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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919479/how-to-refer-to-people-with-disease-in-research-outputs-the-disconnection-between-academic-practise-and-that-preferred-by-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
David Baker, Ananthi Anandhakrishnan, Katie A Tuite-Dalton, Hazel Lockart-Jones, Rodden M Middleton, David V Ford, Christina Crowe, Gavin Giovannoni
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, Government and Charity funders require public engagement in research. Invariably these research outputs describe the condition of someone with the disease of interest. We therefore sought to identify the preferred descriptor of someone with a disease, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and to determine what descriptors are currently used by academics. METHODS: Several surveys were undertaken: one from the Research Network of the MS Society (MSSRN), a major MS Charity within the United Kingdom, who are involved in reviewing grant applications, priority setting and research governance (n=146), and surveys from both the United Kingdom MS register (MSR; n=1713) and the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) registry (n=518)...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917129/prosodic-boundaries-in-writing-evidence-from-a-keystroke-analysis
#2
Susanne Fuchs, Jelena Krivokapić
The aim of the paper is to investigate duration between successive keystrokes during typing in order to examine whether prosodic boundaries are expressed in the process of writing. In particular, we are interested in interkey durations that occur next to punctuation marks (comma and full stops while taking keystrokes between words as a reference), since these punctuation marks are often realized with minor or major prosodic boundaries during overt reading. A two-part experiment was conducted: first, participants' keystrokes on a computer keyboard were recorded while writing an email to a close friend (in two conditions: with and without time pressure)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916431/2016-scct-str-guidelines-for-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-of-noncontrast-noncardiac-chest-ct-scans-a-report-of-the-society-of-cardiovascular-computed-tomography-and-society-of-thoracic-radiology
#3
Harvey S Hecht, Paul Cronin, Michael J Blaha, Matthew J Budoff, Ella A Kazerooni, Jagat Narula, David Yankelevitz, Suhny Abbara
The Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) and the Society of Thoracic Radiology (STR) have jointly produced this document. Experts in this subject have been selected from both organizations to examine subject-specific data and write this guideline in partnership. A formal literature review, weighing the strength of evidence has been performed. When available, information from studies on cost was considered. Computed tomography (CT) acquisition, CAC scoring methodologies and clinical outcomes are the primary basis for the recommendations in this guideline...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910107/gestating-times-women-s-accounts-of-the-temporalities-of-pregnancies-that-end-in-abortion-in-england
#4
Siân M Beynon-Jones
Tensions between the 'clock time' of medicine and the embodied times of its subjects are central to feminist writing concerning Western obstetric practice. In this article, I expand the focus of this literature by addressing the temporal dynamics of another site of reproductive healthcare: abortion provision. Echoing obstetric accounts of birth, time in legal, healthcare and social scientific discourse on abortion is routinely conceptualised as a finite resource contained within the pregnant/foetal body, which can be measured using clocks and calendars...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905255/rumination-and-self-reflection-in-stress-narratives-and-relations-to-psychological-functioning
#5
Kelly A Marin, Elena K Rotondo
The longitudinal study aims to expand what is known about the costs and benefits of narrating stressful experiences by exploring changes in rumination within the narrative process and comparing it to changes in self-reflection. Rumination (e.g., brooding, self-criticism, and negative emotions) and self-reflection were measured in stress narratives of 56 college students. There were several goals: (1) examine changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection over 3 days of writing, (2) examine the relations among the changes in narrative rumination variables and narrative self-reflection and (3) examine how changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection relate to multiple measures of psychological functioning...
January 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897734/how-to-insert-a-peripheral-cannula
#6
Sally Jane Shaw
Rationale and key points This article aims to assist practitioners to undertake the safe and effective insertion of a peripheral cannula. It provides information on best practice related to peripheral cannulation with an open-ported safety cannula. The same principles for practice apply to non-ported open safety cannulae. » Peripheral cannulation enables venous access, the administration of intravenous medication, infusion therapy and total parenteral nutrition. It also enables blood samples to be obtained...
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893908/narrative-knowing-a-learning-strategy-for-understanding-the-role-of-stories-in-nursing-practice
#7
Laurene E Sheilds
BACKGROUND: Stories are vital to understanding and creating meaning related to illness experiences. METHOD: An innovative learning strategy was designed and implemented to highlight the role of narrative and empirical ways of knowing when developing collaborative relationships with patients and their families. Students engaged in developing nursing assessments, as well as in the creative process of writing patient stories, to improve their understanding of human experiences of illness...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887622/learning-to-care-medical-students-reported-value-and-evaluation-of-palliative-care-teaching-involving-meeting-patients-and-reflective-writing
#8
EDITORIAL
Erica Borgstrom, Rachel Morris, Diana Wood, Simon Cohn, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been an increase in teaching of both palliative care and reflective practice in UK medical schools. The palliative care teaching at the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine is multi-faceted and involves students writing reflective essays after individually meeting patients approaching the end of life during their final year general practice and hospital medicine placements. This paper draws on two studies examining this teaching element to analyse what the students found valuable about it and to comment on the practice of meeting patients and subsequent reflective writing...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#9
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882831/quantifying-differences-in-health-care-consumption-for-the-management-of-multiple-sclerosis-within-privately-and-publicly-insured-health-care-programs
#10
Terrie Livingston, Monica Fay, Ravi Iyer, Wendy Wells, Michael W Pill
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and debilitating disease of the central nervous system that affects more than 570,000 persons in the United States and 2.3 million worldwide. Since most individuals experience initial symptoms between the ages of 20 and 40 years, MS can have a significant effect on health care consumption, quality of life, productivity, and employment over the long-term disease course. Opportunities exist to better understand how benefit design and other nonclinical factors can affect health care delivery and associated costs...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873424/the-cross-canada-quintet-presents-variations-on-music-movements-in-the-keys-of-h-p-and-e
#11
Brett Schrewe, Joanna Bates, Christopher Watling, Rachel H Ellaway, Dan Pratt
Whether it is rock playing in the background during a surgery, cool jazz that wafts from our office computer speakers as we write up our clinical notes, or the soaring of a symphony on the radio that inspires that perfect flourish to an article, music is woven throughout much of our clinical and academic lives. For the five of us, however, music alternates between the background and foreground in our lives as health professions educators. Music balances the working day, illuminates our research, and reconciles the utility of our training with the originality of our practice...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861058/how-to-set-up-and-use-a-twitter-account-professionally
#12
Meriel Chudleigh, Ray Jones
Rationale and key points This article encourages nurses to use Twitter to engage in professional discussions, share information and raise awareness of alternative views to enhance practice and patient care. Twitter is an online social media service that enables users to send and read 140-character messages called tweets. » Twitter is free and accessible across multiple platforms and devices, providing immediate contact with professionals, organisations and the public worldwide. » Many healthcare professionals use Twitter to share ideas and information...
November 2, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845539/review-of-clinical-uncertainty-in-primary-care-the-challenge-of-collaborative-engagement
#13
Jeffrey M Ring
Reviews the book, Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care: The Challenge of Collaborative Engagement edited by Lucia Siegel Sommers and John Lautner (see record 2013-30484-000). The bulk of this book comprises a wide array of different models for collaborative uncertainty work. From Balint groups that help participants to tolerate uncertainty to narrative-based supervision that poses challenging self-reflective questions, each chapter provides a description of group intervention design, theoretical context, the structure for facilitation, and outcome data on impact...
March 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834264/promoting-post-traumatic-growth-in-cancer-patients-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-guided-written-disclosure
#14
Valentina Cafaro, Luca Iani, Massimo Costantini, Silvia Di Leo
This multicenter study investigates the efficacy of the guided disclosure protocol in promoting post-traumatic growth, through meaning reconstruction, in cancer patients after adjuvant chemotherapy. Participants will be randomized to guided disclosure protocol or to an active control condition. Both conditions consist of three 20-minute writing sessions. Experimental participants verbalize emotions, describe events, and reflect on trauma effects. Control participants write about their past week's daily routine...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832925/ecological-validity-of-the-german-bruininks-oseretsky-test-of-motor-proficiency-2nd-edition
#15
Sabine Vinçon, Dido Green, Rainer Blank, Ekkehart Jenetzky
The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents...
November 7, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832716/a-framework-for-negotiating-positionality-in-phenomenological-research
#16
Robin M Hopkins, Glenn Regehr, Daniel D Pratt
This Guide was written as an aid to those who are considering phenomenology as a methodology in their education research. Phenomenology allows us to understand and appreciate educational issues by exploring the unique experiences and perspectives of individuals involved in the process. There are certain core tenets to all phenomenological research, such as a focus on exploring experience and adopting a phenomenological stance. However, because phenomenology has emerged from the work of a number of related but distinct philosophers, phenomenologists do not adhere to a single approach...
November 10, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826266/relating-language-and-music-skills-in-young-children-a-first-approach-to-systemize-and-compare-distinct-competencies-on-different-levels
#17
Caroline Cohrdes, Lorenz Grolig, Sascha Schroeder
Children in transition from kindergarten to school develop fundamental skills important for the acquisition of reading and writing. Previous research pointed toward substantial correlations between specific language- and music-related competencies as well as positive transfer effects from music on pre-literacy skills. However, until now the relationship between diverse music and language competencies remains unclear. In the present study, we used a comprehensive approach to clarify the relationships between a broad variety of language and music skills on different levels, not only between but also within domains...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819405/-santiago-ramon-y-cajal-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#18
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: The life and work of Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been portrayed in scientific papers, biographical and autobiographical works, comics, films, television series or documentaries that have attempted to reflect upon his life or his contributions to science and to bring him closer to the general public. AIMS: To analyse the different ways Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been represented in literature, cinema and television, and to become more closely acquainted with this scientist through his fictional writings...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819114/looking-after-iris-john-bayley-s-elegy-for-the-living
#19
Carol Schilling
John Bayley's Elegy for Iris, his memoir about living with Iris Murdoch after the onset of dementia, unsettles models of mind and agency that ignore human relationship, dependency, and the vulnerabilities of the cared for and the carer. Experiencing Iris as ambiguously absent and present while he attentively cares for her, Bayley frames his memoir as an elegy, a reflection on love and loss that conventionally represents two subjects-the author and the one he lost. Bayley's acts of care and his stories about his wife, both as she was and as she has become, sustain her moral worth as a person...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809572/identification-of-two-heritable-cross-disorder-endophenotypes-for-tourette-syndrome
#20
Sabrina M Darrow, Matthew E Hirschtritt, Lea K Davis, Cornelia Illmann, Lisa Osiecki, Marco Grados, Paul Sandor, Yves Dion, Robert King, David Pauls, Cathy L Budman, Danielle C Cath, Erica Greenberg, Gholson J Lyon, Dongmei Yu, Lauren M McGrath, William M McMahon, Paul C Lee, Kevin L Delucchi, Jeremiah M Scharf, Carol A Mathews
OBJECTIVE: Phenotypic heterogeneity in Tourette syndrome is partly due to complex genetic relationships among Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Identifying symptom-based endophenotypes across diagnoses may aid gene-finding efforts. METHOD: Assessments for Tourette syndrome, OCD, and ADHD symptoms were conducted in a discovery sample of 3,494 individuals recruited for genetic studies. Symptom-level factor and latent class analyses were conducted in Tourette syndrome families and replicated in an independent sample of 882 individuals...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
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