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Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Megan Kurth, Jennifer Johnson, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
Jailed women are an underserved population with elevated rates of alcohol use disorders. Brief jail stays make delivery of case management and traditional alcohol treatment impractical yet women face significant reentry challenges with few help resources. Accounting for these challenges, linking jailed women with a twelve-step program volunteer for a one-on-one meeting has been hypothesized to provide a means of support that can transition with women after jail discharge. In-jail meetings are theoretically consistent with the common twelve-step practice of conducting twelve-step calls...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Thana Khawcharoenporn, Joanna Cole, Jonathan Claus, Thom Bell, Antoinette Lewis, Chad Zawitz, Harold Kessler
Short-term stay, multiple jail admissions and social and financial difficulties are significant obstacles for continuity care engagement (CCE) after release among HIV-infected jail detainees. However, data existing on interventions or strategies to increase post-release CCE among this population are limited. We conducted a randomized controlled study among HIV-infected detainees at Cook County Jail during 2011-2014. The intervention group received telephone contact within 2-4 days of release by a continuity clinic coordinator, who scheduled and informed the ex-detainees of their appointment date within 6 weeks post-release plus standard of care, while the control group received standard of care...
October 10, 2018: AIDS Care
Masahito Munakata, Yohei Numasawa, Shiro Ishikawa, Takashi Koyama
Percutaneous coronary intervention for left main trifurcation disease is challenging. Although side branch protection techniques such as the jailed balloon technique and jailed Corsair technique are the established methods for treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions, little is known regarding the application and feasibility of these techniques for left main trifurcation disease. We herein describe a 72-year-old man with angina pectoris who was successfully treated with percutaneous coronary stent implantation for a left main trifurcation lesion...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
Rachel Ekaireb, Cyrus Ahalt, Rebecca Sudore, Lia Metzger, Brie Williams
OBJECTIVES: To investigate correctional healthcare providers' knowledge of and experience with advance care planning (ACP), their perspectives on barriers to ACP in correctional settings, and how to overcome those barriers. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: Four prisons in 2 states and 1 large city jail in a third state. PARTICIPANTS: Correctional healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, nurses, social workers; N=24). RESULTS: Participants demonstrated low baseline ACP knowledge; 85% reported familiarity with ACP, but only 42% provided accurate definitions...
October 9, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Karen Hacker, Latika Davis Jones, LuAnn Brink, Abby Wilson, Marc Cherna, Erin Dalton, Eric G Hulsey
OBJECTIVES: In Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, the incidence of opioid-related overdose deaths increased from 17.4 per 100 000 population in 2008 to 23.9 per 100 000 population in 2014. Our objectives were to describe local demographic characteristics of this epidemic, identify public human services targets for intervention, determine temporal relationships between use of public human services and overdose mortality, and provide recommendations about potentially beneficial interventions...
October 9, 2018: Public Health Reports
Kelsey B Loeliger, Jaimie P Meyer, Mayur M Desai, Maria M Ciarleglio, Colleen Gallagher, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Sustained retention in HIV care (RIC) and viral suppression (VS) are central to US national HIV prevention strategies, but have not been comprehensively assessed in criminal justice (CJ) populations with known health disparities. The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of RIC and VS following release from prison or jail. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult people living with HIV (PLWH) incarcerated in Connecticut, US, during the period January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2011, and observed through December 31, 2014 (n = 1,094)...
October 2018: PLoS Medicine
Brandy M Mechling, Nancy R Ahern, Ruthanne Palumbo
PROBLEM: Opioid use disorder (OUD) has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. Children of parents with OUD are an unrepresented population, who often suffer consequences from their parent's substance abuse disorder. Such children may incur numerous psychosocial and physical losses. Without intervention, they are more likely to be diagnosed with a mental illness and/or substance use disorder (SUD). METHODS: This paper examines the experiences of children of parents with OUD using Boss's theory of ambiguous loss (AL) as a lens...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Jacalyn Duffin, Joseph L Pater
In 1962, Pete Seeger recorded "The Ballad of Doctor Dearjohn" about Canadian Medicare and the Saskatchewan doctors' strike of the same year. How had this New Yorker, recently relieved of a jail sentence, learned of Medicare in the distant prairie province? And why was his song never released? This paper traces the ballad's fortunes through the papers of composer Earl Robinson (University of Washington) and the archives of the American Medical Association. It is situated in the historiography of folk revival and the expatriate adventures of artistic Americans persecuted in the McCarthy era...
October 1, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
Kelly E Moore, Katherine C Milam, Johanna B Folk, June P Tangney
Those involved in the criminal justice system are swiftly identified as "criminals." Receipt of this label may promote self-stigma, a process wherein criminal stereotypes are internalized and produce negative psychological and behavioral consequences. Research has yet to identify which types of offenders are at risk for, or in contrast, protected from, experiencing self-stigma. The current study examines whether risk and protective factors predict multiple components of the self-stigma process (i...
August 2018: Stigma and Health
Artur Dziewierz, Dariusz Dudek
New-generation drug-eluting stents are recommended as the default option in all clinical conditions and lesion subsets in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). On the other hand, despite achieving very good results in the rate of restenosis, permanent delivery of a metallic platform is affected by several drawbacks, such as caging of the vessel, side branch jailing, impairment of vasomotion, and the impossibility of lumen enlargement. Also, the presence of residual foreign material may increase the risk of late and very late stent thrombosis and support the need for long-term dual antiplatelet therapy after PCI...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
Michelle L Pickett, Molly Allison, Katelyn Twist, Jennifer R Klemp, Megha Ramaswamy
Over 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and incarcerated women face unique risks associated with poor access to healthcare. Regular mammography can diagnose breast cancer early, giving the patient the best chance of survival. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of jail incarcerated women who have received a mammogram and were up-to-date based on the most recent United States Preventive Services Task Force recommendations. This was a secondary analysis of data collected among jailed women who participated in a cervical cancer literacy program...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
Teruyoshi Kume, Ryotaro Yamada, Terumasa Koyama, Tomoko Tamada, Koichiro Imai, Kenzo Fukuhara, Yutaka Goryo, Ai Kawamura, Hiroshi Okamoto, Yoji Neishi, Shiro Uemura
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the stent deformation, obstruction of stent struts at a jailed side branch (SB) ostium, and stent strut malapposition after a repetitive proximal optimizing technique (re-POT) sequence between bifurcation lesions with and without stent links at SB ostia in ex vivo experimental setting. METHODS: A flexible urethane coronary bifurcation bench model was used, and crossover single stent implantation was performed from main branch (MB) with re-POT sequence...
September 23, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Alexandra S Wimberly, Malitta Engstrom, Molly Layde, James R McKay
BACKGROUND: People in reentry from prison or jail (returning citizens) living with HIV and substance use problems often experience numerous stressors and are at high risk for resumed substance use. Interventions are needed to manage stress as a pathway to reduced substance use. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the effect of a hatha yoga intervention as compared to treatment as usual on stress and substance use among returning citizens living with HIV and substance use problems...
November 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Christine Timko, Jennifer E Johnson, Megan Kurth, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
Correctional facilities now house unprecedented numbers of women with complex treatment needs. This investigation applied the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to study 168 jailed women with alcohol use disorders. It described the sample's predisposing (age, race, victimization), enabling (health insurance), and need (self-reported medical, substance use, and mental health problems) factors and examined associations of these factors with pre-incarceration services utilization. Most participants had clinically significant levels of depression and PTSD symptoms, most took psychiatric medications, and most had been victimized...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Clea A McNeely, Sadie Hutson, Tara L Sturdivant, Jennifer M Jabson, Brittany S Isabell
CONTEXT: Law enforcement has been the primary strategy for addressing the opioid epidemic. As a result, the incarceration rate for women in county jails has increased more than 800% since 1980, and most women inmates struggle with substance use disorders. There is a large unmet need for contraception among women in county jails. PROGRAM: The East Region of the Tennessee Department of Health partnered with county correctional facilities to provide comprehensive family planning education and voluntary long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) to women in 15 jails...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Aurelie Tinland, Laurent Boyer, Sandrine Loubière, Tim Greacen, Vincent Girard, Mohamed Boucekine, Guillaume Fond, Pascal Auquier
Objective: This study aimed to determine the following: 1) the proportion of women in the homeless population with schizophrenia (SZ) or bipolar disorder (BD), in addition to the trajectory of their homelessness (ie, homelessness history, number of nights spent without home during the 180 past nights) and the characteristics of their illnesses compared to men (ie, illness severity, suicide risk, physical health status, and quality of life [QoL]); 2) whether these women were victimized more frequently than similarly situated men; 3) the impact of victimization on these women in terms of illness severity, suicide risk, physical health status, and QoL; and lastly 4) the differences and overlap of homeless women with SZ and BD...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Cyrus Ahalt, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Bruce L Miller, Howard J Rosen, Deborah E Barnes, Brie A Williams
OBJECTIVES: To determine prevalence of, and outcomes associated with, a positive screen for cognitive impairment in older adults in jail. DESIGN: Combined data from cross-sectional (n=185 participants) and longitudinal (n=125 participants) studies. SETTING: Urban county jail. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals in jail aged 55 and older (N = 310; mean age 59, range 55-80). Inclusion of individuals aged 55 and older is justified because the criminal justice system defines "geriatric prisoners" as those aged 55 and older...
September 19, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Mariya I Masyukova, David B Hanna, Aaron D Fox
BACKGROUND: Incarceration disproportionately affects people living with HIV/AIDS. When people are released from jail or prison, they face multiple barriers to HIV care, and those who do engage in care may have suboptimal HIV treatment outcomes. A limited number of studies have investigated HIV treatment outcomes among people who have been released from incarceration. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comparing HIV viral load (VL) suppression and retention in care 12 months after entry into care among patients of a post-incarceration Transitions Clinic (TC) and a comparison group who received HIV care in the same community...
September 17, 2018: Health & Justice
John R Anderson, Zach Walsh, David S Kosson
Psychopathy has long been noted to play an important role in the prediction of criminal behavior and offending. Although many studies have demonstrated that psychopathic traits are predictive of violent recidivism among offenders, relatively few studies have examined the predictive validity of psychopathic traits for nonviolent recidivism and very few have examined this issue in a sample of offenders in the United States. To address this issue, we examined the predictive validity of psychopathy for both nonviolent and general recidivism using the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) in a sample of 422 county jail inmates...
September 17, 2018: Law and Human Behavior
Kelsey B Loeliger, Frederick L Altice, Maria M Ciarleglio, Katherine M Rich, Divya K Chandra, Colleen Gallagher, Mayur M Desai, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: People transitioning from prisons or jails have high mortality, but data are scarce for people with HIV and no studies have integrated data from both criminal justice and community settings. We aimed to assess all-cause mortality in people with HIV released from an integrated system of prisons and jails in Connecticut, USA. METHODS: We linked pharmacy, custodial, death, case management, and HIV surveillance data from Connecticut Departments of Correction and Public Health to create a retrospective cohort of all adults with HIV released from jails and prisons in Connecticut between 2007 and 2014...
September 6, 2018: Lancet HIV
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