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Reflective writing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323608/from-doctors-stories-to-doctors-stories-and-back-again
#1
Marcia Day Childress
Stories have always been central to medicine, but during the twentieth century bioscience all but eclipsed narrative's presence in medical practice. In Doctors' Stories, published in 1991, Kathryn Montgomery excavated medicine's narrative foundations and functions to reveal new possibilities for how to conceive and characterize medicine. Physicians' engagement with stories has since flourished, especially through the narrative medicine movement, although in the twenty-first century this has been challenged by the health care industry's business-minded and data-driven clinical systems...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299916/relationship-between-patient-reported-and-objective-measurements-of-hand-function-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
S M Günay, Z Tuna, D Oskay
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often results in impairments in upper extremities, especially in the small joints of hand. Involvement of hand brings limitations in activities of daily living. However, it is commonly observed that patient-reported functional status of hand does not always corresponds to their actual physical performance in the clinical setting. The aim of this pilot study is to investigate the relationship between patient self-reported and objectively measured hand functions in patients with RA. Twenty-six patients (51±13 years) with RA diagnosis participated in the study...
December 31, 2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289307/understanding-and-interpreting-pharmacy-college-admission-test-scores
#3
REVIEW
Don Meagher
To fairly and accurately interpret candidates' Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) scores as listed on their official transcripts, it is important to understand how these scores reflect candidates' performances on cognitive tasks involving the identification, interpretation, analysis, and evaluation of information assumed to have been covered in pre-pharmacy science, math, and general education coursework. This paper attempts to facilitate this understanding by explaining how candidates' responses to PCAT test items relate to their scaled scores and percentile ranks and how their writing scores reflect their performance...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289298/using-reflective-writing-as-a-predictor-of-academic-success-in-different-assessment-formats
#4
Cherie Tsingos-Lucas, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Carl R Schneider, Lorraine Smith
Objectives. To investigate whether reflective-writing skills are associated with academic success. Methods. Two hundred sixty-four students enrolled in a pharmacy practice course completed reflective statements. Regression procedures were conducted to determine whether reflective-writing skills were associated with academic success in different assessment formats: written, oral, and video tasks. Results. Reflective-writing skills were found to be a predictor of academic performance in some formats of assessment: written examination; oral assessment task and overall score for the Unit of Study (UoS)...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273981/teaching-and-assessing-reflecting-skills-among-undergraduate-medical-students-experiencing-research
#5
Vasudha Devi, Reem Rachel Abraham, Ullas Kamath
INTRODUCTION: Reflection is the integral component of lifelong learning. Hence, there is a need for incorporating opportunities for students in the curriculum, to develop these skills. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of incorporating teaching-learning activity on reflection early in the undergraduate medical curriculum using research experience as a context, and, to determine whether the reflective skills of students improve upon training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was experimental with test and control groups and was conducted at Melaka Manipal Medical College, India...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271765/how-to-promote-patients-sleep-in-hospital
#6
Irene Gilsenan
Rationale and key points Disturbed or disrupted sleep is associated with adverse effects on physical and psychological health. This article explores the importance of promoting patients' sleep in hospital, although some of the principles can be applied to other healthcare settings. Sleep is essential to recovery and well-being, and nurses are well placed to support patients to achieve and sustain sleep. » Sleep has a restorative function and is particularly important in maintaining patients' health and well-being...
March 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257613/indigenous-clients-intersecting-with-mainstream-nursing-a-reflection
#7
Scott Trueman
CONTEXT: Mental health care for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in rural and remote locations is delivered primarily by nurses. Culturally safe therapeutic interventions can promote understanding and improve care. Reflective knowledge thinking, writing and practice can support nurses to practice cultural safety. ISSUES: Two instances of mental health care for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients are described in this reflective piece of writing...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254475/oxytocin-and-vulnerable-romantic-relationships
#8
Nicholas M Grebe, Andreas Aarseth Kristoffersen, Trond Viggo Grøntvedt, Melissa Emery Thompson, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Steven W Gangestad
Oxytocin (OT) has been implicated in the formation and maintenance of various social relationships, including human romantic relationships. Competing models predict, alternatively, positive or negative associations between naturally-occurring OT levels and romantic relationship quality. Empirical tests of these models have been equivocal. We propose a novel hypothesis ('Identify and Invest') that frames OT as an allocator of psychological investment toward valued, vulnerable relationships, and test this proposal in two studies...
March 11, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#9
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239881/how-chronic-disease-affects-children-s-views-on-being-ill-and-healthy-a-comparative-study
#10
Lígia Lima, Vanessa Silva, Marina S Lemos
BACKGROUND: Understanding children's views of illness and health is vital to a child-centred approach in patient education and care. Paediatric healthcare providers should incorporate children's views of health and illness to enable children and their families to participate in self-management plans and achieve better health outcomes. However, there is limited scientific knowledge regarding the views of children with specific diseases. METHOD: This comparative study investigated whether and in what ways the experience of having different chronic diseases influenced children's views of being ill and healthy...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238973/writing-signed-languages-what-for-what-form-a-response
#11
Donald F Moores
In his article in an American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin divides his discussion of a written sign system into three basic parts. The first presents arguments against the development of a written form of American Sign Language; the second provides a rationale for a written form of ASL; the third advances opinions of the form such a system might take. The arguments in the first part are weak and reflect the same bias that historically has been shown against ASL itself...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238972/-thinking-for-writing-a-prolegomenon-on-writing-signed-languages
#12
Russell S Rosen, Maria C Hartman, Ye Wang
In his article in this American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin argues that the writing difficulties of many deaf and hard of hearing children result primarily from the orthographic nature of the writing system; he proposes a new system based on features found in signed languages. In response, the present authors review the literature on D/HH children's writing difficulties, outline the main percepts of and assumptions about writing signed languages, discuss "thinking-for-writing" as a process in developing writing skills, offer research designs to test the effectiveness of writing signed language systems, and provide strategies for adopting "thinking-for-writing" in education...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205360/advanced-serious-illness-multimorbidity-and-multibeneficence-the-role-of-communication
#13
Jeffrey Cohn
Sturmberg et al write about multimorbidity as "several diagnosable diseases within the same individual." They posit that this syndrome is the result of multiple interconnected disturbances reflecting scale-free, fractal signs of pathology ranging from biochemical/hormonal alterations at one end of a spectrum to community and societal ills at the other. In this commentary, I will be focusing on 3 perspectives: 1) a preterminal phase of multimorbidity that is indicative of that loss of reparative or even homeokinetic properties, known by some as "advanced serious illness"; 2) the manifestations of advanced serious illness multimorbidity that, using the same networks that connect into the patient, are signs of this syndrome at the levels of the immediate family/friend social network, the broader community, and society at large; and 3) the potential for these same networks that transmit pathological forces to convey the positive effects of therapeutic interventions in a scale-free manner, with a focus on how conversation can lead to what I'm calling "multibeneficence...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198641/the-human-subject-vulnerable-populations-and-medical-history-the-problem-of-presentism-and-the-discourse-of-bioethics
#14
J T H Connor
This discussion considers recent historical works of eugenics and sterilization in Canada, but it is not an historiographic review essay or critique per se of this literature. Rather, by focussing on the topic of historic diagnostic categories such as "feeble-minded," "idiot," and "moron," methodological issues such as historical presentism and its possible interactions with the discourse of modern bioethics are examined. The conclusions derived are meant only to be cautionary, and are neither prescriptive nor proscriptive...
February 15, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198308/how-to-carry-out-growth-assessment-in-infants-and-children-under-two-years-old
#15
David Hopkins, Alison Kyle, Siba Prosad Paul
Rationale and key points Measuring and monitoring growth in infants and young children under two years old is an important part of their clinical assessment in hospital and the community. This article outlines the procedure for measuring growth in infants and children under two years old, and discusses the main factors to consider when undertaking this assessment. » The procedures and some of the data used to monitor the growth of infants and children under two years old differs from those used in older children...
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195209/grayscale-image-recording-on-ge2sb2te5-thin-films-through-laser-induced-structural-evolution
#16
Tao Wei, Jingsong Wei, Kui Zhang, Hongxia Zhao, Long Zhang
Chalcogenide Ge2Sb2Te5 thin films have been widely exploited as binary bit recording materials in optical and non-volatile electronic information storage, where the crystalline and amorphous states are marked as the information bits "0" and "1", respectively. In this work, we demonstrate the use of Ge2Sb2Te5 thin films as multi-level grayscale image recording materials. High-resolution grayscale images are recorded on Ge2Sb2Te5 thin films through taking advantage of laser-induced structural evolution characteristic...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184980/-examination-procedure-and-description-of-skin-lesions
#17
Falk Ochsendorf, Laura Meister
The dermatologic examination follows a clear structure. After a short history is taken, the whole skin is inspected. The description, which is ideally provided in writing, forces one to look at the skin more closely. The description should include an accurate description of the location, the distribution, the form, and the type of lesion. The article contains tables with internationally approved definitions to describe skin changes. The analysis of these findings allows one to deduce pathophysiologic mechanisms occurring in the skin and to deduce hypotheses, i...
February 9, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165277/introduction-to-three-decades-of-family-psychology-perspectives-toward-the-future
#18
Barbara H Fiese
This article introduces the 30th anniversary of the Journal of Family Psychology (JFP). In addition it marks the 125th anniversary of publications by the American Psychological Association. In recognition of this milestone the editorial team has invited the past editors of the journal to write brief reflections on the field and commenting on their vision for the future of the field. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163343/old-er-care-home-residents-and-sexual-intimate-citizenship
#19
Paul Simpson, Maria Horne, Laura J E Brown, Christine Brown Wilson, Tommy Dickinson, Kate Torkington
Sexuality and intimacy in care homes for older people are overshadowed by concern with prolonging physical and/or psychological autonomy. When sexuality and intimacy have been addressed in scholarship, this can reflect a sexological focus concerned with how to continue sexual activity with reduced capacity. We review the (Anglophone) academic and practitioner literatures bearing on sexuality and intimacy in relation to older care home residents (though much of this applies to older people generally). We highlight how ageism (or ageist erotophobia), which defines older people as post-sexual, restricts opportunities for the expression of sexuality and intimacy...
February 2017: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156647/implementing-innovative-learner-centered-methods-to-teach-oncology-fellows-how-to-face-difficult-conversations
#20
Matthew Reilley, Jennifer Leigh McQuade, Walter F Baile, Daniel E Epner
27 Background: Oncologists engage in emotionally charged conversations with patients and families about prognosis, goals of care, and end of life transitions. Many oncologists lack key skills for guiding patients through such conversations. Key skills include posing open ended questions to elicit the patient's perspective, using silence effectively, and responding to emotion with empathy. We previously described a communication skills curriculum for first year medical oncology fellows consisting of a series of one hour monthly seminars (Epner and Baile, Academic Medicine, 2014)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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