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Reflective writing

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AIMS: Historically, urine has been viewed primarily as a waste product with little biological role in the overall health of an individual. Increasingly, data suggest that urine plays a role in human health beyond waste excretion. For example, urine might act as an irritant and contribute to symptoms through interaction with-and potential compromise of-the urothelium. METHODS: To explore the concept that urine may be a vehicle for agents with potential or occult bioactivity and to discuss existing evidence and novel research questions that may yield insight into such a role, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease invited experts in the fields of comparative evolutionary physiology, basic science, nephrology, urology, pediatrics, metabolomics, and proteomics (among others) to a Urinology Think Tank meeting on February 9, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
M Rashad Massoud, Leighann E Kimble, Don Goldmann, John Ovretveit, Nancy Dixon
A fundamental question for the field of healthcare improvement is the extent to which the results achieved can be attributed to the changes that were implemented and whether or not these changes are generalizable. Answering these questions is particularly challenging because the healthcare context is complex, and the interventions themselves tend to be complex and multi-dimensional. The Salzburg Global Seminar Session 565-'Better Health Care: How do we learn about improvement?' was convened to address questions of attribution, generalizability and rigor, and to think through how to approach these concerns in the field of quality improvement...
February 13, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
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March 2018: Nurse Educator
Kathryn E Schertz, Sonya Sachdeva, Omid Kardan, Hiroki P Kotabe, Kathleen L Wolf, Marc G Berman
Prior research has shown that the physical characteristics of one's environment have wide ranging effects on affect and cognition. Other research has demonstrated that one's thoughts have impacts on mood and behavior, and in this three-part research program we investigated how physical features of the environment can alter thought content. In one study, we analyzed thousands of journal entries written by park visitors to examine how low-level and semantic visual features of the parks correlate with different thought topics...
February 9, 2018: Cognition
Elaine Mormer
Educators are faced with an array of tools available to enhance learning outcomes in the classroom and clinic. These tools range from those that are very simple to those that are sufficiently complex to require an investment in learning time. This article summarizes a collection of teaching tools, ordered by the time involved in learning proficient use. Simple tools described include specific online blogs providing support for faculty and student writing and a simple method to capture and download videos from YouTube for classroom use...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
David J Glugla, Madeline B Chosy, Marvin D Alim, Amy C Sullivan, Robert R McLeod
Precise direct-write lithography of 3D waveguides or diffractive structures within the volume of a photosensitive material is hindered by the lack of metrology that can yield predictive models for the micron-scale refractive index profile in response to a range of exposure conditions. We apply the transport of intensity equation in conjunction with confocal reflection microscopy to capture the complete spatial frequency spectrum of isolated 10 μm-scale gradient-refractive index structures written by single-photon direct-write laser lithography...
January 22, 2018: Optics Express
Amr M Mahros, Islam Ashry
We theoretically design and analyze the performance of a fiber-based linearly polarized (LP) mode demultiplexer using a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The all-fiber geometry of the reported demultiplexer is obtained by writing fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in a few-mode fiber (FMF), such that the FBGs act as partial reflecting mirrors for the LP modes. We also demonstrate the ability to decompose a received optical signal into its individual LP components in wavelength-division multiplexing networks.
February 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Rob Selzer
The Critical Essay Question (CEQ) tests some of the key skills necessary for the practice of psychiatry. Many candidates find the CEQ a challenge but there are some basic rules of writing which can help.
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Paolo Banfi, Antonietta Cappuccio, Maura E Latella, Luigi Reale, Elisa Muscianisi, Maria Giulia Marini
Purpose: Poor adherence to therapy and the failure of current smoking cessation programs demonstrate that the current management of COPD can be improved, and it is necessary to educate physicians about new approaches for taking care of patients. Parallel chart is a narrative medicine tool that improves the doctor-patient relationship by asking physicians to write about their patients' lives, thereby encouraging reflective thoughts on care. Patients and methods: Between October 2015 and March 2016, 50 Italian pulmonologists were involved in the collection of parallel charts of anonymous patients with COPD...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of a daily mindfulness practice and 2 types of journaling on participants' development of self-compassion. Method: This was a between-groups design. All participants in a graduate counseling course engaged in a short daily mindfulness practice at the beginning of every class. Participants were randomly assigned to a counseling journal or a gratitude journal group. Participants were to write in their journals 2 to 5 times a week for the duration of the class...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Esteve Fernández, Ana M García, Elisabet Serés, Fèlix Bosch
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine students' satisfaction with a 2-day course on scientific writing in health sciences and to assess their perceptions of the long-term impact on their knowledge, attitudes and skills. SETTING: 27 iterations of a 2-day course on writing and publishing scientific articles in health sciences. PARTICIPANTS: 741 students attending the 27 courses. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Felix M Wunner, Onur Bas, Navid T Saidy, Paul D Dalton, Elena M De-Juan Pardo, Dietmar W Hutmacher
This tutorial reflects on the fundamental principles and guidelines for electrospinning writing with polymer melts, an additive manufacturing technology with great potential for biomedical applications. The technique facilitates the direct deposition of biocompatible polymer fibers to fabricate well-ordered scaffolds in the sub-micron to micro scale range. The establishment of a stable, viscoelastic, polymer jet between a spinneret and a collector is achieved using an applied voltage and can be direct-written...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Dana Amir
This paper focuses on the link between Roland Barthes's reflection on photography and the essential characteristics of psychoanalytic case studies. The case study, like the photograph, seeks to take hold of something nearly intangible. It attempts to capture in time, space, and language something whose dynamic presence remains elusive. The attempt to capture this object often strips it of its essence. Case studies may be accurate on their face while giving us the unpleasant sense that they have "deadened" their object in the process...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Carolyn Catherine Johnstone
Nutritional assessment in adults should begin on first contact with the patient, and is an ongoing process that can take place over several hours or days. A comprehensive nutritional assessment involves the nurse examining the patient's physical and psychological state, as well as considering any social issues that may affect their nutrition. REFLECTIVE ACTIVITY: 'How to' articles can help update your practice and ensure it remains evidence-based. Apply this article to your practice. Reflect on and write a short account of...
January 24, 2018: Nursing Standard
Alexander Kiss, Claudia Steiner, Paul Grossman, Wolf Langewitz, Peter Tschudi, Claudia Kiessling
Background: Reflective Writing (RW) is increasingly being implemented in medical education. Feedback to students' reflective writing (RW) is essential, but resources for individualized feedback often lack. We aimed to determine whether general practitioners (GPs) teaching students clinical skills could also provide feedback to RW and whether an instruction letter specific to RW feedback increases students' satisfaction. Methods: GPs were randomized to the two study arms using block randomization...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
Maitreyee Kar, Chinmaya Kar, Hironmoy Roy, Parmod Goyal
Context: Early clinical exposure (ECE) is one of the important tools to teach basic science to the MBBS students. It is one form of vertical integration between basic science and clinical subjects. This study is an effort at exploring the use of ECE as a motivational tool toward better learning in neuroanatomy for first year MBBS students. Aim: This study aims to make the students interested and motivated to study neuroanatomy by using ECE as learning tool in neuroanatomy and to make the students enable to retain the knowledge of neuroanatomy more efficiently and correlate the knowledge of neuroanatomy with neuromedicine...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Rachel Hirschey, Gretchen Kimmick, Marilyn Hockenberry, Ryan Shaw, Wei Pan, Isaac Lipkus
Aim: The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and fidelity of an intervention, Moving On, aimed to increase outcome expectations OEs (i.e. what one expects to obtain or avoid as a result of a behaviour) and exercise among breast cancer survivors. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Intervention arm participants will be given a theory-guided booklet that was co-created by the research team and three physically active breast cancer survivors who exercise to manage late and long-term treatment effects...
January 2018: Nursing Open
Md Izhar Ashraf, Sitabhra Sinha
Language, which allows complex ideas to be communicated through symbolic sequences, is a characteristic feature of our species and manifested in a multitude of forms. Using large written corpora for many different languages and scripts, we show that the occurrence probability distributions of signs at the left and right ends of words have a distinct heterogeneous nature. Characterizing this asymmetry using quantitative inequality measures, viz. information entropy and the Gini index, we show that the beginning of a word is less restrictive in sign usage than the end...
2018: PloS One
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Julia T Robinson, Amy B Murphy-Nugen
Life review writing produces numerous psychosocial benefits for older adults, who are at risk for isolation and depression. This article shares findings from a study that examined the experiences of older adults participating in a life review writing group. The impact of gender composition on the group dynamic was also explored. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis, this study explored the experiences of six women and one man who participated in a life review writing group. Six unifying themes emerged from the research findings: 1) legacy, 2) connecting with others, 3) reflection, 4) vitality, 5) structure of the group, and 6) gender dynamics...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
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