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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239872/-betwixt-and-between-liminality-in-recovery-stories-from-people-with-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-me-or-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-cfs
#1
Brian Brown, Kate Huszar, Rosemary Chapman
This paper explores experiences of 16 people claiming to have recovered from Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) using the concept of liminality. Liminality describes the status of those falling between socially recognised and medically sanctioned categories, and illuminates both the experience of illness and the process of recovery from ME/CFS. The liminality experienced during illness was akin to that described by Turner with a degree of communitas among sufferers. As recovery progressed, participants stressed the percentage to which they had improved, and compared themselves with peers and themselves prior to the illness...
February 27, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239249/attachment-to-mother-and-father-at-transition-to-middle-childhood
#2
Simona Di Folco, Serena Messina, Giulio Cesare Zavattini, Elia Psouni
The present study investigated concordance between representations of attachment to mother and attachment to father, and convergence between two narrative-based methods addressing these representations in middle childhood: the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task (MCAST) and the Secure Base Script Test (SBST). One hundred and twenty 6-year-old children were assessed by separate administrations of the MCAST for mother and father, respectively, and results showed concordance of representations of attachment to mother and attachment to father at age 6...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238577/geometrical-and-dosimetrical-uncertainties-in-hypofractionated-radiotherapy-of-the-lung-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Marco Schwarz, Giovanni Mauro Cattaneo, Livia Marrazzo
The application of high precision hypofractionated regimes (a.k.a. stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT)) to the treatment of lung cancer is a 'success story' of radiotherapy. From the technical perspective, lung SBRT is a challenging technique as all aspects of the treatment workflow, from imaging to dose calculation to treatment delivery, should be carefully handled in order to ensure consistency between planned and delivered dose. In this review such technical aspects are presented and discussed, looking at what has been developed over the years...
February 23, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238094/-my-choice-breast-cancer-patients-recollect-doctors-fertility-preservation-recommendations
#4
Efrat Dagan, Suzi Modiano-Gattegno, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli
PURPOSE: The increasing rates of early-onset breast cancer (BC) and of woman survival render fertility preservation (FP) a pressing issue. We probe women's experiences of FP counseling and decision making, aiming to identify emergent counseling patterns. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 women, who had been diagnosed with BC at the ages of 24-38, 1 to 5 years prior to the interview. BC survivors were recruited through posts in online fora, consented to participate, and were invited to tell their FP stories...
February 25, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237013/the-effects-of-distractor-sounds-presented-through-bone-conduction-headphones-on-the-localization-of-critical-environmental-sounds
#5
Keenan R May, Bruce N Walker
Bone conduction headphones are devices that transmit sound through the bones of a listener's head rather than through the air in their outer ear. They have been marketed as a safer way to enjoy audio content while walking, jogging, or cycling. However, listening to distracting sounds over bone conduction may still disrupt a listener's awareness of their auditory environment. The present study investigated the nature of this interference with the faculty of sound source localization-a key prerequisite for generating situation awareness through audio...
May 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236158/evaluation-of-a-cross-cultural-curriculum-changing-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-in-pediatric-residents
#6
Susan Horky, Joseph Andreola, Erik Black, Michele Lossius
Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of six online modules, the Cross Cultural Case Stories, designed to teach healthcare professionals and trainees to provide culturally competent care to children with chronic respiratory conditions and their families. Modules increase provider awareness of the types of factors that may vary between cultures. This study assessed learner change in the three domains of knowledge, attitudes and self-reported skills. Improving on earlier studies, this evaluation included a control group for comparison...
February 24, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235836/george-boole-saucy-little-alice-and-an-uneventful-smallpox-vaccination-one-of-the-greatest-stories-never-told
#7
C Anthony Ryan, Des Mac Hale, Yvonne Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235831/festive-flu-delay-and-other-stories
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235655/association-between-antiepileptic-drug-dose-and-long-term-response-in-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy
#9
Nicholas P Poolos, Christina E Castagna, Stephen Williams, Alison B Miller, Tyler J Story
Seizures in patients with medically refractory epilepsy remain a substantial clinical challenge, not least because of the dearth of evidence-based guidelines as to which antiepileptic drug (AED) regimens are the most effective, and what doses of these drugs to employ. We sought to determine whether there were regions in the dosage range of commonly used AEDs that were associated with superior efficacy in patients with refractory epilepsy. We retrospectively analyzed treatment records from 164 institutionalized, developmentally disabled patients with refractory epilepsy, averaging 17years of followup per patient...
February 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230437/research-findings-from-the-memories-of-nursing-oral-history-project
#10
Gail Thomas, Elizabeth Rosser
Capturing the stories of nurses who practised in the past offers the opportunity to reflect on the changes in practice over time to determine lessons for the future. This article shares some of the memories of a group of 16 nurses who were interviewed in Bournemouth, UK, between 2009 and 2016. Thematic analysis of the interview transcripts identified a number of themes, three of which are presented: defining moments, hygiene and hierarchy. The similarities and differences between their experiences and contemporary nursing practice are discussed to highlight how it may be timely to think back in order to take practice forward positively in the future...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230393/going-off-script-effects-of-awe-on-memory-for-script-typical-and-irrelevant-narrative-detail
#11
Alexander F Danvers, Michelle N Shiota
People often filter their experience of new events through knowledge they already have; for example, encoding new events by relying on prototypical event "scripts" at the expense of actual details. Previous research suggests that positive affect often increases this tendency. Three studies assessed whether awe-an emotion elicited by perceived vastness, and thought to promote cognitive accommodation-has the opposite effect, reducing rather than increasing reliance on event scripts. True/false questions on details of a short story about a romantic dinner were used to determine whether awe (a) reduces the tendency to impute script-consistent but false details into memory, and/or (b) promotes memory of unexpected details...
February 23, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228324/extended-maxillotomy-for-skull-base-access-in-contemporary-management-of-chordomas-rationale-and-technical-aspect
#12
Muhammad Fahmi Abdul Jalil, Rowan D Story, Myron Rogers
Minimally invasive approaches to the central skull base have been popularized over the last decade and have to a large extent displaced 'open' procedures. However, traditional skull base surgery still has its role especially when dealing with a large clival chordoma where maximal surgical resection is the principal goal to maximize patient survival. In this paper, we present a case of a 25year-old male patient with chordoma in the inferior clivus which was initially debulked via a transnasal endoscopic approach...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228196/the-hidden-story-of-innovation-charity-hospital-angola-prison-and-the-challenging-of-surgical-dogma
#13
Patrick Greiffenstein, Paul R Hastings
The late 1960s was a period of significant upheaval of social, cultural, and scientific norms. The generally accepted notion of mandatory laparotomy for all penetrating abdominal injuries was among those norms being called into question across the country and many advocated expectant management of selected patients presenting with this type of injury. Leaders of the surgical community published opinions on either side of the argument. The house staff at Charity Hospital during this period was among the busiest in the nation in treating these injuries, many of them inmates of the Louisiana State Penitentiary who used self-inflicted stab wounds to the abdomen as a means of temporary respite from the inhumane conditions in the prison...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225664/historic-leadership
#14
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 2 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225034/simulating-future-value-in-intertemporal-choice
#15
Alec Solway, Terry Lohrenz, P Read Montague
The laboratory study of how humans and other animals trade-off value and time has a long and storied history, and is the subject of a vast literature. However, despite a long history of study, there is no agreed upon mechanistic explanation of how intertemporal choice preferences arise. Several theorists have recently proposed model-based reinforcement learning as a candidate framework. This framework describes a suite of algorithms by which a model of the environment, in the form of a state transition function and reward function, can be converted on-line into a decision...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224865/-falls-risk-needs-revisiting
#16
(no author information available yet)
In response to your story 'Ward patients urged to get up, dressed and mobile' (news, 8 February), and the campaign #endPJparalysis, I'd like to share my father's experience.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224827/double-checking-bloods
#17
Wroscamp
Regarding the story 'Suspended sentence for wrong blood type death' (news, 15 February), this case proves that checking blood components before administration should always be done by TWO qualified members of staff.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224822/we-need-focused-funding
#18
Vltaylor
In response to the story 'The NHS is performing at worst ever levels against A&E cancer targets' (online news, 9 February), targets are all well and good but if you have not got the resources there will be 'failures'.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224793/a-never-ending-story-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass
#19
Zhanyun Wang, Jamie C DeWitt, Christopher P Higgins, Ian T Cousins
More than 3000 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are, or have been, on the global market, yet most research and regulation continues to focus on a limited selection of rather well-known long-chain PFASs, particularly perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and their precursors. Continuing to overlook the vast majority of other PFASs is a major concern for society. We provide recommendations for how to proceed with research and cooperation to tackle the vast number of PFASs on the market and in the environment...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222339/everyday-memory-impairment-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-caused-by-hippocampal-sclerosis
#20
Patrícia Rzezak, Ellen Marise Lima, Ana Carolina Gargaro, Erica Coimbra, Silvia de Vincentiis, Tonicarlo Rodrigues Velasco, João Pereira Leite, Geraldo F Busatto, Kette D Valente
OBJECTIVE: Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy caused by hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) have episodic memory impairment. Memory has rarely been evaluated using an ecologic measure, even though performance on these tests is more related to patients' memory complaints. We aimed to measure everyday memory of patients with TLE-HS to age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS: We evaluated 31 patients with TLE-HS and 34 healthy controls, without epilepsy and psychiatric disorders, using the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT), Visual Reproduction (WMS-III) and Logical Memory (WMS-III)...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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