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Hispanic Mobile Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093372/using-mobile-apps-to-assess-and-treat-depression-in-hispanic-and-latino-populations-fully-remote-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Abhishek Pratap, Brenna N Renn, Joshua Volponi, Sean D Mooney, Adam Gazzaley, Patricia A Arean, Joaquin A Anguera
BACKGROUND: Most people with mental health disorders fail to receive timely access to adequate care. US Hispanic/Latino individuals are particularly underrepresented in mental health care and are historically a very difficult population to recruit into clinical trials; however, they have increasing access to mobile technology, with over 75% owning a smartphone. This technology has the potential to overcome known barriers to accessing and utilizing traditional assessment and treatment approaches...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015371/a-survey-of-mobile-technology-usage-and-desires-by-caregivers-of-children-with-cancer
#2
Emily L Mueller, Anneli R Cochrane, William E Bennett, Aaron E Carroll
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile health (mHealth) has grown exponentially, even by caregivers of vulnerable populations. The study objective was to understand mobile technology usage, barriers, and desires by caregivers of children with cancer. PROCEDURE: Paper surveys were mailed to caregivers of children diagnosed with cancer at Riley Hospital for Children between June 2015 and June 2017. The survey contained 13 questions, both fixed and open-ended, and was sent in both English and Spanish up to three times...
July 17, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977978/factors-associated-with-physical-performance-measures-in-a-multiethnic-cohort-of-older-adults
#3
Antoneta Granic, Helen Mossop, Gabriella Engstrom, Karen Davies, Richard Dodds, James Galvin, Joseph G Ouslander, Ruth Tappen, Avan A Sayer
Objective: To explore the association between ethnicity, sociodemographic, health, and lifestyle factors, and physical performance (PP) in ethnically diverse community-dwelling older adults from one geographic area. Method: We used multivariable linear regression to identify factors associated with upper (grip strength [GS], arm curls [AC]) and lower (chair stands [CS]) body strength and mobility (gait speed [GSp]) in 577 older adults (mean age 74 ± 8; 104 African American, 142 Afro-Caribbean, 123 Hispanic, and 208 European American) from South Florida...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954723/association-between-self-reported-and-objective-activity-levels-by-demographic-factors-ecological-momentary-assessment-study-in-children
#4
Jennifer Zink, Britni R Belcher, Eldin Dzubur, Wangjing Ke, Sydney O'Connor, Jimi Huh, Nanette Lopez, Jaclyn P Maher, Genevieve F Dunton
BACKGROUND: To address the limitations of the retrospective self-reports of activity, such as its susceptibility to recall bias, researchers have shifted toward collecting real-time activity data on mobile devices via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Although EMA is becoming increasingly common, it is not known how EMA self-reports of physical activity and sedentary behaviors relate to the objective measures of activity or whether there are factors that may influence the strength of association between these two measures...
June 28, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935252/what-is-the-relationship-between-incarceration-of-children-and-adult-health-outcomes
#5
Elizabeth S Barnert, Laura S Abrams, Rebecca Dudovitz, Tumaini R Coker, Eraka Bath, Lello Tesema, Bergen B Nelson, Christopher Biely, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVE: We sought to quantify the association between child incarceration in the U.S. and subsequent adult health outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data from 1,727 adult (Wave IV) participants first incarcerated at age <25. Using Chi-squared tests and multivariate logistic regression models, we compare adult health outcomes (mobility limitations, depressive symptoms, suicidal thoughts) among those first incarcerated at age ≤14, 15-17, and 18-20, with 21-24 as the reference group...
June 20, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925491/applying-natural-language-processing-to-understand-motivational-profiles-for-maintaining-physical-activity-after-a-mobile-app-and-accelerometer-based-intervention-the-mped-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Yoshimi Fukuoka, Teri G Lindgren, Yonatan Dov Mintz, Julie Hooper, Anil Aswani
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is associated with reduced risk of chronic illnesses. Despite various types of successful physical activity interventions, maintenance of activity over the long term is extremely challenging. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this original paper are to 1) describe physical activity engagement post intervention, 2) identify motivational profiles using natural language processing (NLP) and clustering techniques in a sample of women who completed the physical activity intervention, and 3) compare sociodemographic and clinical data among these identified cluster groups...
June 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921542/body-mass-index-and-mobility-limitations-an-analysis-of-middle-aged-and-older-black-hispanic-and-white-women-in-the-u-s
#7
Andy Sharma
INTRODUCTION: While the Body Mass Index (BMI) did not change significantly for men from 2005 to 2014 in the United States, women exhibited an upward linear trend. Hispanic and Black women, in particular, showed a dramatic increase. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the association between BMI and mobility limitations for non-institutionalised middle-aged and older Black, Hispanic, and White women. METHODS: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health model was applied to a sample of 2865 Black, 1846 Hispanic, and 9721 White women categorised as middle-aged and older (i...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914860/mhealth-technology-use-and-implications-in-historically-underserved-and-minority-populations-in-the-united-states-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Charkarra Anderson-Lewis, Gabrielle Darville, Rebeccah Eve Mercado, Savannah Howell, Samantha Di Maggio
BACKGROUND: The proportion of people in the United States who are members of at least two ethnic groups is projected to increase to 10% by the year 2050. This makes addressing health disparities and health inequities in minority populations increasingly more difficult. Minority populations, including those who classify themselves as African American and Hispanic, are using mobile phones to access health information via the internet more frequently than those who classify themselves as white, providing unique opportunities for those in public health and health education to reach these traditionally underserved populations using mobile health (mHealth) interventions...
June 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851504/positivelinks-a-mobile-health-intervention-for-retention-in-hiv-care-and-clinical-outcomes-with-12-month-follow-up
#9
Rebecca Dillingham, Karen Ingersoll, Tabor E Flickinger, Ava Lena Waldman, Marika Grabowski, Colleen Laurence, Erin Wispelwey, George Reynolds, Mark Conaway, Wendy F Cohn
Mobile health interventions may help People Living with HIV (PLWH) improve engagement in care. We designed and piloted PositiveLinks, a clinic-affiliated mobile intervention for PLWH, and assessed longitudinal impact on retention in care and viral suppression. The program was based at an academic Ryan White Clinic serving a nonurban population in Central Virginia. The PL intervention included a smartphone app that connected participants to clinic staff and provided educational resources, daily queries of stress, mood and medication adherence, weekly quizzes, appointment reminders, and a virtual support group...
June 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764333/is-fear-of-falling-the-missing-link-to-explain-racial-disparities-in-fall-risk-data-from-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#10
Tanvee Singh, Emmanuelle Bélanger, Kali Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Emerging research suggests Black older adults experience a 30% decreased risk for falls compared with their White U.S. counterparts, and this is mediated neither by physical performance nor activity. Fear of falling (FOF) is a significant risk factor for falls, yet we know little about how FOF varies by race/ethnicity. The purpose of this original research brief was to investigate the relationship between race/ethnicity and FOF among older adults. METHODS: 4,981 community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) who had not self-reported a fall in the past 12 months were analyzed...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752144/the-association-of-pain-race-and-slow-gait-speed-in-older-adults
#11
Janiece L Taylor, Lauren J Parker, Sarah L Szanton, Roland J Thorpe
Gait speed is an important indicator of mobility and quality of life in older adults. Pain is related to gait speed; however, it is unknown if this relationship varies by race in a population based national sample. The aim of this study was to examine if the association between slow gait speed and pain differed between 7,025 older African Americans and non Hispanic Whites in the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Those with pain in the last month had higher odds of slow gait speed (odds ratio = 1.38, 95% confidence interval = 1...
May 8, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748417/natural-experiment-examining-the-longitudinal-association-between-change-in-residential-segregation-and-youth-cardiovascular-health-across-race-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-usa
#12
REVIEW
Emily M D'Agostino, Hersila H Patel, Zafar Ahmed, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Maria I Nardi, Sarah E Messiah
BACKGROUND: Identifying how racial/ethnic residential segregation and mobility may impact health can guide innovative strategies for reducing youth disparities. METHODS: This natural experiment examined the association between change in residential segregation and cardiovascular health outcomes across race/ethnicity and gender for youth (n=2250, mean age 9.1 years, 54% male; 51% Hispanic, 49% non-Hispanic black (NHB); 49% high area poverty) attending a multisite park-based afterschool fitness programme in Florida, USA...
July 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705630/impact-of-change-in-neighborhood-racial-ethnic-segregation-on-cardiovascular-health-in-minority-youth-attending-a-park-based-afterschool-program
#13
Emily M D'Agostino, Hersila H Patel, Zafar Ahmed, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Maria I Nardi, Sarah E Messiah
Research on the mechanistic factors associating racial/ethnic residential segregation with health is needed to identify effective points of intervention to ultimately reduce health disparities in youth. We examined the association of changes in racial/ethnic segregation and cardiovascular health outcomes including body mass index percentile, sum of skinfold thicknesses, systolic and diastolic blood pressure percentile, and 400 m run time in non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and Hispanic youth (n = 2,250, mean age 9...
May 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696238/a-gender-and-culturally-sensitive-weight-loss-intervention-for-hispanic-males-the-animo-randomized-controlled-trial-pilot-study-protocol-and-recruitment-methods
#14
David O Garcia, Luis A Valdez, Melanie L Bell, Kyle Humphrey, Melanie Hingle, Marylyn McEwen, Steven P Hooker
Hispanic men have the highest rates of overweight and obesity when compared to men of other racial/ethnic groups, placing them at increased risk for obesity-related disease. Yet, Hispanic men are grossly underrepresented in weight loss research. Tailored intervention strategies to improve obesity treatment programs for this vulnerable racial/ethnic subgroup are needed. This manuscript describes recruitment strategies, methodology, and participant characteristics of the ANIMO study, a 24-week randomized controlled pilot trial testing the effects of a gender- and culturally-sensitive weight loss intervention (GCSWLI) on body weight in Hispanic men compared to a wait-list control condition...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605587/disparities-in-access-and-regionalization-of-care-in-testicular-cancer
#15
Liam C Macleod, Shannon S Cannon, Oliver Ko, George R Schade, Jonathan L Wright, Daniel W Lin, Sarah K Holt, John L Gore, Atreya Dash
INTRODUCTION: Timely mobilization of specialized resources are needed to achieve optimal outcomes in testicular cancer. We used the National Cancer Database to investigate the hospital and demographic features driving disparity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified adult men with testicular tumors diagnosed from 2004 to 2013. We a priori examined the association among race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), travel burden, hospital characteristics, and indicators of delays in testicular cancer care...
August 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587721/older-adults-readiness-to-engage-with-ehealth-patient-education-and-self-care-resources-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Nancy P Gordon, Mark C Hornbrook
BACKGROUND: This study examined access to digital technologies, skills and experience, and preferences for using web-based and other digital technologies to obtain health information and advice among older adults in a large health plan. A primary aim was to assess the extent to which digital divides by race/ethnicity and age group might affect the ability of a large percentage of seniors, and especially those in vulnerable groups, to engage with online health information and advice modalities (eHIA) and mobile health (mHealth) monitoring tools...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575982/a-diabetes-mobile-app-with-in-app-coaching-from-a-certified-diabetes-educator-reduces-a1c-for-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Shefali Kumar, Heidi Moseson, Jaspreet Uppal, Jessie L Juusola
Purpose There are currently many diabetes apps available, but there is limited evidence demonstrating clinical impact. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of a diabetes mobile app with in-app coaching by a certified diabetes educator on glycemic control for individuals with type 2 diabetes. Methods A 12 week-long single-arm intent-to-treat trial evaluated the impact of a diabetes mobile app and coaching program (One Drop | Mobile With One Drop | Experts), which facilitated tracking of self-care and included an in-app diabetes education program, on A1C for individuals with type 2 diabetes and an A1C ≥7...
June 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562316/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-disability-transitions-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#18
Liming Dong, Vicki A Freedman, Brisa N Sánchez, Carlos F Mendes de Leon
Background: Racial and ethnic differences in disability persist and are possibly widening in recent years, but evidence is limited for racial and ethnic differences in disability progression through the entire disablement process and potential influential factors. The objective of this study is to examine racial and ethnic differences in patterns of late-life disability transitions, using a new disability spectrum that incorporates successful accommodation with assistive devices in response to capacity limitations to prolong independence...
March 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510504/correlates-of-objective-social-isolation-from-family-and-friends-among-older-adults
#19
Linda M Chatters, Harry Owen Taylor, Emily J Nicklett, Robert Joseph Taylor
This study examined the correlates of objective social isolation from extended family members and friends among older adults. The analysis is based on the older adult sub-sample of the National Survey of American Life ( n = 1321). Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined race/ethnicity, demographics, functional health and family and friend network factors as correlates of objective isolation from family and friends. Only 4.47% of respondents were objectively isolated from both their extended family and friends, 10...
March 3, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490894/supporting-accurate-interpretation-of-self-administered-medical-test-results-for-mobile-health-assessment-of-design-demographics-and-health-condition
#20
Jess C Hohenstein, Eric Ps Baumer, Lindsay Reynolds, Elizabeth L Murnane, Dakota O'Dell, Seoho Lee, Shion Guha, Yu Qi, Erin Rieger, Geri Gay
BACKGROUND: Technological advances in personal informatics allow people to track their own health in a variety of ways, representing a dramatic change in individuals' control of their own wellness. However, research regarding patient interpretation of traditional medical tests highlights the risks in making complex medical data available to a general audience. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore how people interpret medical test results, examined in the context of a mobile blood testing system developed to enable self-care and health management...
February 28, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
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