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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221900/mental-health-disorders-associated-with-foodborne-pathogens
#1
Declan J Bolton, Lucy J Robertson
Human infections with foodborne pathogenic organisms are relatively well described in terms of their overt physical symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, fever, and associated sequelae. Indeed, some of these are key for diagnosis and treatment, although it should be noted that, for some foodborne pathogens, the physical symptoms might be more diffuse, particularly those associated with some of the foodborne parasites. In contrast, the impact of these pathogens on mental health is less well described, and symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and general malaise are usually ignored when foodborne infections are recorded...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221666/applying-the-unified-protocol-transdiagnostic-treatment-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-co-occurring-emotional-disorders-a-case-illustration
#2
Kate H Bentley
This article presents the use of a transdiagnostic, emotion-focused treatment with a young woman with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. The patient also presented with subclinical depressive, posttraumatic stress, and eating disorder symptoms. The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (Barlow et al., 2011), a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to be applicable across anxiety, depressive, and related disorders with strong emotional components, was used to address the range of Laura's presenting concerns...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221055/psychometric-properties-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-questionnaire-iv-gad-q-iv-in-postpartum-mothers
#3
Mark E Pierson, Jason M Prenoveau, Michelle G Craske, Elena Netsi, Alan Stein
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental disorder of which the main feature is persistent and impairing worry. GAD symptoms are common for women during the postpartum period and GAD prevalence rates have been reported as higher in postpartum mothers than in the general population. Currently, little psychometric evidence exists for a screening measure to detect the possible presence of diagnosable GAD for postpartum women. The purpose of this investigation was to gather psychometric information for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-IV (GAD-Q-IV; Newman et al...
February 20, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220357/are-generalized-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-associated-with-social-competence-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Krista Haley Smith Johnston, Grace Iarocci
Generalized anxiety and depression symptoms may be associated with poorer social outcomes among children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability. The goal of this study was to examine whether generalized anxiety and depression symptoms were associated with social competence after accounting for IQ, age, and gender in typically developing children and in children with ASD. Results indicated that for the TD group, generalized anxiety and depression accounted for 38% of the variance in social competence and for children with ASD, they accounted for 29% of the variance in social competence...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220089/emotion-regulation-therapy-a-mechanism-targeted-treatment-for-disorders-of-distress
#5
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
"Distress disorders," which include generalized anxiety disorder and major depression are often highly comorbid with each other and appear to be characterized by common temperamental features that reflect heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss. Further, individuals with distress disorders tend to utilize self-referential processes (e.g., worry, rumination, self-criticism) in a maladaptive attempt to respond to motivationally relevant distress, often resulting in suboptimal contextual learning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219460/collaborative-care-model-in-mental-health-scope-and-experiences-after-three-years-of-activity-in-mexico-city
#6
Valerio Villamil-Salcedo, Blanca E Vargas-Terrez, Adriana Díaz-Anzaldúa
: Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the experience of the Collaborative Care model with general practitioners (GPs) for diagnosis and treatment of depression and anxiety disorders in primary care centers (PCC). BACKGROUND: For many years, different ways to address mental health problems in primary care settings have been evaluated. However, there is still debate over how to treat psychiatric conditions in such a context. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used...
February 21, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215661/post-deployment-screening-for-mental-disorders-and-tailored-advice-about-help-seeking-in-the-uk-military-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Roberto J Rona, Howard Burdett, Mizanur Khondoker, Melanie Chesnokov, Kevin Green, David Pernet, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely, Nicola T Fear
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of post-deployment screening for mental disorders has not been assessed in a randomised controlled trial. We aimed to assess whether post-deployment screening for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, or alcohol misuse was effective. We defined screening as the presumptive identification of a previously unrecognised disorder using tests to distinguish those who probably had the disorder from those who probably did not so that those people with a probable disorder could be referred appropriately, and assessed effectiveness and consequences for help-seeking by the odds ratio at follow-up between those receiving tailored help-seeking advice and those who received general mental health advice...
February 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215269/is-there-an-association-between-short-sleep-duration-and-adolescent-anxiety-disorders
#8
Robert E Roberts, Hao T Duong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to provide the first data on the prospective, reciprocal association between short sleep duration and DSM-IV anxiety disorders among adolescents. METHODS: A community-based two-wave cohort study included 4175 youths aged 11-17 years at baseline, with 3134 of these followed up a year later, drawn from a metropolitan area with a population of over 4 million. Anxiety is defined as any DSM-IV anxiety disorder in the past year generalized anxiety: panic disorder, agoraphobia without panic, social phobia, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214434/an-examination-of-alcohol-risk-profiles-and-co-occurring-mental-health-symptoms-among-oef-oif-veterans
#9
Jennifer M Cadigan, Alicia K Klanecky, Matthew P Martens
INTRODUCTION: Compared to the general population, veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (OEF/OIF) are more likely to engage in hazardous alcohol use and meet criteria for mental health disorders including Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depressive Disorder. Less is known how distinct profiles of alcohol use behavior relate to mental health symptoms. METHOD: The current study examined the extent that indicators of alcohol use (i.e., drinks per week, peak blood alcohol concentration, and alcohol-related problems) are categorized into different alcohol risk profiles utilizing a person-centered approach...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207916/principal-diagnoses-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-implications-for-screening-recommendations
#10
Mark Zimmerman, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Lia Rosenstein
BACKGROUND: In the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project, we examined how often borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the principal diagnosis in patients presenting for outpatient psychiatric treatment. To inform clinicians when it is most productive to screen for BPD, we examined the prevalence of BPD in psychiatric outpatients with different principal diagnoses. METHODS: In this study, 3,674 psychiatric outpatients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV BPD...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207519/influence-of-sleep-disorders-on-somatic-symptoms-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#11
Ya Jiang, Yu-Rong Tang, Chen Xie, Ting Yu, Wen-Jie Xiong, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in CC patients, and it is positively related to greater somatic and psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: The participants were 126 adult outpatients with CC. The measures were: constipation-Constipation Scoring System (CSS) and Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms (PAC-SYM); sleep-Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); anxiety-General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7); depression-Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); and QOL-Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) and SF-36...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202303/association-between-substance-use-diagnoses-and-psychiatric-disorders-in%C3%A2-an-adolescent-and-young-adult-clinic-based-population
#12
Justine Wittenauer Welsh, John R Knight, Sherry Shu-Yeu Hou, Monica Malowney, Patricia Schram, Lon Sherritt, J Wesley Boyd
PURPOSE: Adolescents with substance use disorders are more likely to have a current psychiatric disorder. However, when compared with the adult literature, there is relatively limited information regarding the specific co-occurrence of certain mental health diagnoses and substance use disorders in adolescents. The objectives of this study were to build on the previous literature regarding mental health diagnoses and different types of substance use disorders in adolescents, as well as explore the differences, if any, between groupings of mental health diagnosis and type of substance used...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199950/the-structure-of-vulnerabilities-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#13
Thomas L Rodebaugh, Cheri A Levinson, Julia K Langer, Justin W Weeks, Richard G Heimberg, Patrick J Brown, Andrew R Menatti, Franklin R Schneier, Carlos Blanco, Michael R Liebowitz
Social anxiety disorder symptoms are generally proposed to be related to broad temperamental vulnerabilities (e.g., a low level of approach and high level of avoidance temperament), specific psychological vulnerabilities (e.g., fears of negative and positive evaluation), and additional disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder). However, existing tests of such a model have either not considered depressive symptoms or relied on samples of undergraduates. We examined these and related questions via a latent variable model in a large dataset (N=2253) that combined participants across a variety of studies...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199910/subthreshold-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-impact
#14
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199423/-outpatient-s-profile-assisted-by-the-psychiatry-residents-of-the-prof-dr-r-rossi-general-hospital-la-plata-argentina
#15
Diego Giannandrea, Julián Achilli Lucas, Lucía Saldaño, María J Barrenengoa, Mariano Dramis, Mariano Barraco, Matías González Olivi, María T Burry
OBJECTIVE: To define the profile and the treatments evolution of the outpatients assisted by the psychiatry residents of the Rossi Hospital in La Plata. METHODS: It was analyzed the period between 2005 and 2010 (six years). The variables selected included gender, age, diagnosis (according to ICD 10), duration and evolution of treatment. RESULTS: From the total number of patients (n=341), 58,7% were women (n= 200) and 41,3% men (n= 141). The most frequent diagnoses were: anxiety disorders (13,6%), depressive disorders (12,8%), schizophrenia (12,2%), other non-affective psychoses (9%) and mental retardation (8,4%)...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198637/video-gaming-and-gaming-addiction-in-transgender-people-an-exploratory-study
#16
Jon Arcelus, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany Alice Jones, Christina Richards, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Mark D Griffiths
Background There is anecdotal clinical evidence that transgender people use the online world - such as forums and online video gaming - for the purpose of experiencing their gender identity in a safe, non-threatening, non-alienating, non-stigmatizing, and non-critical environment. Aims To describe gaming behavior, degree of problematic gaming behavior and associated factors with problematic gaming in a comparatively large group of transgender people accessing transgender health services. Methods Every individual referred to a national transgender health service in the United Kingdom during a 12-month period was invited to complete a series of questionnaires to measure gaming behavior, interpersonal functioning, severity of autistic features, and anxiety and depressive symptoms...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198454/preliminary-evidence-for-a-role-of-the-adrenergic-nervous-system-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#17
Xiaobin Zhang, Joanna Norton, Isabelle Carrière, Karen Ritchie, Isabelle Chaudieu, Joanne Ryan, Marie-Laure Ancelin
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a common chronic condition that is understudied compared to other psychiatric disorders. An altered adrenergic function has been reported in GAD, however direct evidence for genetic susceptibility is missing. This study evaluated the associations of gene variants in adrenergic receptors (ADRs) with GAD, with the involvement of stressful events. Data were obtained from 844 French community-dwelling elderly aged 65 or over. Anxiety disorders were assessed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatry Interview, according to DSM-IV criteria...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197332/escitalopram-induced-amenorrhea-and-false-positive-urine-pregnancy-test
#18
Vithyalakshmi Selvaraj, Siv Hour, Palanikumar Gunasekar, Caron Gray, James F Smith
Escitalopram is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. A 34-year-old female patient with major depressive disorder developed amenorrhea and had a false-positive urine pregnancy test after initiation of escitalopram treatment. To our knowledge, no published case report of amenorrhea and false-positive urine pregnancy tests in women taking escitalopram exists. This case report suggests that women of child-bearing age should be carefully monitored for amenorrhea while they are on an antidepressant treatment regimen...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197107/augmentation-of-psychotherapy-through-alternative-preconscious-priming-a-case-series-exploring-effects-on-residual-symptoms
#19
Melha Zidani, Jean-Sébastien Audet, François Borgeat, Frederick Aardema, Kieron Philip O'Connor, Yasser Khazaal
The current paper describes a case series using a new strategy for facilitating change based on Augmentation of Psychotherapy through Alternative Preconscious Priming (APAP) (1) in the treatment of eight treatment-resistant patients suffering from social phobia or generalized anxiety disorder. The patients had previously only shown a partial response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) despite good treatment adherence. The patients completed APAP using a computerized program, which consisted of three steps during which alternative, more functional thoughts and beliefs relevant to the idiosyncratic difficulties experienced by the patients were formulated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196438/patient-factors-associated-with-higher-expectations-from-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#20
Elizabeth A Cody, Carol A Mancuso, Jayme C Burket, Anca Marinescu, Aoife MacMahon, Scott J Ellis
BACKGROUND: Few authors have investigated patients' expectations from foot and ankle surgery. In this study, we aimed to examine relationships between patients' preoperative expectations and their demographic and clinical characteristics. We hypothesized that patients with more disability and those with anxiety or depressive symptoms would have greater expectations. METHODS: All adult patients scheduled for elective foot or ankle surgery by 1 of 6 orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons were screened for inclusion over 8 months...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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