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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094215/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-cabg-vs-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci-in-the-treatment-of-multivessel-coronary-disease-quo-vadis-a-review-of-the-evidences-on-coronary-artery-disease
#1
EDITORIAL
Cristiano Spadaccio, Umberto Benedetto
The optimal treatment of ischemic coronary artery disease (CAD) is still controversial. A number of randomized controlled trials (RCT) and several meta-analyses have been performed and are inspiring the current guidelines. However, a univocal consensus on the optimal therapeutic strategy for multivessel disease has still not been reached yet. We reviewed the current evidence on this topic, focusing on both RCT and meta-analyses. From both short and long-term studies, it emerges that in patients with multivessel disease, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with better survival, lower rates of major cardiovascular events (specifically myocardial infarction or stroke) and repeat revascularization as compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents...
July 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052998/does-the-use-of-an-in-situ-or-y-configuration-for-bilateral-internal-thoracic-arteries-influence-long-term-survival-patency-or-repeat-revascularization-in-coronary-bypass-surgery
#2
Rory Kelleher, Damian Gimpel, David J McCormack, Adam El-Gamel
A best evidence topic was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the configuration of bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITAs) influences survival, patency or repeat revascularization in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Five hundred and seventy-one papers were found using the reported searches, of which 8 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. One systematic review, 4 randomized trials and 3 observational studies were selected...
July 20, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041259/-policy-paper-nuclear-cardiology-update-2018-current-status-of-clinical-practice
#3
Oliver Lindner, Johann Bauersachs, Frank M Bengel, Wolfgang Burchert, Jürgen Vom Dahl, Rolf Dörr, Marcus Hacker, Malte Kelm, Tienush Rassaf, Christoph Rischpler, Wolfgang Schäfer, Michael A Schäfers, Sigmund Silber, Rainer Zimmermann
The joint position paper of the working community "Cardiovascular Nuclear Medicine" of the German Society of Nuclear Medicine (DGN) and the working group "Nuclear Cardiology Diagnostics" of the German Cardiac Society (DKG) updates the former 2009 paper.It is the purpose of this paper to provide an overview about the application fields, the state-of-the-art and the current value of nuclear cardiology imaging. The topics covered are chronic coronary artery disease, including viability imaging, furthermore cardiomyopathies, infective endocarditis, cardiac sarcoidosis and amyloidosis...
July 24, 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995218/lmu-munich-platelet-inhibition-novel-aspects-on-platelet-inhibition-and-function
#4
REVIEW
Lisa Gross, Dirk Sibbing, Christian Schulz, Florian Gärtner, Joachim Pircher, Steffen Massberg, Tobias Petzold
A core research area in the Department of Cardiology at Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich focuses on antiplatelet therapy, its translational aspects, and its underlying mechanism with respect to platelet physiology. We are conducting a broad range of investigator-initiated clinical trials (phase II-IV) and preclinical studies on the topic of antithrombotic therapy for percutaneous coronary intervention patients, platelet activation, and reactivity as well as on novel inhibitors of platelet adhesion...
July 11, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974260/advances-in-coronary-no-reflow-phenomenon-a-contemporary-review
#5
REVIEW
Ahmadreza Karimianpour, Anbukarasi Maran
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coronary artery no-reflow phenomenon is an incidental outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. Despite advances in pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, coronary no-reflow phenomenon occurs more commonly than desired. It often results in poor clinical outcomes and remains as a relevant consideration in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. In this systematic review, we have sought to discuss the topic in detail, and to relay the most recent discoveries and data on management of this condition...
July 5, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873642/-lung-and-heart-interaction-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-ischemic-heart-disease
#6
Sara Roversi, Leonardo M Fabbri
The interaction between the lung and the heart is a vast, complex, and fascinating topic and, from a clinical point of view, disorders of the one often influence and promote disorders of the other. This is especially true for chronic diseases, with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ischemic heart disease (IHD) representing a classic example. Epidemiologic data indicate that cardiovascular diseases are frequent in patients with COPD, and vice versa. Accordingly, rates of IHD in COPD vary from 4% up to 60%, while, on the other hand, COPD has been reported in up to 30% of patients with coronary artery disease...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786539/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-the-13th-consensus-document-from-the-european-bifurcation-club
#7
Francesco Burzotta, Jens Flensted Lassen, Adrian P Banning, Thierry Lefèvre, David Hildick-Smith, Alaide Chieffo, Olivier Darremont, Manuel Pan, Yiannis S Chatzizisis, Remo Albiero, Yves Louvard, Goran Stankovic
The 2017 European Bifurcation Club (EBC) meeting was held in Porto (Portugal) and allowed a multidisciplinary international faculty to review and discuss the latest data collected in the field of coronary bifurcation interventions. In particular, the topic of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on left main coronary artery (LM) disease was highlighted as a contemporary priority. Herein, we summarise the key LM anatomy features, the diagnostic modalities and available data that are relevant for a patient's procedural management...
May 20, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734858/current-and-future-applications-of-ct-coronary-calcium-assessment
#8
Christian Tesche, Taylor M Duguay, U Joseph Schoepf, Marly van Assen, Carlo N De Cecco, Moritz H Albrecht, Akos Varga-Szemes, Richard R Bayer, Ullrich Ebersberger, John W Nance, Christian Thilo
Computed tomographic (CT) coronary artery calcium scoring (CAC) has been validated as a well-established screening method for cardiovascular risk stratification and treatment management that is used in addition to traditional risk factors. The purpose of this review is to present an update on current and future applications of CAC. Areas covered: The topic of CAC is summarized from its introduction to current application with focus on the validation and clinical integration including cardiovascular risk prediction and outcome, cost-effectiveness, impact on downstream medical testing, and the technical advances in scanner and software technology that are shaping the future of CAC...
June 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659846/is-administration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-beneficial-for-patients-following-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#9
Maciej Peksa, Sleiman Sebastian Aboul-Hassan, Jakub Marczak, Romuald Cichon
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether administration of dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) would improve postoperative clinical outcomes or minimize the incidence of postoperative graft failure. In total, 101 papers were found using the reported search, 14 of which represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
April 5, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659840/what-is-the-optimal-target-for-the-second-arterial-graft-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-bypass-surgery
#10
Dimos Karangelis, Amine Mazine, Apostolos Roubelakis, George Stavridis
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the anterolateral or the inferior wall served as a better location for the 2nd arterial graft in a 3-system coronary artery bypass grafting procedure. In total, more than 1800 papers were found, of which 6 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. All papers demonstrated equivalent early postoperative mortality and morbidity. The 3 largest studies comparing bilateral internal thoracic arteries showed no difference in perioperative mortality and morbidity regardless of whether the 2nd internal thoracic artery was used to graft the left or right system...
April 5, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610551/numerical-analyses-of-intestinal-microbiota-by-data-mining
#11
REVIEW
Toshio Kobayashi, Akira Andoh
The human intestinal microbiota has a close relationship with health control and causes of diseases, and a vast number of scientific papers on this topic have been published recently. Some progress has been made in identifying the causes or species of related microbiota, and successful results of data mining are reviewed here. Humans who are targets of a disease have their own individual characteristics, including various types of noise because of their individual life style and history. The quantitatively dominant bacterial species are not always deeply connected with a target disease...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588736/unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-management-in-the-post-noble-and-excel-era
#12
Nyal Borges, Samir R Kapadia, Stephen G Ellis
The optimal management of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease is currently a debated topic. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has seen an increased adoption for the management of ULMCA disease after numerous small-scale randomised trials and cohort studies showed equipoise with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for low complexity lesions. The recently published NOBLE and EXCEL trials are two of the largest international randomised clinical trials comparing PCI and CABG in patients with ULMCA disease...
September 2017: Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579209/does-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-improve-outcomes-compared-to-off-pump-coronary-bypass-via-sternotomy-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#13
Daniel S Florisson, Joshua A DeBono, Reece A Davies, Andrew E Newcomb
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'In patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, for single or multivessel disease, does minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) or off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) provide the superior outcome including a reduction in morbidity and mortality?'. A total of 187 papers were found using the reported search, of which 12 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question...
March 22, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576520/allergic-recurrent-coronary-stent-thrombosis-a-mini-review-of-kounis-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Roberto M Ferreira, Paolo B Villela, Juliano C G Almeida, Pedro Paulo N Sampaio, Felipe N Albuquerque, Fernanda M C Pinheiro, William França Filho, José Ary B E Salles, João Mansur Filho
Kounis syndrome (KS) consists of an association between hypersensitivity reactions triggered by various environmental and pharmacological factors and acute coronary syndromes. Blood supply may be compromised by either vasospasm (type I), native plaque destabilization (type II) or stent thrombosis (type III). Although the prognosis is generally favorable, treatment should include aggressive anti-thrombotic and anti-allergic therapies. A case compatible with type III KS, manifested as a macular rash followed by two episodes of stent thrombosis after primary angioplasty (PCI) of the right coronary artery is presented, and complemented by a review on the topic...
March 13, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573927/stressing-the-cardiopulmonary-vascular-system-the-role-of-echocardiography
#15
REVIEW
Lawrence G Rudski, Luna Gargani, William F Armstrong, Patrizio Lancellotti, Steven J Lester, Ekkehard Grünig, Michele D'Alto, Meriam Åström Aneq, Francesco Ferrara, Rajeev Saggar, Rajan Saggar, Robert Naeije, Eugenio Picano, Nelson B Schiller, Eduardo Bossone
The cardiopulmonary vascular system represents a key determinant of prognosis in several cardiorespiratory diseases. Although right heart catheterization is considered the gold standard for assessing pulmonary hemodynamics, a comprehensive noninvasive evaluation including left and right ventricular reserve and function and cardiopulmonary interactions remains highly attractive. Stress echocardiography is crucial in the evaluation of many cardiac conditions, typically coronary artery disease but also heart failure and valvular heart disease...
May 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562331/the-2018-european-heart-rhythm-association-practical-guide-on-the-use-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-executive-summary
#16
Jan Steffel, Peter Verhamme, Tatjana S Potpara, Pierre Albaladejo, Matthias Antz, Lien Desteghe, Karl Georg Haeusler, Jonas Oldgren, Holger Reinecke, Vanessa Roldan-Schilling, Nigel Rowell, Peter Sinnaeve, Ronan Collins, A John Camm, Hein Heidbüchel
The current manuscript is the Executive Summary of the second update to the original Practical Guide, published in 2013. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and have emerged as the preferred choice, particularly in patients newly started on anticoagulation. Both physicians and patients are becoming more accustomed to the use of these drugs in clinical practice. However, many unresolved questions on how to optimally use these agents in specific clinical situations remain...
March 19, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562325/the-2018-european-heart-rhythm-association-practical-guide-on-the-use-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Jan Steffel, Peter Verhamme, Tatjana S Potpara, Pierre Albaladejo, Matthias Antz, Lien Desteghe, Karl Georg Haeusler, Jonas Oldgren, Holger Reinecke, Vanessa Roldan-Schilling, Nigel Rowell, Peter Sinnaeve, Ronan Collins, A John Camm, Hein Heidbüchel
The current manuscript is the second update of the original Practical Guide, published in 2013 [Heidbuchel et al. European Heart Rhythm Association Practical Guide on the use of new oral anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Europace 2013;15:625-651; Heidbuchel et al. Updated European Heart Rhythm Association Practical Guide on the use of non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Europace 2015;17:1467-1507]. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and have emerged as the preferred choice, particularly in patients newly started on anticoagulation...
April 21, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546745/definitions-and-clinical-impact-of-revascularization-completeness
#18
Cristina Aurigemma, Francesco Burzotta, Giulio Russo, Leonardo Previ, Carlo Trani
The Completeness of Revascularization in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) remains an unanswered question. Despite 20 years of investigation there are still major doubts in this topic, reaching as far as to the lack of a standardized definition. The employment of different definition and the multiplicity of confounding variables that in general favor patients who receive a complete revascularization (CR) are the reason of difficult comparisons between studies. The complexity of coronary anatomy diseases and the clinical features play important role in the revascularization strategy...
March 15, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521870/the-effect-of-topical-medications-on-radial-artery-spasm-in-patients-undergoing-transradial-coronary-procedures-a-systematic-review
#19
Elizabeth Curtis, Ritin Fernandez, Astin Lee
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to identify the effectiveness of topical medications on radial artery spasm (RAS) in patients undergoing transradial percutaneous coronary procedures. INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary procedures were traditionally carried out via the femoral artery; however, over the last 20 years there has been a global increase in the number of proceduralists carrying out percutaneous coronary procedures via the transradial approach...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496389/congenital-anomalies-of-the-coronary-arteries
#20
REVIEW
Andrea Silva, Maria João Baptista, Emanuel Araújo
Congenital coronary artery anomalies are modifications of their origin, course or structure and its incidence varies between 0,2 and 5,6% of the general population. Although the majority is asymptomatic, they are the second leading cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes. The aim of this study is to highlight the main anomalies with hemodynamic significance, including the anomalous origin of a coronary artery from the opposite sinus and anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from pulmonary artery...
April 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
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