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Religious Emotion

Sudharshan Hebbani, Johnson Pradeep Ruben, Sumithra S Selvam, Krishnamachari Srinivasan
Young-adult children of parents with alcoholism are vulnerable to anxiety and depression. We studied the prevalence of emotional psychopathology and examined the mediating role of environmental factors (family support, community support and participation in religious rituals) in relation to psychopathology. College students (N = 1555), aged 18-24 years, from urban and rural domicile were screened on Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST) and those who were positive were assessed for emotional psychopathology on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21)...
August 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Chia-Chien Li, Shiow-Ru Chang, Shiow-Ching Shun
AIM: To understand the self-care coping process among chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have been carried out to understand the experience and the challenges of living with CHF. However, the coping processes that patients use to overcome self-care challenges are less understood. DESIGN: A qualitative design with qualitative content analysis of data was employed. METHODS: Purposive sampling was conducted to recruit inpatients with CHF between March 1, 2014 and March 1, 2015 in a teaching hospital in Taiwan...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Mojgan Zendehdel, Forouzan Elyasi
Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most prevalent disorders at reproductive age and has a negative impact on emotions and performance of women. Since various factors play a role in the development of this syndrome, the present study was aimed to examine biopsychosocial etiology of PMS in the form of a narrative review. Materials and Methods: Relevant studies were collected based on the three subjects of biological, psychological, and social etiologies during 1987-2015...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jennifer Scott, Monica A Onyango, Gillian Burkhardt, Colleen Mullen, Shada Rouhani, Sadia Haider, Katherine Albutt, Ashley Greiner, Michael VanRooyen, Susan Bartels
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is prevalent in conflict-affected settings and may result in sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). There are limited data on how women with SVRPs make decisions about pregnancy continuation or termination, especially in contexts with limited or restricted access to comprehensive reproductive health services. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as part of a larger mixed methods study in 2012...
August 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Flavia Faccio, Chiara Renzi, Chiara Crico, Eleni Kazantzaki, Haridimos Kondylakis, Lefteris Koumakis, Kostas Marias, Gabriella Pravettoni
In the last decade, clinicians have started to shift from an individualistic perspective of the patient towards family-centred models of care, due to the increasing evidence from research and clinical practice of the crucial role of significant others in determining the patient's adjustment to cancer disease and management. eHealth tools can be considered a means to compensate the services gap and support outpatient care flows. Within the works of the European H2020 iManageCancer project, a review of the literature in the field of family resilience was conducted, in order to determine how to monitor the patient and his/her family's resilience through an eHealth platform...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Aaron M Bloch, Ezra Gabbay, Samantha F Knowlton, Joseph J Fins
Several socio-cultural factors complicate mental health care in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish population. These include societal stigma, fear of the influence of secular ideas, the need for rabbinic approval of the method and provider, and the notion that excessive concern with the self is counter-productive to religious growth. Little is known about how the religious beliefs of this population might be employed in therapeutic contexts. One potential point of convergence is the Jewish philosophical tradition of introspection as a means toward personal, interpersonal, and spiritual growth...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Elke Kunsmann-Leutiger, Cécile Loetz, Eckhard Frick, Yvonne Petersen, Jakob Johann Müller
Research has shown that spiritual coping is essential for palliative care patients in enhancing quality of life and that attachment patterns affect the emotional well-being of the terminally ill. This is the first study evaluating how spiritual coping and attachment are associated in palliative care patients. Four different attachment patterns-secure, dismissive, preoccupied, and unresolved-were examined, as well as how they relate to three different spiritual coping strategies-search, trust, and reflection...
August 2018: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
Mohamed Ben Taher, Jean Pearson, Marta Cohen, Amaka C Offiah
OBJECTIVES: People's views regarding autopsy vary according to their cultural and religious beliefs. This paper aims to determine the opinions towards this procedure among Muslims resident in Libya and Muslims and non-Muslims resident in the UK. Our long-term goal is to improve autopsy rates; whether conventional or through the use of post-mortem imaging. METHODS: 400 questionnaires were distributed to the three communities, interrogating belief about post-mortem investigations...
July 30, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Sara Gottlieb, Dacher Keltner, Tania Lombrozo
Awe has traditionally been considered a religious or spiritual emotion, yet scientists often report that awe motivates them to answer questions about the natural world, and to do so in naturalistic terms. Indeed, awe may be closely related to scientific discovery and theoretical advance. Awe is typically triggered by something vast (either literally or metaphorically) and initiates processes of accommodation, in which existing mental schemas are revised to make sense of the awe-inspiring stimuli. This process of accommodation is essential for the kind of belief revision that characterizes scientific reasoning and theory change...
July 28, 2018: Cognitive Science
Miriam Geal-Dor, Cahtia Adelman
OBJECTIVE: The object of this study was to explore how parents experienced receiving the news of their child's hearing loss, and how audiologists experienced the situation of conveying the diagnosis, in order to examine improvements to the current process. METHOD: A questionnaire regarding different aspects of breaking the news was developed. 48 Arabic and Hebrew speaking parents of hearing impaired children answered the questionnaire. A similar questionnaire was filled out by 31 audiologists...
September 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Sergio Barroilhet, Camila Señoret, Ximena Mallea, Rosemarie Fritsch, Paul Vöhringer, José-Antonio Arraztoa
Objective: To compare dyadic (marital) functioning between users of natural family planning (NFP) and users of artificial methods of contraception (AMC). Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in healthy, over eighteen-year-old couples living in stable relationships recruited from primary and secondary health centers in Santiago, Chile. Participants were assessed using a structured interview on sociodemographic and sexual aspects. Primary outcome, marital functioning, was studied using the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS)...
May 2018: Linacre Quarterly
Jonathan E Ramsay, Eddie M W Tong, Avijit Chowdhury, Moon-Ho R Ho
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has demonstrated a robust relationship between religion and well-being, and it has been proposed that positive emotions are important mediators of this effect. Yet the mechanism via which religion promotes positive emotions has not been widely studied. We sought to examine whether teleological explanations of daily events and resulting positive emotions serially mediated the effects of religion on well-being. METHOD: These hypotheses were tested over three studies...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Personality
James J Heckman, Pietro Biroli, Daniela Del Boca, Lynne Pettier Heckman, Yu Kyung Koh, Sylvi Kuperman, Sidharth Moktan, Chiara D Pronzato, Anna L Ziff
We evaluate the Reggio Approach using non-experimental data on individuals from the cities of Reggio Emilia, Parma and Padova belonging to one of five age cohorts: ages 50, 40, 30, 18, and 6 as of 2012. The treated were exposed to municipally offered infant-toddler (ages 0-3) and preschool (ages 3-6) programs. The control group either did not receive formal childcare or were exposed to programs offered by the state or religious systems. We exploit the city-cohort structure of the data to estimate treatment effects using three strategies: difference-in-differences, matching, and matched-difference-in-differences...
March 2018: Research in economics, Ricerche economiche
Sarah J Ward, Laura A King
The association between religiosity and morality identified in self-reports has received limited support from studies of actual behavior. We propose that religiosity variables are likely to contribute to moral behavior in the context of moral self-regulation. Five studies examined the prediction that people who strongly endorse the items "I try hard to live all my life according to my religious beliefs" and "My whole approach to life is based on my religion" and people who report strong God belief would exhibit heightened moral emotions and prosocial behaviors after moral self-image (MSI) threats...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
April R Christensen, Tara E Cook, Robert M Arnold
Over the past 20 years, physicians have shifted from viewing a patient's request for prayer as a violation of professional boundaries to a question deserving nuanced understanding of the patient's needs and the clinician's boundaries. In this case, Mrs. C's request for prayer can reflect religious distress, anxiety about her clinical circumstances, or a desire to better connect with her physician. These different needs suggest that it is important to understand the request before responding. To do this well requires that Dr...
July 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Mohsen Joshanloo
People in different cultures may give different weights to emotional experience when evaluating their lives. In modern secularized cultures, people are more likely to focus on maximizing the experience of positive emotions and minimizing the experience of negative emotions to achieve well-being. In contrast, in traditional religious cultures, people are more likely to use religious standards to evaluate their lives. Therefore, the present study predicted that the frequency of positive and negative affect would be a better predictor of life satisfaction in secular (vs...
July 12, 2018: Emotion
Fatemeh Nikparvar, Sandra Stith, Mohsen Dehghani, Jia Grace Liang
Despite growing international attention to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), there is little systemic information available regarding the process of adjusting to divorce after leaving violent marriages among Iranian women. Despite the strong religious discouragement and social stigma associated with divorce in Iran, divorce has always been recognized as a possible outcome of marriage. This qualitative study was conducted to understand the process that nine Iranian women who left violent marriages went through after divorce...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Chelsey E Brack, Roger W Rochat, Oscar A Bernal
CONTEXT: In 2006, the Colombian Constitutional Court issued a decision largely decriminalizing abortion; however, illegal abortion persists. Understanding the barriers that cause women to resort to unsafe, illegal abortions could help improve access to legal services. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted in 2014 with 17 women aged 18 or older who had had legal abortions in the past year in Bogotá, Colombia, to identify barriers to abortion access and elucidate the ways in which these barriers affect women's decision making regarding abortion...
December 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Hani Nouman, Yael Benyamini
The community is often considered a resource for coping with health-related stress but has potential for negative effects when coping with fertility problems. In this study, we examined the associations between the social-environmental variables (seeking the support of the community, perception of pressure from the community, and perception of spouse support as a possible moderator of this pressure) and emotional adjustment to fertility problems among religious Jewish women in Israel, a highly pronatalist society...
July 6, 2018: Women & Health
Maria Maixenchs, Rui Anselmo, Ariadna Sanz, Paola Castillo, Eusebio Macete, Carla Carrilho, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menendez, Quique Bassat, Khatia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) is being investigated as an alternative to the complete diagnostic autopsy (CDA), gold standard for CoD determination, in settings where CDA is unfeasible and/or unacceptable. We aimed to explore healthcare providers' views and perceptions on theoretical and factual acceptability of the CDA and the MIA. METHODS: A qualitative study, combining ethnographic and grounded-theory approaches, was conducted within a project aiming to validate the MIA tool against the CDA for CoD investigation...
2018: PloS One
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