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Umbilical Stem Cell Injection

Tatiana Chadid, Andrew Morris, Alexandra Surowiec, Scott Robinson, Maiko Sasaki, Jacques Galipeau, Brian P Pollack, Luke P Brewster
OBJECTIVE: Regenerative medicine seeks to stall or to reverse the pathologic consequences of chronic diseases. Many people with diabetes have peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which increases their already high risk of major amputation. Cellular therapies are a promising regenerative medicine approach to PAD that can be used to focally inject regenerative cells to endangered tissue beds. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to promote tissue regeneration through stromal support and paracrine stimulation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis)...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Caroline Laroye, Jérémie Lemarié, Amir Boufenzer, Pierre Labroca, Lisiane Cunat, Corentine Alauzet, Frédérique Groubatch, Clémence Cailac, Lucie Jolly, Danièle Bensoussan, Loïc Reppel, Sébastien Gibot
BACKGROUND: Septic shock is the leading cause of death in intensive care units. The pathophysiological complexity of this syndrome contributes to an absence of specific treatment. Several preclinical studies in murine models of septic shock have shown improvements to organ injury and survival after administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). To better mimic a clinical approach in humans, we investigated the impact of randomized controlled double-blind administration of clinical-grade umbilical cord-derived MSCs to a relevant pig model of septic shock...
August 8, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Q Chang, X L Tian, R J Huo, D Liu, J Y Chen, X Wang, X R Tian
Objective: To observe the effect of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) on airway remodeling in asthma model of rat and its possible mechanism. Methods: hUC-MSCs were isolated and cultured, and surface markers of hUC-MSCs were identified by flow cytometry. Forty Wistar male rats were divided into 4 groups: Control, Model, MSCs, Budesonide. The rats of Control group were sensitized and challenged by normal saline. The rats of Model, MSCs and Budesonide group were sensitized and challenged by ovalbumin (OVA) for 8 weeks...
July 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Marcelo Paulo Vaccari Mazzetti, Nivaldo Alonso, Ryane Schmidt Brock, Alexandre Ayoub, Sally Mizukami Massumoto, Lilian Piñero Eça
Cleft lip and palate is a congenital malformation that requires a multidisciplinary treatment that evolves pediatrician, obstetrics, fetal medicine, genetics, plastic surgery, orthodontics, speech therapist, nursery, and psychology. Actually, the authors believe that it could be possible to ad protocols to use stem cells.The intrauterine diagnosis leads to preborn parental orientation and better parental collaboration to accept a precocious multidisciplinary treatment. After birth the authors' protocol is: orthodontic devices, phonoaudiology, and surgical procedures...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
De-Bin Guo, Xiang-Qing Zhu, Qing-Qing Li, Gao-Mi-Yang Liu, Guang-Ping Ruan, Rong-Qing Pang, Yu-Hao Chen, Qiang Wang, Jin-Xiang Wang, Ju-Fen Liu, Qiang Chen, Xing-Hua Pan
Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) exert strong immunomodulatory effects and can repair organs. However, their roles in radiation injury remain unclear. We show that in tree shrews with acute radiation injury, injected UC-MSCs significantly improved survival rates, reduced lung inflammation and apoptosis, prevented pulmonary fibrotic processes, recovered hematopoiesis, and increased blood counts. A protein microarray analysis showed that serum levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and IL-13 and the growth factors BMP-5, BMP-7, HGF, insulin, NT-4, VEGFR3, and SCF were significantly higher, while those of the inflammatory cytokines IL-2, TIMP-2, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1ra, and IL-8 and the fibrosis-related factors PDGF-BB, PDGF-AA, TGF-β1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-4 were significantly lower in UC-MSC-injected animals...
July 31, 2018: Cytotechnology
Yaoxiang Sun, Hui Shi, Siqi Yin, Cheng Ji, Xu Zhang, Bin Zhang, Peipei Wu, Yinghong Shi, Fei Mao, Yongmin Yan, Wenrong Xu, Hui Qian
Exosomes are nanosized extracellular vesicles (EVs) that show great promise in tissue regeneration and injury repair as mesenchymal stem cell (MSC). MSC has been shown to alleviate diabetes mellitus (DM) in both animal models and clinical trials. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether exosomes from human umbilical cord MSC (hucMSC-ex) have a therapeutic effect on type 2 DM (T2DM). We established a rat model of T2DM using a high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ). We found that the intravenous injection of hucMSC-ex reduced blood glucose levels as a main paracrine approach of MSC...
August 7, 2018: ACS Nano
Manal M Kamel, Hanan G El Baz, Zeinab Demerdash, Salwa Hassan, Faten Salah, Wafaa A Mansour, Olfat Hammam, Shimaa Atta, Ali Bayoumi, Marwa Hassan, Soheir Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: The liver is one of the major target organs for which cell-based therapies are very promising. The limitations of various cellular therapies, including bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), urges the exploration of stem cell sources more suitable for transplantation. Human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) can overcome these drawbacks with a favorable reparative outcome. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of MSCs in 2 groups of chronic liver injury experimental models...
July 26, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Hanaa S E Mousa, Sara M Abdel Aal, Noha A T Abbas
In this study, we tried to demonstrate the effects of adding human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) to carvedilol in improving the doxorubicin- induced cardiotoxicity in rats. Rats were randomly divided into four groups: group 1: control group, group 2: doxorubicin untreated group, group 3: rats injected with doxorubicin and received carvedilol, and group 4: rats injected with doxorubicin and received carvedilol and stem cell-treated. Electrocardiography (ECG) was performed to assess cardiac function after animals were sacrificed...
September 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Guihua Liu, Rongpei Wu, Bin Yang, Chunhua Deng, Xiongbing Lu, Stephen J Walker, Peter X Ma, Steve Mou, Anthony Atala, Yuanyuan Zhang
Endothelial cells (ECs) play a key role in revascularization within regenerating tissue. Stem cells are often used as an alternative cell source when ECs are not available. Several cell types have been used to give rise to ECs, such as umbilical cord vessels, or differentiated from somatic stem cells, embryonic, or induced pluripotent stem cells. However, the latter carry the potential risk of chronic immune rejection and oncogenesis. Autologous endothelial precursors are an ideal resource, but currently require an invasive procedure to obtain them from the patient's own blood vessels or bone marrow...
July 16, 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Devra D Huey, Stefan Niewiesk
The development of humanized mice has become a prominent tool for translational animal studies of human diseases. Here we show how immune deficient mice can be "humanized" by injections of human umbilical cord stem cells. The engraftment of these cells and development into human lymphocytes has been possible because of the development of novel severely immune deficient mouse strains. Here we present proven protocols for the generation and analysis of humanized mice on the NSG mouse background.
March 2018: Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
X W Li, H C Sun, X H Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-loaded microspheres on dental pulp tissue regeneration and vascularization in vivo . Methods: In vitro release experiment and human umbilical vein endothelial cell migration experiment were conducted with VEGF loaded microspheres. The dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) were co-cultured with VEGF microspheres to observe the compatibility between the cells and the microspheres. DPSC and VEGF loaded microspheres were injected into the root lumen through the apical foramen, which were then transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Sushma Chaubey, Sam Thueson, Devasena Ponnalagu, Mohammad Afaque Alam, Ciprian P Gheorghe, Zubair Aghai, Harpreet Singh, Vineet Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising tools for the treatment of human lung disease and other pathologies relevant to newborn medicine. Recent studies have established MSC exosomes (EXO), as one of the main therapeutic vectors of MSCs in mouse models of multifactorial chronic lung disease of preterm infants, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, the mechanisms underlying MSC-EXO therapeutic action are not completely understood. Using a neonatal mouse model of human BPD, we evaluated the therapeutic efficiency of early gestational age (GA) human umbilical cord (hUC)-derived MSC EXO fraction and its exosomal factor, tumor necrosis factor alpha-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6)...
June 26, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Y H Wang, Z Q Yang, S F Zhu, Y Gao
In this study, a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model was established to simulate rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using two intradermal injections of bovine type II collagen and Freund’s complete adjuvant mixture given at two-week intervals. Subsequently, the transplantation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) was used to treat RA and the treatment efficacy, as well as the possible regulatory mechanism underlying hUC-MSC transplantation, was observed. During the study, forty rats were randomly divided into four groups and their blood samples were collected at different time points to measure levels of serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP)...
May 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Byung-Chul Lee, Nari Shin, Jin Young Lee, Insung Kang, Jae-Jun Kim, Seung Eun Lee, Soon Won Choi, Gill A Webster, Kyung-Sun Kang
Human adult stem cells, including umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs), have recently been considered a promising alternative treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) due to their unique immunomodulatory properties and ability to promote tissue regeneration. However, despite many years of research and pre-clinical studies, results from clinical trials using these cells have been diverse and conflicting. This discrepancy is caused by several factors, such as poor engraftment, low survival rate, and donor-dependent variation of the cells...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ryutaro Iwabuchi, Shota Ikeno, Mie Kobayashi-Ishihara, Haruko Takeyama, Manabu Ato, Yasuko Tsunetsugu-Yokota, Kazutaka Terahara
Two cytokines, fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt3-L) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are considered to be the essential regulators of dendritic cell (DC) development in vivo . However, the combined effect of Flt3-L and GM-CSF on human DCs has not been evaluated in vivo . In this study, we, therefore, aimed at evaluating this using a humanized mouse model. Humanized non-obese diabetic/SCID/Jak3null (hNOJ) mice were constructed by transplanting hematopoietic stem cells from human umbilical cord blood into newborn NOJ mice, and in vivo transfection (IVT) was performed by hydrodynamic injection-mediated gene delivery using plasmids encoding human Flt3-L and GM-CSF...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Dong Rak Kwon, Gi-Young Park, Sang Chul Lee
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate regenerative effects of ultrasound- (US-) guided injection with human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs) and/or polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) injection in a chronic traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tendon tear (FTRCTT) in a rabbit model. Methods: Rabbits ( n = 32) were allocated into 4 groups. After a 5 mm sized FTRCTT just proximal to the insertion site on the subscapularis tendon was created by excision, the wound was immediately covered by a silicone tube to prevent natural healing...
2018: Stem Cells International
Bei-Ying Zhang, Bing-Yun Wang, Shao-Chuan Li, Dong-Zhang Luo, Xiaoshu Zhan, Sheng-Feng Chen, Zhi-Sheng Chen, Can-Ying Liu, Hui-Qin Ji, Yin-Shan Bai, Dong-Sheng Li, Yang He
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of canine umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis in dogs. Methods: Eight dogs were evenly assigned to two groups. The canine model of knee osteoarthritis was established by surgical manipulation of knee articular cartilage on these eight dogs. UC-MSCs were isolated from umbilical cord Wharton's jelly by 0.1% type collagenase I and identified by immunofluorescence staining and adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation in vitro ...
2018: Stem Cells International
Yaqi Yin, Haojie Hao, Yu Cheng, Jieqing Gao, Jiejie Liu, Zongyan Xie, Qi Zhang, Li Zang, Weidong Han, Yiming Mu
Umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs), with both immunomodulatory and pro-regenerative properties, are promising for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). As efficient cell therapy largely relies on appropriate homing to target tissues, knowing where and to what extent injected UC-MSCs have homed is critically important. However, bio-distribution data for UC-MSCs in T2DM subjects are extremely limited. Beneficial effects of UC-MSCs on T2DM subjects are associated with increased M2 macrophages, but no systemic evaluation of M2 macrophages has been performed in T2DM individuals...
July 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Chunggab Choi, Hye Min Kim, Jeeheun Shon, Jiae Park, Hyeong-Taek Kim, Suk Ho Kang, Seung-Hun Oh, Nam Keun Kim, Ok Joon Kim
BACKGROUND: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) presents a significant challenge to the therapeutic efficacy of stem cells in chronic stroke. Various methods have been developed to increase BBB permeability, but these are associated with adverse effects and are, therefore, not clinically applicable. We recently identified that combination drug treatment of mannitol and temozolomide improved BBB permeability in vitro. Here, we investigated whether this combination could increase the effectiveness of stem cell treatment in an animal model of chronic ischemic stroke...
June 2018: Cytotherapy
Robin F Irons, Kevin W Cahill, Deviney A Rattigan, Joseph H Marcotte, Marc W Fromer, Shaohua Chang, Ping Zhang, Eric M Behling, Kathryn C Behling, Francis J Caputo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs), endothelial-differentiated ASCs (EC/ASCs), and various conditioned media (CM) on wound healing in a diabetic swine model. We hypothesized that ASC-based therapies would accelerate wound healing. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in four Yorkshire swine through intravenous injection of streptozotocin. ASCs were harvested from flank fat and cultured in either M199 or EGM-2 medium...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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