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Acute on Chronic Kidney Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775446/-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-up-to-2-years-of-age-a-single-center-data-analysis
#1
Kinga Musiał, Marta Sałamacha, Sylwia Gralec, Anna Pers, Łukasz Jacheć, Danuta Zwolińska
Although anomalies in the urinary tract are the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the pediatric population, there are few studies focusing on etiological discrepancies between younger and older children. AIM: The aim of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of etiology of CKD in children hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Nephrology at the Wrocław Medical University, with reference to the patients' age and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis considered medical records of 174 patients aged 0-18 years, diagnosed with CKD, hospitalized in our Department in the years 2011-2017...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774601/the-impact-of-mitral-stenosis-on-outcomes-of-aortic-valve-stenosis-patient-undergoing-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-or-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#2
Yasser Al-Khadra, Fahed Darmoch, Motaz Baibars, Amir Kaki, Zaher Fanari, M Chadi Alraies
BACKGROUND: The concomitant presence of mitral stenosis (MS) in the setting of symptomatic aortic stenosis represent a clinical challenge. Little is known regarding the outcome of mitral stenosis (MS) patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Therefore, we sought to study the outcome of MS patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR). METHOD: Using weighted data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database between 2011 and 2014, we identified patients who were diagnosed with MS...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770308/allo-and-auto-percutaneous-intra-portal-pancreatic-islet-transplantation-pipit-for-diabetes-cure-and-prevention-the-role-of-imaging-and-interventional-radiology
#3
REVIEW
Massimo Venturini, Claudio Sallemi, Paolo Marra, Anna Palmisano, Giulia Agostini, Carolina Lanza, Gianpaolo Balzano, Massimo Falconi, Antonio Secchi, Paolo Fiorina, Lorenzo Piemonti, Paola Maffi, Antonio Esposito, Francesco De Cobelli, Alessandro Del Maschio
Although the life expectancy of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has improved since the introduction of insulin therapy, the acute life-threatening and long-term complications from diabetes mellitus are significant causes of both mortality and morbidity. Percutaneous intra-portal pancreatic islet transplantation (PIPIT) is a minimally invasive, repeatable procedure which allows a β-cell replacement therapy through a liver islet engraftment, leading to insulin release and glycaemic control restoration in patients with diabetes...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769254/long-term-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-acute-kidney-injury-a-propensity-matched-cohort-in-the-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#4
Uwe Koppe, Dorothea Nitsch, Kathryn E Mansfield, Rohini Mathur, Krishnan Bhaskaran, Rachel L Batterham, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is an effective method of weight reduction and has been associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) as a perioperative event. However, the long-term effects of the weight reduction after surgery on AKI are unknown. The objective of this study is to quantify the association of bariatric surgery with later risk of AKI. DESIGN: This study uses a propensity score-matched cohort of patients from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink database with and without bariatric surgery to compare rates of AKI episodes derived from linkage to the Hospital Episode Statistics...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766740/factors-predictive-of-postoperative-acute-respiratory-failure-following-inpatient-sinus-surgery
#5
Brittany N Burton, Sapideh Gilani, Matthew W Swisher, Richard D Urman, Ulrich H Schmidt, Rodney A Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: The impact of perioperative risk factors on outcomes following outpatient sinus surgery is well defined; however, risk factors and outcomes following inpatient surgery remain poorly understood. We aimed to define risk factors of postoperative acute respiratory failure following inpatient sinus surgery. METHODS: Utilizing data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database from the years 2010 to 2014, we identified patients (≥18 years of age) with an Internal Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure code of sinus surgery...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766216/impact-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-or-receptor-blockers-on-post-icu-discharge-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#6
Etienne Gayat, Alexa Hollinger, Alain Cariou, Nicolas Deye, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Samir Jaber, Benjamin G Chousterman, Qin Lu, Pierre François Laterre, Xavier Monnet, Michael Darmon, Marc Leone, Bertrand Guidet, Romain Sonneville, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Marie-Céline Fournier, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Alexandre Mebazaa, Matthieu Legrand
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with the activation of the renin-angiotensin system. Whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) or angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARB) improve outcome in patients recovering from AKI remains unexplored. The purpose was to investigate the association between prescription of ACEi/ARB at intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and 1-year outcome in patients recovering from AKI. METHODS: Association between ACEi/ARB and 1-year mortality rate was explored in 1551 patients discharged from 21 European ICUs in an observational cohort...
May 15, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763891/endothelial-progenitor-cells-and-kidney-diseases
#7
Abdullah Ozkok, Alaattin Yildiz
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are bone marrow derived or tissue-resident cells that play major roles in the maintenance of vascular integrity and repair of endothelial damage. Although EPCs may be capable of directly engrafting and regenerating the endothelium, the most important effects of EPCs seem to be depended on paracrine effects. In recent studies, specific microvesicles and mRNAs have been found to mediate the pro-angiogenic and regenerative effects of EPCs on endothelium. EPC counts have important prognostic implications in cardiovascular diseases (CVD)...
May 10, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750929/hyponatremia-predicts-poor-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-heart-surgery
#8
Linda Shavit, Ofer Merin, Tal Grenader, Ehud Jacobson, Chani Waldenberg, Daniel Bitran, Daniel Fink, Shuli Silberman
BACKGROUND: Preoperative hyponatremia adversely impacts outcomes of cardiothoracic surgery. However, in patients with chronic kidney disease, the association of sodium levels on postoperative events has never been evaluated. We investigated the impact of preoperative hyponatremia on outcomes after cardiac surgery in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease. Primary endpoints were operative mortality and acute kidney injury requiring dialysis. Secondary endpoints were major infection and long-term survival...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745916/fournier-s-gangrene-a-rare-complication-of-diabetes-mellitus-case-report
#9
Sh Muharremi
The presented case reports on 54-years old patient with T2 Diabetes mellitus who, due to hypoglycemic episodes on Insulin therapy, was treated with oral anti-hyperglycemic medications. Patient was on hemodialysis due to the stage 5 chronic kidney failure and had various comorbid conditions: arterial hypertension, history of acute myocardial infarction, dilative cardiomyopathy, amaurosis and peripheral neuropathy. Besides his complicated medical history, patient developed an early stage of Fournier's gangrene...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744618/association-between-central-venous-pressure-as-assessed-by-echocardiography-left-ventricular-function-and-acute-cardio-renal-syndrome-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#10
Shafik Khoury, Arie Steinvil, Amir Gal-Oz, Gilad Margolis, Aviram Hochstatd, Yan Topilsky, Gad Keren, Yacov Shacham
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have demonstrated the adverse effects of venous congestion on renal function in patients with heart failure. None of these trials, however, has evaluated the effect of acute myocardial ischemia on the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 1336 ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between June 2012 and June 2016...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742060/renal-involvement-in-autoinflammatory-diseases-and-inflammasome-mediated-chronic-kidney-damage
#11
REVIEW
Roberto Scarpioni, Laura Obici
Unprovoked activation of innate immune pathways and increased secretion of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 are responsible for the protean clinical manifestations and the marked inflammatory response that characterise most hereditary autoinflammatory disorders. The kidney is a major target organ of this inflammatory process. The deposition of the acute-phase reactant serum amyloid A (SAA) as amyloid causes progressive glomerular and vascular damage and leads to organ failure. In this review we focus on the potential impact of hereditary autoinflammatory diseases on renal function, provide red flags that may guide the clinical suspicion of amyloid kidney damage and discuss the relevance of close renal monitoring for early diagnosis and prompt treatment...
January 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740333/flavonoids-in-kidney-health-and-disease
#12
REVIEW
Félix Vargas, Paola Romecín, Ana I García-Guillén, Rosemary Wangesteen, Pablo Vargas-Tendero, M Dolores Paredes, Noemí M Atucha, Joaquín García-Estañ
This review summarizes the latest advances in knowledge on the effects of flavonoids on renal function in health and disease. Flavonoids have antihypertensive, antidiabetic, and antiinflammatory effects, among other therapeutic activities. Many of them also exert renoprotective actions that may be of interest in diseases such as glomerulonephritis, diabetic nephropathy, and chemically-induced kidney insufficiency. They affect several renal factors that promote diuresis and natriuresis, which may contribute to their well-known antihypertensive effect...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738093/acute-kidney-injury-epidemiology-outcomes-complications-and-therapeutic-strategies
#13
REVIEW
Shigeo Negi, Daisuke Koreeda, Sou Kobayashi, Takuro Yano, Koichi Tatsuta, Toru Mima, Takashi Shigematsu, Masaki Ohya
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common serious complications for all hospital admissions, with its incidence increasing among hospitalized patients, particularly those in the intensive care unit. Despite significant improvements in critical care and dialysis technology, AKI is associated with an increased risk of short- and long-term mortality, prolonged hospital stays, and dialysis dependence. These risks are particularly relevant for critically ill patients with AKI severe enough to require renal replacement therapy (RRT)...
May 8, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729264/dexmedetomidine-attenuates-renal-fibrosis-via-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-dependent-inhibition-of-cellular-senescence-after-renal-ischemia-reperfusion
#14
Qijian Li, Chaojin Chen, Xi Chen, Mingming Han, Juan Li
BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) can induce acute kidney injury (AKI), which often progresses to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dexmedetomidine (Dex), a highly selective α2 adrenergic receptor (α2-AR) agonist, protects against acute renal IR-induced injury. However, the effects of Dex on the transition of AKI to CKD remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated the mechanisms of Dex on renal fibrosis. METHODS: Adult male C57BL/6 mice were pretreated with Dex, a specific α2A-adrenergic receptor (AR) blocker (BRL-44408), or a cell senescence inhibitor (rapamycin) in a surgical bilateral renal IR model...
May 2, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725741/-metabolic-management-and-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-with-renal-dysfunction-recommendations-from-the-renal-section-of-the-dgiin-%C3%A3-giain-and-divi
#15
W Druml, M Joannidis, S John, A Jörres, M Schmitz, J Kielstein, D Kindgen-Milles, M Oppert, V Schwenger, C Willam, A Zarbock
BACKGROUND: Intensive care patients with renal failure or insufficiency comprise a heterogeneous group of subjects with widely differing metabolic patterns and nutritional requirements. They include subjects with various stages of acute kidney injury (AKI), acute-on-chronic renal failure (A-CKD), without/with renal replacement therapy (RRT), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and subjects on regular hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis therapy (HD/PD). GOALS: Development of recommendations by the renal section of DGIIN (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internistische Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin), ÖGIAIN (Österreichische Gesellschaft für Internistische und Allgemeine Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin) and DIVI (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin) for the metabolic management and the planning, indication, implementation, and monitoring of nutrition therapy in this heterogeneous group of patients...
May 3, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725631/kidney-diseases-in-agricultural-communities-a-case-against-heat-stress-nephropathy
#16
REVIEW
Chula Herath, Channa Jayasumana, P Mangala C S De Silva, P H Chaminda De Silva, Sisira Siribaddana, Marc E De Broe
The beginning of the 21st century has seen the emergence of a new chronic tubulo-interstitial kidney disease of uncertain cause among agricultural communities in Central America and Sri Lanka. Despite many similarities in demography, presentation, clinical features, and renal histopathology in affected individuals in these regions, a toxic etiology has been considered mainly in Sri Lanka, whereas the predominant hypothesis in Central America has been that recurrent acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by heat stress leads to chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725629/acute-kidney-injury-in-pregnancy-the-changing-landscape-for-the-21st-century
#17
REVIEW
Swati Rao, Belinda Jim
Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (Pr-AKI) remains a large public health problem, with decreasing incidences in developing countries but seemingly increasing incidences in the United States and Canada. These epidemiologic changes are reflective of the advances in medical and obstetric care, as well as changes in underlying maternal risk factors. The risk factors associated with advanced maternal age, such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and those associated with reproductive technologies such as multiple gestations, are increasing...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725592/urinary-virome-perturbations-in-kidney-transplantation
#18
Tara K Sigdel, Neil Mercer, Sharvin Nandoe, Carrie D Nicora, Kristin Burnum-Johnson, Wei-Jun Qian, Minnie M Sarwal
The human microbiome is important for health and plays a role in essential metabolic functions and protection from certain pathogens. Conversely, dysbiosis of the microbiome is seen in the context of various diseases. Recent studies have highlighted that a complex microbial community containing hundreds of bacteria colonizes the healthy urinary tract, but little is known about the human urinary viruses in health and disease. To evaluate the human urinary virome in the context of kidney transplantation (tx), variations in the composition of the urinary virome were evaluated in urine samples from normal healthy volunteers as well as patients with kidney disease after they had undergone kidney tx...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706828/symptomatic-hypercalcemia-and-scarring-alopecia-as-presenting-features-of-sarcoidosis
#19
Jillian Frieder, Dario Kivelevitch, Alan Menter
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease most frequently affecting the lungs, lymph nodes, and eyes. Skin involvement occurs in approximately 25% to 35% of cases, with the scalp uncommonly affected. Abnormal calcium metabolism is associated with sarcoidosis and other granulomatous disorders and most commonly presents as hypercalciuria (40%-60%) and, less frequently, hypercalcemia (10%-20%). Symptomatic hypercalcemia is unusual, presenting in <5% of sarcoidosis patients, and rarely results in kidney damage...
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706252/gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-in-kidney-disease-comprehensive-review-and-clinical-practice-guideline-issued-by-the-canadian-association-of-radiologists
#20
REVIEW
Nicola Schieda, Jason I Blaichman, Andreu F Costa, Rafael Glikstein, Casey Hurrell, Matthew James, Pejman Jabehdar Maralani, Wael Shabana, An Tang, Anne Tsampalieros, Christian van der Pol, Swapnil Hiremath
Use of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in renal impairment is controversial, with physician and patient apprehension in acute kidney injury (AKI), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and dialysis because of concerns regarding nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). The position that GBCAs are absolutely contraindicated in AKI, CKD stage 4 or 5 (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and dialysis-dependent patients is outdated, and may limit access to clinically necessary contrast-enhanced MRI examinations...
May 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
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