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Marina Rechden Lobato Palmeiro, Mariana Bauer Bronstrup, Justin Durham, Angus Walls, Rosemary Sadami Arai Shinkai
The impact of oral rehabilitation on masticatory function and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) may vary with the experience of the individual with tissue loss. Our hypothesis is that patient-centered outcomes vary among adults who have experienced large defects in the maxilla due to congenital or acquired conditions even after oral rehabilitation to restore aesthetics and function. This study compared OHRQoL, perceived masticatory ability, maximum bite force (MBF), and symptoms of pain and depression among subjects with acquired (edentulous maxilla) and congenital (cleft lip and palate) loss of oral tissues in the maxilla after dental treatment...
November 29, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Débora de Melo Trize, Marcela Pagani Calabria, Solange de Oliveira Braga Franzolin, Carolina Ortigosa Cunha, Sara Nader Marta
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of temporomandibular disorders in quality of life. METHODS: A total of 102 volunteer patients (68 female) aged 19 to 86 years, who sought medical care in health clinics of the university and were evaluated in the period from September to December 2013. The subjects were examined according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, using a mechanical algometer (Palpeter®) with standardized pressure of 0...
November 29, 2018: Einstein
Kellyn Kessiene de Sousa Cavalcante, Carlos Henrique Alencar
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the prevalence of inadequate human anti-rabies post-exposure prophylaxis in patients attacked by animals in the state of Ceará, Brazil, 2007-2015. METHODS: this was a study of the prevalence of inadequate prophylaxis procedures, using data on reported cases of accidents involving animals potentially capable of transmitting rabies registered on the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) from January 2007 to December 2015. RESULTS: of the 231,694 reported cases, 95...
November 29, 2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
P Flis, V Filonenko, O Tsyzh
In orthodontic practice, removable orthodontic devices are used to treat anomalies and deformations of the dentoalveolar apparatus during the period of the transition occlusion. The creation of new orthodontic appliances or the modification of existing appliances is actual today. The aim is to create easy-to-use therapeutical-prophilaxis orthodontic appliances that can be used to treat open bite and anomalies of the individual teeth position. The mechanism of action of the proposed appliance by P. Flis - V...
October 2018: Georgian Medical News
Hyo-Jin Park, Sung-Hwan Choi, Yoon Jeong Choi, Young-Bum Park, Kwang-Mahn Kim, Hyung-Seog Yu
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the success rate and primary stability of surface-treated miniscrews differ from those of nontreated miniscrews. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who required one or more miniscrews for the same reason in each quadrant were recruited into a single-blinded, split-mouth, randomized, controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Self-drilling miniscrews with two surface types were used: those with no surface treatment, and those with an acid-etched surface treatment...
December 5, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Myles S Faith, Lisa K Diewald, Samantha Crabbe, Brenda Burgess, Robert I Berkowitz
OBJECTIVE: Rapid eating is a risk factor for childhood obesity but has not been a focus of intervention with young children. The short-term effects of a novel family-based treatment, "Reduced Eating Pace" (RePace), were tested on child eating speed and secondary outcomes. METHODS: Twenty-eight rapid eating children were randomized to RePace (n  = 14) or Delayed Usual Care Control (DUC) (n  = 14). RePace taught families a slower eating pace using psychoeducational and behavioral techniques, including silent vibrating devices that prompted 30-second "turtle bites...
December 4, 2018: Obesity
Jordan Sedlacek, Christopher Alan Giuliano, Kaitlin Baisden, Melissa Lipari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Irene Camerlink, Estelle Coulange, Marianne Farish, Emma M Baxter, Simon P Turner
Facial expressions convey information on emotion, physical sensations, and intent. The much debated theories that facial expressions can be emotions or signals of intent have largely remained separated in animal studies. Here we integrate these approaches with the aim to 1) investigate whether pigs may use facial expressions as a signal of intent and; 2) quantify differences in facial metrics between different contexts of potentially negative emotional state. Facial metrics of 38 pigs were recorded prior to aggression, during aggression and during retreat from being attacked in a dyadic contest...
December 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Agustín Estrada-Peña, Sally Cutler, Aleksandar Potkonjak, Muriel Vassier-Tussaut, Wim Van Bortel, Hervé Zeller, Natalia Fernández-Ruiz, Andrei Daniel Mihalca
BACKGROUND: The bacteria of the group Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are the etiological agents of Lyme borreliosis in humans, transmitted by bites of ticks. Improvement of control measures requires a solid framework of the environmental traits driving its prevalence in ticks. METHODS: We updated a previous meta-analysis of the reported prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in questing nymphs of Ixodes ricinus with a literature search from January 2010-June 2017. This resulted in 195 new papers providing the prevalence of Bb for 926 geo-referenced records...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Health Geographics
Jirawat Khanongnoi, Siratcha Phanthong, Onrapak Reamtong, Anchalee Tungtronchitr, Wanpen Chaicumpa, Nitat Sookrung
Snake venom-metalloproteinases (SVMPs) are the primary factors that disturb hemostasis and cause hemorrhage in the venomous snake bitten subjects. Kaouthiagin is a unique SVMP that binds and cleaves von Willebrand factor (vWF) at a specific peptide bond leading to inhibition of platelet aggregation, which enhances the hemorrhage. Kaouthiagin is a low abundant venom component of Thai cobra ( Naja kaouthia ); thus, most horse-derived antivenins used for cobra bite treatment do not contain adequate anti-kaouthiagin...
December 3, 2018: Toxins
Anne Balkema-Buschmann, Melanie Rissmann, Nils Kley, Reiner Ulrich, Martin Eiden, Martin H Groschup
Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV), the causative agent of an emerging zoonotic disease in Africa and Arabia, can infect a variety of species, predominantly ruminants, camelids, and humans. While clinical symptoms are mostly absent in adult ruminants and camelids, RVFV infection may lead to a serious, sometimes fatal disease in humans. Virus transmissions between individuals and between species mainly occur through mosquito bites, but direct or even indirect contact with infectious materials may also result in infection...
November 30, 2018: Viruses
B Ambroise, H Benateau, R Garmi, K Hauchard, R Prevost, A Veyssière
New technologies have over the past forty years become widespread across all domains of basic and applied research particularly in health-related fields. Telemedicine is a form of remote medical practice using information and communication technologies. It connects one or more health professionals with other health professionals or with patients. Within the framework of emergencies in maxillofacial surgery, requests received for specialist advice often pertain to procedures to be followed for facial wounds, bites, burns, maxillofacial bone trauma or facial cellulitis...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Petra Sumova, Michal Sima, Tatiana Spitzova, Maha E Osman, Anderson B Guimaraes-Costa, Fabiano Oliveira, Dia-Eldin A Elnaiem, Asrat Hailu, Alon Warburg, Jesus G Valenzuela, Petr Volf
BACKGROUND: Phlebotomus orientalis is a vector of Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of life threatening visceral leishmaniasis spread in Eastern Africa. During blood-feeding, sand fly females salivate into the skin of the host. Sand fly saliva contains a large variety of proteins, some of which elicit specific antibody responses in the bitten hosts. To evaluate the exposure to sand fly bites in human populations from disease endemic areas, we tested the antibody reactions of volunteers' sera against recombinant P...
December 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Michael E Mullins, Charles J Gerardo, Sean P Bush, S Rutherfoord Rose, Spencer Greene, Eugenia B Quackenbush, Brandon Lewis, Victoria E Anderson, Kurt C Kleinschmidt, Richard B Schwarz, Nathan P Charlton, Eric A Toschlog, Kapil Sharma, David A Denning, Eric J Lavonas
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions following copperhead envenomation treated with Fab antivenom (FabAV) or placebo. METHODS: Patients with copperhead snakebites received treatment and follow-up in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of FabAV or placebo. The treatment allocation ratio was 2:1 (FabAV:placebo). All of the included patients received at least one dose of study treatment. We reviewed all treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) using a previously published scale to classify likely hypersensitivity reactions as mild, moderate, or severe...
December 2018: Southern Medical Journal
D L Wang, X F Zhang, H Jin, X Q Cheng, C X Duan, X C Wang, C J Bao, M H Zhou, T Ahmad
Rabies is one of the major public health problems in China, and the mortality rate of rabies remains the highest among all notifiable infectious diseases. A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) vaccination rate and risk factors for human rabies in mainland China. The PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical and Wanfang databases were searched for articles on rabies vaccination status (published between 2007 and 2017)...
December 4, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Fazli Amin, Shahzeb Khan, Syed Muhammad Hassan Shah, Haroon Rahim, Zahid Hussain, Muhammad Sohail, Riaz Ullah, Mansour S Alsaid, Abdelaaty A Shahat
Background: The obnoxious bitter taste of orally taken antibiotics is one of the biggest problems in the treatment of children. The pediatric population cannot tolerate the bitter taste of drugs and vomit out which ultimately leads to suboptimal therapeutic value, grimace and mental stress so it is the challenging task for the formulation scientists to formulate a palatable formulation particularly to overcome address the issue. Purpose of study: The study aimed to mask and evaluate the unpleasant bitter taste of azithro-mycin (AZ) in the dry suspension dosage form by physisorption technique...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Yuichi Takeuchi, Hiroki Hata, Atsushi Maruyama, Takuto Yamada, Takuma Nishikawa, Makiko Fukui, Richard Zatha, Bosco Rusuwa, Yoichi Oda
Several vertebrates, including fish, exhibit behavioural laterality and associated morphological asymmetry. Laterality may increase individual fitness, and foraging strength, accuracy, and speed. However, little is known about which behaviours are affected by laterality or what fish species exhibit obvious laterality. Previous research on the predatory behaviour of the scale-eating Lake Tanganyika cichlid Perissodus microlepis indicates behavioural laterality that reflects asymmetric jaw morphology. The Lake Malawi cichlid Genyochromis mento feeds on the fins of other fish, a behaviour that G...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Malavika Rajeev, Glenn Edosoa, Chantal Hanitriniaina, Soa Fy Andriamandimby, Helene Guis, Ravo Ramiandrasoa, Rila Ratovoson, Laurence Randrianasolo, Mamitiana Andriamananjara, Jean-Michel Heraud, Laurence Baril, C Jessica E Metcalf, Katie Hampson
In Madagascar, dog-mediated rabies has been endemic for over a century, however there is little data on its incidence or impact. We collected data over a 16-month period on provisioning of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) at a focal clinic in the Moramanga District and determined the rabies status of biting animals using clinical and laboratory diagnosis. We find that animal rabies cases are widespread, and clinic-based triage and investigation are effective ways to increase detection of rabies exposures and to rule out non-cases...
November 30, 2018: Vaccine
Sasank Kuntamukkula, Ramen Sinha, Prabhat K Tiwari, Dushyanth Paul
PURPOSE: Dynamic stability of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the characteristic of the joint to achieve normal function by harmonious, balanced, synchronized interactions of the various functional subunits of the stomatognathic system. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the mechanics and dynamics of the TMJ during recovery from surgical treatment of an isolated condylar fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study involving 30 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation for an isolated unilateral condylar fracture and were clinically asymptomatic at 6 months after surgery...
December 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Mame Thierno Bakhoum, Mamadou Sarr, Assane Gueye Fall, Karine Huber, Moussa Fall, Mbacké Sembène, Momar Talla Seck, Karien Labuschagne, Laetitia Gardès, Mamadou Ciss, Geoffrey Gimonneau, Jérémy Bouyer, Thierry Baldet, Claire Garros
BACKGROUND: Biting midge species of the genus Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) comprise more than 1300 species distributed worldwide. Several species of Culicoides are vectors of various viruses that can affect animals, like the African horse sickness virus (AHSV), known to be endemic in sub-Saharan Africa. The ecological and veterinary interest of Culicoides emphasizes the need for rapid and reliable identification of vector species. However, morphology-based identification has limitations and warrants integration of molecular data...
December 3, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
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