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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548999/valence-matters-an-electrophysiological-study-on-how-emotions-influence-cognitive-performance-in-children
#1
Aishah Abdul Rahman, Sandra A Wiebe
Emotional stimuli have been found to influence cognitive performance in children, but it is not clear whether this effect varies with the cognitive demands of the task. In this study, we examined how emotional expressions influenced cognitive performance and event-related potentials (ERPs) in early and middle childhood under varying cognitive control demands. Two groups of children (4.5-6.0 and 7.0-8.5 years) completed a modified flanker task where the stimuli were faces displaying task-irrelevant emotional expressions...
December 13, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532772/somatosensory-plasticity-in-pediatric-cerebral-palsy-following-constraint-induced-movement-therapy
#2
Pawel J Matusz, Alexandra P Key, Shirley Gogliotti, Jennifer Pearson, Megan L Auld, Micah M Murray, Nathalie L Maitre
Cerebral palsy (CP) is predominantly a disorder of movement, with evidence of sensory-motor dysfunction. CIMT1 is a widely used treatment for hemiplegic CP. However, effects of CIMT on somatosensory processing remain unclear. To examine potential CIMT-induced changes in cortical tactile processing, we designed a prospective study, during which 10 children with hemiplegic CP (5 to 8 years old) underwent an intensive one-week-long nonremovable hard-constraint CIMT. Before and directly after the treatment, we recorded their cortical event-related potential (ERP) responses to calibrated light touch (versus a control stimulus) at the more and less affected hand...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30501073/cross-modal-priming-effect-of-rhythm-on-visual-word-recognition-and-its-relationships-to-music-aptitude-and-reading-achievement
#3
Tess S Fotidzis, Heechun Moon, Jessica R Steele, Cyrille L Magne
Recent evidence suggests the existence of shared neural resources for rhythm processing in language and music. Such overlaps could be the basis of the facilitating effect of regular musical rhythm on spoken word processing previously reported for typical children and adults, as well as adults with Parkinson's disease and children with developmental language disorders. The present study builds upon these previous findings by examining whether non-linguistic rhythmic priming also influences visual word processing, and the extent to which such cross-modal priming effect of rhythm is related to individual differences in musical aptitude and reading skills...
November 29, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30487742/deficient-letter-speech-sound-integration-is-associated-with-deficits-in-reading-but-not-spelling
#4
Ferenc Kemény, Melanie Gangl, Chiara Banfi, Sarolta Bakos, Corinna M Perchtold, Ilona Papousek, Kristina Moll, Karin Landerl
Efficient and automatic integration of letters and speech sounds is assumed to enable fluent word recognition and may in turn also underlie the build-up of high-quality orthographic representations, which are relevant for accurate spelling. While previous research showed that developmental dyslexia is associated with deficient letter-speech sound integration, these studies did not differentiate between subcomponents of literacy skills. In order to investigate whether deficient letter-speech sound integration is associated with deficits in reading and/or spelling, three groups of third graders were recruited: (1) children with combined deficits in reading and spelling (RSD, N = 10); (2) children with isolated spelling deficit (ISD, N = 17); and (3) typically developing children (TD, N = 21)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30478921/longitudinal-associations-between-conflict-monitoring-and-emergent-academic-skills-an-event-related-potentials-study
#5
Elif Isbell, Susan D Calkins, Veronica T Cole, Margaret M Swingler, Esther M Leerkes
Identifying the links between specific cognitive functions and emergent academic skills can help determine pathways to support both early academic performance and later academic achievement. Here, we investigated the longitudinal associations between a key aspect of cognitive control, conflict monitoring, and emergent academic skills from preschool through first grade, in a large sample of socioeconomically diverse children (N = 261). We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) during a Go/No-Go task. The neural index of conflict monitoring, ΔN2, was defined as larger N2 mean amplitudes for No-Go versus Go trials...
November 26, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30468263/social-emotional-processing-in-nonverbal-individuals-with-angelman-syndrome-evidence-from-brain-responses-to-known-and-novel-names
#6
A P Key, D Jones
BACKGROUND: The combination of intellectual, communicative and motor deficits limits the use of standardised behavioural assessments in individuals with Angelman syndrome (AS). The current study aimed to objectively evaluate the extent of social-emotional processing in AS using auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) during passive exposure to spoken stimuli. METHODS: Auditory ERP responses were recorded in 13 nonverbal individuals with the deletion subtype of AS, age 4-45 years, during the name recognition paradigm, in which their own names and names of close others (relative or friend) were presented among novel names...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30459549/maturation-of-speech-sound-erps-in-5-6-year-old-children-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Tanja Linnavalli, Vesa Putkinen, Minna Huotilainen, Mari Tervaniemi
The maturation of 5-6-year-old children's auditory discrimination - indicated by the development of the auditory event-related-potentials (ERPs) - has not been previously studied in longitudinal settings. For the first time, we present here the results based on extensive dataset collected from 75 children. We followed the 5- to 6-year-olds for 20 months and measured their ERPs four times with the same multifeature paradigm with phonemic stimuli. The amplitude of the mismatch negativity (MMN) response increased during this time for vowel, vowel duration and frequency changes...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30441049/signal-adaptive-denoising-of-event-related-potentials
#8
Lutz Leistritz, Carolin Ligges
In the present study we propose a data-driven, fully unsupervised denoising approach for multi-trial univariate signals. The proposed methodology is based on Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and hence also applicable for transient or non-stationary signals. The rationale of the presented method is that different realizations (multiple trials) of the same underlying process have also similar intrinsic signal components. These components may be extracted by EMD for each single realization and finally, the entirety of all signal components forms clusters of corresponding components with similar spectral characteristics...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407716/n1-lateralization-and-dyslexia-an-event-related-potential-study-in-children-with-a-familial-risk-of-dyslexia
#9
Ellie R H van Setten, Natasha M Maurits, Ben A M Maassen
The rapid automatic specialized processing of printed words is signalled by the left-lateralization of the N1 component in the visual event-related potential (ERP). In the present study, we have investigated whether differences in N1 lateralization can be observed between Dutch children with and without (a familial risk of) dyslexia around the age of 12 years using a linguistic judgement task. Forty-five participants were included in the ERP analysis, 18 in the low familial risk group without dyslexia, 15 in the high familial risk group without dyslexia, and 12 in the high familial risk group with dyslexia...
November 8, 2018: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399150/prediction-of-myopia-development-among-chinese-school-aged-children-using-refraction-data-from-electronic-medical-records-a-retrospective-multicentre-machine-learning-study
#10
Haotian Lin, Erping Long, Xiaohu Ding, Hongxing Diao, Zicong Chen, Runzhong Liu, Jialing Huang, Jingheng Cai, Shuangjuan Xu, Xiayin Zhang, Dongni Wang, Kexin Chen, Tongyong Yu, Dongxuan Wu, Xutu Zhao, Zhenzhen Liu, Xiaohang Wu, Yuzhen Jiang, Xiao Yang, Dongmei Cui, Wenyan Liu, Yingfeng Zheng, Lixia Luo, Haibo Wang, Chi-Chao Chan, Ian G Morgan, Mingguang He, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical records provide large-scale real-world clinical data for use in developing clinical decision systems. However, sophisticated methodology and analytical skills are required to handle the large-scale datasets necessary for the optimisation of prediction accuracy. Myopia is a common cause of vision loss. Current approaches to control myopia progression are effective but have significant side effects. Therefore, identifying those at greatest risk who should undergo targeted therapy is of great clinical importance...
November 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328111/temporally-sensitive-neural-measures-of-inhibition-in-preschool-children-across-a-spectrum-of-irritability
#11
Christen M Deveney, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, David Pagliaccio, Christopher R Estabrook, Elvira Zobel, James L Burns, Elizabeth S Norton, Daniel S Pine, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft, Lauren S Wakschlag
Irritability is a prominent feature of chronic mental disorders and a developmental marker of their early emergence. The most salient feature of irritability in early childhood is temper tantrums. While temper tantrums are normative in young children, they can be clinically concerning when they are dysregulated, very frequent, and/or occur in unexpected contexts. The present study uses behavioral and event-related brain potential (ERP) measures to characterize the relationship between irritability and neural markers of response inhibition in very young children...
October 17, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324710/facilitation-of-biological-motion-processing-by-group-based-autism-specific-social-skills-training
#12
Christina Luckhardt, Anne Kröger, Leyla Elsuni, Hannah Cholemkery, Stephan Bender, Christine M Freitag
Abnormalities in neurophysiological correlates of social perception are a well-known feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known if and how ASD specific behavioral interventions may affect neural processing in ASD. The aim of the current study was to investigate for the first time, whether the group-based social skills training SOSTA-FRA would elicit changes in neurophysiological correlates of social perception in high-functioning ASD individuals aged 8-17 years. Event-related potentials (ERPs) of a facial emotion recognition (FER) and a biological motion perception task were examined...
October 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30290047/risk-factors-and-epidemiology-of-pediatric-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-infections
#13
Amir Erps, Jonathan Roth, Shlomi Constantini, Liat Lerner-Geva, Galia Grisaru-Soen
AIM: To identify independent risk factors for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt infection. METHODS: The medial records of all patients aged 0-18 years that underwent shunt-related surgeries for the treatment of hydrocephalus at our institution between January 1996 and December 2015 were reviewed. For each case, 2 randomly selected controls with no shunt infection were chosen. Demographic clinical and microbiological data were abstracted. RESULTS: A total of 1570 shunt-related procedures met the inclusion criteria, yielding 68 infections (in 63 patients)...
October 5, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278390/atypical-perceptual-and-neural-processing-of-emotional-prosodic-changes-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#14
R Lindström, T Lepistö-Paisley, T Makkonen, O Reinvall, T Nieminen-von Wendt, R Alén, T Kujala
OBJECTIVE: The present study explored the processing of emotional speech prosody in school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) but without marked language impairments (children with ASD [no LI]). METHODS: The mismatch negativity (MMN)/the late discriminative negativity (LDN), reflecting pre-attentive auditory discrimination processes, and the P3a, indexing involuntary orienting to attention-catching changes, were recorded to natural word stimuli uttered with different emotional connotations (neutral, sad, scornful and commanding)...
November 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268845/integrating-high-density-erp-and-fmri-measures-of-face-elicited-brain-activity-in-9-12-year-old-children-an-erp-source-localization-study
#15
Pan Liu, Xiaoxiao Bai, Koraly E Pérez-Edgar
Social information processing is a critical mechanism underlying children's socio-emotional development. Central to this process are patterns of activation associated with one of our most salient socioemotional cues, the face. In this study, we obtained fMRI activation and high-density ERP source data evoked by parallel face dot-probe tasks from 9-to-12-year-old children. We then integrated the two modalities of data to explore the neural spatial-temporal dynamics of children's face processing. Our results showed that the tomography of the ERP sources broadly corresponded with the fMRI activation evoked by the same facial stimuli...
January 1, 2019: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255499/a-longitudinal-within-person-investigation-of-the-association-between-the-p3-erp-component-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-young-children
#16
Isaac T Petersen, Caroline P Hoyniak, John E Bates, Angela D Staples, Dennis L Molfese
BACKGROUND: Externalizing problems, including aggression and conduct problems, are thought to involve impaired attentional capacities. Previous research suggests that the P3 event-related potential (ERP) component is an index of attentional processing, and diminished P3 amplitudes to infrequent stimuli have been shown to be associated with externalizing problems and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the vast majority of this prior work has been cross-sectional and has not examined young children...
October 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246603/parental-presence-with-encouragement-alters-feedback-processing-in-preschoolers-an-erp-study
#17
Taishi Kawamoto, Kazuo Hiraki
External feedback plays an important role in adapting to the environment; however, feedback processing in preschoolers has not been fully understood. The present event-related brain potential (ERP) study sought to understand the influence of parental presence with encouragement on feedback processing by focusing on reward positivity (RewP: mean amplitude between 200-350 ms). Five-year-old children (N = 21) completed an animal search task both alone (the alone condition) and with a parent who offered words of encouragement (the with a parent condition)...
September 22, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242574/age-of-avatar-modulates-the-altercentric-bias-in-a-visual-perspective-taking-task-erp-and-behavioral-evidence
#18
Heather J Ferguson, Victoria E A Brunsdon, Elisabeth E F Bradford
Despite being able to rapidly and accurately infer their own and other peoples' visual perspectives, healthy adults experience difficulty ignoring the irrelevant perspective when the two perspectives are in conflict; they experience egocentric and altercentric interference. We examine for the first time how the age of an observed person (adult vs. child avatar) influences adults' visual perspective-taking, particularly the degree to which they experience interference from their own or the other person's perspective...
December 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184462/feedback-related-neurophysiology-in-children-and-their-parents-developmental-differences-familial-transmission-and-relationship-to-error-monitoring
#19
Jason S Moser, Megan Fisher, Brian M Hicks, Robert A Zucker, C Emily Durbin
The feedback negativity (FN) and reward positivity (RewP) are event-related brain potentials (ERPs) that follow the presentation of negative and positive feedback information, respectively, and have become the focus of recent research on psychopathology because of their associations with symptom severity of and risk for depression. We advanced our understanding of these feedback-related ERPs by examining developmental differences, familial transmission, and associations with error-monitoring ERPs. Parents and their children completed parallel, developmentally-tailored guessing and go/no-go tasks while feedback- and error-related ERPs were measured...
October 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30174637/a-picture-is-worth%C3%A2-both-spelling-and-sound
#20
Donna Coch
In an event-related potential (ERP) study using picture stimuli, we explored whether spelling information is co-activated with sound information even when neither type of information is explicitly provided. Pairs of picture stimuli presented in a rhyming paradigm were varied by both phonology (the two images in a pair had either rhyming, e.g., boat and goat , or non-rhyming, e.g., boat and cane , labels) and orthography (rhyming image pairs had labels that were either spelled the same, e.g., boat and goat , or not spelled the same, e...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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