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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314831/patient-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-cervical-cancer-screening-after-the-2012-screening-guidelines
#1
Jayanti M Clay, Joanne K Daggy, Sunetris Fluellen, Brownsyne Tucker Edmonds
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's attitudes and preferences related to recent changes in cervical cancer screening guidelines. METHODS: We distributed 380 surveys in three University based and Community clinics. Study participants anonymously completed surveys, which included questions related to demographics, cervical cancer, screening practices, risk perception and attitudes towards changing practices. RESULTS: 315 women agreed to participate (83%)...
October 3, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314523/psychological-characteristics-of-caregivers-of-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-rheumatic-disease-in-relation-to-treatment-adherence
#2
Livia de Freitas Keppeke, Juliana Molina, Vanessa Bugni Miotto E Silva, Maria Teresa de Sande E Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri, Gerson Dierley Keppeke, Teresa Helena Schoen, Claudio Arnaldo Len
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment for chronic diseases is lower in children than in adults, less extensively studied in children and is associated with multiple related factors. The aim of this study is to perform a descriptive analysis of psycho-cognitive aspects of primary caregivers of pediatric patients with chronic rheumatic diseases, as well as socioeconomic and clinical factors, family functioning and treatment satisfaction. METHODS: Primary caregivers of 90 patients were included...
October 12, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30313085/impact-of-the-pay-for-performance-program-on-lower-extremity-amputations-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-taiwan
#3
Yi-Jing Sheen, Pei-Tseng Kung, Wei-Yin Kuo, Li-Ting Chiu, Wen-Chen Tsai
Patients with diabetes are at a high risk of lower extremity amputations and may have a reduced life expectancy. Taiwan has implemented a diabetes pay-for-performance (P4P) program providing team care to improve the control of disease and avoid subsequent complications. Few studies investigated the effects of adopting a nationalized policy to decrease amputation risk in diabetes previously. Our study aimed to analyze the impact of the P4P programs on the incidence of lower extremity amputations in Taiwanese patients with diabetes...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312416/building-informed-trust-developing-an-educational-tool-for-injection-practices-and-health-insurance-in-cambodia
#4
Sachiko Ozawa, Manuela Villar-Uribe, Daniel R Evans, Vivek Kulkarni, Por Ir
Unnecessary injections increase the risk of blood-borne infections as well as pose an avoidable financial burden on patients. Perceptions in rural Cambodia that medical drug injections provide the best quality medical care have resulted in a large proportion of the population seeking injections across medical conditions. As private providers have a higher propensity to offer injections, patients pursue more expensive care contributing to a greater financial burden. This study aimed to use an educational intervention to improve participant knowledge about injections and health insurance in order to build informed trust in safer injection practices and health insurance...
October 11, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310874/behaviors-and-risks-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-muslim-women-in-the-united-states
#5
Henna Budhwani, Seth Borgstede, Aarin L Palomares, Roman B Johnson, Kristine R Hearld
Purpose: This study examines statistical associates of cardiovascular disease risk factors, as defined by the American Heart Association's Life's Simple Seven, among Muslim women who reside in the United States. Methods: Data collected nationally through the 2015 Muslim Women's Health project were analyzed ( N =373). Logistic regression models estimated associations between sample characteristics and diet, exercise, alcohol consumption, blood pressure, cholesterol, and weight. Results: Over half of respondents reported exercising regularly (64%) and maintaining a healthy diet (85%); 20% consumed alcohol...
2018: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310347/are-we-on-the-right-track-answers-from-a-national-survey-of-thai-graduates-perceptions-during-the-transition-to-the-6-year-pharmd-program
#6
Siritree Suttajit, Puckwipa Suwannaprom, Teeraporn Supapaan, Suntara Eakanunkul, Mayuree Tangkiatkumjai, Chuenjid Kongkaew, Claire Anderson, Payom Wongpoowarak
Purpose: To serve the higher demands of pharmaceutical services, pharmacy education in Thailand has shifted from 5-year BPharm program to 6-year PharmD program with two specialization tracks: pharmaceutical care (PC) and industrial pharmacy (IP). This study aimed to compare the perceptions regarding professional competencies, pharmacy profession, and planned workplace between graduates with 5-year BPharm and 6-year PharmD and between those with PC and IP specialty. Methods: A cross-sectional national survey using a paper-pencil self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all new graduates attending the pharmacy licensure examination in March 2015...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309357/the-prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-correlates-in-ganzi-tibetan-autonomous-prefecture-sichuan-province-china
#7
Xin Zhang, Qingtao Meng, Jiayue Feng, Hang Liao, Rufeng Shi, Di Shi, Lachu Renqian, Zeren Langtai, Yuanbin Diao, Xiaoping Chen
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is a common and serious public health problem. There has been no broad epidemiological survey of hyperuricemia in China, especially in Tibetan area. This study was therefore investigated the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its correlated factors among people aged 18-85 years in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study among 3093 participants in Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture using questionnaires in face-to-face interviews, anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests...
October 12, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306940/educational-landscape-of-biomedical-informatics-in-croatia-who-are-the-teachers-and-what-are-their-attitudes
#8
Kristina Fišter, Pero Hrabač, Danko Relić, Berislav Išgum, Marijan Erceg
Lack of experts with complementary competences in the field of information technology as well as medicine and health care has been recognised as an important obstacle to successful computerisation of the health care system. Using a questionnaire survey, we aimed to describe the current educational landscape of biomedical informatics in Croatia, focussing on teachers' profiles and attitudes about existing educational opportunities in the field. Our findings show that Croatian institutions of higher education should better recognise the need for education in biomedical informatics...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306545/active-mind-body-movement-therapies-as-an-adjunct-to-or-in-comparison-with-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
REVIEW
Louis McCusky Gendron, Andre Nyberg, Didier Saey, François Maltais, Yves Lacasse
BACKGROUND: Active mind-body movement therapies (AMBMTs), including but not limited to yoga, tai chi, and qigong, have been applied as exercise modalities for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AMBMT strategies have been found to be more effective than usual care; however, whether AMBMT is inferior, equivalent, or superior to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in people with COPD remains to be determined. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of AMBMTs compared with, or in addition to, PR in the management of COPD...
October 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305253/online-health-information-seeking-by-adults-hospitalized-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-who-looks-for-information-and-who-discusses-it-with-healthcare-providers
#10
Molly E Waring, David D McManus, Daniel J Amante, Chad E Darling, Catarina I Kiefe
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics associated with online health information-seeking and discussing resulting information with healthcare providers among adults with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: Consecutive patients hospitalized with ACS in 6 hospitals in Massachusetts and Georgia who reported Internet use in the past 4 weeks (online patients) were asked about online health information-seeking and whether they discussed information with healthcare providers...
November 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305252/do-visual-aids-influenced-patients-risk-perceptions-for-rare-and-very-rare-risks
#11
Liana Fraenkel, Valerie Reyna, Raluca Cozmuta, Diana Cornell, Julia Nolte, Evan Wilhelms
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether visual aids (a graphic representation and/or conceptual illustrations) influence patients' risk perceptions for rare and very rare risks. METHODS: Participants were randomized to a scenario which varied by probability of infection (2% or 0.2%) and visual aid: numbers only, numbers + graphic representation, numbers + conceptual illustrations, or numbers + graphic representation + conceptual illustrations. Risk perceptions and likelihood of starting the medication were examined across the four formats, separately, in participants with and without a college education...
November 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303879/eligibility-criteria-for-lower-extremity-joint-replacement-may-worsen-racial-and-socioeconomic-disparities
#12
Abigail Y Wang, Michelle S Wong, Casey Jo Humbyrd
BACKGROUND: Cost-containment strategies may discourage hospitals from performing surgery for patients with preexisting risk factors such as those with high body mass index (BMI), those with high hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), or those who smoke cigarettes. Because these risk factors may not appear in equal proportions across the population, using these risk factors as inflexible eligibility criteria for lower extremity joint arthroplasty may exacerbate existing racial-ethnic, gender, and socioeconomic disparities pertaining to access to an operation that can improve health and quality of life...
October 9, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302396/effects-of-advanced-cardiac-procedure-simulator-training-on-learning-and-performance-in-cardiovascular-medicine-fellows
#13
Michael N Young, Roshanak Markley, Troy Leo, Samuel Coffin, Mario A Davidson, Joseph Salloum, Lisa A Mendes, Julie B Damp
Background: Simulation-based training has been used in medical training environments to facilitate the learning of surgical and minimally invasive techniques. We hypothesized that integration of a procedural simulation curriculum into a cardiology fellowship program may be educationally beneficial. Methods: We conducted an 18-month prospective study of cardiology trainees at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Two consecutive classes of first-year fellows (n = 17) underwent a teaching protocol facilitated by simulated cases and equipment...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301686/patient-satisfaction-and-chronic-illness-are-predictors-of-postendovascular-aneurysm-repair-surveillance-compliance
#14
Sam C Tyagi, Keith D Calligaro, Shinichi Fukuhara, Jacques Greenberg, Danielle M Pineda, Hong Zheng, Matthew J Dougherty, Douglas A Troutman
OBJECTIVE: Although lifelong surveillance is recommended by the Society for Vascular Surgery for patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) reported that compliance with long-term follow-up has been poor. We sought to identify factors that predict compliance with EVAR surveillance through analysis of patient variables and post-EVAR questionnaire results. METHODS: We analyzed 28 patient variables gathered from our computerized registry, patient charts, and phone questionnaires of patients who underwent EVAR between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301420/visual-impairment-was-related-to-educational-level-but-not-to-cognitive-performance-among-adults-in-their-60s
#15
Nooshin Bazzazi, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Niloofar Moradi, Mohammad Haghighi, Abbas Moradi, Masoud Ghiasian, Serge Brand
Background Older people are at greater risk of both physical impairments and cognitive decline. Although previous studies have examined whether visual and cognitive impairments are associated, findings have been mixed with cognitive performance only crudely assessed. Nonetheless, it remains possible that this association becomes stronger with age. Accordingly, in the present study, we tested the hypothesis that older people with visual impairments have poorer cognitive performance than healthy controls. To this end, we employed validated tools to assess both visual-related and visual-unrelated cognitive skills...
October 9, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300760/substance-abuse-in-parents-and-subsequent-risk-of-offspring-psychiatric-morbidity-in-late-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-siblings-and-their-parents
#16
Pekka Martikainen, Kaarina Korhonen, Heta Moustgaard, Mikko Aaltonen, Hanna Remes
The effects of substance abuse on other family members are not fully established. We estimate the contribution of parental substance abuse on offspring psychiatric morbidity in late adolescence and early adulthood, with emphasis on the timing and persistency of exposure. We used a nationally representative 20% sample of Finnish families with children born in 1986-1996 (n = 136,604) followed up in 1986-2011. We identified parental substance abuse and offspring psychiatric morbidity from hospital discharge records, death records and medication registers...
October 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300715/workforce-analysis-of-spine-surgeons-involved-with-neurological-and-orthopedic-surgery-residency-training
#17
Alexander F Post, Jennifer B Dai, Adam Y Li, Akbar Y Maniya, Syed Haider, Stanislaw Sobotka, Isabelle M Germano, Tanvir F Choudhri
OBJECTIVE: Spinal surgery is taught and practiced within two different surgical disciplines: neurological surgery and orthopedic surgery. This article provides a unified analysis of spine-focused faculty at U.S. residency programs. METHODS: 278 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) training programs were assessed to identify 923 full-time faculty members with spinal surgery designation defined by spine fellowship training or surgeon case volume >75% spine surgeries...
October 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296732/use-of-ehealth-and-mhealth-technology-by-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Ruth Ann Marrie, Stella Leung, Tuula Tyry, Gary R Cutter, Robert Fox, Amber Salter
BACKGROUND: Health communication has evolved substantially over the last few years as the field of electronic health (eHealth) technologies has emerged. It is unknown what demographic and clinical characteristics are associated with use of eHealth technologies in MS. As these technologies are more widely adopted in health settings, it is important that health care providers understand who is using them, and to recognize potential disparities if they exist. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the use of eHealth technologies among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), including the adoption of mobile Health (mHealth) applications (apps) and telehealth, perceived benefits of using mHealth apps, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with use of these technologies...
October 2, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295333/virtual-reality-and-cardiac-anatomy-exploring-immersive-three-dimensional-cardiac-imaging-a-pilot-study-in-undergraduate-medical-anatomy-education
#19
H S Maresky, A Oikonomou, I Ali, N Ditkofsky, M Pakkal, B Ballyk
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac anatomy can be challenging to grasp due to its complex three-dimensional nature and remains one of the most challenging topics to teach. In light of some exciting technological advances in the field of virtual reality (VR), we sought to test the viability and the assess efficacy of this computer-generated model for the purposes of teaching cardiac anatomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prior to learning cardiac anatomy, first year undergraduate medical students participated in an anatomically-correct VR simulation of the heart...
October 8, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295234/varzaghan-earthquake-affected-mothers-and-their-newborns-health-more-severely-in-socioeconomically-vulnerable-area
#20
Mehdi Esfandyari, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the pregnancy status of the pregnant women and birth status of their newborns, socioeconomic status, and access to health services, between high- and low-damage areas in Heris, affected by the Varzaghan Earthquake, 2012. METHODS: The study was conducted on pregnant women at any trimester of pregnancy (with complete medical profiles in local health centers) in August 2012 (time of the earthquake) who lived in Heris and delivered up to March 2013...
October 8, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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