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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30087828/thoroughbred-mare-s-milk-exhibits-a-unique-and-diverse-free-oligosaccharide-profile
#1
Sercan Karav, Jaime Salcedo, Steven A Frese, Daniela Barile
The Thoroughbred is among the most valuable horse breeds, and its husbandry is a major industry. Mare's milk plays a major role in the health of neonatal foals. Although the main components of mare's milk are broadly characterized, free oligosaccharides (OS), which possess various bioactivities in many mammalian milks, have not been fully profiled in Thoroughbreds. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify OS in Thoroughbred mare's milk during the first week of lactation, when foals typically consume mare's milk exclusively...
August 2018: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086855/serological-survey-of-influenza-a-viruses-in-domestic-and-wild-suidae-in-corsica-france-a-mediterranean-island-environment
#2
Sébastien Grech-Angelini, Séverine Hervé, Nicolas Rose, Nicolas Barbier, François Casabianca, Oscar Maestrini, Alessandra Falchi, Gaëlle Simon
Corsica is a mountainous French island in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. It is a rural area, where pig farming is a major economic activity. Although no acute respiratory outbreaks due to swine influenza A viruses (swIAVs) have ever been reported in this free-ranging pig breeding system, influenza A viruses (IAVs) could be circulating within this pig population. A serological study was conducted as a first approach to domestic pigs and wild boars. Serum samples from 543 pigs raised on 91 different farms were collected during the 2013-2014 slaughtering season, and 279 sera from wild boars were obtained over four hunting seasons (between 2009 and 2014)...
September 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085375/generation-of-transgenic-cloned-huanjiang-xiang-pigs-systemically-expressing-enhanced-green-fluorescent-protein
#3
Xiang-Xing Zhu, Yi-Zhi Zhong, Yao-Wen Ge, Ke-Huan Lu, Sheng-Sheng Lu
Huanjiang Xiang pig is a unique native minipig breed originating in Guangxi, China, and has great utility value in agriculture and biomedicine. Reproductive biotechnologies such as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and SCNT-mediated genetic modification show great potential value in genetic preservation and utilization of Huanjiang Xiang pigs. Our previous work has successfully produced cloned and transgenic-cloned embryos using somatic cells from a Huanjiang Xiang pig. In the present study, we firstly report the generation of transgenic-cloned Huanjiang Xiang pigs carrying an enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) gene...
August 7, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085155/correlation-comparisons-among-early-postmortem-loin-quality-and-aged-loin-and-pork-chop-quality-characteristics-between-finishing-pigs-from-either-duroc-or-pietrain-sires
#4
J E Lowell, E D Schunke, B N Harsh, E E Bryan, M F Overholt, C A Stahl, A C Dilger, D D Boler
Today, the U.S. exports 2.2 million t of pork and pork products annually, representing just over 26% of U.S. pork production. In order to meet specific demands of a growing export market, pork quality and carcass characteristics are now integrated into breeding objectives. Color and marbling are two loin quality traits that influence consumer acceptability of pork and while correlations between early and aged ventral quality have been established, it is unclear if those correlations differ between production objectives (meat quality vs...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073716/genetic-parameters-and-trends-for-production-traits-and-their-relationship-with-litter-traits-in-landrace-and-yorkshire-pigs
#5
Bryan Irvine M Lopez, Choulwon Song, Kangseok Seo
Genetic parameters and trends in the average daily gain (ADG), backfat thickness (BF), loin muscle area (LMA), lean percentage (LP), and age at 90 kg (D90) were estimated for populations of Landrace and Yorkshire pigs. Additionally, the correlations between these production traits and litter traits were estimated. Litter traits included total born (TB) and number born alive (NBA). The data used for this study were obtained from eight farms during 1999 to 2016. Analyses were carried out with a multivariate animal model to estimate genetic parameters for production traits while bivariate analyses were performed to estimate the correlations between production and litter traits...
August 2, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063873/molecular-characterization-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-sequence-of-indian-wild-pig-sus-scrofa-cristatus
#6
Kajal Kumar Jadav, Ajit Pratap Singh, A B Srivastav, B C Sarkhel
The Indian wild pig is a sub-species (Sus scrofa cristatus) which is different from the other pig breeds and is protected under Schedule-III of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. In this study, complete mitogenome of two Indian wild pigs was sequenced and characterized by shotgun sequencing and de novo assembly, which revealed sequence size of 16,738 and 16,251 bp, respectively, (Accession no. MG725630 and MG725631). The mitogenome sequence in this study displayed 98% homology with previously reported mitogenome of pigs from different parts of the world...
July 31, 2018: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056677/extent-of-linkage-disequilibrium-and-effective-population-size-of-korean-yorkshire-swine
#7
Donghyun Shin, Kyeong-Hye Won, Sung-Hoon Kim, Yong-Min Kim
Objective: We aimed to characterize LD and Ne in a Korean Yorkshire population using genomic data from thousands of individuals. Methods: We genotyped 2,470 Yorkshire individuals from four Korean major grand-grand-parent (GGP) farms using the Illumina PorcineSNP60 version2 BeadChip, which covers >61,565 SNPs located across all chromosome and mitochondrial. We estimated the expected linkage disequilibrium (LD) and inferred current effective population size (Ne), as well as ancestral Ne...
July 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056670/research-on-gene-expression-and-promoter-methylation-of-porcine-uncoupling-protein-3-gene
#8
Ruiyi Lin, Weimin Lin, Qiaohui Chen, Jianchao Huo, Yuping Hu, Junxiao Ye, Jingya Xu, Tianfang Xiao
Objective: Uncoupling Protein 3 gene (UCP3) is a candidate gene associated with the meat quality of pig. The aim of this study was to explore the regulation mechanism of UCP3 expression and provide a theoretical basis for the research of the function of porcine UCP3 gene in meat quality. Methods: Bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) and quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) were used to analyze the methylation of UCP3 5'-flanking region and UCP3 mRNA expression in the adipose tissue or skeletal muscle of three pig breeds at different ages (1, 90, 210-day-old Putian Black pig; 90-day-old Duroc; and 90-day-old Dupu)...
July 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056658/comparative-study-of-nutritional-compositions-and-technological-quality-between-horse-meat-and-korean-native-black-pork-raising-in-jeju-island
#9
Seong Pil Nam, Jin-Hyoung Kim, Soo-Huyn Cho, Yoon-Seok Kim, Beom-Young Park, Nam-Geon Park, Hoa Van Ba
Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the nutritional compositions and color traits between two meat types: Horse meat and pork from Korean native black pigs raised in Jeju Island. Methods: After slaughter 24h, the longissimus dorsi samples were taken from left side carcasses of the 32-mo-old Jeju female breed horses and the 6-mo-old Korean native black pigs (n=10 each). The samples were then placed into cool boxes containing ice packs and transported to the Laboratory of Meat Science where they were trimmed off all visual fats and connective tissues and then were ground...
July 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055014/assembling-multiple-xenoprotective-transgenes-in-pigs
#10
REVIEW
Konrad Fischer, Alexander Kind, Angelika Schnieke
This review gives a brief overview of the genetic modifications necessary for grafted porcine tissues and organs to overcome rejection in human recipients. It then focuses on the problem of generating and breeding herds of donor pigs carrying modified endogenous genes and multiple xenoprotective transgenes. A xenodonor pig optimised for human clinical use could well require the addition of ten or more xenoprotective transgenes. It is impractical to produce the required combination of transgene by cross-breeding animals bearing individual transgenes at unlinked genetic loci, because independent segregation means that huge numbers of pigs would be required to produce relatively few donor animals...
July 28, 2018: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047037/identification-of-endogenous-microrna-references-in-porcine-serum-for-quantitative-real-time-pcr-normalization
#11
In-Seon Bae, Kang-Seok Seo, Sang Hoon Kim
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are evolutionarily conserved small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of genes, and they affect important biological and physiological states. Circulating miRNAs in blood are useful markers of metabolism and economic traits. Expression levels of circulating miRNAs have been estimated using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Proper normalization is critical for accurate miRNA expression analysis. However, there is no study which systematically presented endogenous reference genes for evaluating circulating miRNA expression in pigs...
July 25, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027489/transmission-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-the-portuguesa-state-of-venezuela
#12
R Glenda Rojas, Fabián Patiño, Jesús Pérez, Claudio Medina, María Lares, César Méndez, Johan Aular, R M E Parkhouse, María M Cortéz
The aim of this study was to assess transmission of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Palmarito Arriba, a small village in the rural area of the Portuguesa state of Venezuela, through (1) an evaluation of T. solium transmission risk factors present in the community and (2) serological detection of the secreted metacestode HP10 antigen (HP10 Ag) and of anti-metacestode antibodies in sera from rural pigs. Risk factors associated with transmission of cysticercosis were the following: 100% (23/23) of the households lacked piped water, 87...
July 19, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018498/effects-of-sex-and-breed-on-meat-quality-and-sensory-properties-in-three-way-crossbred-pigs-sired-by-duroc-or-by-a-synthetic-breed-based-on-a-korean-native-breed
#13
Yong Min Kim, Tae Jeong Choi, Kyu Ho Cho, Eun Seok Cho, Jung Jae Lee, Hak Jae Chung, Sun Young Baek, Yong Dae Jeong
This study was conducted to determine the effects of breed and sex on meat quality and sensory properties of the loin in three-way crossbred pigs: Landrace× Yorkshire×Duroc (LYD) and Landrace×Yorkshire×Woori (LYW) black pig synthesized by Korean native breed. Carcass traits did not differ by breed. Carcass weight and backfat thickness were higher in castrates than in gilts ( p <0.01). LYW showed significant high values in fat content, cooking loss, and water-holding capacity (WHC) than LYD ( p <0...
July 2018: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995940/comparative-analyses-of-longissimus-muscle-mirnaomes-reveal-micrornas-associated-with-differential-regulation-of-muscle-fiber-development-between-tongcheng-and-yorkshire-pigs
#14
Yu Xi, Huijing Liu, Yuqiang Zhao, Ji Li, Wenchao Li, Guorong Liu, Jiayong Lin, Wanghong Liu, Jinlong Zhang, Minggang Lei, Debin Ni
Tongcheng (TC) and Yorkshire (YK) are two pig breeds with distinctive muscle morphology. Porcine microRNAome (miRNAome) of the longissimus muscle during five developmental stages (40, 55, 63, 70, and 90 days post coitum (dpc)) was explored by Solexa sequencing in the present study to find miRNAs involved in the different regulation of skeletal muscle development between the two breeds. A total of 320 known porcine miRNAs, 64 miRNAs corresponding to other mammals, and 224 potentially novel miRNAs were identified...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29993136/genetic-diversity-population-structure-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-three-indigenous-pig-breeds-from-jiangxi-province-china-in-a-worldwide-panel-of-pigs
#15
X Wang, C Wang, M Huang, J Tang, Y Fan, Y Li, X Li, H Ji, J Ren, N Ding
Dongxiang Spotted, Pingxiang Two-End-Black and Yushan Black pigs are three indigenous breeds in Jiangxi Province, China, that have been listed in the national conservation program for Chinese indigenous livestock germplasm. Here, we investigated the genetic diversity and population structure of the nucleus populations of these three breeds in a worldwide context of European and Chinese pigs using Illumina Porcine 60K chips. Our data indicate that Dongxiang Spotted and Yushan Black pigs have recently experienced severe inbreeding...
August 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29990990/identification-and-characterization-of-circrnas-of-two-pig-breeds-as-a-new-biomarker-in-metabolism-related-diseases
#16
Ai Li, Wanlong Huang, Xiuxiu Zhang, Lingli Xie, Xiangyang Miao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: CircRNAs, as miRNA sponges, participate in many important biological processes. However, it remains unclear whether circRNAs can regulate lipid metabolism. This paper aims to study the molecular mechanism of fat deposition and provide useful information for the prevention and therapy of lipid metabolism-related diseases. METHODS: CircRNA sequencing was performed to investigate the expression of circRNAs in the subcutaneous adipose tissues of Large White pig and Laiwu pig...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988653/genetic-variation-and-relationships-in-the-mitochondrial-dna-d-loop-region-of-qinghai-indigenous-and-commercial-pig-breeds
#17
Junxia Zhang, Baochun Yang, Xiaocheng Wen, Guoqiang Sun
Background: Bamei pigs are special germplasm resources in Qinghai. In the specific environment of the Qinghai plateau, local breeds, through long-term natural and artificial selection, have acquired a relatively stable population structure and genetic diversity. This study revealed Bamei pigs' genetic diversity at the molecular level and the degree of introgression of commercial breeds into Bamei pigs. Methods: The mitochondrial DNA D-loop region was amplified and sequenced using the ABI 3130 DNA sequencer...
2018: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988353/exploratory-analysis-of-the-microbiological-potential-for-efficient-utilization-of-fiber-between-lantang-and-duroc-pigs
#18
Penghui Cheng, Yan Wang, Juanboo Liang, Yinbao Wu, Andredenis Wright, Xindi Liao
There is growing interest in the use of unconventional feed ingredients containing higher dietary fiber for pig production due to increasing prices of cereal grains and the potential health benefits of dietary fiber on host animals. This study aimed to gain insight into the community-wide microbiome population between the Chinese native Lantang pigs and the commercial Duroc pigs to uncover the microbiological mechanisms for the degradation capacity of fiber in pigs. Utilizing the metagenomics approach, we compared the phylogeny and functional capacity of the fecal microbiome from approximately 150-day-old female Lantang and Duroc pigs fed a similar diet...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987993/a-genome-scan-for-selection-signatures-in-taihu-pig-breeds-using-next-generation-sequencing
#19
Z Wang, H Sun, Q Chen, X Zhang, Q Wang, Y Pan
Taihu pig breeds are the most prolific breeds of swine in the world, and they also have superior economic traits, including high resistance to disease, superior meat quality, high resistance to crude feed and a docile temperament. The formation of these phenotypic characteristics is largely a result of long-term artificial or natural selection. Therefore, exploring selection signatures in the genomes of the Taihu pigs will help us to identify porcine genes related to productivity traits, disease and behaviour...
July 10, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29981713/isolation-and-characterization-of-chinese-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-with-novel-mutations-and-deletions-in-the-s-gene
#20
Jing Sun, Qunjing Li, Chunyan Shao, Yuanmei Ma, Haijian He, Sheng Jiang, Yingshan Zhou, Yuan Wu, Shaobo Ba, Lin Shi, Weihuan Fang, Xiaodu Wang, Houhui Song
Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PEDV) has raised growing concerns in the pig-breeding industry because it has caused significant economic losses. To better understand the molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of PEDV field isolates, in this study, the complete spike (S) and ORF3 genes of 17 PEDV variants in Zhejiang, China during 2014 to 2017, were characterized and analyzed. Phylogenetic analysis based on the S gene and ORF3 gene of these 17 novel PEDV strains and PEDV reference strains indicated that all the PEDV strains fell into two groups designated G1 and G2...
July 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
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