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Science Production

Yulan Qu, Chen Zhang, Zhenli Hu, Yunye Ning, Chen Kong, Yan Shang, Chong Bai
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory disease remains one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to compare the quantity and quality of scientific publications in the field of respirology from the USA, the UK, Germany, Canada and China. METHODS: Articles published in 58 respiratory journals from 2007 to 2017 were screened with Science Citation Index Expanded database. The number of total and annual articles, article types, impact factor (IF), h-index, citations and articles in the high-impact journals from the corresponding country were collected for quantity and quality comparisons...
December 10, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Isabel P Valdés, Muriel Ramírez-Santana, Andrea Basagoitía, Xavier Testar, Julio A Vásquez
Many new discoveries in Life Sciences cannot be translated into products, services or new applications to improve human health. Translational medicine, defined as "from bench to bedside", refers to the transfer of results or new knowledge achieved in the laboratory into health innovation. We aim to review the state of art of translational medicine, its relationship with innovation processes and the different perspectives to consider. Finally, we contextualize the situation of Research and Development (R&D) in Chile and the main issues of the biotechnology market in the country...
July 2018: Revista Médica de Chile
Andrea Vázquez, Cristina Jenaro, Noelia Flores, María José Bagnato, Ma Carmen Pérez, Maribel Cruz
To answer the question about which e-health and e-therapy applications are being used with people with intellectual disabilities, we searched the PsycINFO, Medline, PubMed, ERIC, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases. This is an extensive search. Inclusion criteria were academic journals and any design type that addressed the topic of interest. Studies that do not include adults or elderly, and studies that do not focus on people with disabilities but on third parties, were excluded. After an initial selection of 515 articles, 32 full-text articles were subjected to in-depth analysis leading to the final selection of 18 articles...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Chijioke Olisah, Omobola O Okoh, Anthony I Okoh
The aim of this bibliometric analysis is to review the status and research evolution on the analysis of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) on biological and environmental matrices from January 1992 to February 2018 in the Web of Science focusing on original articles and reviews. One thousand four hundred and eighty two articles were found in the databases of the Web of Science on the analysis of PBDEs. Quantitative and qualitative parameters (countries, number of articles, frequency, average article citations and total average citations) were used to analyse each article and ranking of countries based on productivity, authors and article citation...
November 2018: Heliyon
Silvano Junior Santini, Valeria Cordone, Stefano Falone, Mahmut Mijit, Carla Tatone, Fernanda Amicarelli, Giovanna Di Emidio
Modern technologies relying on wireless communication systems have brought increasing levels of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure. This increased research interest in the effects of these radiations on human health. There is compelling evidence that EMFs affect cell physiology by altering redox-related processes. Considering the importance of redox milieu in the biological competence of oocyte and sperm, we reviewed the existing literature regarding the effects of EMFs on reproductive systems. Given the role of mitochondria as the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), we focused on the hypothesis of a mitochondrial basis of EMF-induced reproductive toxicity...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Gerald E Loeb
Implantable electrical interfaces with the nervous system were first enabled by cardiac pacemaker technology over 50 years ago and have since diverged into almost all of the physiological functions controlled by the nervous system. There have been a few major clinical and commercial successes, many contentious claims, and some outright failures. These tend to be reviewed within each clinical subspecialty, obscuring the many commonalities of neural control, biophysics, interface materials, electronic technologies, and medical device regulation that they share...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Mahdi Fakhar, Masoud Soosaraei, Ali Akbar Khasseh, Reza Zolfaghari Emameh, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi
Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the network productions and research collaborations on toxoplasmosis worldwide. Materials and Methods: A bibliometric research was carried out using the Web of Science (WOS) database. The analysis unit was the original research articles about toxoplasmosis published between 2000 and 2016 (17 years). Results: Totally, 6,550 articles about toxoplasmosis were indexed in the WOS with the following information: (A) 18,410 researchers played a role in drafting the articles; (B) 33 different countries have contributed in the toxoplasmosis studies; (C) the USA was ranked at the first place with 2,162 publications about toxoplasmosis; and (D) "Dubey JP" was compiled and participated in 401 articles from the USA, as the highest number and main core of publications in the toxoplasmosis network...
November 2018: Veterinary World
Kenrick D Cato, Carolyn Sun, Eileen J Carter, Jianfang Liu, Reynaldo Rivera, Elaine Larson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe and evaluate the impact of the Linking to Improve Nursing Care and Knowledge (LINK) project on increasing nurse-led clinical research. BACKGROUND: Nurse-generated research is the cornerstone of evidence-based practice and continues to be a marker of nursing excellence. However, the dearth of PhD-prepared nurses creates a challenge for creating an environment to promote clinical nursing research. We evaluated the LINK project, an academic-clinical partnership, to assess its impact and feasibility, for fostering nurse-led clinical research...
January 2019: Journal of Nursing Administration
Prasanta Kumar Das, Somtirtha B Ganguly, Bodhisatya Mandal
Background: Nucleic acid amplification techniques have become important machineries in the diagnosis of several diseases in clinical laboratories. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) contamination/amplicon contamination leading to false positivity remains a major concern in these laboratories. Prevention of these contaminations in establishing these molecular biology laboratories has been very crucial over the years. Although closed system PCRs have substantial reduction in the PCR contamination rates, the conventional probe-based hybridization methods continue to show occurrence of contamination for various reasons...
October 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Staša Milojević, Filippo Radicchi, John P Walsh
Contemporary science has been characterized by an exponential growth in publications and a rise of team science. At the same time, there has been an increase in the number of awarded PhD degrees, which has not been accompanied by a similar expansion in the number of academic positions. In such a competitive environment, an important measure of academic success is the ability to maintain a long active career in science. In this paper, we study workforce trends in three scientific disciplines over half a century...
December 10, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jessica A Balukas, Kathleen P Bell, Dana Marie Bauer
Viewed as coupled natural and human systems, urbanizing forested landscapes exhibit fascinating and complex dynamics, where landowner decisions and biophysical processes together influence conservation and development outcomes. To improve understanding of land management decisions and conservation opportunities on private lands in these landscapes, we developed a landowner typology that accounts for heterogeneity among landowners that goes beyond ownership objectives and investigated its usefulness in predicting individual private landowners' stated intentions to implement diverse land management actions...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Garry Laverty, Luc Belaid, Cathy Coulter, Simon Porter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To design and critically evaluate a laboratory-scale pharmaceutical formulation practical that enables pharmaceutical science students to develop work-based skills relating to industrial pharmacy such as problem solving, pharmaceutical calculations, research, legal checking, communication, practical aptitude, handling of medicinal products, record keeping, and ability to interpret, analyze and report data. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Nine laboratory practical sessions were designed whereby students formulated a range of dosage forms and conducted corrective and preventative actions (CAPAs) exercises...
October 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Antonio Santisteban-Espejo, Fernando Campos, Jesus Chato-Astrain, Daniel Durand-Herrera, Oscar Garcia-Garcia, Antonio Campos, Miguel Angel Martin-Piedra, Jose A Moral-Munoz
In recent decades, tissue engineering (TE) has contributed to a revolution in clinical practice, becoming a cornerstone research area in current health sciences. This article presents a science mapping analysis aimed at elucidating the cognitive and social structures that underlie TE during its development from 1991 to 2016. A total of 41,588 documents retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection formed the TE literature corpus for this analysis. SciMAT was used to identify terms and concepts directly related to TE, and VOSviewer was used to visualize the global scenario of TE authors, institutions and countries...
December 10, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
Emre Demir
This research aims to present a bibliometric analysis of the published documents on spirituality, religion and health. Despite the increasing number of publications spirituality, religion and health research in recent years, there is still little information about the effects of these publications in the literature. "Religion," "spirituality," "spiritual," "health" and "medicine" keywords were used to search the Web of Science (WoS) database. Bibliometric analysis was conducted on the articles published between 1975 and 2017...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Kim G Harley, Kimberly P Berger, Katherine Kogut, Kimberly Parra, Robert H Lustig, Louise C Greenspan, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Brenda Eskenazi
STUDY QUESTION: Are in-utero or peripubertal exposures to phthalates, parabens and other phenols found in personal care products associated with timing of pubertal onset in boys and girls? SUMMARY ANSWER: We found some associations of altered pubertal timing in girls, but little evidence in boys. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Certain chemicals in personal care and consumer products, including low molecular weight phthalates, parabens and phenols, or their precursors, are associated with altered pubertal timing in animal studies...
December 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
Danúbia Mariane Barbosa Jardim, Celina Maria Modena
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the scientific production on obstetric violence by identifying and discussing its main characteristics in the routine care for the pregnant-puerperal cycle. METHOD: integrative literature review of 24 publications indexed in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, SciVerse Scopus, Web of Science and the Scientific Electronic Library Online and Virtual Health Library...
November 29, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Daiane de Oliveira Cunha, Jacqueline Andréia Bernardes Leão-Cordeiro, Hellen da Silva Cintra de Paula, Fábio Silvestre Ataides, Vera Aparecida Saddi, Cesar Augusto Sam Tiago Vilanova-Costa, Antonio Márcio Teodoro Cordeiro Silva
Invasive aspergillosis is a common fungal infection in immunocompromised individuals. Some studies have shown that toll-like receptor and dectin-1 genetic polymorphisms may alter signaling pathways, thus increasing an individual's susceptibility to invasive aspergillosis. We investigated the pertinent literature to determine whether polymorphisms in the genes encoding toll-like receptors and dectin-1 increase the susceptibility to invasive aspergillosis. This study systematically reviewed the literature using the databases PubMed/PMC, Scopus, and Web of Science using the keywords invasive aspergillosis, polymorphism, Toll-like, and Dectin-1...
November 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Ding-Yi Fu, Ya-Rong Xue, Yongqing Guo, Zhiyu Qu, Hong-Wei Li, Hui Wu, Yuqing Wu
Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is distributed widely in tissues and has been proven to be vital in the body. For example, it catalyzes reduced glutathione (GSH) to a variety of electrophilic substances and thus protects cells against many toxic chemicals. Therefore, GST-related investigations have always been significant for medical and/or life sciences. In the present study, a new material of gold nanoclusters (Au-NCs) protected by GST, Au-NCs@GST, was fabricated via an improved one-step heating method. The products were fully characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and circular dichroism (CD) spectra...
December 5, 2018: Nanoscale
Victoria Bell, Jorge Ferrão, Lígia Pimentel, Manuela Pintado, Tito Fernandes
Changes in present-day society such as diets with more sugar, salt, and saturated fat, bad habits and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to the likelihood of the involvement of the microbiota in inflammatory diseases, which contribute to global epidemics of obesity, depression, and mental health concerns. The microbiota is presently one of the hottest areas of scientific and medical research, and exerts a marked influence on the host during homeostasis and disease. Fermented foods and beverages are generally defined as products made by microbial organisms and enzymatic conversions of major and minor food components...
December 3, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Natalia Komarova, Mariia Andrianova, Sergey Glukhov, Alexander Kuznetsov
Furaneol is an aroma compound which occurs naturally in foods and is used as an artificial flavor. Detection of furaneol is required in food science and food processing industry. Capture- Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment (SELEX) protocol was applied for the isolation of an aptamer binding to furaneol, a small volatile organic substance contributing to the flavor of various products. Thirteen cycles of selection were performed. The resulting DNA pool was cloned, using blunt-end cloning, and ninety-six plasmids were sequenced and analyzed...
November 30, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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