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Jayaseelan Arun, Kannappan Panchamoorthy Gopinath, PanneerSelvam SundarRajan, Marudai JoselynMonica, Vargees Felix
In this study, co-liquefaction (HTL) of Prosopis juliflora (PJ) biomass with polyolefin waste (PO) was performed to produce bio-oil. HTL on bio-oil yield was studied at varying PJ to PO ratios (0:1, 1:0, 1:1, 2:1, 3:1, 4:1 and 5:1) and temperatures from 340 to 440 °C. Bio-oil and HTL by-products were characterized by Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. Bio-oil yield was around 61.23%wt at 420 °C for 3:1 blends with 3 wt% of HCl activated bentonite catalyst at 60 min holding time...
November 30, 2018: Bioresource Technology
E Menya, P W Olupot, H Storz, M Lubwama, Y Kiros
In this study, 13 rice husk (RH) varieties from 4 agro-ecological zones in Uganda were characterized, NaOH-pretreated, and evaluated for their potential utilization as precursors for production of bio-oil, ash, char, and activated carbon for selected applications. RH varieties were characterized through particle size analysis, bulk density, proximate and ultimate analyses, specific surface area, pore volume, as well as lignocellulosic and inorganic compositions. Selected RH varieties were subsequently pretreated at NaOH concentrations of 1-4%w/v, using pretreatment ratios of 5 g RH: 40 mL NaOH...
November 2018: Waste Management
Palmira Tavolaro, Silvia Catalano, Adalgisa Tavolaro
This paper deals with the design and manufacture of pure and hybrid synthetic (Mixed Matrix Membranes, MMMs) zeolite scaffolds (containing various amount of zeolite crystals dispersed in a polymeric matrix) to obtain new biomaterials. These scaffolds can potentially be used in the field of translational medicine to obtain innovative results to address tumorigenesis mechanisms with the promotion of an effort to deal with technical methods and information. Since olive oil has beneficial effects in healthy human cells and slows down and/or inhibits cell growth, the aim of this work was to monitor the protective and beneficial antitumor effects of olive oil in a new solid formulation (Spread Bio-Oil) on cancer cell cultured on zeolite scaffolds...
December 4, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Yuchun Zhang, Weiming Yi, Peng Fu, Zhihe Li, Nana Wang, Chunyan Tian
Catalytic upgrading of biomass pyrolysis vapors is an effective utilization technology of biomass energy. Based on the disadvantages of commonly used reactors, the V-shaped downer reactors were designed to increase gas-solid two-phase turbulent intensity, contact frequency and then increase the catalytic efficiency in short residence time. The catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis vapors in V-shaped downer reactors in terms of hydrodynamics, chemical reaction and residence time distribution were analyzed by CFD simulation and experiment...
November 27, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Ayushi Awasthi, Vaibhav Dhyani, Bijoy Biswas, Jitendra Kumar, Thallada Bhaskar
The present study illustrates the production of phenolic compounds via slow pyrolysis of coir pith biomass in a bench-scale reactor. The primary objective of the study is to optimize the pyrolysis conditions to maximize the yield of bio-oil and phenolic compounds. Up to 88.14% phenolic compounds were obtained in the organic fraction of the bio-oil obtained at 350 °C. The phenolic compounds thus extracted can be used for the production of phenol-formaldehyde resins, which reduces the dependence on petroleum-based phenols for the manufacturing of resin...
November 22, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Judit Sandquist, Roman Tschentscher, Gonzalo Del Alamo Serrano
Increasing the overall carbon and energy efficiency by integration of thermal processes with biological ones has gained considerable attention lately, especially within biorefining. A technology that is capable of processing wet feedstock with good energy efficiency is advantageous. Such a technology, exploiting the special properties of hot compressed water is called hydrothermal liquefaction. The reaction traditionally considered to take place at moderate temperatures (200-350 °C) and high pressures (10-25 MPa) although recent findings show the benefits of increased pressure at higher temperature regions...
November 24, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
M A Rahman
In this investigation, the effect of operating parameters on product distribution for the conversion of water hyacinth into most valuable product bio oil as well as char and gases are investigated. To observe the parametric effect on product distribution, the temperature was varied 300-600 °C, heating rate 10-50 °C/min, particle size of the feed <0.5-2.5 mm and carrier gas nitrogen flow rate 0-12 lpm. The highest bio-oil yield of 44.9 wt% was obtained at 350 °C, 30 °C/min, particle feed size less than 0...
October 2018: Waste Management
Shusheng Pang
Biomass has been recognised as a promising resource for future energy and fuels. The biomass, originated from plants, is renewable and application of its derived energy and fuels is close to carbon-neutral by considering that the growing plants absorb CO2 for photosynthesis. However, the complex physical structure and chemical composition of the biomass significantly hinder its conversion to gaseous and liquid fuels. This paper reviews recent advances in biomass thermochemical conversion technologies for energy, liquid fuels and chemicals...
November 14, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
Sanjeev Mishra, Kaustubha Mohanty
The present study investigated the feasibility of domestic sewage wastewater (DSW) as an alternate to fresh-water microalgae growth media towards high-value bioenergy feedstock production. Eight native microalgal strains were screened from DSW and the effect of raw DSW (RDSW), and autoclaved DSW (ADSW) on growth and bioremediation potential were evaluated and compared with control BG11 medium. The study confirmed RDSW as a potential growth medium while Monoraphidium sp. KMC4 showed superior biomass (1.47 ± 0...
November 5, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Xu Chen, Yingquan Chen, Haiping Yang, Xianhua Wang, Qingfeng Che, Wei Chen, Hanping Chen
Firstly, the operating conditions were screened for biomass pyrolysis in a fixed bed with respect to higher oil yield. A temperature of 600 °C with an N2 flow of 80 ml/min exhibited the highest bio-oil yield. Then, the catalytic pyrolysis of biomass with various catalysts (Al2 O3 , CaO, MgO, CuO, Fe2 O3 , NiO, ZnO, ZrO2 , TiO2 , HZSM-5 and MCM-41) was studied to identify the selective deoxygenation method with respect to improve bio-oil quality with smaller drop in bio-oil yield. With the addition of CaO, the oxygen was mainly removed in the form of CO2 , while, in other cases, more oxygen was removed in the form of H2 O...
November 5, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Yuxiang Yu, Yufei Wang, Pingping Xu, Jianmin Chang
Bio-oil was added as a substitute for phenol for the preparation of a foaming phenolic resin (PR), which aimed to reduce the brittleness and pulverization of phenolic foam (PF). The components of bio-oil, the chemical structure of bio-oil phenolic resin (BPR), and the mechanical performances, and the morphological and thermal properties of bio-oil phenolic foam (BPF) were investigated. The bio-oil contained a number of phenols and abundant substances with long-chain alkanes. The peaks of OH groups, CH₂ groups, C=O groups, and aromatic skeletal vibration on the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum became wider and sharper after adding bio-oil...
November 9, 2018: Materials
Tianyuan Yang, Meizhu Chen, Xinxing Zhou, Jun Xie
Different proportions of bio-oil (5, 10, 15, and 20 wt%) were added into aged asphalt for its regeneration. Molecular dynamic simulations were used to measure the thermal and mechanical performances of bio-oil regenerated aged asphalt (BRAA). A new, simplified BRAA model was built to calculate the specific heat capacity, thermal expansion coefficient, elastic constant, shear modulus, bulk modulus, and Young's modulus. Simulation results showed that the thermal expansion coefficient (CTE α) of asphalt at 298 K decreased by 10% after aging...
November 8, 2018: Materials
Lin Chen, Zhaosheng Yu, Hao Xu, Kuangyu Wan, Yanfen Liao, Xiaoqian Ma
The microwave-assisted co-pyrolysis of Chlorella vulgaris (CV), wood sawdust (WS) and their blends with additives were investigated. There was a higher liquid and solid yield with silicon carbide (SiC) than activated carbon (AC) in most of samples. Microwave-assisted pyrolysis with additives behaved a positive effect on deoxygenation and aromatization, but not apparent denitrification. With the increase of CV proportion, aromatic hydrocarbons decreased, but aliphatic hydrocarbons increased using AC. High selectivity of phenols was reached at the sample of WS (relative content as 43...
November 1, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Seong Hun Jeon, Yongin You, Hyelim Jin, Chul-Ung Kim, Young-Kwon Park, Choul-Ho Lee, Jong-Ki Jeon
The objective of this study is to evaluate the catalytic potential of PtMg/Al-KIT-6 during the hydroupgrading of a mixture composed of C15 -C18 alkane as a model compound of bio-oil obtained by a hydrodeoxygenation of palm oil. Al-KIT-6 was prepared through a post-alumination method using KIT-6, after which platinum and magnesium precursors were impregnated onto the synthesized Al-KIT-6. PtMg/Al-KIT-6 catalysts were shown to have a well-arranged mesoporous structure, a large surface area, and a large pore size...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
I Iraola-Arregui, P Van Der Gryp, J F Görgens
Pyrolysis is an attractive technology to convert low-cost carbonaceous waste materials into fuels, energy and other value added products goods. During pyrolysis, the inorganic minerals present in the feedstock can cause problems to the equipment and give side reactions. Besides, the minerals present in the chars can hinder their possible applications. Therefore, it seems necessary to eliminate said contaminants in order to valorise the aforementioned goods. Demineralisation is a process widely used for purifying materials that are contaminated with inorganic matter...
September 2018: Waste Management
Abayomi Emmanuel Modupe, Olumoyewa Dotun Atoyebi, Opeyemi Emmanuel Oluwatuyi, Oluwasegun James Aladegboye, Ayobami Adebola Busari, Adebayo Ofonime Basorun
This data article presents information on the modification of bitumen with bio-oil pyrolyzed from cassava peels, and upgraded with a non-degradable polymer i.e. crumb rubber. Performance tests were carried out on the bio-oil crumb rubber modified bitumen. The main objective of bitumen modification is to produce new binders with improved mechanical, marshall and rheological properties [1]. The percentage of bio-oil by volume used for modification of bitumen was 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% respectively. Marshall Stability and flow tests were also carried out on the crumb rubber bio-asphalt produced...
December 2018: Data in Brief
Yong Huang, Yaxuan Gao, Hao Zhou, Hongqi Sun, Jianbin Zhou, Shu Zhang
This paper investigated pyrolysis of palm kernel shell in a proposed reactor, which is characterized by internal recycling of heavy oil between a heavy oil sorption zone and pyrolysis zone. The internal recycling of heavy oil favors conversion of heavy oil to char, gas, and light oil. Compared with the product distribution from the conventional pyrolysis without heavy oil recycling, the yields of char, gas, and GC/MS detectable organic compounds increase from 34.8, 15.2, and 9.8 wt%-(dry feedstock) to 38...
October 4, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Baranitharan Paramasivam, Ramesh Kasimani, Sakthivel Rajamohan
The present research focuses on the analyzing the characteristics of bio-oil derived from intermediate pyrolysis of Aegle marmelos (AM) seed cake and its suitability for C.I. engine adaptation. Owing to the high volatile matter content of 73.69%, Aegle marmelos biomass was selected as the feedstock for this research. The intermediate pyrolysis was carried out at 600 °C in a 2-kg fixed bed type pyrolysis reactor at a heating rate of 10 °C/min and the obtained bio-oil was characterized by different analytical methods...
November 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Peng Fu, Weiming Yi, Zhihe Li, Yongjun Li
Fast pyrolysis of agricultural straw residues based on ceramic ball circulation heating was studied by using an originally developed V-shaped drop tube pyrolysis unit. The yields of bio-oil, bio-char and pyrolysis gas from these straw residues were in the range of 41-46, 26-30 and 26-29 wt%, respectively, with maize straw giving the highest bio-oil yield. A quadratic model was developed to correlate the cellulose-to-lignin-ratio (CLR) and hemicellulose-to-lignin-ratio (HLR) with bio-oil yield. For a given HLR above 1...
January 2019: Bioresource Technology
Yalin Li, William A Tarpeh, Kara L Nelson, Timothy J Strathmann
Algal systems have emerged as a promising strategy for simultaneous treatment and valorization of wastewater. However, further advancement and real-world implementation are hindered by the limited knowledge on the full energetic and nutrient product potentials of such systems and the corresponding value of these products. In this work, an aqueous-based system for the conversion of wastewater-derived algae and upgrading of crude products was designed and demonstrated. Bio-oil, fuel gas, and fertilizer products were generated from algal biomass harvested from a municipal wastewater treatment facility...
September 26, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
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