keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Experience

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245188/the-unmet-needs-of-aboriginal-australians-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#1
Ivan B Lin, Samantha Bunzli, Donna B Mak, Charmaine Green, Roger Goucke, Juli Coffin, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) conditions are the biggest cause of disability and internationally, Indigenous peoples experience a higher burden. There are conflicting reports about Aboriginal Australians and MSP. We conducted a systematic review to describe the prevalence, associated factors, impacts, care access, health care experiences, and factors associated with MSP among Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: A systematic search of quantitative and qualitative scientific and grey literature (PROSPERO number: CRD42016038342)...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245187/news-on-relapsing-polychondritis-the-patients-experience
#2
EDITORIAL
Jean-Charles Piette, Jérémie Dion, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau
In this issue of Arthritis Care & Research, the authors of Patient-Perception of Disease-Related Symptoms and Complications in Relapsing Polychondritis report for the first time the patient's view over the disease (1). Thanks go to them for this important step forward. The method used however, carries some limitations, as indicated very honestly by the authors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245174/larger-temperature-response-of-autumn-leaf-senescence-than-spring-leaf-out-phenology
#3
Yongshuo H Fu, Shilong Piao, Nicolas Delpierre, Fanghua Hao, Heikki Hänninen, Yongjie Liu, Wenchao Sun, Ivan A Janssens, Matteo Campioli
Climate warming is substantially shifting the leaf phenological events of plants, and thereby impacting on their individual fitness and also on the structure and functioning of ecosystems. Previous studies have largely focused on the climate impact on spring phenology, and to date the processes underlying leaf senescence and their associated environmental drivers remain poorly understood. In this study, experiments with temperature gradients imposed during the summer and autumn were conducted on saplings of European beech to explore the temperature responses of leaf senescence...
December 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245168/-school-entrance-examination-for-lateral-entrants-what-can-and-what-should-they-be-able-to-do-a-discussion-contribution-based-on-the-data-from-the-health-authority-frankfurt-am-main-2006-2016
#4
Maria Karathana, Bernhard Krackhardt, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Question The medical investigation of school beginners is one of the essential tasks of the child and youth services of the health authorities. While in all federal states in Germany, the examination of all school beginners is legally clearly stipulated, the situation for "lateral entry", that is, children of school age, who are moving from a foreign country to a local German community and attending school there, is not clearly regulated in the respective school laws. This article presents the experiences of the lateral entry investigations in Frankfurt am Main...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245146/effects-of-elevated-o3-on-physiological-and-biochemical-responses-in-three-kinds-of-trees-native-to-subtropical-forest-in-china-during-non-growing-period
#5
Hao Yu, Jixin Cao, Zhan Chen, He Shang
Numerous studies have documented the negative effects of ozone (O3) on tree species in growing season, however, little is done in non-growing season. Three evergreen tree species, Phoebe bournei (Hemsl.) Yang (P. bournei), Machilus pauhoi Kanehira (M. pauhoi) and Taxus chinensis (Pilger) Rehd (T. chinensis), were exposed to non-filtered air, 100 nmol mol-1 O3 air (E1) and 150 nmol mol-1 O3 air (E2) in open-top chambers in subtropical China. In the entire period of experiment, O3 fumigation decreased net photosynthesis rate (Pn) through stomatal limitation during the transition period from growing to non-growing season (TGN), and through non-stomatal limitation during the period of non-growing season (NGS) in all species tested...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#6
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245140/school-readiness-of-maltreated-children-associations-of-timing-type-and-chronicity-of-maltreatment
#7
Megan F Bell, Donna M Bayliss, Rebecca Glauert, Jeneva L Ohan
Children who have been maltreated during early childhood may experience a difficult transition into fulltime schooling, due to maladaptive development of the skills and abilities that are important for positive school adaptation. An understanding of how different dimensions of maltreatment relate to children's school readiness is important for informing appropriate supports for maltreated children. In this study, the Australian Early Development Census scores of 19,203 children were linked to information on child maltreatment allegations (substantiated and unsubstantiated), including the type of alleged maltreatment, the timing of the allegation (infancy-toddlerhood or preschool), and the total number of allegations (chronicity)...
December 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245131/premagnetization-enhancing-the-reactivity-of-fe0-passivated-fe0-system-for-high-concentration-p-nitrophenol-removal-in-aqueous-solution
#8
Yi Ren, Jun Li, Leiduo Lai, Bo Lai
In order to strengthen the treatment efficiency of Fe0 based system for high concentration wastewater treatment, Fe0 particles were passivated by concentrated nitric acid, and a premagnetization Fe0/(passivated Fe0) system was setup for high concentration p-nitrophenol (PNP) removal in this study. The significant parameters of this system were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the premagnetization Fe0/(passivated Fe0) system could obtain high kobs value for PNP removal (0.100 min-1) and COD removal (15...
December 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245119/dceus-based-focal-parametric-perfusion-imaging-of-microvessel-with-single-pixel-resolution-and-high-contrast
#9
Diya Wang, Mengnan Xiao, Hong Hu, Yu Zhang, Zhe Su, Shanshan Xu, Yujin Zong, Mingxi Wan
This study aimed to develop a focal microvascular contrast-enhanced ultrasonic parametric perfusion imaging (PPI) scheme to overcome the tradeoff between the resolution, contrast, and accuracy of focal PPI in the tumor. Its resolution was limited by the low signal-to-clutter ratio (SCR) of time-intensity-curves (TICs) induced by multiple limitations, which deteriorated the accuracy and contrast of focal PPI. The scheme was verified by the in-vivo perfusion experiments. Single-pixel TICs were first extracted to ensure PPI with the highest resolution...
December 2, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245118/higher-order-longitudinal-guided-wave-modes-in-axially-stressed-seven-wire-strands
#10
Brennan Dubuc, Arvin Ebrahimkhanlou, Salvatore Salamone
This paper investigates the effect of axial stress on higher order longitudinal guided modes propagating in individual wires of seven-wire strands. Specifically, an acoustoelastic theory for a rod is used to predict the effect of stress on the phase velocity of guided modes in a strand. To this end, the exact acoustoelastic theory for an axially stressed rod is adapted for small deformations. Aside from the exact theory, approximate phase velocity changes (derived from both theory and experiment) are proposed, without the need to solve for dispersion curves...
December 7, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245114/subacromial-impingement-syndrome-an-electromyographic-study-of-shoulder-girdle-muscle-fatigue
#11
Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Margaret M Roebuck, Ahmed T Makki, Simon P Frostick
Muscle fatigue affecting glenohumeral and/or scapular muscles is suggested as one of the contributing factors to the development of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Nonetheless, the fatigability of shoulder girdle muscles in association with the pathomechanics of SAIS has not been reported. This study aimed to measure and compare fatigue progression within the shoulder girdle musculature of patients and healthy controls. 75 participants including 39 patients (20 females; 19 males) and 36 healthy controls (15 females; 21 males) participated in the study...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245111/community-based-rehabilitation-offers-cost-effective-epilepsy-treatment-in-rural-guinea-bissau
#12
Eric van Diessen, Frank van der Maas, Vladimir Cabral, Willem M Otte
Treatment of epilepsy in low-income countries is a challenge considering the lack of resources, availability of antiepileptic drugs, and cultural beliefs. We used a community-based rehabilitation (CBR) service for the detection, monitoring, and treatment of epilepsy. A local network of trained community volunteers provided education, good quality antiepileptic drugs, and clinical follow-up for people with epilepsy (PWE). In a period of 2years, approximately 22,500 people were screened in central Guinea-Bissau, and 112 PWE were identified and registered...
December 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245108/learning-and-transfer-of-working-memory-gating-policies
#13
Apoorva Bhandari, David Badre
knowledge about the tasks we encounter enables us to rapidly and flexibly adapt to novel task contexts. Previous research has focused primarily on abstract rules that leverage shared structure in stimulus-response (S-R) mappings as the basis of such task knowledge. Here we provide evidence that working memory (WM) gating policies - a type of control policy required for internal control of WM during a task - constitute a form of abstract task knowledge that can be transferred across contexts. In two experiments, we report specific evidence for the transfer of selective WM gating policies across changes of task context...
December 12, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245083/concordance-between-the-wada-test-and-neuroimaging-lateralization-influence-of-imaging-modality-fmri-and-meg-and-patient-experience
#14
Steven Kemp, Garreth Prendergast, Theodoros Karapanagiotidis, Gus Baker, Thomas P Kelly, Tufail Patankar, Simon S Keller
The Wada test remains the traditional test for lateralizing language and memory function prior to epilepsy surgery. Functional imaging, particularly functional MRI (fMRI), has made progress in the language domain, but less so in the memory domain. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has received less research attention, but shows promise, particularly for language lateralization. We recruited a consecutive sample of 19 patients with epilepsy who had completed presurgical work-up, including the Wada test, and compared fMRI (memory) and MEG (language and memory) with Wada test results...
December 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245060/activation-of-human-eosinophils-with-palladium-nanoparticles-pd-nps-importance-of-the-actin-cytoskeleton-in-pd-nps-induced-cellular-adhesion
#15
P Chhay, M Murphy-Marion, Y Samson, D Girard
Palladium (Pd) is known to be released into the environment in the fine and ultrafine (at the nanoscale) airborne particle fractions mainly from automobile catalytic converters leading to an increase human exposure to this noble metal. It was reported that Pd can induce allergic reactions in individuals exposed to it via different ways. Some studies reported an increased number of eosinophils into airways following NP exposure in vivo in rodent models of allergies and inflammation. Knowing the importance of eosinophils in allergies, asthma and other lung diseases, it is surprising to observe that the direct effect of Pd at the nanoscale in eosinophils has been poorly documented...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245029/nursing-students-learning-dynamics-and-influencing-factors-in-clinical-contexts
#16
Jung Jae Lee, Charlotte L Clarke, Maggie N Carson
Clinical placements are essential for students to develop clinical skills to qualify as nurses. However, various difficulties encountered by nursing students during their clinical education detract from developing clinical competencies. This constructivist grounded theory study aims to explore nursing students' experiences in clinical nursing education, and to identify the factors that influence the clinical education students receive. Twenty-one individual and six group semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen fourth year nursing students and four registered nurses...
December 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245017/investigating-the-predictors-of-happiness-life-satisfaction-and-success-in-schizophrenia
#17
Sarah Saperia, Susana Da Silva, Ishraq Siddiqui, Krysta McDonald, Ofer Agid, Gary Remington, George Foussias
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that, despite marked functional impairments, remitted first episode patients with schizophrenia report levels of well-being that are comparable to healthy controls. The aim of the current study was to specifically evaluate self-reported happiness, life satisfaction and success in individuals with schizophrenia beyond their first-episode of psychosis, and to investigate the impact of symptoms and functioning on these subjective experiences. METHODS: Fifty-one schizophrenia patients and 56 matched healthy controls participated in the study...
November 22, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244952/metabolic-responses-of-mytilus-galloprovincialis-to-fullerenes-in-mesocosms-exposure-experiments
#18
Josep Sanchís, Marta Llorca, Mar Olmos, Gabriella Francesca Schirinzi, Cristina Bosch-Orea, Esteban Abad, Damia Barcelo, Marinella Farre
In this study, Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were exposed through the diet to fullerene soot, at three concentrations in parallel to a control group. Their metabolomics response was assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (HPLC-HRMS). The experiments were conducted in marine mesocosms, during 35 days (7 days of acclimatization, 21 days of exposure and 7 seven days of depuration). Real conditions were emulated in terms of physicochemical conditions of the habitat...
December 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244947/a-new-strategy-for-in-vitro-determination-of-carbonic-anhydrase-activity-from-analysis-of-oxygen-18-isotopes-of-co2
#19
Chiranjit Ghosh, Santanu Mandal, Mithun Pal, Manik Pradhan
The oxygen-18 isotopic (18O) composition in CO2 provides important insight into the variation of rate in isotopic fractionation reaction regulated by carbonic anydrase (CA) metalloenzyme. This work aims to employ 18O-isotope ratio-based analytical method for quantitative estimation of CA activity in erythrocytes for clinical testing purposes. Here, a new method has been developed that contains the measurements of 18O/16Oisotope ratios during oxygen-18 isotopic exchange between 12C16O16O and H218O of in-vitro biochemical reaction controlled by erythrocytes CA and estimation of enzymatic activity of CA from the isotopic composition of CO2...
December 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244943/electrical-programming-of-soft-matter-using-temporally-varying-electrical-inputs-to-spatially-control-self-assembly
#20
Kun Yan, Yi Liu, Jitao Zhang, Santiago O Correa, Wu Shang, Cheng-Chieh Tsai, William E Bentley, Jana Shen, Giuliano Scarcelli, Christopher B Raub, Xiao-Wen Shi, Gregory F Payne
The growing importance of hydrogels in translational medicine has stimulated the development of top-down fabrication methods, yet often these methods lack the capabilities to generate the complex matrix architectures observed in biology. Here we show that temporally varying electrical signals can cue a self-assembling polysaccharide to controllably form a hydrogel with complex internal patterns. Evidence from theory and experiment indicate that internal structure emerges through a subtle interplay between: the electrical current which triggers self-assembly; and the electrical potential (or electric field) which recruits and appears to orient the polysaccharide chains at the growing gel front...
December 15, 2017: Biomacromolecules
keyword
keyword
16877
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"