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Occupational Safety And Hospital

Bernadette M Ward, Belinda O'Sullivan, Penny Buykx
BACKGROUND: The entertainment precincts of cities, while contributing to local economies, need to be carefully managed to mitigate harms. Individual behaviours and government regulation have typically been the foci of interventions aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm. Little is known about how changes to the built environment might influence alcohol-related harms in these settings. The aim of this study was to explore how a public shelter and a volunteer-funded and staffed mobile van in a regional city influenced perceptions of safety and reduction in alcohol-related harm...
December 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
Marion Hubbard, F Michael Davis, Kate Malcolm, Scott J Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Health and safety within the recreational diving industry are poorly described. We aimed to obtain the true prevalence of decompression illness (DCI) and other diving and non-diving injuries, including occupational injuries, in a large recreational diving charter operation. METHODS: A New Zealand recreational diving operator keeps detailed records of diving activity and event/incident reports. We extracted passenger and crew numbers, dive numbers and incident statistics from all boat trips and associated work-related injuries between 01 January 2008 and 31 December 2014...
December 24, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Carla Scuderi, Tilley Pain
Medicines are the largest single intervention provided to patients on admission to hospital. Adverse effects of medicines may decrease the ability of patients to participate in clinical interventions from physiotherapists, dietitians, speech pathologists and occupational therapists (PDSOs), which in turn impacts on quality of care and length of hospital stay. PDSOs receive medicines education as part of their undergraduate degree but little education once commencing practice. Pharmacists' possess significant knowledge about medicines and are well placed to educate PDSOs about medicines which may benefit their interventions...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Anke Wagner, Martina Michaelis, Edwin Luntz, Andrea Wittich, Matthias Schrappe, Constanze Lessing, Monika A Rieger
(1) Background: Both patient and occupational safety cultures should be considered when promoting safety culture. To our knowledge, there are no studies that capture patient safety culture (PSC) and occupational safety culture (OSC) in hospitals while using a common questionnaire. The aim of this feasibility study in a German university hospital was to develop a questionnaire to assess both issues analogously. In addition to feasibility outcomes, we report results of PSC-OSC comparisons. (2) Methods: To assess PSC, we used the existing Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC) questionnaire...
November 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hugo Coutinho, Cristina Queirós, Ana Henriques, Pedro Norton, Elisabete Alves
BACKGROUND: Understanding which factors influence occupational safety and health risks is crucial to promote psychosocial risk management. OBJECTIVE: To assess the main work-related determinants of high exposure to psychosocial risk factors among Portuguese employees in the hospital setting. METHODS: Between May and July 2014, 399 employees of a public hospital completed a structured questionnaire. Psychosocial factors were assessed by the Portuguese medium length version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
November 22, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Sarah E Kappel, Tamera J Larsen-Engelkes, Rachel T Barnett, Jack W Alexander, Nancy L Klinkhammer, Mary J Jones, Theresa L Baustian, Ping Ye
: Background: Recent studies have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of early mobilization of patients in the hospital setting. Promoting early mobility improves patients' ability to perform daily activities and attend to basic needs. It also preserves patients' dignity and independence. We implemented a culture of mobility program to promote awareness of the importance of early mobility among health care providers, patients, and family caregivers on an inpatient orthopedic unit. PURPOSE: The goal of the program was to empower clinical RNs, physical therapists (PTs), and occupational therapists to conduct dynamic, ongoing assessment of a patient's functional status so the plan of care could be modified in real time to promote functional independence and prevent immobility-associated complications...
December 2018: American Journal of Nursing
Arij Yehya, Anoop Sankaranarayanan, Abdullatif Alkhal, Huda Alnoimi, Nabila Almeer, Abdulwahid Khan, Suhaila Ghuloum
This article explores predictors of job satisfaction and stress among clinicians and administrative staff at the public health sector in the State of Qatar. This is a rapidly growing sector, aiming for excellence in service, education and research. The vast majority of the staff are expatriates with different cultural backgrounds, and varying qualifications. After obtaining ethical approvals to conduct the study, the target population were asked to complete an anonymous online survey, that included sociodemographic data followed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) generic Job Stress questionnaire...
November 19, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Pauline Boland, William M M Levack, Fiona P Graham, Meredith A Perry
BACKGROUND.: Adaptive equipment (AE) is frequently provided during stroke rehabilitation by occupational therapists. PURPOSE.: This study aimed to identify the AE that people typically use after a stroke and the outcomes achieved as a result, and to explore people's experiences obtaining and using AE, to inform both practice and policy in this field. METHOD.: A mixed-methods study, involving a postal questionnaire and interviews, used descriptive statistics and grounded theory to analyze the quantitative and qualitative data, respectively...
November 18, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Jo Wailling, Brian Robinson, Maureen Coombs
AIM: This study explored how doctors, nurses and managers working in a New Zealand tertiary hospital understand patient safety. BACKGROUND: Despite healthcare systems implementing proven safety strategies from high reliability organisations, such as aviation and nuclear power, these have not been uniformly adopted by healthcare professionals with concerns raised about clinician engagement. DESIGN: Instrumental, embedded case study design using qualitative methods...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Praveena Basireddy, Surekha Avileli, Nagajyothi Beldono, Swarna Latha Gundela
Purpose: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection through occupational exposure which is preventable through hepatitis B vaccination. In the current study, the response to HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) vaccine was assessed in a selected group of HCWs by testing for antibodies against HBsAg (anti-HBs). Methods: Blood samples were collected in all HCWs, who have received the complete schedule of hepatitis B vaccination and anti-HBs levels, were assessed quantitatively in sera using ELISA...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Shiraz Shaikh, Lubna Ansari Baig, Ibrahim Hashmi, Maciej Polkowski
OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare security gaps in a public and private tertiary care hospital. METHODS: The study was conducted in January 2016 using a tool adopted from Ingersoll Rand Security Technologies, Occupational Safety and Health Association and findings of baseline research carried out by Health Care in Danger Project at a public and private sector hospital in Karachi. The names of hospitals were kept confidential. Areas assessed included adequacy of workforce, existing institutional mechanisms and campus security...
November 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
I D Anyfantis, A Biska
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the health industry are quite common, however, there have only been a few studies regarding physiotherapists, while in Greece, there is an apparent lack of research and data. The aim of this study is to investigate MSDs experienced by physiotherapists in Greece, their causes and specific measures, and good practices followed. Additional emerging risk factors will be examined. Methods: A questionnaire of MSDs followed by individual and workplace characteristics was completed by 252 physiotherapists...
September 2018: Safety and Health At Work
Yunmi Kim, Jiyun Kim, Soon Ae Shin
BACKGROUND: Nurses play crucial roles in cardiopulmonary resuscitation after perioperative cardiac arrest (PCA), and the level of nurse staffing is thought to influence the survival rate for cardiac arrest. However, no previous study has investigated the survival rate after PCA in Korea. In addition, nurse staffing levels in Korea are relatively low and their legal standard is not widely followed. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationships between nurse staffing level and survival after PCA in Korean hospitals using inpatient National Health Insurance (NHI) claim data...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Mohammad Saadati, Mohammadkarim Bahadori, Ehsan Teymourzadeh, Ramin Ravangard, Khalil Alimohammadzadeh, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini
PURPOSE: Accreditation helps to ensure safe and high-quality services in hospitals. Different occupational groups have various hospital accreditation experiences. The purpose of this paper is to investigate nurses' accreditation experience and its effects on Iranian teaching hospital service quality. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This was a qualitative study involving a phenomenological approach to studying nurses' hospital accreditation experience and understanding the effects on Iranian teaching hospital service quality...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Redhwan A Al-Aslami, Fahiem M M Elshamy, Essamet M Maamar, Ali Y Shannaq, Abdulaziz E Dallak, Abdulmohssen A Alroduni
AIM: The present study was aimed to assess the level of awareness and occupational hazards of dental students and professionals who are working at dental college and hospital, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data has been collected through a self-administrated questionnaire with closed questions. The questionnaire consisted of questions on personal information like age, gender, years of experience and awareness of occupational hazards, seminar attendance, safety measures practised, and experience of occupational hazard while in practice...
September 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Birgit A Greiner, Sheilah Nolan, Dervla A M Hogan
Background: Research with physical therapists reveals high rates of work-related musculoskeletal injuries, especially low back pain, with early career onset. Less focus has been given to upper limb disorder (ULD) in these professionals who are frequently performing repetitive arm/hand and precision finger motions during work. Objective: The objective was to estimate prevalence of body-site-specific upper limb (UL) symptoms and diagnosed ULD in Irish chartered physiotherapists, physical therapists, and athletic therapists, with adjustment for leisure time injury, and document first onset of specific UL symptoms...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
M de Laroche, G Pelissier, S Noël, E Rouveix
The transmission of an infectious disease can occur through exposure to blood or other potentially infectious body fluids, particularly in the event of skin-puncture injuries for healthcare workers, and during sexual intercourse. These situations are known as accidental blood exposures and sexual exposures respectively. Combined actions carried out have allowed to significantly reduce risks, either to healthcare professionals (by standard precautions, provision of safety devices, Hepatitis B vaccination made compulsory in the 1990s, antiretroviral post-exposure prophylaxis that should be initiated as soon as possible after exposure), or to people engaging in unprotected sex (by prevention messages, condom promotion, and antiretroviral post-exposure prophylaxis)...
October 5, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Stefano Dugheri, Alessandro Bonari, Ilenia Pompilio, Pierpaolo Boccalon, Nicola Mucci, Giulio Arcangeli
Cytotoxic antineoplastic drugs (ADs) pose occupational risk and therefore require safe handling practices. We created, optimised, and validated an innovative monitoring protocol for simultaneously assessing 21 ADs in the healthcare environment, and also proposed surface exposure levels (SELs) to facilitate the interpretation of monitoring results, as there are currently no occupational exposure limits for ADs. The environmental AD monitoring data were collected in nine Italian hospitals between 2008 and 2017 and include 74,565 measurements in 4,814 wipe samples...
September 1, 2018: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
Raymond Kelly, Aisling McMahon, Dominic Hegarty
BACKGROUND: The growth of interventional pain medicine in recent years has resulted in more procedures being carried out under fluoroscopic guidance. The proximity of the pain physician (PP) to ionization radiation (IR) potentially increases the risk of radiation exposure to the ocular region. A European directive has reduced the limits of occupational ocular dose 7.5-fold. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to quantify the typical IR exposure in the ocular region of PP and to compare it to recommended international guidelines...
September 2018: Pain Physician
M Lindsay Grayson, Andrew J Stewardson, Philip L Russo, Kate E Ryan, Karen L Olsen, Sally M Havers, Susan Greig, Marilyn Cruickshank
BACKGROUND: The National Hand Hygiene Initiative (NHHI) is a standardised culture-change programme based on the WHO My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene approach to improve hand hygiene compliance among Australian health-care workers and reduce the risk of health-care-associated infections. We analysed its effectiveness. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we assessed outcomes of the NHHI for the 8 years after implementation (between Jan 1, 2009, and June 30, 2017), including hospital participation, hand hygiene compliance (measured as the proportion of observed Moments) three times per year, educational engagement, cost, and association with the incidence of health-care-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (HA-SAB)...
September 28, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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