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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933026/fitness-costs-predict-emotional-moral-and-attitudinal-inbreeding-aversion
#1
Florence Lespiau, Gwenaël Kaminski
In terms of sexual intercourse, the very last people we think about are our kin. Imagining inbreeding intercourse, whether it involves our closest kin or not, induces aversion in most people who invoke inbreeding depression problems or cultural considerations. Research has focused on the disgust felt when facing inbreeding intercourse between close kin but little is known about other responses. In this study, we considered the influence of fitness costs on aversive reactions by including disgust and emotional reaction as well as moral judgment and attitudes toward inbreeding: higher costs should induce a stronger aversive reaction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933023/implicit-motives-and-men-s-perceived-constraint-in-fatherhood
#2
Jessica Ruppen, Patricia Waldvogel, Ulrike Ehlert
Research shows that implicit motives influence social relationships. However, little is known about their role in fatherhood and, particularly, how men experience their paternal role. Therefore, this study examined the association of implicit motives and fathers' perceived constraint due to fatherhood. Furthermore, we explored their relation to fathers' life satisfaction. Participants were fathers with biological children (N = 276). They were asked to write picture stories, which were then coded for implicit affiliation and power motives...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932321/in-and-out-surgery-for-appendicitis-and-other-stories
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930767/age-related-progressions-in-story-structure-in-young-children-s-narratives
#4
Kiren S Khan, Mihaiela R Gugiu, Laura M Justice, Ryan P Bowles, Lori E Skibbe, Shayne B Piasta
Purpose: Prior theoretical and empirical work has referenced several broad stages of narrative development, particularly in terms of young children's understanding of story structure. However, there is considerable variation in how story structure has been defined and assessed across these studies. The aims of the present study were threefold: (a) to test the unidimensionality of items designed to assess story-structure knowledge, (b) to examine story-structure item difficulty levels, and (c) to examine age-related progressions on individual story-structure components across 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-olds...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928379/a-rare-case-of-penetrating-trauma-resulting-in-isolated-third-nerve-palsy
#5
Caleb Story, Michael Patterson, Wilson McWilliams, Bethany Bray Markowitz
A 23-year-old male presented to the emergency department with right eye pain, right upper eyelid ptosis, blurry vision, and binocular diplopia that developed immediately after he bent over in a parking lot and the antenna of a car penetrated his right upper eyelid. An extensive workup was performed, and he was found to have an isolated traumatic oculomotor nerve palsy with pupil involvement. No other ocular findings of a traumatic injury were present. The patient was observed for 14 months, during which he continually improved, with almost complete resolution of his diplopia, anisocoria, and ptosis...
February 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928244/theory-of-mind-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-euthymic-phase-%C3%A2-using-the-strange-stories-test
#6
Hamid Zarrabipoor, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Zahra Shahrivar
Objective: This study evaluated the theory of mind (ToM) in adolescents diagnosed with bipolar disorder ‎‎(BD) during their euthymic period compared to a typically developing (TD) group.‎ Method: The BD group consisted of thirty 11-18 year old inpatients in euthymic phase. The TD ‎group included 30 age, gender, and IQ matched volunteer students. To assess the diagnosis and ‎comorbid disorders, we performed the semi-structured interview of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders ‎and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) for the BD adolescents...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928057/modulation-of-the-splicing-regulatory-function-of-srsf10-by-a-novel-compound-that-impairs-hiv-1-replication
#7
Lulzim Shkreta, Marco Blanchette, Johanne Toutant, Emmanuelle Wilhelm, Brendan Bell, Benjamin A Story, Ahalya Balachandran, Alan Cochrane, Peter K Cheung, P Richard Harrigan, David S Grierson, Benoit Chabot
We recently identified the 4-pyridinone-benzisothiazole carboxamide compound 1C8 as displaying strong anti-HIV-1 potency against a variety of clinical strains in vitro Here we show that 1C8 decreases the expression of HIV-1 and alters splicing events involved in the production of HIV-1 mRNAs. Although 1C8 was designed to be a structural mimic of the fused tetracyclic indole compound IDC16 that targets SRSF1, it did not affect the splice site shifting activity of SRSF1. Instead, 1C8 altered splicing regulation mediated by SRSF10...
December 7, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927958/coding-of-event-nodes-and-narrative-context-in-the-hippocampus
#8
Branka Milivojevic, Meryl Varadinov, Alejandro Vicente Grabovetsky, Silvy H P Collin, Christian F Doeller
: Narratives may provide a general context, unrestricted by space and time, which can be used to organize episodic memories into networks of related events. However, it is not clear how narrative contexts are represented in the brain. Here we test the novel hypothesis that the formation of narrative-based contextual representations in humans relies on the same hippocampal mechanisms that enable formation of spatiotemporal contexts in rodents. Participants watched a movie consisting of two interleaved narratives while we monitored their brain activity using fMRI...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927878/strange-glow-the-story-of-radiation
#9
R M Alexakhin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925538/story-in-numbers
#10
(no author information available yet)
Diabetes specialist nurses are reaching 'breaking point', according to a survey by charity Diabetes UK.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925432/ceos-theory-a-comprehensive-approach-to-understanding-hard-to-maintain-behaviour-change
#11
Ron Borland
This paper provides a brief introduction to CEOS theory, a comprehensive theory for understanding hard to maintain behaviour change. The name CEOS is an acronym for Context, Executive, and Operational Systems theory. Behaviour is theorised to be the result of the moment by moment interaction between internal needs (operational processes) in relation to environmental conditions, and for humans this is augmented by goal-directed, executive action which can transcend immediate contingencies. All behaviour is generated by operational processes...
December 7, 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925090/storytelling-a-care-technology-in-continuing-education-for-active-ageing
#12
Nadia Pinheiro da Costa, Sandra Helena Isse Polaro, Eloá Aparecida Caliari Vahl, Lucia Hisako Takase Gonçalves
Objective: assessing relevance and effectiveness of care/educational technology in the form of "storytelling" as a strategy in the cultivation of active ageing (AA) for elderly users of a Basic Health Unit (BHU), from the Amazon region. Method: convergent care research (CCR) held in a BHU in Belém, state of Pará, with eight elderly ladies for testing this technology. An active ageing assessment questionnaire and WHOQOL-BREF - quality of life assessment were applied...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924105/innovating-affordable-neonatal-care-equipment-for-use-at-scale
#13
REVIEW
V Sashi Kumar, V K Paul, K Sathasivam
The care of small and sick neonates requires biomedical technologies, such as devices that can keep babies warm (radiant warmers and incubators), resuscitate (self-inflating bags), track growth (weighing scales), treat jaundice (phototherapy units) and provide oxygen or respiratory support (hoods, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices and ventilators). Until the 1990s, most of these products were procured through import at a high cost and with little maintenance support. Emerging demand and an informal collaboration of neonatologists, engineers and entrepreneurs has led to the production of good quality equipment of several high-volume categories at affordable cost in India...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923335/-arrived-in-germany-when-children-who-have-fled-tell-their-stories
#14
Katharina Gerarts, Sabine Andresen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Fionna Klasen
Arrived in Germany: When Children Who have Fled Tell their Stories For this study, we listened to children who had fled with their families. We made a very conscious decision to focus on accompanied minors who have been displaced, because they go through the standard asylum system with their parent/guardian, which is why they often remain "invisible" as regards their own needs and their specific situation. We gave accompanied children who had fled a space where they could tell their stories and asked them to talk about their memories of their countries of origin, their experiences during their journey and on arrival in Germany, and their lives here, their concerns, but also their hopes and desires...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923306/ebola-behind-the-mask-a-true-inside-story-of-the-outbreak-dennis-andy-and-simon-anna-ebola-behind-the-mask-a-true-inside-story-of-the-outbreak-270pp-%C3%A2-12-80-uitgeverij-aspekt-9789461539458-9461539452-formula-see-text
#15
(no author information available yet)
This book documents the experiences of two healthcare workers who volunteered at an Ebola management centre in Kailahun, Sierra Leone, during the world's biggest ever outbreak of the virus in 2014-15.
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922479/stories-from-the-field
#16
Al Rundio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921324/statins-and-mortality-the-untold-story
#17
Michael S Kostapanos, Moses S Elisaf
Statins are first-line evidence-based drugs for the management of dyslipidaemias and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, statin clinical trials have shown marginally significant benefits on mortality, especially in the primary prevention setting. A major limitation of those trials is their relatively short follow-up. A reduced number of fatal events within a 5-year follow-up make mortality benefits unlikely to arise. This is particularly relevant for the primary prevention trials, whereby the risk of cardiovascular death is low...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919270/delayed-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-air-emboli-after-open-heart-surgery-case-report-and-review-of-a-success-story
#18
Eva Niyibizi, Guillaume Elyes Kembi, Claude Lae, Rodrigue Pignel, Tornike Sologashvili
BACKGROUND: The current case describes a rare diagnosis of iatrogenic air emboli after elective cardiopulmonary bypass that was successfully treated with delayed hyperbaric oxygen therapy, with good clinical evolution in spite of rare complications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35 years old male was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for post-operative management after being placed on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for an elective ventricular septal defect closure and aortic valvuloplasty...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918096/back-cover-story-eur-j-immunol-12-16
#19
(no author information available yet)
Our back cover features an H&E stained biopsy section from a patient with eosinophilic myocarditis. Countless heart-infiltrating eosinophils with bright pink granules and bi-lobed nuclei are visible between large, striated cardiomyocytes. In addition, T cells and macrophages are infiltrating the heart. This image relates to the article by Diny et al. (pp. 2749-2760), in which the authors analyze the pathway required for eosinophil trafficking to the heart by examining heart biopsies from myocarditis patients and a murine myocarditis model...
December 2016: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917445/legal-provisions-educational-services-and-health-care-across-the-lifespan-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-india
#20
Merry Barua, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Sheffali Gulati
India is estimated to have over 10 million persons with autism. Rising awareness of autism in India over last decade with ready access to information has led to an increase in prevalence and earlier diagnosis, the creation of services and some policy initiatives. However, there remains a gaping chasm between policy and implementation. The reach and quality of services continues sketchy and uneven, especially in the area of education. The present review discusses existing legal provisions for children and adults with autism in India...
December 5, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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