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Cardiac remodeling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549109/il-18-cleavage-triggers-cardiac-inflammation-and-fibrosis-upon-%C3%AE-adrenergic-insult
#1
Han Xiao, Hao Li, Jing-Jing Wang, Jian-Shu Zhang, Jing Shen, Xiang-Bo An, Cong-Cong Zhang, Ji-Min Wu, Yao Song, Xin-Yu Wang, Hai-Yi Yu, Xiang-Ning Deng, Zi-Jian Li, Ming Xu, Zhi-Zhen Lu, Jie Du, Wei Gao, Ai-Hua Zhang, Yue Feng, You-Yi Zhang
Aims: Rapid over-activation of β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) upon stress leads to cardiac inflammation, a prevailing factor that underlies heart injury. However, mechanisms by which acute β-AR stimulation induce cardiac inflammation still remain unknown. Here, we set out to identify the crucial role of inflammasome/interleukin (IL)-18 in initiating and maintaining cardiac inflammatory cascades upon β-AR insult. Methods and results: Male C57BL/6 mice were injected with a single dose of β-AR agonist, isoproterenol (ISO, 5 mg/kg body weight) or saline subcutaneously...
May 26, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546086/physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-aging-physiological-and-molecular-insights
#2
REVIEW
Djordje G Jakovljevic
Aging is associated with significant changes in both cardiac and vascular structure and function that lower the threshold for clinical signs and symptoms, making older people more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases, morbidity and mortality. Understanding of age-related cardiovascular changes is necessary for effective and efficient prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in older people. Cardiac aging is associated with left ventricular remodelling marked by increased mass-to-volume ratio and accompanied by systolic and diastolic myocardial dysfunction, and reduced sensitivity to sympathetic stimuli that compromises myocardial contractility and pumping ability in older people...
May 22, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545852/duration-of-reverse-remodeling-response-to-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-rates-predictors-and-clinical-outcomes
#3
Takafumi Oka, Koichi Inoue, Koji Tanaka, Yuko Toyoshima, Takaaki Isshiki, Takeshi Kimura, Masakiyo Nobuyoshi, Satoshi Shizuta, Takeshi Arita, Satoki Fujii, Katsuomi Iwakura, Kenshi Fujii, Kenji Ando
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for heart failure (HF) with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction experience only short-lived LV reverse remodeling. Little is known about the incidence and prognosis of this finding. We sought to identify predictors of a brief response and investigated the prognosis in a retrospective study. METHODS: A total of 528 patients from a Japanese multicenter database with full echocardiography datasets were enrolled...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545821/surgical-management-of-severe-ischaemic-mitral-regurgitation
#4
Yong Zhang, Dongxu Wang, Yu Liu, Dengshun Tao, Yan Jin, Hui Jiang, Zengwei Wang, Huishan Wang
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with mitral valve surgery is undisputed in severe ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) treatment, but the controversy is whether mitral valve replacement (MVR) or mitral valvuloplasty (MVP) should be used. METHODS: Data was collected from 130 cases of severe IMR patients who underwent CABG and MVP or MVR from June 2010 to June 2015 to compare the short-term efficacy of CABG with MVP or MVR in the treatment of severe IMR patients...
May 9, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545626/very-late-continued-reverse-remodelling-after-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-in-patients-with-extreme-left-ventricular-dilatation
#5
Samuel Larue-Grondin, François Philippon, Jean-François Sarrazin, Sacha-Michelle Dubois-Sénéchal, Michelle Dubois, Mario Sénéchal
Response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) varies greatly among patients. We present 2 patients with severe heart failure symptoms (New York Heart Association class IV) and extreme initial left ventricular (LV) dilatation (LV end-diastolic diameter of 92 mm and 80 mm, respectively) and severe functional mitral regurgitation who underwent CRT device implantation. Long-term follow-up showed late (≥ 4 years) normalization of LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV dimensions, and functional status. In a subgroup of patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy and complete left bundle branch block, late continued LV reverse remodelling may lead to normalization of LV volumes and LVEF and significant improvement in functional class...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545369/impact-of-diabetes-on-cardiac-and-vascular-disease-role-of-calcium-signaling
#6
Tarik Smani, Isabel Gallardo-Castillo, Javier Ávila-Médina, Manuel F Jimenez-Navarro, Antonio Ordoñez, Abdelkrim Hmadcha
The pathophysiology linking diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex and multifactorial. The specific type of cardiomyopathy associated with diabetes, known as diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), is recognized as asymptomatic progression of structural and functional remodeling in the heart of diabetic patients in the absence of coronary atherosclerosis and hypertension. In other words, the presence of heart disease specifically in diabetic patients is also known as diabetic heart disease. This article reviews the impact of diabetes in heart and vascular beds focusing on molecular mechanisms involving the oxidative stress, the inflammation, the endothelium dysfunction and the alteration of the homeostasis of calcium, among others mechanisms...
May 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543409/synergic-and-antagonistic-relationship-between-mmp-2-and-mmp-9-with-fibrosis-and-inflammation-in-chagas-cardiomyopathy
#7
REVIEW
Nayara I Medeiros, Juliana A S Gomes, Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira
Cardiomyopathy is the most important clinical manifestation in the chronic phase of Chagas disease because of its frequency, severity and impact on morbidity and mortality. The extracellular matrix degradation during cardiac remodeling in Trypanosoma cruzi infection is driven by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), primarily the MMP-2 and MMP-9 gelatinases. MMPs also regulate some molecules related to inflammation, such as growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines. The involvement of MMP-2 and MMP-9 is not yet fully understood in Chagas disease...
May 24, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542952/compensatory-and-decompensatory-alterations-in-cardiomyocyte-ca-2-dynamics-in-hearts-with-diastolic-dysfunction-following-aortic-banding
#8
Sara Gattoni, Åsmund Treu Røe, Jan Magnus Aronsen, Ivar Sjaastad, William E Louch, Nicolas P Smith, Steven A Niederer
KEY POINTS: At the cellular level cardiac hypertrophy causes remodelling, leading to changes in ionic channel, pump and exchanger densities and kinetics. Previous studies have focused on quantifying changes in channels, pumps and exchangers without quantitatively linking these changes with emergent cellular scale functionality. Two biophysical cardiac cell models were created, parameterized and validated and are able to simulate electrophysiology and calcium dynamics in myocytes from control sham operated rats and aortic-banded rats exhibiting diastolic dysfunction...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542617/inflammatory-and-apoptotic-remodeling-in-autonomic-nervous-system-following-myocardial-infarction
#9
Chen Gao, Kimberly Howard-Quijano, Christoph Rau, Tatsuo Takamiya, Yang Song, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Yibin Wang, Aman Mahajan
BACKGROUND: Chronic myocardial infarction (MI) triggers pathological remodeling in the heart and cardiac nervous system. Abnormal function of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), including stellate ganglia (SG) and dorsal root ganglia (DRG) contribute to increased sympathoexcitation, cardiac dysfunction and arrythmogenesis. ANS modulation is a therapeutic target for arrhythmia associated with cardiac injury. However, the molecular mechanism involved in the pathological remodeling in ANS following cardiac injury remains to be established...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542544/development-and-characterization-of-an-experimental-model-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rabbit
#10
Oscar Julián Arias-Mutis, Vannina G Marrachelli, Amparo Ruiz-Saurí, Antonio Alberola, Jose Manuel Morales, Luis Such-Miquel, Daniel Monleon, Francisco J Chorro, Luis Such, Manuel Zarzoso
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has become one of the main concerns for public health because of its link to cardiovascular disease. Murine models have been used to study the effect of MetS on the cardiovascular system, but they have limitations for studying cardiac electrophysiology. In contrast, the rabbit cardiac electrophysiology is similar to human, but a detailed characterization of the different components of MetS in this animal is still needed. Our objective was to develop and characterize a diet-induced experimental model of MetS that allows the study of cardiovascular remodeling and arrhythmogenesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542428/age-dependent-electrical-and-morphological-remodeling-of-the-drosophila-heart-caused-by-herg-seizure-mutations
#11
Karen Ocorr, Alexander Zambon, Yoav Nudell, Santiago Pineda, Soda Diop, Min Tang, Takeshi Akasaka, Erika Taylor
Understanding the cellular-molecular substrates of heart disease is key to the development of cardiac specific therapies and to the prevention of off-target effects by non-cardiac targeted drugs. One of the primary targets for therapeutic intervention has been the human ether a go-go (hERG) K+ channel that, together with the KCNQ channel, controls the rate and efficiency of repolarization in human myocardial cells. Neither of these channels plays a major role in adult mouse heart function; however, we show here that the hERG homolog seizure (sei), along with KCNQ, both contribute significantly to adult heart function as they do in humans...
May 19, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542097/genome-wide-association-and-pathway-analysis-of-left-ventricular-function-after-anthracycline-exposure-in-adults
#12
Quinn S Wells, Olivia J Veatch, Joshua P Fessel, Aron Y Joon, Rebecca T Levinson, Jonathan D Mosley, Elizabeth P Held, Chase S Lindsay, Christian M Shaffer, Peter E Weeke, Andrew M Glazer, Kevin R Bersell, Sara L Van Driest, Jason H Karnes, Marcia A Blair, Lore W Lagrone, Yan R Su, Erica A Bowton, Ziding Feng, Bonnie Ky, Daniel J Lenihan, Michael J Fisch, Joshua C Denny, Dan M Roden
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines are important chemotherapeutic agents, but their use is limited by cardiotoxicity. Candidate gene and genome-wide studies have identified putative risk loci for overt cardiotoxicity and heart failure, but there has been no comprehensive assessment of genomic variation influencing the intermediate phenotype of anthracycline-related changes in left ventricular (LV) function. The purpose of this study was to identify genetic factors influencing changes in LV function after anthracycline chemotherapy...
May 24, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540981/comparison-of-de-novo-versus-upgrade-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-focused-on-the-upgrade-for-pacing-induced-cardiomyopathy
#13
Hye Bin Gwag, Kwang Jin Chun, Jin Kyung Hwang, Kyoung Min Park, Young Keun On, June Soo Kim, Seung Jung Park
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether upgrade cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) shows better outcomes than de novo CRT. To do so, we compared the efficacy of CRT between de novo and upgrade groups, focusing particularly on the effect of upgrade CRT on patients with pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PiCM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: PiCM was defined as new-onset dilated cardiomyopathy following pacemaker implantation in patients with baseline normal ejection fraction ≥50%...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540181/dynamic-regulation-of-small-rnaome-during-the-early-stage-of-cardiac-differentiation-from-pluripotent-embryonic-stem-cells
#14
Yue Li, An Zeng, Ge Li, Ya-Na Guan, Huang-Tian Yang, Bairong Shen, Qing Jing
Embryonic stem cells (mESCs), having potential to differentiate into three germ-layer cells including cardiomyocytes, shall be a perfect model to help understanding heart development. Here, using small RNA deep sequencing, we studied the small RNAome in the early stage of mouse cardiac differentiation. We found that the expression pattern of most microRNA (miRNA) were highly enriched at the beginning and declined thereafter, some were still insufficiently expressed on day 6, and most miRNAs recovered in the following days...
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539827/traditional-chinese-medication-qiliqiangxin-protects-against-cardiac-remodeling-and-dysfunction-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#15
Hui Wang, Xiaomin Zhang, Pujiao Yu, Qiulian Zhou, Jialiang Zhang, Haifeng Zhang, Hongsheng Zhu, Chenlin Zhang, Wenming Yao, Lin Che, Jiahong Xu, Yihua Bei, Xinli Li
Qiliqiangxin (QLQX), a traditional Chinese herbs medication, exerted protective effect in chronic heart failure patients in a multicenter randomized double-blind study. QLQX has also been found to improve cardiac function and reduce cardiac fibrosis in spontaneously hypertension animal model. However, the effect of longterm treatment with QLQX in such a condition and the related molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In the present study, thirteen-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were treated by daily intragastric administration of QLQX or saline for one year...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539300/-clinical-outcomes-of-intravascular-ultrasound-in-guiding-the-treatment-of-non-left-main-intermediate-coronary-lesions-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#16
Hong-Bin Liang, Qian Guo, Xin-Lu Zhang, Xue-Wei Liu, Yong-Zhen Tang, Wei-Yu Chen, Yu-Qing Hou, Jian-Cheng Xiu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of intravascular ultrasound(IVUS) in guiding the treatment of non-left main intermediate coronary lesions for patients of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: A total of 25 patients with intermediate coronary lesions(stenosis of 40%-70%) confirmed by coronary angiography were performed with IVUS. When MLA≥4 mm(2), we deferred the PCI treatment and performed optimal medical treatment (OMT). The patient were followed up for 12 month...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536949/exercise-and-doxorubicin-treatment-modulate-cardiac-mitochondrial-quality-control-signaling
#17
I Marques-Aleixo, E Santos-Alves, J R Torrella, P J Oliveira, J Magalhães, A Ascensão
The cross-tolerance effect of exercise against heart mitochondrial-mediated quality control, remodeling and death-related mechanisms associated with sub-chronic Doxorubicin (DOX) treatment is yet unknown. We therefore analyzed the effects of two distinct chronic exercise models (endurance treadmill training-TM and voluntary free wheel activity-FW) performed during the course of the sub-chronic DOX treatment on mitochondrial susceptibility to permeability transition pore (mPTP), apoptotic and autophagic signaling and mitochondrial dynamics...
May 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534119/splenic-ly6c-hi-monocytes-contribute-to-adverse-late-post-ischemic-left-ventricular-remodeling-in-heme-oxygenase-1-deficient-mice
#18
Mateusz Tomczyk, Izabela Kraszewska, Krzysztof Szade, Karolina Bukowska-Strakova, Marco Meloni, Alicja Jozkowicz, Jozef Dulak, Agnieszka Jazwa
Heme oxygenase-1 (Hmox1) is a stress-inducible protein crucial in heme catabolism. The end products of its enzymatic activity possess anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties. Cardioprotective effects of Hmox1 were demonstrated in experimental models of myocardial infarction (MI). Nevertheless, its importance in timely resolution of post-ischemic inflammation remains incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to determine the role of Hmox1 in the monocyte/macrophage-mediated cardiac remodeling in a mouse model of MI...
July 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533740/correlation-of-ventricular-arrhythmogenesis-with-neuronal-remodeling-of-cardiac-postganglionic-parasympathetic-neurons-in-the-late-stage-of-heart-failure-after-myocardial-infarction
#19
Dongze Zhang, Huiyin Tu, Chaojun Wang, Liang Cao, Robert L Muelleman, Michael C Wadman, Yu-Long Li
Introduction: Ventricular arrhythmia is a major cause of sudden cardiac death in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Our recent study demonstrates that N-type Ca(2+) currents in intracardiac ganglionic neurons are reduced in the late stage of CHF rats. Rat intracardiac ganglia are divided into the atrioventricular ganglion (AVG) and sinoatrial ganglion. Only AVG nerve terminals innervate the ventricular myocardium. In this study, we tested the correlation of electrical remodeling in AVG neurons with ventricular arrhythmogenesis in CHF rats...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533209/rationale-and-design-of-a-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-intracoronary-infusion-of-allogeneic-human-cardiac-stem-cells-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-the-randomized-multicenter-double-blind
#20
Ricardo Sanz-Ruiz, Ana Casado Plasencia, Luis R Borlado, María Eugenia Fernández-Santos, Reem Al-Daccak, Piet Claus, Itziar Palacios, Rafael Sádaba, Dominique Charron, Jan Bogaert, Miguel Mulet, Raquel Yotti, Inmaculada Gilaberte, Antonio Bernad, Javier Bermejo, Stefan Janssens, Francisco Fernández-Avilés
Rationale: Stem cell therapy has increased the therapeutic armamentarium in the fight against ischemic heart disease and heart failure (HF). The administration of exogenous stem cells has been investigated in patients suffering an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with the final aim of salvaging jeopardized myocardium and preventing left ventricular adverse remodeling and functional deterioration. However, phase I and II clinical trials with autologous and "first-generation" stem cells have yielded inconsistent benefits and mixed results...
May 22, 2017: Circulation Research
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