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Ignacio Navarro, Andrew Anglemyer
INTRODUCTION: Community-based programmes have been implemented to curtail ED use by individuals with chronic public intoxication. Among these programmes is the Serial Inebriate Programme (SIP), which aims to reduce use of ED and emergency medical services. We present the results of an evaluation of the SIP in Santa Cruz, California, including data on the participants' police and jail history, information not considered in prior analyses of SIPs. METHODS: In the present study, we used a retrospective cohort to evaluate the effectiveness of the SIP in Santa Cruz, California from 2013 to 2015...
December 6, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Elisabeth Stelson, Marjie Mogul, Holly Harner, Jeane Ann Grisso, Rosemary Frasso
Identifying the biopsychosocial needs of mothers who have been released from jail is critical to understanding the best ways to support their health and stability after release. In May through August 2014, we interviewed 15 mothers who had been released from an urban jail about their reentry experiences, and we analyzed transcripts for themes. Eight domains of community reentry emerged through analysis: behavioral health services, education, employment, housing, material resources, medical care, relationships with children, and social support...
December 6, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Wai Kin Chi, G M Tam, Bryan P Yan
This case demonstrates that the high radial strength of a dedicated nitinol venous stent is able to achieve good acute angiographic results and clinical efficacy.
December 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Yohei Numasawa, Yasuhiro Hitomi, Shohei Imaeda, Souichi Yokokura, Makoto Tanaka, Ryota Tabei, Masaki Kodaira
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for true bifurcation lesions is challenging. Although the jailed balloon protection technique is an established method with which to prevent side branch occlusion during the treatment of bifurcation lesions, little is known regarding the potential risks of this technique. We describe a 71-year-old man with exertional angina pectoris who was treated with PCI for a calcified true bifurcation lesion in the left anterior descending artery and diagonal branch. After performing rotational atherectomy (1...
November 22, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Caroline M Kelsey, Morgan J Thompson, Danielle H Dallaire
Pregnant incarcerated women represent a unique population in the criminal justice system that has been largely overlooked in terms of their service-related needs. The present study examines 241 pregnant incarcerated women's service requests and preincarceration service utilization related to material help (e.g., food, housing), mental health (e.g., counseling), family services (e.g., home-visiting nurses), and health care (e.g., insurance). A subsample (n = 74) also provided information about service utilization following their release from jail...
November 29, 2018: Psychological Services
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Julio de Carvalho Ponce, Marcela de Carvalho Ponce Kawauti, Gabriel Andreuccetti, Heráclito Barbosa de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the current legislation would encourage drunk drivers to refrain from taking a breathalyzer and thus avoid jail time. METHOD: Brazilian traffic laws currently have 3 possible punishments for drivers suspected of driving under the influence: A fine and suspension of license for 12 months if the breathalyzer result is under 0.3 mg/L (by law; a result up to 0.33 mg/L would receive the same punishment due to a later regulatory document) but positive; the same punishment for refusal to take a breathalyzer test; and up to 3 years of jail time and license cancellation if over 0...
November 27, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Rachel Cannon, Jessica M Madrigal, Elizabeth Feldman, Kelly Stempinski-Metoyer, Lillian Holloway, Ashlesha Patel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to examine the risk of unintended pregnancy among women during Cook County Jail intake by assessing basic contraceptive history, the need for emergency contraception (EC) at intake, and contraception at release. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This is a cross-sectional study of women 18-50 years old at Cook County Jail in Chicago, Illinois from June 2011 through August 2012. The authors administered the survey at the time of intake on 33 convenient evenings...
December 17, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Gyani Jail Singh Birua, Vishnu Singh Munda, Nagendra Nath Murmu
Aim: To find out the epidemiology of spinal injury in North East India. Material and Methods: This study is a retrospective hospital-based analysis of spine injury patients admitted to Central Referral Hospital, Sikkim Manipal University from July 2013 to June 2017July 2013 to June 2017. Results: During the study period 57 patients with spinal injury were admitted and treated. Out of the 57 patients, 46 (81%) were male and 11 (19%) were female...
October 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Jeffrey K Hom, Danica Kuncio, Caroline C Johnson, Kendra Viner
Hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) infections contribute significant morbidity in the United States, particularly among those with a history of incarceration, homeless-ness, and/or co-morbid mental illness. Data from the Philadelphia Department of Public Health's viral hepatitis registry were matched at the person-level to the city's shelter, jail, and mental health system datasets (vulnerability datasets), and descriptive statistics were calculated. Between January 2010 and December 2014, 29,807 cases of HCV and 133 cases of HBV/HCV were reported...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
M Shapiro, A Shapiro, E Raz, T Becske, H Riina, P K Nelson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Flow diversion is being increasingly used to treat bifurcation aneurysms. Empiric approaches have generally led to encouraging results, and a growing body of animal and ex vivo literature addresses the fate of target aneurysms and covered branches. Our prior investigations highlighted the dynamic nature of metal coverage provided by the Pipeline Embolization Device and suggested strategies for creating optimal single and multidevice constructs. We now address the geometric and hemodynamic aspects of jailing branch vessels and neighboring target aneurysms...
November 15, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Robert T Trotter, Monica R Lininger, Ricky Camplain, Viacheslav Y Fofanov, Carolyn Camplain, Julie A Baldwin
The environmental health status of jail populations in the United States constitutes a significant public health threat for prisoners and the general population. The ecology of jails creates a dynamic condition in relation to general population health due to the concentrated potential exposure to infectious diseases, difficult access to treatment for chronic health conditions, interruption in continuity of care for serious behavioral health conditions, as well as on-going issues for the prevention and treatment of substance abuse disorders...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Elizabeth C Thomas, Andrea Bilger, Amy Blank Wilson, Jeffrey Draine
Individuals with psychiatric disabilities who are involved in the criminal justice system face a number of challenges to community integration upon release. There is a critical need to develop and evaluate interventions for these individuals that connect them to the community by enhancing naturalistic social connections and helping them to participate meaningfully in valued roles. The purposes of this article are to describe, provide a theoretical rationale, and propose a conceptual model for the use of a particular restorative justice model, circles of support and accountability, to meet this need...
November 8, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Thomas Lyons, Veronica Y Womack, Wm Dustin Cantrell, Thomas Kenemore
BACKGROUND: More than half of prisoners in the United States are estimated to suffer from a substance use disorder. Mindfulness involves attention to the present moment, and nonjudgmental acceptance of sensations, thoughts, and emotional states. Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) following substance use disorder treatment has been shown to reduce substance use. OBJECTIVE: We sought to adapt and test MBRP for a jail substance use disorder treatment setting...
November 8, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
J-X Lai, Z-Q Mo, A-J Song, W-F Tan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze the clinical efficacy of different side branch protection techniques on patients receiving coronary intervention and the patient's prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 80 patients with coronary heart disease treated in Jiangmen Central Hospital from January 2014 to January 2017 were collected. According to different side branch protection strategies selected during operation, they were divided into jailed wire technique (JWT) group (n=20), jailed balloon technique (JBT) group (n=20), balloon-stent kissing technique (BSKT) group (n=20), and BSKT+RW group (n=20)...
October 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
T R Miller, M J Kole, E J Le, G Cannarsa, S Jones, A P Wessell, G Jindal, E F Aldrich, J M Simard, D Gandhi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although covered side branches typically remain patent acutely following Pipeline Embolization Device embolization of intracranial aneurysms, the long-term fate of these vessels remains uncertain. We therefore elected to investigate factors that may influence the long-term patency of these covered side branches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the long-term patency of side branches covered by the Pipeline Embolization Device at our institution during treatment of intracranial aneurysms with at least 6 months of conventional angiography follow-up...
November 1, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Zoe R Feingold, Annie B Fox, Tara E Galovski
Adults with severe mental illness (SMI) who come into contact with the criminal justice system experience high rates of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For individuals with SMI, symptoms of PTSD are associated with exacerbated psychiatric symptoms, higher risk of homelessness and-for those with a history of arrest-increased risk of recidivism. The goal of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for trauma-related distress in treating individuals with SMI who have been diverted from jail to receive community-based treatment services...
November 2018: Psychological Services
Jessica S Roche, Michael J Clery, Patrick M Carter, Aaron Dora-Laskey, Maureen A Walton, Quyen M Ngo, Rebecca M Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: Violence is one of the leading causes of death among youth ages 14 to 24. Hospital- and emergency department (ED)-based violence prevention programs are increasingly becoming a critical part of public health efforts; however, evaluation of prevention efforts is needed to create evidence-based best practices. Retention of study participants is key to evaluations, although little literature exists regarding optimizing follow-up methods for violently injured youth. This study aims to describe the methods for retention in youth violence studies and the characteristics of hard-to-reach participants...
October 31, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Alan R Felthous, Joseph D Bloom
One of the most traditional, longstanding, and essential methods of providing the proper level of psychiatric treatment for severely disturbed jail inmates with serious mental illness has been hospital transfer. Transfer does not necessarily imply diversion from trial, but diversion from jail, at least while the detainee is in need of higher level care. Unfortunately, hospital transfer has become increasingly unavailable. Two responses to the unavailability of hospital care for pretrial detainees have been used as justification for maintaining this deficiency: the development of jail-based competency restoration programs and the acceptance of enforced medication of pretrial detainees in jail...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Jacalyn Duffin, Joseph L Pater
In 1962, Pete Seeger recorded "The Ballad of Doctor Dearjohn" about Canadian Medicare and the Saskatchewan doctors' strike of the same year. How had this New Yorker, recently relieved of a jail sentence, learned of Medicare in the distant prairie province? And why was his song never released? This article traces the ballad's fortunes through the papers of composer Earl Robinson (University of Washington) and the archives of the American Medical Association. It is situated in the historiography of folk revival and the expatriate adventures of artistic Americans persecuted in the McCarthy era...
2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
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