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Religious Emotion

S Shahawy, H Amanuel, N M Nour
This study documents the perceptions and experiences of immigrant women and men in the US related to female genital cutting (FGC). This paper examines the effects of migration on these perceptions, with the goal of optimizing health services and informing public policy to support women who have undergone FGC. This qualitative study consisted of individual interviews conducted from 2014 to 2015 with 42 women and men living in Boston, Massachusetts, who immigrated from a variety of communities where FGC has been practiced...
November 22, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Lise Lesaffre, Gustav Kuhn, Ahmad Abu-Akel, Déborah Rochat, Christine Mohr
Paranormal beliefs (PBs), such as the belief in the soul, or in extrasensory perception, are common in the general population. While there is information regarding what these beliefs correlate with (e.g., cognitive biases, personality styles), there is little information regarding the causal direction between these beliefs and their correlates. To investigate the formation of beliefs, we use an experimental design, in which PBs and belief-associated cognitive biases are assessed before and after a central event: a magic performance (see also Mohr et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Saneta M Maiko, Steven Ivy, Beth Newton Watson, Kianna Montz, Alexia M Torke
BACKGROUND: Critically ill adult patients who face medical decisions often delegate others to make important decisions. Those who are authorized to make such decisions are typically family members, friends, or legally authorized representatives, often referred to as surrogates. Making medical decisions on behalf of others produces emotional distress. Spirituality and/or religion provide significant assistance to cope with this distress. We designed this study to assess the role of surrogates' spirituality and religion (S/R) coping resources during and after making medical decisions on behalf of critically ill patients...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Kay Choong See, Ming Yan Zhao, Emiko Nakataki, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Wen-Feng Fang, Mohammad Omar Faruq, Bambang Wahjuprajitno, Yaseen M Arabi, Wai Tat Wong, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Jose Emmanuel Palo, Babu Raja Shrestha, Khalid M K Nafees, Nguyen Gia Binh, Hussain Nasser Al Rahma, Khamsay Detleuxay, Venetia Ong, Jason Phua
PURPOSE: Professional burnout is a multidimensional syndrome comprising emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and diminished sense of personal accomplishment, and is associated with poor staff health and decreased quality of medical care. We investigated burnout prevalence and its associated risk factors among Asian intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and nurses. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 159 ICUs in 16 Asian countries and regions. The main outcome measure was burnout as assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey...
November 16, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
Hani Nouman, Yael Benyamini
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a source of stress, particularly in pronatalist societies in which a lifestyle without children is viewed as an unacceptable option. The present study examined the relationship between the use of culturally adapted religious coping strategies and emotional adjustment among women coping with fertility problems. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional correlational study. One hundred and eighty-six religious Israeli women undergoing fertility treatment filled out questionnaires assessing their use of culturally adapted religious coping strategies and emotional adjustment (distress/well-being)...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Philip S Cho, Nicolas Escoffier, Yinan Mao, April Ching, Christopher Green, Jonathan Jong, Harvey Whitehouse
We present the first neurophysiological signatures showing distinctive effects of group social context and emotional arousal on cultural perceptions, such as the efficacy of religious rituals. Using a novel protocol, EEG data were simultaneously recorded from ethnic Chinese religious believers in group and individual settings as they rated the perceived efficacy of low, medium, and high arousal spirit-medium rituals presented as video clips. Neural oscillatory patterns were then analyzed for these perceptual judgements, categorized as low, medium, and high efficacy...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Amir Radfar, Seyed Ahmad Ahmadi Asgharzadeh, Fernando Quesada, Irina Filip
Child labor is one of the oldest problems in our society and still an ongoing issue. During the time, child labor evolved from working in agriculture or small handicraft workshops to being forced into work in factories in the urban setting as a result of the industrial revolution. Children were very profitable assets since their pay was very low, were less likely to strike, and were easy to be manipulated. Socioeconomic disparities and lack of access to education are among others contributing to the child labor...
January 2018: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Rajat Garg, Vinay Chauhan, B Sabreen
Background: Patients in palliative care suffer variously due to underassessment of needs and suboptimal intervention, coupled with lack of access to palliative care. This study attempts to identify effective coping strategies which lead to life satisfaction, among those afflicted with terminal cancer. Materials and Methods: This observational, cross-sectional study was carried out among terminally-ill cancer patients undergoing palliative care. Cancer patients receiving palliative care who give consent and were aged 18 years or older were included in the study...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Catherine Scott Finlayson, Mei R Fu, Allison Squires, Allison Applebaum, Janet Van Cleave, Roisin O'Cearbhaill, Antonio P DeRosa
BACKGROUND: Awareness of disease status has been identified as a factor in the treatment decision-making process. Women with recurrent ovarian cancer are facing the challenge of making treatment decisions throughout the disease trajectory. It is not understood how women with ovarian cancer perceive their disease and subsequently make treatment decisions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand the lived experience of women with recurrent ovarian cancer, how they understood their disease and made their treatment decisions...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Jane Ribbens McCarthy, Ruth Evans, Sophie Bowlby, Joséphine Wouango
Despite calls for cross-cultural research, Minority world perspectives still dominate death and bereavement studies, emphasizing individualized emotions and neglecting contextual diversities. In research concerned with contemporary African societies, on the other hand, death and loss are generally subsumed within concerns about AIDS or poverty, with little attention paid to the emotional and personal significance of a death. Here, we draw on interactionist sociology to present major themes from a qualitative study of family deaths in urban Senegal, theoretically framed through the duality of meanings-in-context...
October 25, 2018: Omega
Yuri Jang, Hyunwoo Yoon, Nan Sook Park, Min-Kyoung Rhee, David A Chiriboga
Using data from the Asian American Quality of Life (AAQoL, n = 2609) survey, logistic regression models of mental health service use and perceived unmet needs were estimated with background variables, ethnicity, and mental health status. More than 44% of the participants were categorized as having mental distress (Kessler 6 [K6] ≥ 6) and 6.1% as having serious mental illness (SMI, K6 ≥ 13). About 23% had used services (mental health specialist, general doctor, and/or religious leader) for their emotional concerns during the past year, and about 7% reported that there was a time that they needed mental health care but could not get it...
October 24, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Stephania A Rodrigues, Bruno J B Fontanella, Lucimar R S de Avó, Carla M R Germano, Débora G Melo
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the psychocultural perspectives concerning family quality of life among Brazilian families with children who have severe or profound intellectual disability. METHODS: Individual in-depth semi-structured interviews conducted with 15 mothers, selected by convenience, were analysed using a categorical thematic analysis technique. The themes were examined to allow for an interpretative approach of the results. RESULTS: Mothers revealed that their children with disabilities had insufficient access to services and support related to health care, transportation and recreation...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Afsaneh Sadat Seyed Hosseini
Background Menstruation is universally experienced by all healthy females from menarche to menopause, although the cognitive and emotional dimension of this experience may differ across time and place. Objective This qualitative study was conducted to explore the menstruation experiences of Iranian women. Methods Eight Iranian university students, aged between 21 and 25 years, who were resident in Tehran, were interviewed and data were analyzed using an interpretive phenomenological analysis approach. Results Two main themes of the participant narratives were identified: "The menarche" and "women's perception of menstruation"...
October 20, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Rohoullah Hemmati, Zeinab Bidel, Milad Nazarzadeh, Maryam Valadi, Somayeh Berenji, Elahe Erami, Fatten Al Zaben, Harold G Koenig, Ali Sanjari Moghaddam, Farshad Teymoori, Siamak Sabour, Saeed Reza Ghanbarizadeh, Tahereh Seghatoleslam
Although the association between religion/spirituality (R/S) and psychological outcomes is well established, current understanding of the association with cardiovascular disease remains limited. We sought to investigate the association between Islamic R/S and coronary heart disease (CHD), and place these findings in light of a meta-analysis. In this case-control study, 190 cases with non-fatal CHD were identified and individually matched with 383 hospital-based controls. R/S was measured by self-administered 102 items questionnaire...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Wendy Kliewer, Brittani Parham
INTRODUCTION: Recent increases in marijuana use among adolescents, in concert with decreases in perceptions of harm caused by marijuana use, documented associations of marijuana use with health problems and academic disengagement, and the increase in cannabis potency over the past two decades highlight the need for effective prevention and intervention efforts to delay and/or curb marijuana use among adolescents. The present study investigated the role of four promotive factors in the role of abstinence from marijuana use initiation...
February 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Pascal Molenberghs, Winnifred R Louis
Intergroup biases can manifest themselves between a wide variety of different groups such as people from different races, nations, ethnicities, political or religious beliefs, opposing sport teams or even arbitrary groups. In this review we provide a neuroscientific overview of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) studies that have revealed how group dynamics impact on various cognitive and emotional systems at different levels of information processing. We first describe how people can perceive the faces, words and actions of ingroup and outgroup members in a biased way...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Minoo Asadzandi
Fear and anxiety caused by acute diseases, despair and sorrow resulting from chronic illness, are spiritual reactions which require care. Spiritual care should be done based on a training model. This study was conducted to design and validate "an Islamic religious spiritual health training model for patients." Content analysis was applied for health education models and motivation theories in this qualitative study. Based on the components of the spiritual care model of Sound Heart, compatible concepts were adopted and formulated to a model...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Sylvia Murphy Tighe, Joan G Lalor
AIM: To explore and understand the experience of concealed pregnancy and develop a framework for practitioners. BACKGROUND: Numerous cases of concealed pregnancy resulting in serious outcomes including maternal and perinatal death, newborn abandonment and neonaticide are reported internationally. Historically concealed pregnancy is associated with oppressive religious cultures where premarital pregnancy was shunned. Concealed pregnancy has traditionally been viewed through a biomedical lens and associated with mental illness but this assertion remains unsubstantiated by robust evidence...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
María Pilar García Bossio, Catalina Monjeau Castro
Religions have historically established ways to regulate the lives of their followers, impacting conceptions of wellbeing and health. Likewise, state agencies have incorporated a more complex definition of health, including a lack of bodily illness, stability, and social, psychological, emotional and spiritual wellbeing. Using the category of care in a broad sense, we seek to put these conceptualizations into tension in order to identify points of agreement and discrepancy among the ways of defining health and wellbeing by state and religious agents...
April 2018: Salud Colectiva
Maureen L Condic, Donna Harrison
There is considerable lack of clarity on the medical facts surrounding management of ectopic pregnancy. In particular, it is not widely appreciated that by the time an ectopic pregnancy is diagnosed, in most cases, there is no viable fetus (i.e., the fetus has already died). Moreover, there is very little ethical guidance from the medical profession regarding the emotionally difficult decision to terminate a wanted pregnancy when the life of the mother is at risk. The best articulated positions on this topic come from religious groups, based on the principle of double effect...
August 2018: Linacre Quarterly
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