...
November 22, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
Emily E Hohman, Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
BACKGROUND: Peak bone mass accrual occurs during adolescence, a time when dieting and related eating behaviors are common. Impaired bone mineral accrual is a known consequence of eating disorders in adolescents, but the effects of subclinical dieting behaviors on bone mineral content (BMC) have not been described in this age group. The goal of this analysis was to determine whether dieting behavior in preadolescence and adolescence is associated with bone mineral accrual in adolescent girls...
November 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
David Franciole Oliveira Silva, Karine Cavalcanti Maurício Sena-Evangelista, Clélia Oliveira Lyra, Lucia Fátima Campos Pedrosa, Ricardo Fernando Arrais, Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with overweight and obesity report various motivations for weight loss other than the desire for better health. However, there is little evidence regarding the main motivations for weight loss in adolescents. The present systematic review aimed to identify the motivations for weight loss in adolescents with overweight and obesity. METHODS: A systematic search for original articles published up to December 2016 was carried out in the PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, and ADOLEC databases...
November 21, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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