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Fish allergy

Joyce A M Emons, Roy Gerth van Wijk
Purpose of review: To describe and understand the links and interactions between food allergy and asthma. Recent findings: Food allergy and asthma are characterized by an increasing prevalence. Moreover, food allergy and asthma often coexist. Both conditions are associated with each other in different ways. It has been shown that food allergy is a risk factor of developing asthma. Atopic dermatitis appears to be the common denominator in this interaction. Loss-of-function variants of the filaggrin mutation result in an impaired epidermal barrier function and have been shown to be a risk factor for the development of atopic dermatitis, allergies, and asthma...
2018: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
Claudia Fsadni, Peter Fsadni, Stephen Montefort, Stephen Fava
Background: The prevalence of allergic conditions is increasing in most countries. One possible explanation may be childhood nutrition. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between consumption of pre-specified types of food in school-aged children and presence of respiratory and allergic symptoms. Methods: A total of 191 students aged 9-11 years were recruited from 5 schools to geographically cover all of Malta...
October 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
Wai Sze Tong, Agatha Wt Yuen, Christine Yy Wai, Nicki Yh Leung, Ka Hou Chu, Patrick Sc Leung
Seafood allergy is a hypersensitive disorder with increasing prevalence worldwide. Effective and accurate diagnostic workup for seafood allergy is essential for clinicians and patients. Parvalbumin and tropomyosin are the most common fish and shellfish allergens, respectively. The diagnosis of seafood allergies is complicated by cross-reactivity among fish allergens and between shellfish allergens and other arthropods. Current clinical diagnosis of seafood allergy is a complex algorithm that includes clinical assessment, skin prick test, specific IgE measurement, and oral food challenges...
2018: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
Juan J Díaz, Beatriz Espín, Oscar Segarra, Gloria Domínguez-Ortega, Javier Blasco-Alonso, Beatriz Cano, Ana Rayo, Ana Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical, epidemiological and management characteristics of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) cases in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multicenter observational retrospective study. FPIES cases diagnosed in specialized units in Spain over 12 months in 2017 (January to December) according to the recently published international diagnostic criteria were included. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty patients (53...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Guillaume Pouessel, Paul J Turner, Margitta Worm, Victòria Cardona, Antoine Deschildre, Etienne Beaudouin, Jean-Marie Renaudin, Pascal Demoly, Luciana K Tanno
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis hospitalizations are increasing in many countries, in particular for medication and food triggers in young children. Food-related anaphylaxis remains an uncommon cause of death, but a significant proportion of these are preventable. AIM: To review published epidemiological data relating to food-induced anaphylaxis and potential risk factors of fatal and/or near-fatal anaphylaxis cases, in order to provide strategies to reduce the risk of severe adverse outcomes in food anaphylaxis...
December 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Zhila Arshad, Soheila Rezapour-Firouzi, Mahshid Mohammadian, Ebrahimifar
Background: Disturbance in essential fatty acids (EFA) metabolism plays a key role in autoimmune diseases, but EFA supplementation with sources of borage, evening primrose, hemp seed and fish oils was not effective in atopic and cancer diseases, as that seen in the case of multiple sclerosis. It seems that two complexes of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, mTORC1 and mTORC2, are congruent with the two bases of the Traditional Iranian Medicine (TIM) therapy, Cold and Hot nature, which are essential for the efficacy of functional oils for controlling immune responses in autoimmune diseases...
September 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Walter Mazzucco, Daniele Domenico Raia, Claudia Marotta, Antonella Costa, Vincenzo Ferrantelli, Francesco Vitale, Alessandra Casuccio
Anisakis simplex spp. sensitization rates have increased worldwide, with a significant impact on health-care systems. To date, no clear-cut diagnostic criteria and laboratory algorithm have been established, so anisakiasis still represents an under-reported health problem whose clinical manifestations, when present, mimic the much more common allergic and digestive disorders. Aim of the study was to systematically review the available literature on the prevalence of sensitization against Anisakis in the general population and in specific population groups, taking into account the impact of the different available diagnostic techniques on the epidemiological data...
2018: PloS One
Raj Mehta
Food allergies are immune-mediated allergic adverse reactions that occur after exposure to specific foods. The most commonly recognized food allergies are immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated reactions (eg, urticaria, angioedema, anaphylaxis) that result from exposure to milk, egg, peanut, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, wheat, or soy. However, other foods can cause food allergies. Oral allergy syndrome is a common but underrecognized condition characterized by transient oropharyngeal symptoms that result from ingestion of uncooked fruits or vegetables...
September 2018: FP Essentials
Muhammad Altaf, Muhammad Umair, Abdul Rauf Abbasi, Noor Muhammad, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Different species of animals are being utilized in traditional therapies by various cultures for a long time and such uses still exist in folk medicine. The present study aimed to document animal-based traditional therapies used by the local communities of Jhelum and Lahore districts of the Punjab province, Pakistan. METHODS: Field surveys were conducted in 2015-2016 in six different sites of the study areas. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and face to face conversation with local informants...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Maresa Botha, Wisdom Basera, Heidi E Facey-Thomas, Ben Gaunt, Claudia L Gray, Jordache Ramjith, Alexandra Watkins, Michael E Levin
BACKGROUND: Food sensitization and challenge-proved food allergy (FA) have not been compared in urban and rural settings. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine and compare the prevalence of food sensitization and challenge-proved IgE-mediated FA in urban and rural South African toddlers aged 12 to 36 months. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of unselected children included 1185 participants in urban Cape Town and 398 in the rural Eastern Cape...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Cristina Isabel de Figueiredo Ornelas, Fátima Cabral Duarte, Maria Conceição Galvão Pereira Dos Santos, Manuel Augusto de Castro Pereira Barbosa
Food allergy has an estimated prevalence of 6%-8% in children. Meat allergy and multiple food allergy due to sensitization to cross-reactive components in infancy is, however, less frequent. A 5-year-old girl was referred to our department with a multiple food allergy history. She had severe immediate worsening of her atopic dermatitis with hen's egg (6 months) and cow's milk introduction (7 months). At the age of 9 months, she presented with recurrent and reproducible atopic dermatitis' worsening and lip edema with the introduction of different meats (chicken, turkey, cow, pork, and rabbit), having the same complaints with fish at 12 months (salmon and hake)...
July 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
Tse-Hung Huang, Pei-Wen Wang, Shih-Chun Yang, Wei-Ling Chou, Jia-You Fang
Fish oil has been broadly reported as a potential supplement to ameliorate the severity of some skin disorders such as photoaging, skin cancer, allergy, dermatitis, cutaneous wounds, and melanogenesis. There has been increasing interest in the relationship of fish oil with skin protection and homeostasis, especially with respect to the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The other PUFAs, such as α-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA), also show a beneficial effect on the skin...
July 30, 2018: Marine Drugs
K P Best, T R Sullivan, D J Palmer, M Gold, J Martin, D Kennedy, M Makrides
Background: Randomized controlled trials of prenatal omega (ω-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) supplementation are suggestive of some protective effects on allergic sensitization and symptoms of allergic disease in childhood. Due to the nature of the atopic march, investigation of any effects of this prenatal intervention may be most informative when consistently assessed longitudinally during childhood. Methods: Follow-up of children ( n  = 706) with familial risk of allergy from the Docosahexaenoic Acid to Optimize Mother Infant Outcome (DOMInO) trial...
2018: World Allergy Organization Journal
Nora Nilsson, Caroline Nilsson, Helena Ekoff, Sandra Wieser-Pahr, Magnus P Borres, Rudolf Valenta, Gunilla Hedlin, Sigrid Sjölander
BACKGROUND: Specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to wheat is more common than a doctor's confirmed wheat allergy and is also frequently observed in grass pollen-allergic patients (pollinosis patients). Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the level and feature of serological IgE cross-reactivity between grass pollen and wheat in a cohort of pollinosis subjects with no diagnosis of wheat allergy. METHODS: Seventy-two children, aged 5-17 years, with a doctor's diagnosis of pollinosis, IgE towards grass pollen, and currently eating wheat were recruited...
2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Thimo Ruethers, Aya C Taki, Elecia B Johnston, Roni Nugraha, Thu T K Le, Tanja Kalic, Thomas R McLean, Sandip D Kamath, Andreas L Lopata
Seafood refers to several distinct groups of edible aquatic animals including fish, crustacean, and mollusc. The two invertebrate groups of crustacean and mollusc are, for culinary reasons, often combined as shellfish but belong to two very different phyla. The evolutionary and taxonomic diversity of the various consumed seafood species poses a challenge in the identification and characterisation of the major and minor allergens critical for reliable diagnostics and therapeutic treatments. Many allergenic proteins are very different between these groups; however, some pan-allergens, including parvalbumin, tropomyosin and arginine kinase, seem to induce immunological and clinical cross-reactivity...
August 2018: Molecular Immunology
A W Chan, K L Hon, T F Leung, M H Ho, J S Rosa Duque, T H Lee
Global warming is a public health emergency. Substantial scientific evidence indicates an unequivocal rising trend in global surface temperature that has caused higher atmospheric levels of moisture retention leading to more frequent extreme weather conditions, shrinking ice volume, and gradually rising sea levels. The concomitant rise in the prevalence of allergic diseases is closely related to these environmental changes because warm and moist environments favour the proliferation of common allergens such as pollens, dust mites, molds, and fungi...
June 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Isabel J Skypala, Rebecca McKenzie
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the development and management of food allergy. The diet of expectant mothers can have an effect on their offspring in terms of allergic outcomes. A host of confounding factors may influence this, with a maternal diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, vitamin D-rich foods associated with a lower risk of allergic disease in their children. More surprisingly, the consumption of milk and butter has also been shown to have a protective effect, especially in a farm environment...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Steffie de Gier, Kitty Verhoeckx
Insects represent an alternative for meat and fish in satisfying the increasing demand for sustainable sources of nutrition. Approximately two billion people globally consume insects. They are particularly popular in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Most research on insect allergy has focussed on occupational or inhalation allergy. Research on insect food safety, including allergenicity, is therefore of great importance. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of cases reporting allergy following insect ingestion, studies on food allergy to insects, proteins involved in insect allergy including cross-reactive proteins, and the possibility to alter the allergenic potential of insects by food processing and digestion...
August 2018: Molecular Immunology
A Bauer, S Schubert, J Geier, V Mahler
BACKGROUND: The food sector is one of the high-risk areas for occupational irritative and allergic contact eczema. OBJECTIVES: The present work provides an overview of the main allergens as well as sensitization frequencies and risk in various food industry occupations. METHODS: The literature on type IV sensitization in the food sector is summarized. RESULTS: The relative risk of developing a work-related eczema in food processing is increased by more than 3 times...
June 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Hui-Xia Chen, Lu-Ping Zhang, David I Gibson, Liang Lü, Zhen Xu, Hai-Tao Li, Hui-Dong Ju, Liang Li
BACKGROUND: The whitespotted conger Conger myriaster (Brevoort) (Anguilliformes: Congridae) is an extremely marketable food fish, commonly consumed as sashimi or sushi in some Asian countries (i.e. Japan, Korea and China). Conger myriaster is also suspected as being an extremely important source of human anisakidosis. However, there is currently very little information on the levels of infection with ascaridoid nematode parasites in this economically important marine fish. The aims of the present study are to determine the species composition, prevalence and mean intensity of ascaridoid parasites of C...
May 2, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
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