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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30506289/intravenous-and-local-steroid-use-in-the-management-of-dysphagia-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-randomized-controlled-trails-rcts
#1
REVIEW
Jingwei Liu, Yiqi Zhang, Yong Hai, Nan Kang, Bo Han
PURPOSE: To conduct a high-level systematic review of the literature to evaluate intravenous and local steroid use in the management of dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery. METHODS: We searched the database PubMed, EMBASE, Clinical key, the Cochrane library and Wiley Online Library without time restriction using the terms 'dysphagia' or 'odynophagia' or 'swallowing disorder,' 'steroid,' 'anterior cervical spine surgery.' Randomized controlled trails (RCTs) were selected, and effects of intravenous and local steroids were investigated from these studies...
November 30, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30470954/intranasal-curcumin-protects-against-lps-induced-airway-remodeling-by-modulating-toll-like-receptor-4-tlr-4-and-matrixmetalloproteinase-9-mmp-9-expression-via-affecting-map-kinases-in-mouse-model
#2
Asha Kumari, D K Singh, D Dash, Rashmi Singh
OBJECTIVE: Bacterial infections can exacerbate asthmatic inflammation depending on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) composition, the outermost component of cell wall, its exposure timings as well as host's immune status. In present study, Balb/c mice were exposed to antigen (ovalbumin) and LPS simultaneously to establish an asthmatic model. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), well known for its anti-inflammatory potential, was administered through intranasal route 1 h before LPS and OVA (ovalbumin) exposure to evaluate its efficacy against airway structural changes...
November 23, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311477/possible-protective-role-of-whey-protein-on-the-rat-s-liver-tissues-treated-with-nandrolone-decanoate
#3
Ibtesam Saad Al-Dhuayan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nandrolone and whey protein are used as supplementary food and athletic food. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible histological and ultrastructural alterations in the liver of adult rats after treatment of the anabolic androgenic steroids (Nandrolone decanoate) and whey protein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eight Wistar Albino male rats were used in the present study divided into 4 groups: Control group received 0.5 mL of saline solution by oral, Nandrolone group injected intramuscular (10 mg kg-1 b...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293400/postpartum-stretchmarks-repairing-activity-of-an-oral-centella-asiatica-supplementation-centellicum%C3%A2
#4
Shu Hu, Gianni Belcaro, Morio Hosoi, Beatrice Feragalli, Roberta Luzzi, Mark Dugall
BACKGROUND: This registry study evaluates the effects of oral Centellicum®, a new preparation of Centella asiatica (CA) on cutaneous stretchmarks (SMs) on the lower abdominal wall in comparison with the topical treatment with a specific antistretch cream. This cream is used for pregnancy SMs. The aim of the management was to give back to the structurally damaged skin areas (apparent as SMs) a normal elasticity and resistance and improving the local microcirculation. METHODS: We selected 78 healthy women with SMs at least 6 months postpartum available to follow the registry plan...
October 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270671/high-dose-omega-3-fatty-acids-have-no-effect-on-platelet-aggregation-or-coagulation-measured-with-static-and-flow-based-aggregation-instruments-and-sonoclot-an-observational-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#5
August Bagge, Ulf Schött, Thomas Kander
The effect of omega-3 fatty acids on platelet aggregation and coagulation is highly unclear. Studies both support and refute the impacts of omega-3 fatty acids on prolonged bleeding time and platelet inhibition as well as its purported positive effects on cardiovascular disease. In a previous pilot study we suggested an inhibition of platelet aggregation measured with multiple electrode aggregometry. Following on that, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of supplementary high doses of omega-3 fatty acids on platelet aggregation and coagulation in a sample-size calculated number of healthy volunteers using Sonoclot, multiple electrode aggregometry, and flow-based Cellix instruments after 10 days of omega-3 fatty acid intake...
October 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199603/in-vivo-evaluation-of-resorbable-supercritical-co-2-treated-collagen-membranes-for-class-iii-furcation-guided-tissue-regeneration
#6
Nick Tovar, Lukasz Witek, Rodrigo Neiva, Heloisa F Marão, Luiz F Gil, Pablo Atria, Ryo Jimbo, Eduardo A Caceres, Paulo G Coelho
The study evaluated the effects of a Supercritical CO2 (scCO2 ) on a commercially available decellularized/delipidized naturally derived porcine pericardium collagen membrane, Vitala®. The Vitala® and scCO2 treated experimental membranes were evaluated for guided tissue regeneration (GTR) of periodontal tissue in class III furcation defects utilizing a dog model. Physical material characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031360/custom-built-electrostatics-and-supplementary-bonding-in-the-design-of-reinforced-collagen-g-p-methyl-methacrylate-co-ethyl-acrylate-nylon-66-core-shell-fibers
#7
Zahra Bazrafshan, George K Stylios
In this study, Acid Soluble Collagen-g-P(methyl methacrylate-co-ethyl acrylate) (CME) was synthesized to take advantage of the flexibility of the resulted branched polymer chains and the high density of their chain entanglement. The coaxial electrospinning technique was applied to study the effect of electrically and structurally varied materials on fiber formation and fiber morphology when CME and Nylon 66 were electrospun as core and shell respectively. By tailoring the electrostatic field, different fiber content was achieved...
November 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892131/antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-capacities-of-collagen-peptides-from-milkfish-chanos-chanos-scales
#8
Yu-Pei Chen, Chia-Hua Liang, Hong-Tan Wu, Hai-Yue Pang, Chuan Chen, Guey-Horng Wang, Leong-Perng Chan
Milkfish ( Chanos chanos ), which is resistant to water quality changes is the fourth largest aquaculture commodity. Abandoned wastes of fish scale and bones aggravate environmental pollution. In this study, the effect of collagen peptides isolated from milkfish scales (MSCP) by pepsin-soluble collagen method on cell viability was investigated. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and DNA-protective activities of MSCP were also evaluated. Results revealed that more than 95% of viable cells were retained in human keratinocytes after addition of 100 mg/mL MSCP...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734697/field-studies-evaluating-bait-acceptance-and-handling-by-free-roaming-dogs-in-thailand
#9
Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Karoon Chanachai, Tanu Pinyopummintr, Kansuda Leelalapongsathon, Kitipat Sujit, Ad Vos
(1) Background: As part of the ongoing endeavor to eliminate dog-mediated human rabies in Thailand, renewed interest has been shown in oral vaccination of dogs as a supplementary tool to increase vaccination coverage of the dog population. (2) Methods: Three different bait types were tested using a hand-out model on the campus of the Kasetsart University and the surrounding temples in Thailand during September 2017, consisting of two industrial manufactured baits (fish meal and egg-flavored) and one bait made from local material (boiled pig intestine placed in collagen casing)...
May 4, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106737/the-efficacy-of-supplementary-sonic-irrigation-using-the-endoactivator-%C3%A2-system-determined-by-removal-of-a-collagen-film-from-an-ex-vivo-model
#10
G Bryce, N MacBeth, K Gulabivala, Y-L Ng
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of sonic irrigation (EndoActivator® ) using various polymer tips and power settings in a stained collagen ex vivo model. METHODOLOGY: The root canals of fifty human, straight single-rooted extracted teeth were prepared to size 40, .08 taper. The roots were split longitudinally; stained collagen applied to the canal surfaces, photographed and re-assembled. The canals were subjected to syringe without supplementary (group 1, n = 10) or with supplementary sonic (groups 2-5, n = 10) irrigation...
April 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051380/recent-natural-selection-causes-adaptive-evolution-of-an-avian-polygenic-trait
#11
Mirte Bosse, Lewis G Spurgin, Veronika N Laine, Ella F Cole, Josh A Firth, Phillip Gienapp, Andrew G Gosler, Keith McMahon, Jocelyn Poissant, Irene Verhagen, Martien A M Groenen, Kees van Oers, Ben C Sheldon, Marcel E Visser, Jon Slate
We used extensive data from a long-term study of great tits ( Parus major ) in the United Kingdom and Netherlands to better understand how genetic signatures of selection translate into variation in fitness and phenotypes. We found that genomic regions under differential selection contained candidate genes for bill morphology and used genetic architecture analyses to confirm that these genes, especially the collagen gene COL4A5 , explained variation in bill length. COL4A5 variation was associated with reproductive success, which, combined with spatiotemporal patterns of bill length, suggested ongoing selection for longer bills in the United Kingdom...
October 20, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863859/grafting-materials-for-alveolar-cleft-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-best-evidence-synthesis
#12
REVIEW
C Wu, W Pan, C Feng, Z Su, Z Duan, Q Zheng, C Hua, C Li
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of alveolar bone reconstruction for alveolar cleft patients performed with the traditional iliac graft or alternative/supplementary bone grafting materials. Electronic databases, relevant journals, and reference lists of the included studies were searched to the end of June 2016. A best-evidence synthesis was performed to draw conclusions. A total of 38 studies were included, which provided 25 pieces of evidence: seven of moderate evidence and 18 of insufficient evidence...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782462/concentrations-of-ctx-i-ctx-ii-dpd-and-pyd-in-the-urine-as-a-biomarker-for-the-diagnosis-of-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis-a-preliminary-study
#13
Soo-Min Ok, Seung-Min Lee, Hae Ryoun Park, Sung-Hee Jeong, Ching-Chang Ko, Yong-Il Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify a marker for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) diagnosis by comparing the concentrations of urinary pyridinoline (PYD), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), and C-terminal telopeptides type I collagen (CTX-I), and CTX-II of TMJ OA patients with those of a non-symptomatic group. METHODS: PYD, DPD, CTX-I, and CTX-II concentrations in the urine of 36 non-symptomatic subjects and 31 TMJ OA subjects were analyzed...
November 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459816/isotopic-reconstruction-of-the-weaning-process-in-the-archaeological-population-of-can%C3%A3-mar-abajo-cuba-a-bayesian-probability-mixing-model-approach
#14
Yadira Chinique de Armas, Mirjana Roksandic, Dejana Nikitović, Roberto Rodríguez Suárez, David Smith, Nadine Kanik, Dailys García Jordá, William M Buhay
The general lack of well-preserved juvenile skeletal remains from Caribbean archaeological sites has, in the past, prevented evaluations of juvenile dietary changes. Canímar Abajo (Cuba), with a large number of well-preserved juvenile and adult skeletal remains, provided a unique opportunity to fully assess juvenile paleodiets from an ancient Caribbean population. Ages for the start and the end of weaning and possible food sources used for weaning were inferred by combining the results of two Bayesian probability models that help to reduce some of the uncertainties inherent to bone collagen isotope based paleodiet reconstructions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351173/effects-of-forage-feeding-versus-grain-feeding-on-the-growth-performance-and-meat-quality-of-yangzhou-geese
#15
Y Song, Y Li, S Zheng, W Dai, X Shen, Y Zhang, W Zhao, G Chang, Q Xu, G Chen
1. Highly palatable and nutritious meat products can be produced through dietary interventions. Previous studies have shown that forage feeding has a significant impact on the growth performance and nutrition of cattle in various regions, but whether the same effects can be induced in geese remains unclear. 2. Three hundred and sixty Yangzhou goslings were divided according to body weight at 29 d old, assigned to one of 4 treatments and raised in separate pens. The treatments applied were (A) grazing, (B) grazing, grain supplemental diet (64 to 70 d), (C) grazing, grain supplemental diet and (D) confined...
August 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796036/weaning-practices-among-pastoralists-new-evidence-of-infant-feeding-patterns-from-bronze-age-eurasia
#16
Alicia Ventresca Miller, Bryan K Hanks, Margaret Judd, Andrey Epimakhov, Dmitry Razhev
OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates infant feeding practices through stable carbon (δ13 C) and nitrogen (δ15 N) isotopic analyses of human bone collagen from Kamennyi Ambar 5, a Middle Bronze Age cemetery located in central Eurasia. The results presented are unique for the time period and region, as few cemeteries have been excavated to reveal a demographic cross-section of the population. Studies of weaning among pastoral societies are infrequent and this research adds to our knowledge of the timing, potential supplementary foods, and cessation of breastfeeding practices...
March 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508805/-op-1c-04-structural-and-functional-arterial-abnormalities-in-fibromuscular-dysplasia-are-in-the-continuum-of-hypertension-an-imaging-and-biomechanical-study
#17
L Marais, P Boutouyrie, H Khettab, C Boulanger, A Lorthiroir, M Frank, R Niarra, J Renard, Y Chambon, X Jeunemaitre, M Zidi, P-F Plouin, S Laurent, M Azizi
OBJECTIVE: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a non-atherosclerotic non-inflammatory arterial disease, which occurs mostly in middle-aged women and affects medium-sized arteries. We previously showed abnormalities within common carotid artery (CCA) wall, with the presence of triple signal (TS) at ultrasound suggesting the presence of supplementary layers. We aimed at coupling TS presence with microconstituents of the vessel wall, derived from fitting of the pressure-diameter curve. DESIGN AND METHOD: We included 50 non-smoking patients with multifocal FMD, 50 essential hypertensive (EH) patients and 50 healthy subjects (HS) matched for age, sex, ethnicity and BP (EH and FD)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500883/meningeal-ewing-sarcoma-peripheral-pnet-clinicopathological-immunohistochemical-and-fish-study-of-four-cases
#18
Changshu Ke 柯昌庶, Qiuhong Duan 段秋红, Hui Yang, Feng Zhu, Meng Yan, San-Peng Xu, Sheng Zhou, Feng Wan, Kai Shu, Ting Lei, Li-Ming Xia
Meningeal Ewing Sarcoma (ES)/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (pPNET) is a rare diagnostically challenging small round cell tumor in the CNS. This study investigates the clinical pathological features of four cases of this tumor from archives of 6 years in our hospital. Patients were within the median age of 21.5 years and male to female ratio was 1:1. The tumors distributed at the supra-tentorial location, posterior fossa and lumbar vertebral canal, usually presenting as the dura-sited nodule or having close connection with the meninges within the cranium or vertebral canal...
February 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218225/uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-causes-fibrotic-remodelling-of-the-epididymis
#19
Vera Michel, Yonggang Duan, Elke Stoschek, Sudhanshu Bhushan, Ralf Middendorff, Julia M Young, Kate L Loveland, David M De Kretser, Mark P Hedger, Andreas Meinhardt
Despite antibiotic treatment, up to 40% of patients have impaired fertility after epididymitis due to serovars of Escherichia coli, a frequent pathogen. The reasons for infertility are unclear, but it may result from epididymal duct obstruction. To determine whether E. coli infection of the epididymis causes obstruction due to fibrosis, and to identify the key mediators, tissues from patients with epididymitis were assessed. Additionally, epididymitis was induced with uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) or commensal serovars in wild-type and MyD88(-/-) mice, which are relatively unresponsive to bacterial pathogens...
September 2016: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199082/magnetic-susceptibility-anisotropy-outside-the-central-nervous-system
#20
REVIEW
Russell Dibb, Luke Xie, Hongjiang Wei, Chunlei Liu
Magnetic-susceptibility-based MRI has made important contributions to the characterization of tissue microstructure, chemical composition, and organ function. This has motivated a number of studies to explore the link between microstructure and susceptibility in organs and tissues throughout the body, including the kidney, heart, and connective tissue. These organs and tissues have anisotropic magnetic susceptibility properties and cellular organizations that are distinct from the lipid organization of myelin in the brain...
April 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
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