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Occupational Safety And Hospital

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103463/circumstances-and-structure-of-occupational-sharp-injuries-among-healthcare-workers-of-a-selected-hospital-in-central-poland
#1
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Magdalena Ulrichs, Ewelina Gaszyńska
(1) Background: An analysis of work-related sharp injuries in Healthcare Workers (HCWs) based at a selected hospital in Central Poland by presenting the frequency of accidents, injury rates, and identifying circumstances of Needle Sticks and Sharp Injuries (NSSI) and giving Post-Exposure Procedures (PEP). (2) Methods: A retrospective analysis of medical documentation regarding work-related NSSI at a district hospital located in central Poland; over the period 2010⁻2017. The study group included HCWs who had an accident while on duty...
August 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092729/the-risk-management-of-medical-device-related-pressure-ulcers-based-on-the-australian-new-zealand-standard
#2
Lijuan Chen
Objective To analyse medical device-related pressure ulcer (MDRPU) management modes and their possible risks and provide references to treat MDRPUs. Methods The Australian/New Zealand Standard (AS/NZS) 4360:2004 risk management standard is the first national risk management standard in the world. Zhongshan Hospital adopted the standard to establish risk management modes to improve the MDRPU risk management process and to register, assess and analyse the key risks for MDRPUs. Eight risk types were identified and registered: organization management risk, environment risk, patient safety risk, human resource risk, infection risk, occupational safety risk, legal risk and reputational risk...
August 9, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090775/determinants-of-appropriate-knowledge-on-human-immunodeficiency-virus-postexposure-prophylaxis-among-professional-health-care-workers-in-sokoto-nigeria
#3
Oche Mansur Oche, Abubakar Sadiq Umar, Godwin Jiya Gana, Nneka Christina Okafoagu, Remi Abiola Oladigbolu
Introduction: The prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) among health-care workers (HCWs) has remained a major topical issue worldwide. Accidental transmission of HIV infection to HCWs during occupational exposure is a real threat today. The study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) among HCWs in a tertiary health institution in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria. Methodology: The study was carried out at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, through a cross-sectional descriptive study design; a total of 156 participants were recruited using a stratified sampling technique...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081539/occupational-safety-and-hygiene-of-dentists-from-urban-and-rural-areas-in-terms-of-sharp-injuries-wound-structure-causes-of-injuries-and-barriers-to-reporting-cross-sectional-study-poland
#4
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Mariusz Górajski, Ewelina Gaszyńska
(1) Background: Frequent contact of the dentist with potentially infectious material (PIM) is undeniable. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency and type of injuries, as well as to identify barriers to reporting and barriers to the implementation of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) among dentists from urban and rural areas. (2) Methods: We surveyed 192 dentists using an anonymous questionnaire. (3) Results: During the 12 months preceding the survey, 63% of dentists from the village and 58.8% of dentists from the city suffered at least one superficial cut, and deep cuts 15...
August 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045160/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-mental-health-comorbidity-leading-to-prolonged-inpatient-admission
#5
Surbhi Gupta, Andrea Caskey, Neelkamal Soares, Marilyn Augustyn
Sam is a 6-year-old boy with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who recently relocated and has an appointment with you, his new pediatric clinician, to establish care. He was previously followed by a psychiatrist for 2 years for additional diagnoses of insomnia, bipolar disorder, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. He has tried and (apparently) failed multiple psychotropic trials including stimulants, nonstimulants, mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotics, and nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics...
July 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045113/compliance-with-radiation-protection-practices-among-radiologists
#6
Mostafa A Abdelrahman, Ahmad Abu Alfwares, Haytham Alewaidat, Mustafa Alhasan, Mohammad A Rawashdeh, Dana S Al Mousa
BACKGROUND: Radiologists are at higher risk of adverse health effects due to their occupational radiation exposure; therefore, applying protection techniques is imperative. Studies on radiologists' compliance in this regard are scarce. We aimed to assess compliance with radiation safety practices among radiologists. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to radiologists in tertiary hospitals. The questionnaire was designed to assess compliance in three domains: using personal protective devices, using exposure-reduction techniques during fluoroscopic exposures, and using personal dose-monitoring devices...
September 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025249/mannitol-fermenting-methicillin-resistant-staphylococci-mrs-in-pig-abattoirs-in-cameroon-and-south-africa-a-serious-food-safety-threat
#7
Luria Leslie Founou, Raspail Carrel Founou, Sabiha Yusuf Essack, Cyrille Finyom Djoko
Food animals can be reservoirs of methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS) and are involved in their zoonotic transmission through the food chain. In Africa, there is a dearth of information about the food safety issues associated with their dissemination in the farm-to-plate continuum. This study sought to determine and compare the carriage, antimicrobial resistance profiles and clonal relatedness of circulating MRS strains among pigs and exposed workers in Cameroon and South Africa. A total of 288 nasal and rectal pooled samples collected from 432 pigs as well as nasal and hand swabs from 82 humans were cultured on mannitol salt agar supplemented with 6 mg/l cefoxitin...
July 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003631/work-related-stress-among-nursing-staff-working-in-government-hospitals-and-primary-health-care-centres
#8
Ali Mohammed Alenezi, Ahmad Aboshaiqah, Omar Baker
AIM: Work-related stress (WRS) in the nursing working environment is prevalent and significantly affects the performance of nurses and organizations. Poor nursing and administrative performance affects the delivery of safety and quality patient care. Thus, this study aims to compare the sources and factors of stress among nurses from hospitals and primary health care centres. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five government hospitals and four sectors of primary health care centres in Saudi Arabia...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983679/electrical-burns-a-retrospective-analysis-over-a-10-year-period
#9
C Brandão, M Vaz, I M Brito, B Ferreira, R Meireles, S Ramos, L Cabral
Although electrical burns have a rather low incidence, they are considered one of the most devastating injuries. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse specific aspects of electrical injuries and to delineate a prevention strategy. A retrospective analysis of medical records of all the patients admitted to our Unit with electrical burns over a 10-year period (2006/01/01-2015/12/31) was undertaken. Demographic data, mechanism of injury and electric current voltage, total burn surface area (TBSA), location and depth of burns, acute complications, surgical interventions and length of hospital stay (LOS) were analysed...
December 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975339/conceptualization-assessment-and-treatment-of-traumatic-stress-in-first-responders-a-review-of-critical-issues
#10
Nina F Lewis-Schroeder, Kathryn Kieran, Beth L Murphy, Jonathan D Wolff, Matthew A Robinson, Milissa L Kaufman
First responders are regularly confronted with exposure to traumatic events, including potentially life-threatening situations as well as the grave injuries and deaths of colleagues and civilians. Evidence indicates that the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is substantially higher among first responders than the general population. This article provides information about the outpatient trauma services at McLean Hospital's LEADER (Law Enforcement, Active Duty, Emergency Responder) program to assist clinicians who encounter these first responders in their practices or who are specifically interested in working with this patient population...
July 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954277/workplace-violence-prevention-standardization-using-lean-principles-across-a-healthcare-network
#11
Scott A Hutton, Kelly Vance, Jesse Burgard, Susan Grace, Lynn Van Male
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the process used to standardize a Workplace Violence Prevention Program (WVPP) within a five-hospital healthcare system in Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Design/methodology/approach A description of the lean process improvement principles, used to bring the WVPP into compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and other agencies through streamlining/standardizing processes. Findings There was significant standardization in both the threat assessment and education arms of the WVPP...
July 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953833/home-safety-fall-and-accident-risk-among-prematurely-aging-formerly-homeless-adults
#12
Sharon A Gutman, Kevin Amarantos, Jan Berg, Melissa Aponte, Daniela Gordillo, Christopher Rice, Jonathan Smith, Anna Perry, Tamara Wills, Ethan Chen, Richard Peters, Zachary Schluger
OBJECTIVE: Homelessness prematurely ages people. A large subgroup of formerly homeless adults between ages 40 and 64 yr have health conditions similar to or worse than people categorized as elderly. Little is known about the impact of this group's chronic health conditions on their ability to safely function in supportive housing. METHOD: Home safety visits were carried out with 25 formerly homeless adults, ages 40-64 yr, now residing in supportive housing. RESULTS: Participants had physical, cognitive, and mental health problems that significantly interfered with their ability to perform daily life skills, safely function in an apartment, and manage chronic health conditions...
July 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950149/field-evaluation-of-onsite-near-real-time-monitors-for-surface-contamination-by-5-fluorouracil
#13
Jerome P Smith, Deborah Sammons, Shirley Robertson, Edward Krieg, John Snawder
Objectives In order to produce near real-time onsite results to detect surface contamination by antineoplastic drugs, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health developed monitors for 5-fluorouracil, which use surface wiping and lateral flow immunoassay for measurement. The monitors were tested in the laboratory to assess the sensitivity of detection on laboratory-produced contaminated surfaces. A field evaluation to assess the capability of the monitors to make measurements in healthcare workplaces was carried out in collaboration with a medical device company and the results are presented in this report...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939259/epidemiologic-investigation-of-chemical-burns-in-southwestern-china-from-2005-to-2016
#14
Yangping Wang, Xunzhou Yu, Wei Qian, Daijun Zhou, Tao Yang, Song Wang, Weifeng He, Gaoxing Luo
Objective: The epidemiological characteristics of chemical burns varies in different regions of the world. This study aims to survey the epidemiology, outcomes and costs of chemical burns in southwest China, to determine associated risk factors and to obtain data for developing an effective approach to prevent and treat chemical burns. Methods: This retrospective study includes 410 cases with chemical burns admitted to the Institute of Burn Research of Southwest Hospital from 2005 to 2016...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926902/self-reported-environmental-health-risks-of-nurses-working-in-hospital-surgical-units
#15
F Azizoğlu, A Köse, H Gül
AIM: This study investigated the occupational health risk factors among nurses who work in public hospital surgical units. BACKGROUND: Nursing has a significant place in healthcare systems around the world. Surgical units are environments with certain risks, especially because of the possibility of exposure to various chemical, biologic or physical hazards. METHODS: This study was conducted with 229 nurses who were working in the 11 surgery units of a big university hospital...
June 21, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913102/immunization-rates-of-pneumococcal-influenza-and-tetanus-vaccines-and-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-adult-patients-who-receive-inpatient-treatment-at-hospital-point-prevalence-study
#16
Aziz Ahmad Hamidi, Beray Gelmez Taş, Alper Gündüz, Safiye Nur Çelebi, Elif Serap Esen, Dilek Toprak, İlyas Dökmetaş
The safety of vaccines, access to health care, the level of community's knowledge and the attention of physicians play a critical role in the rate of adult vaccination. This study aims to determine the immunization rate of pneumococcal, influenza and tetanus vaccines among the patients and their knowledge and attitudes in the hospital. The study is a cross-sectional point prevalence survey. The patients who agreed to participate in the study were interviewed using a questionnaire. Patients' gender, occupation, educational status, income level and risk factors (immunosuppressed and over 65 years old) were compared with the knowledge and attitudes about vaccinations...
June 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897023/determinants-of-workplace-injuries-and-violence-among-newly-licensed-rns
#17
Lynn Unruh, Yara Asi
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical violence, and other occupational injuries...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895047/preliminary-assessment-of-rotating-shiftwork-risk-in-a-twenty-four-hours-hospital-department
#18
G D'Ettorre, A Vullo, V Pellicani, G Ceccarelli
BACKGROUND: The safety and health of healthcare workers employed in twenty-four-hour hospital wards and exposed to rotational shiftwork (RS), including night shift, is an hot topic of international literature; in fact shift workers incur increased rates of burnout, accidents and injuries, absenteeism and, consequently, reduced work efficiency than non-shift workers. The aims of the present study were: 1) to analyze the occupational risk associated with RS in healthcare sector and 2) to detect the consequent interventions effective in minimizing RS risk...
July 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887615/risk-factors-of-leukaemia-in-different-hospitals-of-punjab
#19
Simra Arshad, Syed Zain-Ul-Abidin, Mamoona Shamsher
OBJECTIVE: To investigate potential risk factors of leukaemia. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in 5 hospitals in the province of Punjab, Pakistan, from May to September 2014, and comprised adult leukaemia patients and healthy controls with similar gender and marital status, and children patients and healthy controls with matching age and gender. Interviews were carried out face-to-face with adults and with the parents of the minors to obtain information on family history, lifestyle risk factors, employment history, residential history, trauma history and occupational and non-occupational exposures by using a close-ended questionnaire...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875015/experiences-of-frontline-nursing-staff-on-workplace-safety-and-occupational-health-hazards-in-two-psychiatric-hospitals-in-ghana
#20
Robert Kaba Alhassan, Kwabena Adu Poku
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric hospitals need safe working environments to promote productivity at the workplace. Even though occupational health and safety is not completely new to the corporate society, its scope is largely limited to the manufacturing/processing industries which are perceived to pose greater dangers to workers than the health sector. This paper sought to explore the experiences of frontline nursing personnel on the occupational health and safety conditions in two psychiatric hospitals in Ghana...
June 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
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