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Guidelines For Bronchial Asthma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282573/medical-treatment-of-copd
#1
Jana Graf, Rudolf A Jörres, Tanja Lucke, Dennis Nowak, Claus F Vogelmeier, Joachim H Ficker
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is common around the world and carries a high morbidity and mortality. Symptom- and risk-oriented drug treatment is recommended, both in Germany and in other countries. It is not yet known to what extent the treatment that is actually delivered in Germany corresponds to the current recommendations in the guidelines. METHODS: As recommended by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) in 2017, 2281 patients of the national COPD cohort COSYCONET (COPD and Systemic Consequences-Comorbidities Network) were classified into Gold classes A-D on the basis of disease-specific manifestations and the frequency of exacerbations...
September 14, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30256016/the-role-of-pai-1-gene-4g-5g-polymorphism-and-diagnostic-value-of-biomarkers-in-allergic-and-non-allergic-asthma-phenotype
#2
Marina Lampalo, Irena Jukić, Jasna Bingulac-Popović, Hana Safić, Nikola Ferara, Sanja Popović-Grle
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by reversible obstruction of airways, bronchial hyper-reactivity and airway remodeling. The etiology of asthma is multifactorial, with inheritance playing an important role. The aim of our study was to investigate the importance of biomarkers of asthma and the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene as a genetic factor that could be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. The research was conducted at Jordanovac University Department for Lung Diseases and Croatian Institute of Transfusion Medicine...
March 2018: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192977/bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-a-technical-update
#3
J Borak, R Y Lefkowitz, B Linde
Background: Bronchial hyper-responsiveness (BHR) is often regarded as a 'hallmark' of asthma, and bronchoprovocation testing is frequently performed to support a diagnosis of asthma. The European Respiratory Society (ERS) and American Thoracic Society (ATS) have recently updated their technical standards and guidelines for performing methacholine challenge testing (MCT), the most commonly performed clinical test of BHR. Aims: To review the updated guidelines and discuss the various changes and their potential impact on clinicians...
September 6, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188182/nebulized-normal-saline-solution-for-treatment-of-bronchial-asthma-exacerbations-and-bronchiolitis-not-standard-of-care
#4
Shadwa Hassan, Anthony Gonzalez, Seleshi Demissie, Kashun Morawakkoralage, Pushpom James
Nebulized normal saline is frequently prescribed for the treatment of bronchiolitis or bronchial asthma exacerbations. We aimed to reinforce guidelines care by educating providers on the futility of saline administration. Frequency and indications for nebulized normal saline prescription were documented from November 1, 2014, to April 1, 2015, and then again, after dissemination of educational material to providers, from November 1, 2016, to April 1, 2017. A total of 263 patients had bronchiolitis and 470 had asthma...
November 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107772/management-of-bronchiectasis-in-adults
#5
Simone K Visser, Peter Bye, Lucy Morgan
Once neglected in research and underappreciated in practice, there is renewed interest in bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis. Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease characterised by chronic cough, sputum production and recurrent pulmonary exacerbations. It is diagnosed radiologically on high resolution computed tomography chest scan by bronchial dilatation (wider than the accompanying artery). The causes of bronchiectasis are diverse and include previous respiratory tract infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, immunodeficiency and connective tissue diseases...
August 20, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097294/-guidelines-for-methacholine-provocation-testing
#6
L Plantier, N Beydon, A Chambellan, B Degano, C Delclaux, J-D Dewitte, A T Dinh-Xuan, G Garcia, C Kauffmann, C Paris, T Perez, M Poussel, B Wuyam, F Zerah-Lancner, B Chenuel
Bronchial challenge with the direct bronchoconstrictor agent methacholine is commonly used for the diagnosis of asthma. The "Lung Function" thematic group of the French Pulmonology Society (SPLF) elaborated a series of guidelines for the performance and the interpretation of methacholine challenge testing, based on French clinical guideline methodology. Specifically, guidelines are provided with regard to the choice of judgment criteria, the management of deep inspirations, and the role of methacholine bronchial challenge in the care of asthma, exercise-induced asthma, and professional asthma...
September 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992143/precision-medicine-in-targeted-therapies-for-severe-asthma-is-there-any-place-for-omics-technology
#7
REVIEW
Carla Galeone, Chiara Scelfo, Francesca Bertolini, Marco Caminati, Patrizia Ruggiero, Nicola Facciolongo, Francesco Menzella
According to the current guidelines, severe asthma still represents a controversial topic in terms of definition and management. The introduction of novel biological therapies as a treatment option for severe asthmatic patients paved the way to a personalized approach, which aims at matching the appropriate therapy with the different asthma phenotypes. Traditional asthma phenotypes have been decomposing by an increasing number of asthma subclasses based on functional and physiopathological mechanisms. This is possible thanks to the development and application of different omics technologies...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905356/-biologics-in-rhinology-forthcoming-personalized-concepts-the-future-starts-today
#8
Adam M Chaker
Sinunasale Erkrankungen zählen mit zu den häufigsten chronischen Erkrankungen und führen zu einer erheblichen Störung der Lebensqualität, ein komorbides Asthma ist häufig. Trotz leitliniengerechter Therapie ist anzunehmen, dass mind. 20% der Patienten ihre Erkrankungssymptome nicht adäquat kontrollieren können. Neben den etablierten chirurgischen und konservativen Therapieoptionen finden sich nun vielversprechende Therapieansätze, die bspw. mittels therapeutischer Antikörper mechanistisch gezielt in die Pathophysiologie der Erkrankungen eingreifen können...
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744319/correlation-of-severity-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disease-symptoms-with-that-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-multicenter-study
#9
Umesh Chandra Ojha, Devesh Pratap Singh, Omkar Kalidasrao Choudhari, Dipti Gothi, Shweta Singh
Introduction: There is a growing clinical awareness about the influence of gut-lung axis on lung injury and coexisting manifestations of disease processes in both the intestine and lungs. Patients of chronic lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma very often present with coexistent gut symptoms. In the present study, we have tried to establish the correlation of severity of pulmonary pathology of COPD and asthma patients with functional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of the patients...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669351/bronchial-thermoplasty-in-severe-asthma-best-practice-recommendations-from-an-expert-panel
#10
Peter I Bonta, Pascal Chanez, Jouke T Annema, Pallav L Shah, Robert Niven
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a bronchoscopic treatment for patients with severe asthma who remain symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy. In this "expert best practice" paper, the background and practical aspects of BT are highlighted. Randomized, controlled clinical trials have shown BT to be safe and effective in reducing severe exacerbations, improving quality of life, and decreasing emergency department visits. Five-year follow-up studies have provided evidence of the functional stability of BT-treated patients with persistence of a clinical benefit...
2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564208/subtyping-of-polyposis-nasi-phenotypes-endotypes-and-comorbidities
#11
REVIEW
Michael Koennecke, Ludger Klimek, Joaquim Mullol, Philippe Gevaert, Barbara Wollenberg
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous, multifactorial inflammatory disease of the nasal and paranasal mucosa. It has not been possible to date to develop an internationally standardized, uniform classification for this disorder. A phenotype classification according to CRS with (CRSwNP) and without polyposis (CRSsNP) is usually made. However, a large number of studies have shown that there are also different endotypes of CRS within these phenotypes, with different pathophysiologies of chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441827/urinary-bisphenol-a-concentrations-in-relation-to-asthma-in-a-sample-of-egyptian-children
#12
M M Youssef, Ems El-Din, M M AbuShady, N R El-Baroudy, T A Abd El Hamid, A F Armaneus, A S El Refay, J Hussein, D Medhat, Y A Latif
BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is one of the top disabling diseases in pediatrics. Limited research has been studied the association of the widely used plastic monomer bisphenol A (BPA) with childhood asthma. OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of urinary BPA in asthmatic and control children and to investigate the implication of BPA among other risk factors for the development of asthma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This case-control study included 97 children (45 asthmatic and 52 healthy controls) aged 3-8 years...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334723/methacholine-bronchial-provocation-test-in-patients-with-asthma-serial-measurements-and-clinical-significance
#13
Hyun-Jung Seo, Pureun-Haneul Lee, Byeong-Gon Kim, Sun-Hye Lee, Jong-Sook Park, Junehyuck Lee, Sung-Woo Park, Do-Jin Kim, Choon-Sik Park, An-Soo Jang
Background/Aims: The methacholine bronchial provocation test (MBPT) is used to detect and quantify airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR). Since improvements in the severity of asthma are associated with improvements in AHR, clinical studies of asthma therapies routinely use the change of airway responsiveness as an objective outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between serial MBPT and clinical profiles in patients with asthma. METHODS: A total of 323 asthma patients were included in this study...
July 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312761/chinese-consensus-statement-on-standard-procedure-and-perioperative-management-of-bronchial-thermoplasty
#14
REVIEW
Jiangtao Lin, Ying Nong, Dong Yang, Shiyue Li, Guangfa Wang, Nan Su, Nanshan Zhong
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a non-pharmacologic therapy for severe asthma. The proper procedure and perioperative management are very important for the effectiveness and safety of BT. China Asthma Alliance assembled a group of experts in asthma and BT to review the literature, drew on their own experiences, discussed, and then finalized by consensus to establish this standard practice guideline. This practice guideline is designed to guide clinicians as to proper patients' selection, preoperative assessment, postoperative management and follow-up...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103801/guiding-principles-for-use-of-newer-biologics-and-bronchial-thermoplasty-for-patients-with-severe-asthma
#15
Michael S Blaiss, Mario Castro, Bradley E Chipps, Myron Zitt, Reynold A Panettieri, Michael B Foggs
BACKGROUND: Severe asthma poses significant disease-related and economic burdens in the United States. Challenges in practice include how to define "severe asthma" for a given patient, knowing which are the right tests to perform and when, and having a better understanding of a patient's asthma phenotype. Furthermore, current guidelines do not address a clear, practical approach to treatment that is based on a patient's asthma phenotype. OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus on the definition of severe asthma, the role of biomarkers and phenotyping severe asthma, and the use of newer biologic therapies and bronchial thermoplasty to help guide practicing clinicians...
December 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072231/evaluation-of-drug-utilization-pattern-for-patients-of-bronchial-asthma-in-a-government-hospital-of-saudi-arabia
#16
M M Rafeeq, Has Murad
BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is a social and economic healthcare burden. Drug utilization studies are important tools to assess current prescription practices against standard guidelines and help in rationalizing the management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the pattern of drug utilization in bronchial asthma patients in a government hospital of Saudi Arabia. Retrospective prescribing information of patients of all ages and both sexes diagnosed with bronchial asthma being treated with at least one of the anti-asthmatic medications was utilized...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974300/the-treatment-of-illnesses-arising-in-pregnancy
#17
Michael Bolz, Sabine Körber, Toralf Reimer, Johannes Buchmann, Hans-Christof Schober, Volker Briese
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pregnant women who have illnesses unrelated to pregnancy can cause uncertainty among physicians. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database and specialty guidelines from Germany and abroad (the guidelines of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics, the American Congress of Obstetri cians and Gynecologists, and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists) over the period 2007-2016 for information on standards for the diagnosis and treatment of five illnesses that can arise in pregnancy: bronchial asthma, migraine, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and varicose veins...
September 15, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962626/efficacy-and-usability-of-a-novel-nebulizer-targeting-both-upper-and-lower-airways
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daniela Posa, Antonio Pizzulli, Petra Wagner, Serena Perna, Stephanie Hofmaier, Paolo Maria Matricardi, Susanne Lau
BACKGROUND: Upper and lower airways diseases share in part their pathogenic mechanisms and frequently occur simultaneously as "United Airway Disease." Local treatment with nebulizers delivers anti-symptomatic drugs in either the upper or the lower airways, according to the particle size generated by the nebulizer. To our knowledge, no nebulizer combines both application ways. The aim of this study is to test the efficacy and usability of a new nebulizer (OMRON A3 complete), generating aerosols with particles diameters of 2-4...
September 29, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942927/japanese-guideline-for-adult-asthma-2014
#19
REVIEW
Ken Ohta, Masakazu Ichinose, Hiroyuki Nagase, Masao Yamaguchi, Hisatoshi Sugiura, Yuji Tohda, Kohei Yamauchi, Mitsuru Adachi, Kazuo Akiyama
Adult bronchial asthma (hereinafter, asthma) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation, reversible airway narrowing, and airway hyperresponsiveness. Long-standing asthma induces airway remodeling to cause intractable asthma. The number of patients with asthma has increased, and that of patients who die from asthma has decreased (1.5 per 100,000 patients in 2012). The aim of asthma treatment is to enable patients with asthma to lead a normal life without any symptoms. A good relationship between physicians and patients is indispensable for appropriate treatment...
2014: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891543/a-survey-of-asthma-management-practices-and-implementation-of-global-initiative-for-asthma-guidelines-among-doctors-in-a-resource-limited-setting-in-nigeria
#20
E I Chima, M O Iroezindu, N R Uchenna, G O Mbata, C G Okwuonu
BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is a global health problem that causes significant morbidity and mortality in all age groups. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) seeks to standardize the care asthma patients receive. We assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practices of doctors in Umuahia, Southeast Nigeria, regarding asthma and determined the extent to which they abide by GINA guidelines in their management of asthma. METHODOLOGY: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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