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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235936/ego-involvement-increases-doping-likelihood
#1
Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu
Achievement goal theory provides a framework to help understand how individuals behave in achievement contexts, such as sport. Evidence concerning the role of motivation in the decision to use banned performance enhancing substances (i.e., doping) is equivocal on this issue. The extant literature shows that dispositional goal orientation has been weakly and inconsistently associated with doping intention and use. It is possible that goal involvement, which describes the situational motivational state, is a stronger determinant of doping intention...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235909/the-role-of-balint-group-training-in-the-professional-and-personal-development-of-family-medicine-residents
#2
Marty Player, John R Freedy, Vanessa Diaz, Clive Brock, Alexander Chessman, Carolyn Thiedke, Alan Johnson
This paper presents a study based on the participation of PGY2 and PGY3 family medicine residents in Balint seminars that occurred twice monthly for 24 months. Balint groups were cofacilitated by leader pairs experienced with the Balint method. Prior to residency graduation, 18 of 19 eligible resident physicians (94.5%) completed 30- to 60-min semistructured interviews conducted by a research assistant. Resident physicians were told that these individual interviews concerned "…how we teach communication in residency...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233402/the-use-of-twitter-to-facilitate-engagement-and-reflection-in-a-constructionist-learning-environment
#3
Shane P Desselle
OBJECTIVES: Determine students' self-reported use of Twitter in a health systems course and gauge their perceptions of its value and utility for self-guided supplementation of course material, and evaluate the quality of students' reflections from information they found on Twitter. METHODS: Students in a health systems course create a Twitter account to remain abreast of current developments in pharmacy and health systems. They were afforded the autonomy to follow organizations/individuals they chose and write reflective mini-papers on selected tweets from their Twitter feed prior to each course session...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233396/inter-rater-reliability-of-a-reflective-rubric-to-assess-pharmacy-students-reflective-thinking
#4
Cherie Lucas, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Carl R Schneider, Kathryn Bartimote-Aufflick, Mark McEntee, Lorraine Smith
INTRODUCTION: Many health education programs aspire to foster reflective practices to enhance the reflective thinking of students during their study years and throughout their professional careers. Given the increasing attention paid to incorporating reflective practice activities into health education and evidence attributed to rater variability, it is important for educators to carefully consider the assessment criteria and reliability of assessment tools. A reflective rubric was developed to assess pharmacy students' levels of reflection from a reflective writing task...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233318/a-course-for-developing-interprofessional-skills-in-pre-professional-honor-students-using-humanities-and-media
#5
Therese I Poirier, Connie Stamper-Carr, Kate Newman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To design and implement an undergraduate honors course for pre-health professional students that develops interpersonal skills through use of a variety of humanities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three credit hour course in an honors seminar sequence was developed by pharmacy practice faculty and with input from faculty in mass communications, philosophy, applied communication studies and history. The course utilized a variety of media such as literature, film, and podcasts to foster student discussion about a variety of health-related topics...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233303/student-perceptions-of-the-impact-and-value-of-incorporation-of-reflective-writing-across-a-pharmacy-curriculum
#6
Amber E King, Andrea S Joseph, Elena M Umland
INTRODUCTION: To assess student perceptions regarding the impact and value of incorporating written reflection across a pharmacy curriculum. METHODS: Throughout the first three years of the pharmacy curriculum, students use the "What, So What, Now What" format to write 18 reflections within five didactic and six experiential courses. For the 93 students in the class of 2015, individual course evaluation questions measuring perceptions of the impact of reflective writing on their achievement of curricular outcomes were analyzed...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227237/sexual-orientation-self-concept-ambiguity-and-alcohol-use-disorder-symptomology-the-roles-of-motivated-psychological-distancing-and-drinking-to-cope
#7
David W Hancock, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer Bohanek, Micah D Iserman, Molly Ireland
OBJECTIVE: Women whose sexual identity is not exclusively heterosexual are at risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and problematic drinking. A textual analytic approach focusing on motivated psychological distancing in language style use was used to detect sexual minority women who are at greatest risk for an AUD. METHOD: Young adult women (N = 254) were asked to complete a self-report measure of sexual orientation self-concept ambiguity as well as free-write about their sexuality...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#8
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219076/-it-takes-more-than-a-fellowship-program-reflections-on-capacity-strengthening-for-health-systems-research-in-sub-saharan-africa
#9
EDITORIAL
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Caroline W Kabiru, Djesika Amendah, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Hermann Pythagore Pierre Donfouet, Esso-Hanam Atake, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire, Stephen Maluka, Joyce N Mumah, Matilu Mwau, Mollyne Ndinya, Kenneth Ngure, Estelle M Sidze, Charles Sossa, Abdramane Soura, Alex C Ezeh
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experiences an acute dearth of well-trained and skilled researchers. This dearth constrains the region's capacity to identify and address the root causes of its poor social, health, development, and other outcomes. Building sustainable research capacity in SSA requires, among other things, locally led and run initiatives that draw on existing regional capacities as well as mutually beneficial global collaborations. This paper describes a regional research capacity strengthening initiative-the African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship (ADDRF) program...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216601/measuring-critical-thinking-in-pre-registration-midwifery-students-a-multi-method-approach
#10
Amanda G Carter, Debra K Creedy, Mary Sidebotham
OBJECTIVE: Test the concurrent validity of three newly developed tools (student self-rating, preceptor rating, and reflective writing) that aim to measure critical thinking in midwifery practice. DESIGN: A descriptive matched cohort design was used. SETTING: Australian research intensive university offering a three year Bachelor of Midwifery programme. SAMPLE: Fifty-five undergraduate midwifery students. METHODS: Students assessed their ability to apply critical thinking in midwifery practice using a 25-item tool and a 5-item subscale in Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215187/the-use-of-orientation-decision-do-discuss-reflect-od3r-method-to-increase-critical-thinking-skill-and-practical-skill-in-biochemistry-learning
#11
Yunita Arian Sani Anwar, Senam Senam, Endang W Laksono
We have developed an OD3R method that can be applied on Biochemistry learning. This OD3R consists of 5 phases: orientation, decision, do, discuss, and reflect to connect lessons in the class with practice in the laboratory. Implementation of OD3R method was done in 2 universities in Yogyakarta to increase critical thinking skill and practical skill of the students. The critical thinking skills were assessed using modified Hoyo rubric according to student's ability in writing laboratory work report. Practical skill was assessed using a rubric with 6 practical skill categories: procedural skill, manipulative skill, observation skill, drawing skill, interpretation skill, and presentation skill...
December 7, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213249/skewed-sociolinguistic-awareness-of-a-native-non-standard-dialect-evidence-from-the-cypriot-greek-writing-of-greek-cypriot-students
#12
Ioli Ayiomamitou, Androula Yiakoumetti
Over the last 50 years, sociolinguistic research in settings in which a regional, social, or ethnic non-standard linguistic variety is used alongside the standard variety of the same language has steadily increased. The educational implications of the concomitant use of such varieties have also received a great deal of research attention. This study deals with regional linguistic variation and its implications for education by focusing on the Greek Cypriot educational context. This context is ideal for investigating the linguistic profiles of speakers of proximal varieties as the majority of Greek Cypriots are primarily educated in just one of their varieties: the standard educational variety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202616/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-4-trustworthiness-and-publishing
#13
Irene Korstjens, Albine Moser
In the course of our supervisory work over the years we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200453/targeting-assessment-for-learning-within-pharmacy-education
#14
Michael J Peeters
Formative assessment is critical for deliberate improvement, development and growth. While not entirely synonymous, assessment for learning (AFL) is an approach using formative assessment to specifically improve students' learning. While using formative assessments, AFL can also have summative programmatic-assessment implications. For each learning assessment, summative and formative uses can be leveraged; it can scaffold (formative), foster students' growth (formative), and document students' development in a competency/standard (summative)...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190843/practicing-medicine-in-1917-rhode-island
#15
Todd M Olszewski
Using editorials published in the Rhode Island Medical Journal's inaugural year, this article examines what it meant to practice medicine in Rhode Island in 1917. One hundred years ago, the state's medical community was undergoing rapid transformation epitomized by a turn toward the germ theory of disease, ongoing education and hospital reform, and a growing sense of the profession's political and social role. In many ways, the social and professional concerns of Rhode Island physicians in 1917 continue to resonate today...
December 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162151/are-identities-oral-understanding-ethnobotanical-knowledge-after-irish-independence-1937-1939
#16
Fiona Shannon, Astrid Sasse, Helen Sheridan, Michael Heinrich
BACKGROUND: The Schools' Folklore Scheme (1937-1939) was implemented at a pivotal time in Irelands' political history. It resulted in a body of ethnological information that is unique in terms of when, why and how it was collected. This material consists of over 700,000 pages of information, including ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical traditions, reflecting an oral identity that spans generations and that in many cases was not documented in writing until the 1930s. The intention of this study is to highlight the importance of the Schools' Folklore Scheme and to demonstrate an ethnographic approach based on recollections of original participants of the scheme, to further understand the material in the collection and the impact it had on the participants...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154892/reflection-on-the-role-of-the-spirit-in-finding-meaning-and-healing-as-clincians
#17
Carolyn Jacobs
Reflections on the Role of the Spirit in Finding Meaning and Healing as Clinicians is based on a presentation for the George Washington Spirituality and Health Summer Institute July 13, 2017. The presentation invited health care professionals to explore contemplative practices as ways to invite the Spirit into strengthening their resilience in caring for themselves and others. As clinicians there is often a longing to be grounded in a regular contemplative practice centering one's inner life and to acknowledge the creative energy of the Spirit in relationships...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151108/a-phenomenological-account-of-sensorimotor-difficulties-in-autism-intentionality-movement-and-proprioception
#18
Till D A Grohmann
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The "enactive approach" as well as a new "movement perspective" to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere "cognitive" disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can extract knowledge and organize it rationally...
November 18, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125085/-the-objective-of-advance-care-planning
#19
J J M van Delden
This commentary reflects on a study to determine the efficacy of an advance care planning (ACP) website in increasing planning documentation. It is interesting to see that ACP is considered to be a regular intervention. ACP thus ceases to be something to believe in or not and becomes a normal intervention, the efficacy of which can be studied. The study also shows that ACP is a concept which can take many forms, that ACP in itself is almost an umbrella term and that physicians need not take the central role in ACP...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094542/how-to-auscultate-for-heart-sounds-in-adults
#20
Sara Morgan
This article aims to improve nurses' knowledge and understanding of the procedure for auscultating heart sounds in adults, as part of a cardiovascular examination. It focuses on auscultating normal heart sounds; it is beyond the scope of this article to discuss the pathophysiology of abnormal findings. REFLECTIVE ACTIVITY: 'How to' articles can help update your practice and ensure it remains evidence-based. Apply this article to your practice. Reflect on and write a short account of.
September 27, 2017: Nursing Standard
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