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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111346/ethnomedicinal-applications-of-animal-species-by-the-local-communities-of-punjab-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Altaf, Muhammad Umair, Abdul Rauf Abbasi, Noor Muhammad, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Different species of animals are being utilized in traditional therapies by various cultures for a long time and such uses still exist in folk medicine. The present study aimed to document animal-based traditional therapies used by the local communities of Jhelum and Lahore districts of the Punjab province, Pakistan. METHODS: Field surveys were conducted in 2015-2016 in six different sites of the study areas. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and face to face conversation with local informants...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096388/rural-and-urban-food-allergy-prevalence-from-the-south-african-food-allergy-study-saffa
#2
Maresa Botha, Wisdom Basera, Heidi E Facey-Thomas, Ben Gaunt, Claudia L Gray, Jordache Ramjith, Alexandra Watkins, Michael E Levin
BACKGROUND: Food sensitization and challenge proven food allergy has not been compared in urban and rural settings. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the prevalence of food sensitization and challenge-proven IgE-mediated food allergy in urban and rural South African toddlers aged 12-36 months. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of unselected children included 1185 participants in urban Cape Town and 398 in the rural Eastern Cape. All participants completed a questionnaire and underwent skin prick tests to egg, peanut, cow's milk, fish, soya, wheat, and hazelnut...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079308/multiple-food-allergy-unexpected-culprits
#3
Cristina Isabel de Figueiredo Ornelas, Fátima Cabral Duarte, Maria Conceição Galvão Pereira Dos Santos, Manuel Augusto de Castro Pereira Barbosa
Food allergy has an estimated prevalence of 6%-8% in children. Meat allergy and multiple food allergy due to sensitization to cross-reactive components in infancy is, however, less frequent. A 5-year-old girl was referred to our department with a multiple food allergy history. She had severe immediate worsening of her atopic dermatitis with hen's egg (6 months) and cow's milk introduction (7 months). At the age of 9 months, she presented with recurrent and reproducible atopic dermatitis' worsening and lip edema with the introduction of different meats (chicken, turkey, cow, pork, and rabbit), having the same complaints with fish at 12 months (salmon and hake)...
July 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30061538/cosmetic-and-therapeutic-applications-of-fish-oil-s-fatty-acids-on-the-skin
#4
REVIEW
Tse-Hung Huang, Pei-Wen Wang, Shih-Chun Yang, Wei-Ling Chou, Jia-You Fang
Fish oil has been broadly reported as a potential supplement to ameliorate the severity of some skin disorders such as photoaging, skin cancer, allergy, dermatitis, cutaneous wounds, and melanogenesis. There has been increasing interest in the relationship of fish oil with skin protection and homeostasis, especially with respect to the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The other PUFAs, such as α-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA), also show a beneficial effect on the skin...
July 30, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977437/prenatal-omega-3-lcpufa-and-symptoms-of-allergic-disease-and-sensitization-throughout-early-childhood-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-long-term-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
K P Best, T R Sullivan, D J Palmer, M Gold, J Martin, D Kennedy, M Makrides
Background: Randomized controlled trials of prenatal omega (ω-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation are suggestive of some protective effects on allergic sensitization and symptoms of allergic disease in childhood. Due to the nature of the atopic march, investigation of any effects of this prenatal intervention may be most informative when consistently assessed longitudinally during childhood. Methods: Follow-up of children ( n  = 706) with familial risk of allergy from the Docosahexaenoic Acid to Optimize Mother Infant Outcome (DOMInO) trial...
2018: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894999/grass-allergic-children-frequently-show-asymptomatic-low-level-ige-co-sensitization-and-cross-reactivity-to-wheat
#6
Nora Nilsson, Caroline Nilsson, Helena Ekoff, Sandra Wieser-Pahr, Magnus P Borres, Rudolf Valenta, Gunilla Hedlin, Sigrid Sjölander
BACKGROUND: Specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to wheat is more common than a doctor's confirmed wheat allergy and is also frequently observed in grass pollen-allergic patients (pollinosis patients). Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the level and feature of serological IgE cross-reactivity between grass pollen and wheat in a cohort of pollinosis subjects with no diagnosis of wheat allergy. METHODS: Seventy-two children, aged 5-17 years, with a doctor's diagnosis of pollinosis, IgE towards grass pollen, and currently eating wheat were recruited...
June 12, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858102/seafood-allergy-a-comprehensive-review-of-fish-and-shellfish-allergens
#7
Thimo Ruethers, Aya C Taki, Elecia B Johnston, Roni Nugraha, Thu T K Le, Tanja Kalic, Thomas R McLean, Sandip D Kamath, Andreas L Lopata
Seafood refers to several distinct groups of edible aquatic animals including fish, crustacean, and mollusc. The two invertebrate groups of crustacean and mollusc are, for culinary reasons, often combined as shellfish but belong to two very different phyla. The evolutionary and taxonomic diversity of the various consumed seafood species poses a challenge in the identification and characterisation of the major and minor allergens critical for reliable diagnostics and therapeutic treatments. Many allergenic proteins are very different between these groups; however, some pan-allergens, including parvalbumin, tropomyosin and arginine kinase, seem to induce immunological and clinical cross-reactivity...
August 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808822/the-effects-of-global-warming-on-allergic-diseases
#8
REVIEW
A W Chan, K L Hon, T F Leung, M H Ho, J S Rosa Duque, T H Lee
Global warming is a public health emergency. Substantial scientific evidence indicates an unequivocal rising trend in global surface temperature that has caused higher atmospheric levels of moisture retention leading to more frequent extreme weather conditions, shrinking ice volume, and gradually rising sea levels. The concomitant rise in the prevalence of allergic diseases is closely related to these environmental changes because warm and moist environments favour the proliferation of common allergens such as pollens, dust mites, molds, and fungi...
June 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766369/nutritional-issues-in-food-allergy
#9
REVIEW
Isabel J Skypala, Rebecca McKenzie
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the development and management of food allergy. The diet of expectant mothers can have an effect on their offspring in terms of allergic outcomes. A host of confounding factors may influence this, with a maternal diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, vitamin D-rich foods associated with a lower risk of allergic disease in their children. More surprisingly, the consumption of milk and butter has also been shown to have a protective effect, especially in a farm environment...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731166/insect-food-allergy-and-allergens
#10
Steffie de Gier, Kitty Verhoeckx
Insects represent an alternative for meat and fish in satisfying the increasing demand for sustainable sources of nutrition. Approximately two billion people globally consume insects. They are particularly popular in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Most research on insect allergy has focussed on occupational or inhalation allergy. Research on insect food safety, including allergenicity, is therefore of great importance. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of cases reporting allergy following insect ingestion, studies on food allergy to insects, proteins involved in insect allergy including cross-reactive proteins, and the possibility to alter the allergenic potential of insects by food processing and digestion...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721627/-type-iv-contact-allergies-in-the-food-processing-industry-an-update
#11
REVIEW
A Bauer, S Schubert, J Geier, V Mahler
BACKGROUND: The food sector is one of the high-risk areas for occupational irritative and allergic contact eczema. OBJECTIVES: The present work provides an overview of the main allergens as well as sensitization frequencies and risk in various food industry occupations. METHODS: The literature on type IV sensitization in the food sector is summarized. RESULTS: The relative risk of developing a work-related eczema in food processing is increased by more than 3 times...
June 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716661/detection-of-ascaridoid-nematode-parasites-in-the-important-marine-food-fish-conger-myriaster-brevoort-anguilliformes-congridae-from-the-zhoushan-fishery-china
#12
Hui-Xia Chen, Lu-Ping Zhang, David I Gibson, Liang Lü, Zhen Xu, Hai-Tao Li, Hui-Dong Ju, Liang Li
BACKGROUND: The whitespotted conger Conger myriaster (Brevoort) (Anguilliformes: Congridae) is an extremely marketable food fish, commonly consumed as sashimi or sushi in some Asian countries (i.e. Japan, Korea and China). Conger myriaster is also suspected as being an extremely important source of human anisakidosis. However, there is currently very little information on the levels of infection with ascaridoid nematode parasites in this economically important marine fish. The aims of the present study are to determine the species composition, prevalence and mean intensity of ascaridoid parasites of C...
May 2, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705083/cochineal-dye-induced-immediate-allergy-review-of-japanese-cases-and-proposed-new-diagnostic-chart
#13
Naoko Takeo, Masashi Nakamura, Satoshi Nakayama, Osamu Okamoto, Naoki Sugimoto, Shinichi Sugiura, Nayu Sato, Susumu Harada, Masao Yamaguchi, Naoya Mitsui, Yumiko Kubota, Kayoko Suzuki, Makoto Terada, Akiyo Nagai, Junko Sowa-Osako, Yutaka Hatano, Hiroshi Akiyama, Akiko Yagami, Sakuhei Fujiwara, Kayoko Matsunaga
BACKGROUND: Cochineal dye is used worldwide as a red coloring in foods, drinks, cosmetics, quasi-drugs, and drugs. The main component of the red color is carminic acid (CA). Carmine is an aluminum- or calcium-chelated product of CA. CA and carmine usually contain contaminating proteins, including a 38-kDa protein thought to be the primary allergen. Severe allergic reactions manifest as anaphylaxis. The aim of this study was to review all Japanese reported cases and propose useful diagnostic chart...
April 25, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528585/food-specific-ige-as-a-biomarker-of-oral-immunotherapy-efficacy-in-comparison-to-double-blind-food-challenge-test
#14
Nissreen E ELBadawy, Randa S Abdel-Latif
Specific immunotherapy (SIT) is one of the important lines for the treatment of food allergy. Efficacy tests for clinical response to SIT are limited and subjective. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the validity of food specific Ig E levels as a biomarker of clinical improvement in children with food allergy treated with oral immunotherapy (OIT). We analysed 184 children with food allergy, 143 had undergone 2 years of food OIT and 41 were on allergen restricted diet and considered as control. All patients were subjected to Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Food Challenge test (DBPCFC), allergic symptom score calculation, and serum food specific Ig E level before and after oral immunotherapy for treated patients and after 2 year of allergen restricted diet for the control group...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522850/dietary-therapy-for-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#15
Javier Molina-Infante, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic, immune-mediated esophageal disease triggered predominantly, but not exclusively, by food antigens. Presently, available food allergy tests are suboptimal to predict food triggers for eosinophilic esophagitis, especially in adults. Elemental diets (exclusive feeding with amino acid-based formulas) and empiric 6-food elimination diets (withdrawing milk, wheat, egg, soy, nuts, and fish/seafood for 6 weeks) have consistently shown the best efficacy rates. However, their high level of restriction and need for multiple endoscopies have hampered their implementation in clinical practice...
July 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514952/teleost-basophils-have-igm-dependent-and-dual-ig-independent-degranulation-systems
#16
Tomoyuki Odaka, Hiroaki Suetake, Tomoki Maeda, Toshiaki Miyadai
Recently, mammalian basophils have been highlighted as having roles in allergy and antiparasitic immunity; however, there is little information about the functions and evolutionary origin of basophils, because they are the least abundant leukocyte in most vertebrates. In this study, we characterized the teleost basophils that are abundant in the peripheral blood of fugu ( Takifugu rubripes ). Fugu basophils have two distinct granules: reddish-purple and dark violet ones. Teleost fish do not have IgG and IgE, but we found that fugu IgM bound on the surface of the basophils, and the cross-linked IgM induced degranulation of both types of granules...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446153/eating-fish-and-farm-life-reduce-allergic-rhinitis-at-the-age-of-twelve
#17
Styliana Vasileiadou, Göran Wennergren, Frida Strömberg Celind, Nils Åberg, Rolf Pettersson, Bernt Alm, Emma Goksör
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of allergic rhinitis has increased, but the cause of this rise is partly unknown. Our aim was to analyse the prevalence, risk factors, and protective factors for allergic rhinitis in 12-year-old Swedish children. METHODS: Data were collected from a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of children born in western Sweden in 2003. The parents answered questionnaires when the children were 6 months to 12 years. The response rate at 12 years was 76% (3637/4777) of the questionnaires distributed...
May 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423370/jellyfish-ingestion-was-safe-for-patients-with-crustaceans-cephalopods-and-fish-allergy
#18
Luís Amaral, António Raposo, Zilda Morais, Alice Coimbra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389948/photocleavage-based-affinity-purification-of-biomarkers-from-serum-application-to-multiplex-allergy-testing
#19
Zhi Wan, Heather P Ostendorff, Ziying Liu, Lynda C Schneider, Kenneth J Rothschild, Mark J Lim
Multiplex serological immunoassays, such as implemented on microarray or microsphere-based platforms, provide greater information content and higher throughput, while lowering the cost and blood volume required. These features are particularly attractive in pediatric food allergy testing to facilitate high throughput multi-allergen analysis from finger- or heel-stick collected blood. However, the miniaturization and microfluidics necessary for creating multiplex assays make them highly susceptible to the "matrix effect" caused by interference from non-target agents in serum and other biofluids...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384116/anaphylaxis-in-a-food-allergy-outpatient-department-one-year-review
#20
R A Fernandes, F Regateiro, C Pereira, E Faria, J Pita, A Todo-Bom, I Carrapatoso
Background. Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal, multi-organ allergic reac-tion. Our aim was to characterize the population with food induced anaphylaxis followed over a one-year period. Methods. Retrospective analysis of clinical files of patients with food anaphylaxis observed in our food allergy consultation during 2016. Results. Sixty-two patients were included. In the pediatric group, the implicated allergens were cow's milk, egg and fish and in the adults' group, the commonest allergens were nuts and wheat...
March 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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