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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728513/ingratiation-attempts-in-real-life-determinants-of-their-success
#1
Helmut Lamm
A total of 272 students at a German university were asked to write down the story of an ingratiation attempt they had made and one they had received. They were then asked to reflect on each episode via a questionnaire. All but one participant reported that they had performed at least one of the four tactics postulated in Jones's ingratiation theory: compliments, favor-doing, opinion conformity, and positive self-presentation. In the case of received ingratiation, we found higher success ratings for nondependent (vs...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#2
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721641/attributing-agency-to-automated-systems-reflections-on-human-robot-collaborations-and-responsibility-loci
#3
Sven Nyholm
Many ethicists writing about automated systems (e.g. self-driving cars and autonomous weapons systems) attribute agency to these systems. Not only that; they seemingly attribute an autonomous or independent form of agency to these machines. This leads some ethicists to worry about responsibility-gaps and retribution-gaps in cases where automated systems harm or kill human beings. In this paper, I consider what sorts of agency it makes sense to attribute to most current forms of automated systems, in particular automated cars and military robots...
July 18, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719548/forearm-pronation-osteotomy-for-supination-contracture-secondary-to-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Aharon Z Gladstein, Brant Sachleben, Emily S Ho, Alison Anthony, Howard M Clarke, Sevan Hopyan
BACKGROUND: Obstetrical brachial plexus palsy can lead to fixed forearm supination contracture. Fixed supination may lead to functional deficits as the affected hand cannot be positioned optimally for activities on a desk such as writing and typing, or for using tools including utensils, which require a neutral or pronated forearm. Forearm pronation osteotomy has been used to address this problem, although the functional benefit over nonoperative management has not been clearly defined...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710598/reflections-for-clinical-pastoral-education-students-in-psychiatric-settings
#5
Nathan Carlin
This article focuses on Donald Capps's books on mental illness. In doing so I highlight three key insights from Capps that I have applied in my own ministry with persons with mental illness in various psychiatric hospitals. These insights, together with my own experience as a chaplain, lead to three practical lessons for clinical pastoral education students in psychiatric settings. I provide some context for my interest in mental illness and my friendship with Capps, as well as some background regarding how Capps's writings on mental illness fit with certain broader themes in his own work as a pastoral theologian...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709741/do-hand-outcome-measures-reflect-cultural-influences
#6
Çiğdem Öksüz, Burcu Semin Akel, Orkun Tahir Aran, İlkem Ceren Sığırtmaç, A Gürsel Leblebicioğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the activities listed in DASH, MHQ, QuickDASH with the activities listed in Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) in a Turkish patient population with hand injury. METHODS: COPM questionnaire was administered to 163 participants (61 male and 102 female; mean age 40.72 ± 13.70 years). The activities that were stated in COPM were categorized and checked whether they were present in DASH-T, MHQ, QuickDASH...
July 11, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707141/do-literate-pigeons-columba-livia-show-mirror-word-generalization
#7
Damian Scarf, Michael C Corballis, Onur Güntürkün, Michael Colombo
Many children pass through a mirror stage in reading, where they write individual letters or digits in mirror and find it difficult to correctly utilize letters that are mirror images of one another (e.g., b and d). This phenomenon is thought to reflect the fact that the brain does not naturally discriminate left from right. Indeed, it has been argued that reading acquisition involves the inhibition of this default process. In the current study, we tested the ability of literate pigeons, which had learned to discriminate between 30 and 62 words from 7832 nonwords, to discriminate between words and their mirror counterparts...
July 13, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701573/quality-assessment-of-reporting-performance-for-egfr-molecular-diagnosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Yanxi Han, Rui Zhang, Guigao Lin, Kuo Zhang, Jiehong Xie, Jinming Li
BACKGROUND: Reports serve as a bridge between laboratories and clinicians, help synthesize an overwhelming amount of raw data into evidence-based medicine, and play a significant role in designing clinical treatments. In an effort to guarantee high-quality epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation testing and reporting performance, the National Center for Clinical Laboratories launched a proficiency testing (PT) scheme reflecting clinical practices in China since 2014. This study focuses on the quality assessment of gene mutation reports...
July 12, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700392/cd4-cd8-ratio-restoration-in-long-term-treated-hiv-1-infected-individuals
#9
Fabienne Caby
OBJECTIVES: A persistently low CD4/CD8 ratio despite virological control reflects a higher risk of morbidity in HIV-infected individuals. The objective of the study was to assess the probability and determinants of ratio restoration (≥1) during long-term combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). DESIGN: Study cohort based on the French Hospital Database on HIV (ANRS CO4). METHODS: Antiretroviral-naive HIV-1-infected individuals were included if they achieved virological control (plasma HIV RNA ≤ 500 copies/ml) within 9 months following cART, started between 2000 and 2010...
July 31, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695422/does-black-socioeconomic-mobility-explain-recent-progress-toward-black-white-residential-integration
#10
Robert L Wagmiller, Elizabeth Gage-Bouchard, Amelia Karraker
Studies of racial residential segregation have found that black-white segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas has declined slowly but steadily since the early 1970s. As of this writing, black-white residential segregation in the United States is approximately 25 % lower than it was in 1970. To identify the sources of this decline, we used individual-level, geocoded data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to compare the residential attainment of different cohorts of blacks. We analyzed these data using Blinder-Oaxaca regression decomposition techniques that partition the decline in residential segregation among cohorts into the decline resulting from (1) changes in the social and economic characteristics of blacks and (2) changes in the association between blacks' social and economic characteristics and the level of residential segregation they experience...
July 10, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693015/criticism-of-the-pap-smear-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-cervical-cancer-screening
#11
Volker Schneider
This editorial by Dr. Leopold G. Koss appeared in the January 1980 issue of Acta Cytologica. It addressed recent critical opinions in the general media on cervical screening and its costs. It marked the beginning of a more critical approach to cytology by the lay press, health care providers, and epidemiologists. It was also the first of a series of highly informative editorials by Dr. Koss that illustrated the critical issues of cytology during the 1980s. The elegance and clarity of his articles reflect the high standard of editorial writing in Acta Cytologica at this time...
July 11, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686300/statistical-learning-and-spelling-older-prephonological-spellers-produce-more-wordlike-spellings-than-younger-prephonological-spellers
#12
Rebecca Treiman, Brett Kessler, Kelly Boland, Hayley Clocksin, Zhengdao Chen
The authors analyzed the spellings of 179 U.S. children (age = 3 years, 2 months-5 years, 6 months) who were prephonological spellers, in that they wrote using letters that did not reflect the phonemes in the target items. Supporting the idea that children use their statistical learning skills to learn about the outer form of writing before they begin to spell phonologically, older prephonological spellers showed more knowledge about English letter patterns than did younger prephonological spellers. The written productions of older prephonological spellers were rated by adults as more similar to English words than were the productions of younger prephonological spellers...
July 7, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678101/emotional-life-exploring-contradictions-in-health-behavior-through-creative-writing-in-public-health-education
#13
Lise Saffran
Weaving personal experience with literature on social determinants and health humanities, the author argues that including art and literature in public health education will benefit efforts to integrate health care and public health by reminding practitioners that communities are composed of individuals with complicated and often contradictory impulses. She argues that those whose work involves planning interventions and reviewing population data also need to perform the tasks of mental flexibility, of imagination, to think about the people behind the numbers...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677475/dementia-care-a-practical-approach-smith-grahame-dementia-care-a-practical-approach-185pp-%C3%A2-24-99-crc-press-9781482245738-1482245736-formula-see-text
#14
(no author information available yet)
This comprehensive overview of dementia care is supported by evidence-based research. Each chapter is well structured and provides a scenario, a summary and points for reflection. The writing style makes the content particularly accessible for nursing students.
July 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677472/how-to-set-up-and-administer-an-enteral-feed-via-a-nasogastric-tube
#15
Carolyn Best
Rationale and key points Nasogastric tube feeding is a method of enteral feeding commonly administered by nurses. Feed can be administered either using a volumetric enteral feeding pump (pump feeding) or via an enteral syringe (bolus feeding). This article explains how nurses can safely undertake these two methods of nasogastric tube feed administration at the patient's bedside. » Nasogastric tube feeding can be used to provide some or all of the patient's nutrition, fluid or medication. » Nurses should be equipped with the relevant knowledge to flush a nasogastric tube before the administration of feed or medication; set up and administer an enteral feed via a volumetric enteral feeding pump; and set up and administer a feed using a bolus method...
July 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677393/switchable-plasmonic-film-using-nanoconfined-liquid-crystals
#16
Seong Ho Ryu, Dong Ki Yoon
Structural coloration using plasmonic particles has received substantial attention due to its robust, permanent, and scalable characteristics across the full color range. In this study, a plasmonic structure based on a porous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) film coated with a metallic film was fabricated. Colors were varied by changing the refractive index, which was achieved with a convolution with nanopores of AAO film and an infiltrated liquid crystal (LC) material. LC molecules confined in the porous AAO film were uniformly aligned, and they exhibited pore-size-dependent colors because of the specific refractive index...
July 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673191/advanced-holistic-nursing-practice-narratives-a-view-of-caring-praxis
#17
Mary Enzman Hines, Jennifer Gaughan
Advanced holistic nurses (AHNs), emerging as leaders in health care transformation, are described as caregivers, but caring and caring-within-practice are often difficult for AHNs to explicate. Nursing research that describes caring in advanced practice is limited. Only one study has been reported that focused on describing practice for advanced practice nurses. This article presents a secondary analysis of narratives from a larger qualitative study of holistic pediatric nursing practice. From that study, narratives provided by six holistic advanced practice nurse participants, working in a variety of settings, were extracted and analyzed to illuminate caring-within-practice...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665579/a-general-strategy-towards-dual-scale-controlled-metallic-micro-nano-hybrid-structures-with-ultralow-reflectance
#18
Peixun Fan, Benfeng Bai, Minlin Zhong, Hongjun Zhang, Jiangyou Long, Jinpeng Han, Weiqi Wang, Guofan Jin
Functional metal surfaces with minimum optical reflection over broadband spectrum have essential importance for optical and optoelectronic devices. However, the intrinsically large optical impedance mismatch between metals and the free space causes a huge obstacle in achieving such a purpose. We propose and experimentally demonstrate a general pulse injection controlled ultrafast laser direct writing strategy for fabricating highly effective antireflection structures on metal surfaces. The presented strategy can implement separate and flexible modifications on both microscale frame structures and nanoscale particles, benefit from which, optimized geometrical light trapping and enhanced effective medium effect reducing the surface reflection can be simultaneously achieved within one hybrid structure...
June 30, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664563/evaluating-patient-and-public-involvement-in-health-research-from-theoretical-model-to-practical-workshop
#19
Andy Gibson, Jo Welsman, Nicky Britten
BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature on evaluating aspects of patient and public involvement (PPI). We have suggested that at the core of successful PPI is the dynamic interaction of different forms of knowledge, notably lay and professional. We have developed a four-dimensional theoretical framework for understanding these interactions. AIM: We explore the practical utility of the theoretical framework as a tool for mapping and evaluating the experience of PPI in health services research...
June 30, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664400/astrocytes-provide-metabolic-support-for-neuronal-synaptic-function-in-response-to-extracellular-k
#20
Brian A MacVicar, Hyun Beom Choi
It is an honour to have this opportunity write an article in recognition of the immense contributions of Bruce Ransom to the field of glial research. For me (BAM) personally there are many highlights both as a colleague and a friend that come to mind when I reflect on the many years that I have known Bruce. My own entry into the glial field was inspired by the early work by Ransom and his lab showing the sensitivity of astrocytes to neuronal activity. During my PhD and postdoctoral research I read these early papers and was inspired to ask the question when I first set up my independent lab in 1983: what if astrocytes also express some of the multitude of ion channels or transmitter receptors that were beginning to be described in neurons? Could they modify neuronal excitability during seizures or behaviour? As it turned out this was not only true but glial-neuronal interactions continues to be a growing and exciting field that I am still working in...
June 29, 2017: Neurochemical Research
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