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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523635/2017-position-paper-of-the-italian-society-for-cardiovascular-prevention-siprec-for-an-updated-clinical-management-of-hypercholesterolemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-executive-document
#1
Massimo Volpe, Roberto Volpe, Giovanna Gallo, Vivianne Presta, Giuliano Tocci, Emanuela Folco, Andrea Peracino, Elena Tremoli, Bruno Trimarco
The benefits achieved by implementing cardiovascular prevention strategies in terms of reduced incidence of atherosclerotic diseases and mortality are accepted, worldwide. In particular, the clinical management of hypercholesterolemia has a fundamental role for all preventive strategies, both in primary and secondary prevention, at each stage of cardiovascular risk. Since the net clinical benefit of lipid-lowering therapy largely depends on baseline individual cardiovascular risk profile, the assessment of individual risk is essential to establish type and intensity of both preventive and therapeutic strategies...
May 18, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523394/introduction-framing-post-aids-and-global-health-discourses-in-2015-and-beyond
#2
EDITORIAL
Gráinne O'Connell
This special issue, entitled "Post-AIDS' and Global Health Discourses: Interdisciplinary Perspectives,' emerged from a one day Medical Humanities symposium at the Leeds Centre for Medical Humanities, at the University of Leeds, England, on February 27th 2015. This special issue focusses on the perceived deprioritising of HIV and AIDS in the Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, that were launched in 2015. The SDGs function as policy benchmarks for all entities within the United Nations system and they supersede the Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, which expired in 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502999/legal-origin-and-social-solidarity-the-continued-relevance-of-durkheim-to-comparative-institutional-analysis
#3
Phil Johnson, Michael Brookes, Geoffrey Wood, Chris Brewster
By using the classic works of Durkheim as a theoretical platform, this research explores the relationship between legal systems and social solidarity. We found that certain types of civil law system, most notably those of Scandinavia, are associated with higher levels of social capital and better welfare state provision. However, we found the relationship between legal system and societal outcomes is considerably more complex than suggested by currently fashionable economistic legal origin approaches, and more in line with the later writings of Durkheim, and, indeed, the literature on comparative capitalisms...
June 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500820/jared-diamond-confidential-reflections-on-writing-science-and-life
#4
Claire Panosian Dunavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488507/how-to-assist-patients-with-sit-stand-transfers
#5
Janice Taylor
Rationale and key points This article discusses optimal methods for assisting patients with sit-stand transfers where moving-and-handling equipment is not required. The article explains the importance of effective mobility care in optimising patients' rehabilitation and enhancing their independence. » The term 'assistance' is used in this article to refer to the support nurses can provide to patients during sit-stand transfers, but excludes manual assistance. Nurses should attempt various 'hands-off' mobility-enhancing strategies to assist the patient, such as the use of verbal, visual or light manual cues...
May 10, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482639/chinese-calligraphy-writing-for-augmenting-attentional-control-and-working-memory-of-older-adults-at-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sam C C Chan, Chetwyn C H Chan, Abiot Y Derbie, Irene Hui, Davynn G H Tan, Marco Y C Pang, Stephen C L Lau, Kenneth N K Fong
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological intervention for individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) needs further investigation. OBJECTIVES: Test efficacy of eight-week Chinese calligraphy writing training improving attentional control and working memory. METHODS: Ninety-nine participants with MCI were randomized into the eight-week calligraphy writing (n = 48) or control (tablet computer) training (n = 51). Outcomes of the interventions were attentional control, working memory, visual scan and processing speed...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481771/cd4-cd8-ratio-restoration-in-long-term-treated-hiv-1-infected-individuals-incidence-and-determinants
#7
Fabienne Caby
OBJECTIVES: A persistently low CD4/CD8 ratio despite virological control reflects a higher risk of morbidity in HIV-infected individuals. The objective of the study was to assess the probability and determinants of ratio restoration (≥1) during long-term cART. DESIGN: Study cohort based on the French Hospital Database on HIV (FHDH-ANRS CO4). METHODS: Antiretroviral naïve HIV-1 infected individuals were included if they achieved virological control (plasma HIV-RNA≤500 copies/ml) within 9 months following cART, started between 2000 and 2010...
May 5, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480527/source-determination-of-red-gel-pen-inks-using-raman-spectroscopy-and-attenuated-total-reflectance-fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy-combined-with-pearson-s-product-moment-correlation-coefficients-and-principal-component-analysis
#8
Muhammad Naeim Mohamad Asri, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Dzulkiflee Ismail
The potential combination of two nondestructive techniques, that is, Raman spectroscopy (RS) and attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy with Pearson's product moment correlation (PPMC) coefficient (r) and principal component analysis (PCA) to determine the actual source of red gel pen ink used to write a simulated threatening note, was examined. Eighteen (18) red gel pens purchased from Japan and Malaysia from November to December 2014 where one of the pens was used to write a simulated threatening note were analyzed using RS and ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, respectively...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468614/a-qualitative-thematic-content-analysis-of-medical-students-essays-on-professionalism
#9
So-Youn Park, Changwoo Shon, Oh Young Kwon, Tai Young Yoon, Ivo Kwon
BACKGROUND: Physicians in both Western and Eastern countries are being confronted by changes in health care delivery systems and medical professionalism values. The traditional concept of "In-Sul" (benevolent art) and the modern history of South Korea have led to cultural differences between South Korea and other countries in conceptualizing medical professionalism; thus, we studied medical students' perceptions of professionalism as described in essays written on this topic. METHODS: In 2014, we asked 109 first-year medical students who were enrolled in a compulsory ethics course to anonymously write a description of an instance of medical professionalism that they had witnessed, as well as reflecting on their own professional context...
May 3, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467686/the-role-of-pride-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-grounded-theory-study
#10
Cintia L Faija, Stephanie Tierney, Patricia A Gooding, Sarah Peters, John R E Fox
OBJECTIVE: Theory and clinical literature suggest that pride may play an important role in the maintenance of restrictive eating disorders. A grounded theory study explored experiences of, and reflections on, pride among women with a current or past diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study using grounded theory. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 21 women recruited from an eating disorder unit in England, and from a UK self-help organization...
May 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462480/helping-yourself-by-offering-help-mediators-of-expressive-helping-in-survivors-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#11
Timothy J Williamson, Annette L Stanton, Jane E Austin, Heiddis B Valdimarsdottir, Lisa M Wu, Jennifer L Krull, Christine M Rini
BACKGROUND: A randomized experiment by Rini et al. (Health Psychol. 33(12):1541-1551, 2014) demonstrated that expressive helping, which involves three expressive writing sessions regarding hematopoietic stem cell transplant, followed by one writing session directed toward helping other stem cell transplant recipients, reduced psychological distress and bothersome physical symptoms among stem cell transplant recipients with elevated survivorship problems, relative to a neutral writing control condition...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456085/single-sensor-for-multiple-analytes-in-different-optical-channel-applying-for-multi-ion-response-modulation
#12
Chunshuang Liang, Shimei Jiang
A Schiff-base, (2,4-di-tert-butyl-6-((2-hydroxyphenyl-imino)-methyl)phenol) (L), has been improved to function as a simultaneous multi-ion probe in different optical channel. The probe changes from colorless to orangish upon being deprotonated by F(-), while the presence of Al(3+) significantly enhances the fluorescence of the probe due to the inhibition of CN isomerization, cation-induced inhibition of excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT), and chelation enhanced fluorescence (CHEF). Dual-channel "off-on" switching behavior resulted from the sequential input of F(-) and Al(3+), reflecting the balance of independent reactions of Al(3+) and F(-) with L and with one another...
April 18, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437690/a-guide-to-nursing-students-written-reflections-for-students-and-educators
#13
Jessica Naber, Liz Markley
Experiences from the clinical setting are ideal for building critical thinking skills if reflection is used as a teaching tool. Reflective writing is the purposeful and recurring inspection of thoughts, feelings, and occurrences that coordinate with experiences during practice. Reflecting on clinical experiences develops critical thinking ability, fosters self-understanding, facilitates coping, and leads to improvement in clinical practice (Kennison, 2006). Reflective writing allows students to combine clinical experiences and takeaways with didactic material to better understand both practice and instruction...
April 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428047/diffusion-mri-of-the-human-brain-at-ultra-high-field-uhf-a-review
#14
Daniel Gallichan
The continued drive towards MRI scanners operating at increasingly higher main magnetic fields is primarily motivated by the maxim that more teslas mean more signal and lead to better images. This promise of increased signal, which cannot easily be achieved in other ways, encourages efforts to overcome the inextricable technical challenges which accompany this endeavor. Unlike for many applications, however, diffusion imaging is not currently able to directly reap these potential signal gains - at the time of writing it seems fair to say that, for matched gradient and RF hardware, the majority of diffusion images acquired at 7T, while comparable in quality to those achievable at 3T, do not demonstrate a clear advantage over what can be obtained at lower field...
April 18, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421910/multi-step-treatment-for-acquired-alexia-and-agraphia-part-ii-a-dual-route-error-scoring-system
#15
Katrina Ross, Jeffrey P Johnson, Swathi Kiran
Dual-route neuropsychological models posit two distinct but interrelated pathways for reading and writing: the lexical and the sublexical. Individuals with reading/writing deficits often rely on the combined power of the integrated system to perform print-processing tasks. The resultant errors reflect varying degrees of lexical and sublexical accuracy in a single production; however, no system presently exists to analyze errors robustly in both routes. The goal of this project was to develop a system that simultaneously, quantitatively, and qualitatively captures changes in lexical and sublexical errors following treatment...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419738/academic-voice-on-feminism-presence-and-objectivity-in-writing
#16
Kim M Mitchell
Academic voice is an oft-discussed, yet variably defined concept, and confusion exists over its meaning, evaluation, and interpretation. This paper will explore perspectives on academic voice and counterarguments to the positivist origins of objectivity in academic writing. While many epistemological and methodological perspectives exist, the feminist literature on voice is explored here as the contrary position. From the feminist perspective, voice is a socially constructed concept that cannot be separated from the experiences, emotions, and identity of the writer and, thus, constitutes a reflection of an author's way of knowing...
April 16, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411271/neural-correlates-of-semantic-prediction-and-resolution-in-sentence-processing
#17
Luigi Grisoni, Tally McCormick Miller, Friedemann Pulvermüller
Most brain-imaging studies of language comprehension focus on activity following meaningful stimuli. Testing adult human participants with high-density EEG, we show that, already before the presentation of a critical word, context-induced semantic predictions are reflected by a neurophysiological index, which we therefore call the semantic readiness potential (SRP). The SRP precedes critical words if a previous sentence context constrains the upcoming semantic content (high-constraint contexts), but not in unpredictable (low-constraint) contexts...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394105/introducing-scientific-writing-as-mandatory-topic-in-bachelor-nursing-program-experience-of-the-university-of-dubrovnik-croatia
#18
Mihaela Zidarić, Višnja Vičić-Hudorović, Narcis Hudorović
One of the methods that have been used to encourage student reflection skills is scientific writing. The purpose of this article is to discuss implementation of obligatory study topic with the main objective to increase the skills of scientific writing among students of Bachelor Nursing Curriculum and its relation to scientific publishing volume of Bachelor degree students from the University of Dubrovnik. By searching the local rank database called HRČAK, data were collected on publication volume of the Bachelor course students at the University of Dubrovnik from 2010 to 2014...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391303/exploring-the-self-through-songwriting-an-analysis-of-songs-composed-by-people-with-acquired-neurodisability-in-an-inpatient-rehabilitation-program
#19
Felicity A Baker, Jeanette Tamplin, Raymond A R MacDonald, Jennie Ponsford, Chantal Roddy, Claire Lee, Nikki Rickard
Background: Neurological trauma is associated with significant damage to people's pre-injury self-concept. Therapeutic songwriting has been linked with changes in self-concept and improved psychological well-being. Objective: This study analyzed the lyrics of songs composed by inpatients with neurological injuries who participated in a targeted songwriting program. The aim of this study was to understand which of the subdomains of the self-concept were the most frequently expressed in songs...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382922/laser-direct-write-based-fabrication-of-a-spatially-defined-biomimetic-construct-as-a-potential-model-for-breast-cancer-cell-invasion-into-adipose-tissue
#20
Benjamin T Vinson, Theresa B Phamduy, Joshua Shipman, Brian Riggs, Amy L Strong, Samuel C Sklare, Walter L Murfee, Matthew E Burow, Bruce A Bunnell, Yong Huang, Douglas B Chrisey
Epithelial-adipose interaction is an integral step in breast cancer cell invasion and progression towards lethal metastatic disease. Understanding the physiological contribution of obesity, a major contributor to breast cancer risk and negative prognosis in post-menopausal patients, on cancer cell invasion requires detailed co-culture constructs that reflect mammary microarchitecture. Using laser direct-write, a laser-based CAD/CAM bioprinting technique, we have demonstrated the ability to construct breast cancer cell-laden hydrogel microbeads into spatially defined patterns in hydrogel matrices containing differentiated adipocytes...
May 11, 2017: Biofabrication
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