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Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, Rola Farah, Mark DiFrancesco, Jennifer Vannest
Story listening in children relies on brain regions supporting speech perception, auditory word recognition, syntax, semantics, and discourse abilities, along with the ability to attend and process information (part of executive functions). Speed-of-processing is an early-developed executive function. We used functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to demonstrate the relationship between story listening and speed-of-processing in preschool-age children. Eighteen participants performed story-listening tasks during MRI scans...
October 21, 2016: Neuropediatrics
Martie L Skinner, Kevin P Haggerty, Mary Casey-Goldstein, Ronald W Thompson, Laura Buddenberg, W Alex Mason
OBJECTIVES: The changes in Washington State and Colorado marijuana laws call for the development of new brief family-focused adolescent marijuana use preventive interventions that are relevant for and tailored to the context of legalization for retail sale. To that end, focus groups with parents and teens were conducted to find out about their concerns and needs in the context of legalization. METHODS: Six semi-structured focus groups (3 with parents, 3 with teens) were conducted in Washington State in 2013 related to consequences of teen marijuana use and messages that would be effective in helping to prevent teens from using marijuana in the context of legal adult use...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Geir K Hanssen, Yngve Dahl
Purpose: Our purpose is to provide insight into the added value of applying a participatory design approach in the design of an interactive sound environment simulator to facilitate communication and understanding between patients and audiologists in consultation situations. Method: We have applied a qualitative approach, presenting results and discussion in the form of a story, following 3 consecutive steps: problem investigation, design, and evaluation. Results: We provide an overview of lessons learned, emphasizing how patients and audiologists took roles and responsibilities in the design process and the effects of this involvement...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Kimberly D Neely, Kate Bunton, Brad H Story
Purpose: This study used a computational vocal tract model to investigate the relationship of diphthong duration and vocal tract movement magnitude to measures of the F2 trajectory in CV words. Method: Three words (bough, boy, and buy) were simulated on the basis of an adult female vocal tract model, in which the model parameters were estimated from audio recordings of a female talker. Model parameters were then modified to generate 35 simulations of each word corresponding to 7 different durations and 5 movement magnitude settings...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Rachel E Davis, Sonya Dal Cin, Suzanne M Cole, Ligia I Reyes, Shannon J McKenney-Shubert, Nancy L Fleischer, Lynna Chung Densen, Karen E Peterson
Additional research is needed to guide the design of narratives for use in practice-oriented, naturalistic settings to maximize health behavior change, particularly among populations affected by health disparities. This mixed-methods study explored the influence of cultural tailoring and emotional arousal on identification and message recall in narratives promoting childhood obesity prevention among 40 Mexican American mothers. Participants were also asked about narrative exposure, narrative preferences, and beliefs about the purpose of a story...
October 21, 2016: Health Communication
Jerry L Miller, David Holman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: Health Communication
Julie M Elman
Throughout the Fear Project, the author visualizes other people's fears, many of which revolve around health-related issues. Through her illustrations, which accompany the words of her subjects, fears become a tangible representation of what people are most afraid of. The collaboration between the illustrator and the subjects shapes a health narrative that allows the subjects themselves to become more involved in their journey of self-discovery, by telling their own stories in ways that are outside the strict conventions of academia...
October 21, 2016: Health Communication
James Raftery, Steve Hanney, Trish Greenhalgh, Matthew Glover, Amanda Blatch-Jones
BACKGROUND: This report reviews approaches and tools for measuring the impact of research programmes, building on, and extending, a 2007 review. OBJECTIVES: (1) To identify the range of theoretical models and empirical approaches for measuring the impact of health research programmes; (2) to develop a taxonomy of models and approaches; (3) to summarise the evidence on the application and use of these models; and (4) to evaluate the different options for the Health Technology Assessment (HTA) programme...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Lara Varpio, Christina St Onge, Meredith Young
Among the challenges of navigating the promotion and tenure (P&T) process is the need to describe one's career using the language of P&T expectations, while also framing that language to reflect the unique work involved in health professions education (HPE) scholarship. Drawing on the distinction between denotative and connotative meanings of words, we describe how the language of P&T standards can hold different meanings depending on how they are contextualized in the HPE field and the communities therein...
October 20, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Janine Naß, Mita Banerjee, Thomas Efferth, Anita Wohlmann
Illness is a disruptive experience that requires high-quality care. The best evidence-based medical treatment risks losing some of its efficacy, however, when patients feel misunderstood when faced with the complexity of their experiences. They might stop treatment, refuse to disclose relevant information or seek unsound alternatives. A narrative-based approach to health care understands the patient's case history as a narrative that can be read or analyzed like a story. In other words, this approach honors individual illness experiences through the stories that patients tell...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Terry C Lairmore
BACKGROUND: The last 200 years have seen remarkable achievements in the art and clinical practice of surgery. These advances include the introduction of antisepsis, anesthesia, vascular anastomosis, antimicrobials, organ transplantation, and the widespread application of minimally invasive operative procedures. Very recently, a surgical procedure has been shown to cure diabetes, representing the most effective treatment of a metabolic disorder by surgeons. METHODS: The author reviewed the major surgical milestones in the modern surgical era and prepared this monograph for presentation as the Claude H...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Grete Mehus, Alf Gunnar Mehus, Sidsel Germeten, Nils Henriksen
INTRODUCTION: Snowmobiling among young people in Scandinavia frequently leads to accidents and injuries. Systematic studies of accidents exist, but few studies have addressed young drivers' experiences. The aim of this article is to reveal how young people experience and interpret accidents, and to outline a prevention strategy. METHODS: Thirty-one girls and 50 boys aged 16-23 years from secondary schools in Northern Norway and on Svalbard, a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, participated in 17 focus groups segregated by gender...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Francesco Carnevale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Robin Z Hayeems, Charlotte Moore Hepburn, Pranesh Chakraborty, Isaac Odame, Joe Clarke, Fiona A Miller, Adalsteinn D Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Robert Horowitz, Bernard Sussman, Timothy Quill
In this article three palliative care physicians review narratives about the complicated experience of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED). Despite consensus about its legality, the decision to end life by VSED is emotionally and ethically challenging for patients, family members and clinicians. Each VSED story is unique, and the individual perspectives within a single story may diverge, conflict, and evolve over time. The narratives differ substantially in the range of suffering described, from acute, graphic, physical symptoms to primarily anticipatory and psychological distress...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Marilyn Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
(no author information available yet)
Epilepsy Action Cymru specialist nurse campaign.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
Holly Allen
Sensationalized representations of autistic families in film and other media frequently feature violent encounters between mothers and sons. This essay analyzes two media stories and three films that suggest how limited-and therefore misleading-popular representations of the autism family are. Except for one of the films, these representations blame the problem of adult autistic dependency on either monstrous autism or bad mothering. Doing so elides collective social responsibility for autism care and denies the reality that autistic adults continue to have complex dependency needs that families cannot always meet...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
V Ralph McCready
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Tara M Newcomb, Kevin M Flanigan
The cloning of the DMD gene, and the identifications of mutations in it as the cause of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), makes a compelling story that is aptly told elsewhere.(1) The locus-the largest in the human genome-consists of 79 exons, distributed over 2.5 million nucleotides on the X chromosome, which are assembled into a complementary DNA (cDNA) of around 14 kb encoding the predominant muscle isoform of the dystrophin protein.(2) The size of the gene, and the number of exons, had historically made mutation analysis challenging...
October 2016: Neurology. Genetics
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