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Age related hearing loss

Larry E Humes
This review evaluated the data from five datasets having pure-tone thresholds and functional measures of speech communication from relatively large groups of older adults to evaluate the validity of the proposed new World Health Organisation (WHO) hearing-impairment grading system, referred to here as WHO-proposed. This was a review of studies identified from the literature having both pure-tone audiometry and functional measures of speech communication from relatively large samples of older adults. Three population or population-sample datasets and two clinical datasets were identified with access provided to de-identified data for five of these six studies...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Annette Weiss, Grit Sommer, Christina Schindera, Laura Wengenroth, Axel Karow, Manuel Diezi, Gisela Michel, Claudia E Kuehni
PURPOSE: Hearing loss, a complication of cancer treatment, may reduce health-related quality of life (HRQoL), especially in childhood cancer survivors of central nervous system (CNS) tumours who often have multiple late effects. We examined the effect of hearing loss on HRQoL in young survivors of CNS and other childhood cancers. METHODS: Within the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, we sent questionnaires about hearing loss and HRQoL (KIDSCREEN-27) to parents of survivors aged 8-15 years...
October 10, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Merete Osler, Gunhild Tidemann Christensen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Kaare Christensen, Ellen Garde, Maarten Pieter Rozing
Hearing loss in later life has been associated with risk of dementia. The impact of risk factors for dementia may change during life, and it is unknown whether hearing loss early in midlife represents a risk factor for dementia. We examined whether hearing loss diagnosed in midlife was associated with an increased risk of dementia. A cohort comprising 942,567 Danish men enrolled in the mandatory conscription board examination was followed from conscription (age 19). Cognitive ability was measured at conscription, while hearing loss was ascertained either by physicians diagnosis at conscription or by the Danish National Patient Registry from 1977 to 2016 (ICD-8:388; 389; ICD-10:H90; H91)...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
Haider K Saeed, Ahmed M Al-Abbasi, Shukryia K Al-Maliki, Jasim N Al-Asadi
Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the effect of hemodialysis on the hearing threshold in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Materials and Methods: Fifty-nine patients with CRF on regular hemodialysis were followed up for 1 year with a pure-tone audiometric examination every 6 months. Results: The mean age of the patients was 41.8 ± 9.2 years (range: 17-50 years). At the beginning of the study, 39 patients (66...
October 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
Camilo Jaimes, Jorge Delgado, Mary Beth Cunnane, Holly L Hedrick, N Scott Adzick, Michael S Gee, Teresa Victoria
BACKGROUND: Fetal MRI at 3 T is associated with increased acoustic noise relative to 1.5 T. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine if there is an increased prevalence of congenital hearing loss in neonates who had a 3-T prenatal MR vs. those who had it at 1.5 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified all subjects who had 3-T fetal MRI between 2012 and 2016 and also underwent universal neonatal hearing screening within 60 days of birth...
October 8, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
Michael R Bowl, Sally J Dawson
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL) is the most prevalent sensory deficit in the elderly. This progressive hearing impairment leads to social isolation and is also associated with comorbidities, such as frailty, falls, and late-onset depression. Moreover, there is a growing evidence linking it with cognitive decline and increased risk of dementia. Given the large social and welfare burden that results from ARHL, and because ARHL is potentially a modifiable risk factor for dementia, there is an urgent need for therapeutic interventions to ameliorate age-related auditory decline...
October 5, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Howard J Hoffman, Robert A Dobie, Katalin G Losonczy, Christa L Themann, Gregory A Flamme
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate factors associated with hearing impairment (HI) in adolescent youths during the period 1966-2010. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of US sociodemographic, health, and audiometric data spanning 5 decades. METHODS: Subjects were youths aged 12 to 17 years who participated in the National Health Examination Survey (NHES Cycle 3, 1966-1970; n = 6,768) and youths aged 12 to 19 years in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994; n = 3,057) and NHANES (2005-2010; n = 4,374)...
October 5, 2018: Laryngoscope
Sang-Youp Lee, Gucheol Jung, Myoung-Jin Jang, Myung-Whan Suh, Jun Ho Lee, Seung Ha Oh, Moo Kyun Park
Coffee is the one of the most common beverages worldwide and has received considerable attention for its beneficial health effects. However, the association of coffee with hearing and tinnitus has not been well studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of coffee with hearing and tinnitus based on a national population-based survey. We evaluated hearing and tinnitus data from the 2009⁻2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and their relationship with a coffee consumption survey...
October 4, 2018: Nutrients
Thomas A Page, Melody Harrison, Mary Pat Moeller, Jacob Oleson, Richard M Arenas, Meredith Spratford
Purpose: To characterize preschool and school services for children who are hard of hearing (CHH), we described service setting, amount, and configuration and analyzed the relationship between service receipt and student hearing levels and language scores. Characteristics of professionals providing services were described and then used to predict level of comfort with skills supporting listening and spoken language. The amount of provider communication with children's audiologists was also investigated...
October 3, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Nicholas S Reed, Jennifer A Deal, Matthew G Huddle, Joshua F Betz, Bethany E Bailey, Elyse J McGlumphy, Allen O Eghrari, S Amer Riazuddin, Frank R Lin, John D Gottsch
Purpose: Although Fuchs corneal dystrophy (FCD) is considered an eye disease, a small number of studies have identified genes related to both FCD and hearing loss. Whether FCD is related to hearing loss is unknown. Method: This is a case-control study comparing pure-tone audiometry hearing thresholds in 180 patients with FCD from a hospital-based ophthalmology clinic with 2,575 population-based controls from a nationally representative survey, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (from cycles 2005-06 and 2009-10)...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Elizabeth Convery, Gitte Keidser, Louise Hickson, Carly Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Self-fitting hearing aids have the potential to increase the accessibility of hearing health care. The aims of this study were to (1) identify factors that are associated with the ability to successfully set up a pair of commercially available self-fitting hearing aids; 2) identify factors that are associated with the need for knowledgeable, personalized support in performing the self-fitting procedure; and (3) evaluate performance of the individual steps in the self-fitting procedure...
October 3, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Artyom Zinchenko, Philipp Kanske, Christian Obermeier, Erich Schröger, Arno Villringer, Sonja A Kotz
Progressive hearing loss is a common phenomenon in healthy aging and may affect the perception of emotions expressed in speech. Elderly with mild to moderate hearing loss often rate emotional expressions as less emotional and display reduced activity in emotion-sensitive brain areas (e.g., amygdala). However, it is not clear how hearing loss affects cognitive and emotional control mechanisms engaged in multimodal speech processing. In previous work we showed that negative, task-relevant and -irrelevant emotion modulates the two types of control in younger and older adults without hearing loss...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Elizabeth Dyer, Barbara J Swartzlander, Marilyn R Gugliucci
Objective: The project adopted technology that teaches medical and other health professions students to be empathetic with older adults, through virtual reality (VR) software that allows them to simulate being a patient with age-related diseases, and to familiarize medical students with information resources related to the health of older adults. Methods: The project uses an application that creates immersive VR experiences for training of the workforce for aging services...
October 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Kerstin J Olbrich, Dirk Müller, Sarah Schumacher, Ekkehard Beck, Kinga Meszaros, Florian Koerber
INTRODUCTION: Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD, septicaemia and/or meningitis) has a severe acute and long-term burden: 5-10% of patients die within 48 h, and long-term sequelae have been reported in 10-20% of survivors. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is increasingly but inconsistently assessed. METHODS: A systematic literature review on Neisseria meningitidis IMD sequelae and HRQoL in survivors of all ages and their caregivers, including family, was conducted for high-income countries from 2001 to 2016 (in Medline and Embase, following Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines)...
September 28, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Larry E Humes, Sara E Rogers, Anna K Main, Dana L Kinney
Purpose: This report presents data on the acoustic environments in which older adults with age-related hearing loss wear their hearing aids. Method: This is an observational study providing descriptive data from 2 primary datasets: (a) 128 older adults wearing hearing aids for an average of 6 weeks and (b) 65 older adults wearing hearing aids for an average of 13 months. Acoustic environments were automatically and continuously classified about every 4 s, using the hearing aids' signal processing, into 1 of 7 acoustic environment categories...
September 27, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
Seyed Morteza Shamshirgaran, Louisa Jorm, Sanja Lujic, Hilary Bambrick
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, complications, mortality, and health behaviours has been reported. The current research examined patterns of health-related outcomes by country of birth in people with diabetes aged 45years and over in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: This study was based on the baseline data of 266,848 participants aged 45years and over from "The Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study" (2006-2009), NSW; Australia's most populous state...
September 25, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
Bernhard Ross
Interaural time and intensity differences (ITD and IID) are important cues in binaural hearing and allow for sound localization, improving speech understanding in noise and reverberation, and integrating sound sources in the auditory scene. Whereas previous research showed that the upper-frequency limit for ITD detection in the fine structure of sound declines in aging, the processing of envelope ITD in low-frequency amplitude modulated (AM) sound and the related brain responses are less understood. This study investigated the cortical processing of envelope ITD and compared the results with previous findings about the fine-structure ITD...
September 6, 2018: Hearing Research
Maryna Kapitanova, Jean-François Knebel, Oumama El Ezzi, Mélody Artaz, Anthony S de Buys Roessingh, Céline Richard
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relation between ventilation tube insertion, otitis media with effusion duration and otologic outcomes in unilateral cleft lip and/or cleft palate children from infancy to teenage age. DESIGN AND POPULATION: Retrospective longitudinal charts review of patients from the multidisciplinary cleft team of the University Hospital of Lausanne over a 30-year period. 146 charts from consecutive patients with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and/or cleft palate who were born between January 1986 and January 2003 were included...
November 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Kaitian Chen, Hongyan Jiang, Ling Zong, Xuan Wu
OBJECTIVE: Most studies on sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) do not differentiate the outcomes within varied affected ears in children. The present study was designed to determine the clinical differences between unilateral and bilateral SSNHL in children. METHODS: The clinical data, from a total of 101 pediatric patients with SSNHL, was retrospectively analyzed from January 2003 to December 2016. The main outcome measures included basic characteristics, etiology, clinical symptoms and treatment courses...
November 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Christian Füllgrabe, Brian C J Moore
The ability to process binaural temporal fine structure (TFS) information, which influences the perception of speech in spatially distributed soundscapes, declines with increasing hearing loss and age. Because of the relatively small sample sizes used in previous studies, and the population-unrepresentative distribution of hearing loss and ages within study samples, it has been difficult to determine the relative and combined contributions of hearing loss and age. The aim of this study was to survey published and unpublished studies that assessed binaural TFS sensitivity using the TFS-low frequency (LF) test...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
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