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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455607/effect-of-spineless-cactus-intake-opuntia-ficus-indica-on-blood-glucose-levels-in-lactating-sows-and-its-impact-on-feed-intake-body-weight-loss-and-weaning-estrus-interval
#1
Gerardo Ordaz-Ochoa, Aureliano Juárez-Caratachea, Rosa Elena Pérez-Sánchez, Rafael María Román-Bravo, Ruy Ortiz-Rodríguez
The effect of spineless cactus intake (Opuntia ficus-indica) on blood glucose (BG) levels in lactating sows and its impact on daily and total feed intake (dFI(-1) and TFI, respectively), body weight loss (BWL), and weaning-estrus interval length (WEI) were evaluated. Thirty-four hybrid (Yorkshire × Landrace × Pietrain) sows in lactation phase were used. Sows were divided into two groups: G1 (n = 17) where they received commercial feed and G2 (n = 17) provided with commercial feed plus an average of 2...
April 28, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425017/spineless-cactus-associated-with-tifton-hay-or-sugarcane-bagasse-may-replace-corn-silage-in-sheep-diets
#2
Julimar do Sacramento Ribeiro, Luana Lira Santos, Dorgival Morais de Lima Júnior, Tobyas Maia de Albuquerque Mariz, Márcio Machado Ladeira, Paulo Sérgio de Azevedo, Carolyny Batista Lima, Maria Josilaine Matos Dos Santos Silva
The effect of the replacement of corn silage with spineless cactus associated with Tifton 85 hay or sugarcane bagasse was evaluated on the performance, body weight components and sheep meat quality. Twenty-one Santa Inês male sheep with initial body weight of 22.9 ± 2.9 kg were used. They were confined in individual stalls for 74 days receiving the following diets: corn silage + concentrate (CS); spineless cactus + Tifton 85 hay + concentrate (TH); spineless cactus + sugarcane bagasse + concentrate (SB)...
April 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335683/redescription-of-pallisentis-brevitritospinus-indica-acanthocephala-quadrigyridae-from-channa-punctatus-bloch-schneider-channidae-in-aligarh-india-with-new-understandings-of-old-structures
#3
Omar M Amin, Richard Heckmann, Ahammed Shareef
Pallisentis indica Mital and Lal, 1976 was originally described from Channa gatchua Hamilton (Channidae) in Kali nadi River, Aligarh, India. It was later placed in the subgenus Brevitritospinus Amin, Heckmann, Ha, Luc, and Doanh, 2000. Our collection from the spotted snakehead Channa punctatus Bloch & Schneider in another locality of the same stream in Aligarh produced many specimens with variable traits revealing new structures that have never before been described in the Acanthocephala, especially relating to the ducted trunk spines...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332207/the-eyes-and-vision-of-butterflies
#4
Kentaro Arikawa
Butterflies use colour vision when searching for flowers. Unlike the trichromatic retinas of humans (blue, green and red cones; plus rods) and honeybees (ultraviolet, blue and green photoreceptors), butterfly retinas typically have six or more photoreceptor classes with distinct spectral sensitivities. The eyes of the Japanese yellow swallowtail (Papilio xuthus) contain ultraviolet, violet, blue, green, red and broad-band receptors, with each ommatidium housing nine photoreceptor cells in one of three fixed combinations...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262385/genetic-analysis-identifies-the-region-of-origin-of-smuggled-peach-palm-seeds
#5
Michelly Cristo-Araújo, David Bronze Molles, Doriane Picanço Rodrigues, Charles R Clement
Seeds of a plant, supposedly a palm tree known popularly as peach palm (Bactris gasipaes), were seized by the Federal Police in the state of Pará, Brazil, without documentation of legal origin to authorize transportation and marketing in Brazil. They were alleged to be from the western part of Amazonas, Brazil, near the frontier with Peru and Colombia, justifying the lack of documentation. The species was confirmed to be peach palm. To determine the likely place of origin, a genetic analysis was performed to determine the relationship between the seized seeds and representative populations of peach palm from all of Amazonia, maintained in the Peach palm Core Collection, at the National Research Institute for Amazonia, using nine microsatellite loci...
February 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261812/the-fatty-acid-profile-of-fat-depots-from-santa-in%C3%A3%C2%AAs-sheep-fed-spineless-cactus-opuntia-ficus-indica-mill
#6
Roberto G Costa, Michelly D A Almeida, George Rodrigo B Cruz, Edvaldo M Beltrão Filho, Neila L Ribeiro, Marta S Madruga, Rita de Cássia R E Queiroga
BACKGROUND: Fat is the tissue that varies most in animals from both a quantitative and distribution perspective. It plays a fundamental biological role as energy storage during food scarcity. Renal, pelvic and internal fat are deposited first. These fats are used identify fatty acid profiles that may be considered beneficial or unhealthy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the fatty acid profile of fat depots in Santa Inês sheep finished in confinement with spineless cactus in their diets...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777986/transcription-factor-dlx3-induces-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-promoter-activity
#7
June Ho Shin, Mikel D Haggadone, John B Sunwoo
The Distal-less (Dlx) homeobox transcription factors (TFs) play a prominent role in regulating multiple facets of vertebrate biology. Though widely studied as mediators of tissue development, recent work has uncovered a role for this TF family in modulating the vertebrate hematopoietic compartment. Pertinent to our study, murine Dlx1-3 are expressed in an innate lymphocyte population known as natural killer (NK) cells, and they are implicated to assume a functional role in the NK cell maturation pathway. However, Dlx target genes are poorly understood...
September 2016: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718109/spineless-cactus-as-a-replacement-for-sugarcane-in-the-diets-of-finishing-lambs
#8
Juliana Paula Felipe de Oliveira, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Adryanne Marjorie Souza Vitor Alves, Ana Caroline Cerqueira de Melo, Ida Barbosa de Andrade, Juraci Marcos Alves Suassuna, Leonardo José Assis de Barros, Tobias Tobit de Barros Melo, Janaina de Lima Silva
The effects of replacement of sugarcane by spineless cactus (0, 33, 66, and 100 % on dry matter (DM) basis) were evaluated on intake, digestibility of nutrients, ingestive behavior, and performance of finishing lambs. Thirty-six non-castrated Santa Ines lambs at 4 months of age and an initial body weight of 22 ± 2.3 kg were assigned in a randomized block design. A quadratic effect was found for intake of DM, organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), and digestible organic matter (DOM), with maximum values of 1...
January 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405021/identification-and-individualization-of-lophophora-using-dna-analysis-of-the-trnl-trnf-region-and-rbcl-gene
#9
Adrienne E Ng, Ernesto Sandoval, Terence M Murphy
Lophophora williamsii (peyote) is a small, spineless, greenish-blue cactus found in Mexico and the southwestern United States. Ingestion of the cactus can result in hallucinations due to its content of mescaline. In the United States, L. williamsii is classified as a Schedule I controlled substance. In this study, we use DNA analysis of the chloroplast trnL/trnF region and chloroplast rbcL gene to identify the individuals of Lophophora. Using the rbcL gene, Lophophora specimens could be distinguished from outgroups, but species within the genus could not be distinguished...
January 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383790/molecular-logic-behind-the-three-way-stochastic-choices-that-expand-butterfly-colour-vision
#10
Michael Perry, Michiyo Kinoshita, Giuseppe Saldi, Lucy Huo, Kentaro Arikawa, Claude Desplan
Butterflies rely extensively on colour vision to adapt to the natural world. Most species express a broad range of colour-sensitive Rhodopsin proteins in three types of ommatidia (unit eyes), which are distributed stochastically across the retina. The retinas of Drosophila melanogaster use just two main types, in which fate is controlled by the binary stochastic decision to express the transcription factor Spineless in R7 photoreceptors. We investigated how butterflies instead generate three stochastically distributed ommatidial types, resulting in a more diverse retinal mosaic that provides the basis for additional colour comparisons and an expanded range of colour vision...
July 14, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021184/surface-histology-topography-and-ultrastructure-of-the-tegument-of-adult-orthocoelium-parvipapillatum-stiles-goldberger-1910
#11
Panat Anuracpreeda, Runglawan Chawengkirttikul, Prasert Sobhon
Adult Orthocoelium parvipapillatum are common parasites that reside in the rumen and reticulum of ruminants, i.e., cattle, sheep, goats, and buffaloes. The fluke is conical-shaped and slightly concave ventrally and convex dorsally, and measures bout 2.4-3.9 mm in length and 1.0-2.3 mm in width across the mid-section. The tegument of the adult worm is examined using light microscopy (LM) and scanning (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Under LM, the tegument appears as a thick homogeneous layer containing folds alternated with grooves without spines...
July 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26676244/intake-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-lambs-fed-spineless-cactus-replacing-wheat-bran
#12
Sabrina Carla Rodrigues Felix, Ricardo Alexandre Silva Pessoa, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Luciana Felizardo Pereira Soares, Janaina de Lima Silva, Karen Santos Felix de Abreu, Ana Caroline Cerqueira de Melo
To assess the intake, digestibility of nutrients, ingestive behavior, performance, and carcass characteristics of feedlot lambs, 36 F1 Santa Ines × Dorper male lambs with an initial average weight of 19.5 ± 0.27 kg were fed with different levels of spineless cactus (0, 33, 66, and 100 %) as a replacement of the wheat bran. The replacement diets had no effect on the intake of dry matter (DM) or crude protein (CP), whose average values were 962 and 140 g/day, respectively. There was a quadratic effect on the intake of digestible organic matter (OM) and the digestibility of DM, CP, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), and non-fiber carbohydrates (NFC)...
February 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26330142/de-novo-sequencing-and-analysis-of-lophophora-williamsii-transcriptome-and-searching-for-putative-genes-involved-in-mescaline-biosynthesis
#13
Enrique Ibarra-Laclette, Flor Zamudio-Hernández, Claudia Anahí Pérez-Torres, Victor A Albert, Enrique Ramírez-Chávez, Jorge Molina-Torres, Araceli Fernández-Cortes, Carlos Calderón-Vázquez, José Luis Olivares-Romero, Alfredo Herrera-Estrella, Luis Herrera-Estrella
BACKGROUND: Lophophora williamsii (commonly named peyote) is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline. Peyote utilizes crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), an alternative form of photosynthesis that exists in succulents such as cacti and other desert plants. Therefore, its transcriptome can be considered an important resource for future research focused on understanding how these plants make more efficient use of water in marginal environments and also for research focused on better understanding of the overall mechanisms leading to production of plant natural products and secondary metabolites...
2015: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25594492/morphological-and-molecular-diversification-of-asian-endemic-difflugia-tuberspinifera-amoebozoa-arcellinida-a-case-of-fast-morphological-evolution-in-protists
#14
Fatma Gomaa, Jun Yang, Edward A D Mitchell, Wen-Jing Zhang, Zheng Yu, Milcho Todorov, Enrique Lara
Planktonic arcellinid testate amoebae exhibit a broad-range of morphological variability but it is currently unclear to what extent this variability represents phenotypic plasticity or if it is genetically determined. We investigated the morphology and phylogenetic relationships of three endemic east-asian Difflugia taxa 1) the vase-shaped D. mulanensis, 2) and a spinose and a spineless morphotypes of D. tuberspinifera using scanning electron microscopy and two ribosomal genetic markers (SSU rDNA and ITS sequences)...
February 2015: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25510925/surface-topography-and-ultrastructural-architecture-of-the-tegument-of-adult-carmyerius-spatiosus-brandes-1898
#15
Panat Anuracpreeda, Sumittra Phutong, Arin Ngamniyom, Busaba Panyarachun, Prasert Sobhon
Adult Carmyerius spatiosus or stomach fluke has an elongate, cylindrical-shaped, straight to slightly curved body, with conical anterior end and truncated posterior end. The worm measures about 8.7-11.2mm in body length and 2.3-3.0mm in body width across the mid-section. When observed by SEM, the tegumental surface in all part of the body appears highly corrugated with ridges and furrows, and having no spines. The ventral surface has more complex corrugation than those of the dorsal surface. Both anterior and posterior suckers have thick edges covered with transverse folds and appear spineless...
March 2015: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25478143/inappropriate-analysis-does-not-reveal-the-ecological-causes-of-evolution-of-stickleback-armour-a-critique-of-spence-et-al-2013
#16
Andrew D C MacColl, Beth Aucott
In a recent paper in this journal, Spence et al. (2013) sought to identify the ecological causes of morphological evolution in three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus, by examining phenotypic and environmental variation between populations on the island of North Uist, Scotland. However, by using simple qualitative assessments of phenotype and inappropriate measures of environmental variation, Spence et al. have come to a conclusion that is diametrically opposite to that which we have arrived at in studying the same populations...
September 2014: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25255223/an-evolutionarily-conserved-role-for-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-in-the-regulation-of-movement
#17
Evan G Williams, Laurent Mouchiroud, Michael Frochaux, Ashutosh Pandey, Pénélope A Andreux, Bart Deplancke, Johan Auwerx
The BXD genetic reference population is a recombinant inbred panel descended from crosses between the C57BL/6 (B6) and DBA/2 (D2) strains of mice, which segregate for about 5 million sequence variants. Recently, some of these variants have been established with effects on general metabolic phenotypes such as glucose response and bone strength. Here we phenotype 43 BXD strains and observe they have large variation (-5-fold) in their spontaneous activity during waking hours. QTL analyses indicate that -40% of this variance is attributable to a narrow locus containing the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr), a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor with well-established roles in development and xenobiotic metabolism...
September 2014: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24989749/a-new-species-of-munidopsis-whiteaves-1874-crustacea-anomura-galatheoidea-munidopsidae-from-the-gulf-of-mexico-and-caribbean-sea
#18
Ana Rosa Vázquez-Bader, Adolfo Gracia, Rafael Lemaitre
A new species of squat lobster, Munidopsis shulerae sp. nov., from the Gulf of Mexico and western Caribbean, is fully described and illustrated. This new species is named in honor of the late Barbara Shuler Mayo (1945-1988), who first recognized this new taxon in her 1974 unpublished doctoral dissertation, but never formalized it. This new species is placed in the Anoplonotus group based on the presence of simple, narrow rostrum, spineless eyes, fused sternites 3 and 4, well-marked carapace regions, unarmed pleonal tergites, and smooth dactyls of pereopods 2-4...
2014: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24860128/invertebrate-epigenomics-the-brave-new-world-of-the-spineless
#19
EDITORIAL
Ozren Bogdanović
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Briefings in Functional Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24839899/replacement-of-wheat-bran-with-spineless-cactus-opuntia-ficus-indica-mill-cv-gigante-and-urea-in-the-diets-of-holstein-x-gyr-heifers
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carolina Corrêa de Figueiredo Monteiro, Airon Aparecido Silva de Melo, Marcelo Andrade Ferreira, José Mauricio de Souza Campos, Julyana Sena Rodrigues Souza, Evannielly Thuanny Dos Santos Silva, Rafael de Paula Xavier de Andrade, Emmanuelle Cordeiro da Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the replacement effect of wheat bran with spineless cactus and urea in heifers. Twenty-four heifers with an average initial weight of 185 ± 13 kg were used in this experiment. Four levels of spineless cactus corrected with urea and ammonium sulfate (9:1) were studied: 0, 33, 66, and 100 % replacement with wheat bran. Samples of feed, orts, and feces were analyzed to estimate the intake and digestibility of dry matter (DM) and nutrients. Indigestible neutral detergent fiber was used as an internal marker...
October 2014: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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