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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792473/cognitive-and-affective-associations-with-an-ecologically-valid-test-of-theory-of-mind-across-the-lifespan
#1
Emilie Johansson Nolaker, Kim Murray, Francesca Happé, Rebecca A Charlton
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have demonstrated that theory of mind (ToM) ability declines with increasing age. Research has found that ToM-age associations are often mediated by other cognitive abilities particularly executive function. However, older adults rarely complain about real-world ToM difficulties. It has been suggested that older adults may perform better in real-world situations compared with experimental settings. METHOD: We examined performance on the Strange Stories Film Task (SSFT) which has been designed to assess ToM using naturalistic, video scenarios...
May 24, 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792296/-it-s-totally-okay-to-be-sad-but-never-lose-hope-content-analysis-of-infertility-related-videos-on-youtube-in-relation-to-viewer-preferences
#2
Margot Kelly-Hedrick, Paul H Grunberg, Felicia Brochu, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Infertility patients frequently use the internet to find fertility-related information and support from people in similar circumstances. YouTube is increasingly used as a source of health-related information and may influence health decision making. There have been no studies examining the content of infertility-related videos on YouTube. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe the content of highly viewed videos on YouTube related to infertility and (2) identify video characteristics that relate to viewer preference...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791665/serial-album-validation-for-promotion-of-infant-body-weight-control
#3
Nathalia Costa Gonzaga Saraiva, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Thelma Leite de Araujo
OBJECTIVE: to validate the content and appearance of a serial album for children aged from 7 to 10 years addressing the topic of prevention and control of body weight. METHOD: methodological study with descriptive nature. The validation process was attended by 33 specialists in educational technologies and/or in excess of infantile weight. The agreement index of 80% was the minimum considered to guarantee the validation of the material. RESULTS: most of the specialists had a doctoral degree and a graduate degree in nursing...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791643/conversation-map-an-educational-strategy-in-the-care-of-elderly-people-with-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Silvana Linhares de Carvalho, Marília Araripe Ferreira, Juliana Mineu Pereira Medeiros, Anne Caroline Ferreira Queiroga, Tatiana Rebouças Moreira, Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of using diabetes conversation maps as an educational strategy for diabetic elderly people. METHOD: Experience report, conducted from July to December 2016 in a specialized outpatient clinic for diabetics, in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. A total of 72 users participated, between diabetics and those accompanying them. RESULTS: The participants talked about issues that were not addressed in personal consultations, and could see themselves through the stories of others, thus realizing they were not alone and that others also experienced the same difficulties as them...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791004/stories-after-disaster-survival-preparing-heeding-warnings-and-self-reliance
#5
Timothy S Killian, Zola K Moon, Charleen C McNeill, Joanna Person-Michener, M E Betsy Garrison
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to examine the content of stories told by people personally impacted by disasters. DESIGN: Semistructured, qualitative interviews. SETTING: Northwest part of a mid-south state. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen disaster survivors who were recruited through their attendance at an emergency preparedness-related fair. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Interview schedule based on previous research using the family resilience framework...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790003/rationalizing-the-path-to-a-universal-graft-recipient
#6
REVIEW
Melvin Cohn
The goal of this essay is to take the reader through the logic that would predict universal graft acceptance. The story begins with what we learned from an experiment performed 65 years ago and develops that information in greater depth. The pathway of the analysis leads to the conclusion that controlling the immune system at the level of the T-helper would be the best way to approach a general solution to the problem of graft acceptance.
May 22, 2018: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788027/the-neonatal-microbiome-and-its-partial-role-in-mediating-the-association-between-birth-by-cesarean-section-and-adverse-pediatric-outcomes
#7
Diana Montoya-Williams, Dominick J Lemas, Lisa Spiryda, Keval Patel, O'neshia Olivia Carney, Josef Neu, Tiffany L Carson
BACKGROUND: Cesarean sections (CS) are among the most commonly performed surgical procedures in the world. Epidemiologic data has associated delivery by CS with an increased risk of certain adverse health outcomes in children, such as asthma and obesity. OBJECTIVE: To explore what is known about the effect of mode of delivery on the development of the infant microbiome and discuss the potentially mediating role of CS-related microbial dysbiosis in the development of adverse pediatric health outcomes...
May 22, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785785/metabolism-within-the-tumor-microenvironment-and-its-implication-on-cancer-progression-an-ongoing-therapeutic-target
#8
REVIEW
Ma Carmen Ocaña, Beatriz Martínez-Poveda, Ana R Quesada, Miguel Ángel Medina
Since reprogramming energy metabolism is considered a new hallmark of cancer, tumor metabolism is again in the spotlight of cancer research. Many studies have been carried out and many possible therapies have been developed in the last years. However, tumor cells are not alone. A series of extracellular components and stromal cells, such as endothelial cells, cancer-associated fibroblasts, tumor-associated macrophages, and tumor-infiltrating T cells, surround tumor cells in the so-called tumor microenvironment (TME)...
May 22, 2018: Medicinal Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784735/new-nccn-guidelines-cancer-management-in-people-living-with-hiv
#9
Gita Suneja
Since the emergence of HIV in the United States in the 1980s, cancer has been a part of the story. The good news is that antiretroviral therapy has improved survival for those living with HIV infection, with life expectancy now approaching that of uninfected people. Consequently, this patient population is living long enough to develop different types of cancer. At the 23rd NCCN Annual Conference, Gita Suneja, MD, MSHP, presented the debut of the new NCCN Guidelines for Cancer in People Living With HIV, discussing the intersection between cancer and HIV infection, the cancers most likely to develop in this group of patients, and the importance of oncologists working in conjunction with HIV specialists to render the most appropriate and individualized care...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783890/dementia-and-sculpture-making-exploring-artistic-responses-of-people-with-dementia
#10
Sumita Chauhan
In its form, sculpture reveals not only the artist's self-expression but also the transformative qualities through which it influences our senses. Frequent interactions with sculpture can provide creative awareness, which in turn leads to a better understanding and appreciation of artistic expressions. This paper examines possible ways in which the creative potential of people with dementia can be explored through meaningful artistic engagement with sculpture-making processes. A study was conducted involving seven participants diagnosed with the early stages of dementia who engaged and experimented with different types of sculpture-making processes, from clay and papier mâché to virtual and digital sculptures...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782576/self-represented-witnessing-the-use-of-social-media-by-asylum-seekers-in-australia-s-offshore-immigration-detention-centres
#11
Maria Rae, Rosa Holman, Amy Nethery
The act of witnessing connects audiences with distant suffering. But what happens when bearing witness becomes severely restricted? External parties, including the mainstream news media, are constrained from accessing Australia's offshore immigration detention centres. The effect is that people seeking asylum are hidden from the public and excluded from national debates. Some detainees have adopted social media as a platform to communicate their stories of flight, and their experiences of immigration detention, to a wider audience...
May 2018: Media, culture, and society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781810/active-suppression-rather-than-ignorance-tolerance-to-abacavir-induced-hla-b-57-01-peptide-repertoire-alteration
#12
Elizabeth J Phillips, Simon A Mallal
The discovery of HLA-B*57:01-associated abacavir hypersensitivity is a translational success story that eliminated adverse reactions to abacavir through pretreatment screening and defined a mechanistic model of an altered peptide repertoire. In this issue of the JCI, Cardone et al. have developed an HLA-B*57:01-transgenic mouse model and demonstrated that CD4+ T cells play a key role in mediating tolerance to the dramatically altered endogenous peptide repertoire induced by abacavir and postulate a known mechanism by which CD4+ T cells suppress DC maturation...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781743/a-treatment-comparison-study-of-a-photo-activity-schedule-and-social-stories-for-teaching-social-skills-to-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-brief-report
#13
Sabrina D Daneshvar, Marjorie H Charlop, Debra Berry Malmberg
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of two procedures, a photo activity schedule intervention and Social Stories, to teach social skills to four children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: An adapted alternating treatments design with an additional multiple baseline control was used, and two social skills were targeted for each of the four participants, one under each intervention condition. RESULTS: Results indicated that all four participants learned the target social behaviours with the photo activity schedule intervention, but did not learn target social behaviours with Social Stories...
May 21, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781468/previvor-an-oncology-nurse-s-story-of-cancer-risk-reduction-through-genetic-testing
#14
Joanne Kelly
My mother was diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer in 1998 at age 48. Her younger sister has been diagnosed with breast cancer at age 33 but ultimately died of ovarian cancer at age 47. Her mother died of ovarian cancer at age 47. I knew my fate. Meanwhile, as the medical world around me kept turning, the medical-surgical floor on which I worked became an oncology floor. This was not part of my plan.
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780612/the-sound-of-jacqueline-du-pr%C3%A3-revisiting-her-medical-and-musical-history
#15
REVIEW
Luis Octavio Tierradentro-García, Juan Sebastián Botero-Meneses, Claudia Talero-Gutiérrez
Jacqueline du Pré was a British cellist, famous for her masterful interpretations and her passionate style of playing. Her outstanding musical career was, unfortunately, cut short by multiple sclerosis. In the present paper, we conduct a historical and medical analysis of her life story, discussing a few aspects regarding her illness and treatment options available at the time of her diagnosis.
April 2018: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779748/seeking-salience-in-engaging-art-a-short-story-about-attention-artistic-value-and-neuroscience
#16
William P Seeley
It has recently been suggested that research in neuroscience of art has failed to bring art into focus in the laboratory. Two general arguments are brought to bear in the regard. The common perceptual mechanisms argument observes that neuroscientists working within this field develop models to explain art relative to the ways that artworks are fine-tuned to the operations of perceptual systems. However, these perceptual explanations apply equally to how viewers come to recognize and understand art and nonart objects and events...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779640/new-but-still-the-same-old-story
#17
EDITORIAL
J F Matthias Bechtel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779448/the-duke-the-soldier-of-fortune-and-a-rosicrucian-legacy-exploring-the-roles-of-manuscripts-in-early-modern-alchemy
#18
Mike A Zuber
By the time it was published in 1705, the Speculum Sapientiae claimed to have had a long history going back to 1672. However, the fact that exaggerated stories were commonplace in alchemical literature leads us to question its credibility. This paper explores the secret lives of this alchemical text prior to its print publication to clarify the roles of manuscripts in early-modern alchemy. Specifically, I argue that there were three aspects that could distinguish manuscript from print: provenance, materiality, and exclusivity...
May 19, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#19
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777603/-communication-of-the-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-mother-s-stories
#20
Teresa Vargas Aldecoa, José Luis Martin Conty, Rosa María Conty Serrano, Cristina Fernández Pérez
The article studies the way in which health professionals communicate the diagnosis of Down syndrome to parents. For that the personal stories of the mothers collected in the answers given by them to the open questions of a questionnaire on ″communication of the diagnosis″ are analyzed. The results show the mothers' dissatisfaction with the information received during the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of Down síndrome.
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
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