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Nursing research papers

Timothy Disher, Louis Beaubien, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
AIMS: A discussion of how quality adjusted life years are used to inform resource allocation decisions and highlight how assumptions underpinning the measurement of quality of life are contrary to principles of patient-centred care. BACKGROUND: Cost-effectiveness analyses can provide influential guidance for health resource allocation, particularly in the context of a budget constrained public health insurance plan. Most national economic guideline bodies recommend that quality adjusted life-year weights for cost-effectiveness analysis be elicited indirectly (public preferences)...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Trygve Johannes Lereim Sævareid, Lillian Lillemoen, Lisbeth Thoresen, Reidun Førde, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Reidar Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Close to half of all deaths in Norway occur in nursing homes, which signals a need for good communication on end-of-life care. Advance care planning (ACP) is one means to that end, but in Norwegian nursing homes, ACP is not common. This paper describes the protocol of a project evaluating an ACP-intervention in Norwegian nursing homes. The aims of this research project were to promote the possibility for conversations about the end of life with patients and relatives; promote patient autonomy; create a better foundation for important decisions in the case of medical emergencies and at the end of life; and gain experiences in order to find out what characterizes good ACP and good implementation strategies...
August 13, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Stefanie R Auer, Margit Höfler, Elisabeth Linsmayer, Anna Beránková, Doris Prieschl, Paulina Ratajczak, Michal Šteffl, Iva Holmerová
BACKGROUND: This paper provides a first comparative exploratory analysis of our findings from DEMDATA, a collaborative project between Austria and the Czech Republic. Analysed here are data from the residents and the environment assessment protocol. METHODS: In a cross sectional study design, residents from randomly drawn and stratified nursing homes were investigated using a common study protocol. RESULTS: From a total resident pool of 1666 persons, 1085 (571 in Austria, 514 in the Czech Republic) persons signed a consent form and participated in the data collection...
August 13, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Renee Lovi, John Hurley, Marie Hutchinson
Health care professionals are frequently one of the first points of contact in episodes of intimate partner violence (IPV). This paper presents qualitative data from a larger research project on IPV-related content in undergraduate curriculum for Australian health care professionals. IPV is a serious public health issue with findings from this paper supporting the proposition that key health care workers such as nurses, midwives and paramedics are ill prepared to respond to the challenges it poses. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand the barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of IPV-related content into undergraduate curricula for nurses, midwives and paramedics...
August 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Donna M Wilson, Stephen Birch
AIMS: Most people approaching the end of life develop care needs, which typically change over time. Moves between care settings may be required as health deteriorates. However, in some cases, care setting transitions may have little to do with end-of-life care needs and instead reflect the needs, demands, availability, or funding provisions of the country or funding body and organizations providing care. This paper is a scoping review of the international peer-reviewed research literature to gain evidence on the frequency and types of end-of-life care setting transitions, and the reasons for these moves...
August 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
B Ahmad, D Landes, S Moffatt
This paper presents a case study on the use of mixed methods in research into practice to inform policy. The study was undertaken as part of a review of oral healthcare for older people in residential and nursing care homes in County Durham, North East England. The findings highlighted challenges in the provision of good quality oral healthcare to older people in residential and nursing care homes and informed the county's oral health strategy (Durham County Council DCC, 2016). Key recommendations include the need to develop and implement a minimum set of best practice oral health standards within care home contracts and train care home staff in oral healthcare...
August 9, 2018: Community Dental Health
Danielle Macdonald, Megan Aston, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Keisha Jefferies, Lilian T Mselle, Sheri Price, Shawna O'Hearn, Maureen White, Columba Mbekenga, Thecla W Kohi
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. Comprehensive guidelines for postpartum care have been developed by the government as a means to improve health outcomes during the perinatal period. Despite the creation of these guidelines and the government's commitment to universal perinatal care for women and neonates, there is concern that the delivery of postpartum services may not be meeting the needs of mothers and neonates. AIM: The purpose of this feminist poststructuralist study was to explore nurse-midwives' and obstetricians' experiences of providing postpartum care in Tanzania...
August 9, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Heike Schütze, Allan Shell, Henry Brodaty
BACKGROUND: Dementia is the second leading cause of death in Australia. Over half of patients with dementia are undiagnosed in primary care. This paper describes the development, implementation and initial evaluation of the first national continuing medical education program on the timely diagnosis and management of dementia in general practice in Australia. METHODS: Continuing medical education workshops were developed and run in 16 urban and rural locations across Australia (12 were delivered as small group workshops, four as large groups), and via online modules...
August 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Vinah L Anderson, Amy N B Johnston, Debbie Massey, Anita Bamford-Wade
BACKGROUND: Organisational culture is a critical part of a positive and productive working environment and often presents as an area of ongoing development. The MAGNET recognition program awards recognition to organisations that have positive organisational cultures that meet the standards and criteria. However, the broad impact of MAGNET on hospital culture outside of America remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we explore the impact of MAGNET designation on organisational culture within the nursing context...
August 9, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
Stefanie Lopriore, Amanda LeCouteur, Katie Ekberg, Stuart Ekberg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper explores the accomplishment of physical examination on a health helpline. By focusing on the ways in which callers are asked to examine themselves and report information to nurses, we aim to provide insight into how physical examination at a distance is achieved. BACKGROUND: Physical examination is a routine feature of healthcare encounters. In face-to-face settings, patients are subject to professional scrutiny through talk, touch and observation...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Mark Wareing, Helen Green, Barbara Burden, Sally Burns, Mary A R Beckwith, Fortune Mhlanga, Bob Mann
INTRODUCTION: This paper presents findings from a study that evaluated mental health nursing students' experience of a team mentoring model called Coaching and Peer Assisted Learning (C-PAL). At present there are no published research studies into the effectiveness of team mentorship utilised by nursing students within in-patient mental health settings. AIM: The study utilised an interpretist methodology where the focus was on individuals in their social world. METHOD: Two focus groups were held with fifteen students who had experienced C-PAL in four in-patient wards...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Elizabeth Halcomb, Elizabeth Smyth, Susan McInnes
BACKGROUND: There has been a significant growth of the international primary health care (PHC) nursing workforce in recent decades in response to health system reform. However, there has been limited attention paid to strategic workforce growth and evaluation of workforce issues in this setting. Understanding issues like job satisfaction and career intentions are essential to building capacity and skill mix within the workforce. This review sought to explore the literature around job satisfaction and career intentions of registered nurses working in PHC...
August 7, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Joanne K Taylor, Iain E Buchan, Sabine N van der Veer
Life-space mobility (LSM) is a holistic measure of resilience to physical decline and social isolation in later life. To promote its use as an outcome in geriatric studies and in clinical practice, this review paper explains the concept of LSM; outlines available questionnaires for LSM assessment, provides an overview of associations between LSM and other outcomes, and discusses emerging methods to measure LSM using wearable sensors. Based on performed activity around a central geographical anchor, LSM aims to quantify the observed contraction of daily activities associated with ageing...
August 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Megan E Voss, Mary Jo Kreitzer
Pediatric blood and marrow transplantation (BMT) is one of the most challenging allopathic treatments a patient and family can be faced with. A large Midwest academic health center, and leader in pediatric BMT, made the decision in 2013 to incorporate integrative nursing as the care delivery model. Nurses trained in advanced nursing practice and specialized in integrative health and healing performed a deep-dive needs assessment, national benchmarking, a comprehensive review of the literature, and ultimately designed a comprehensive integrative program for pediatric patients and their families undergoing BMT...
July 31, 2018: Children
E Salamanca-Fernández, M Rodríguez-Barranco, M Guevara, E Ardanaz, A Olry de Labry Lima, M J Sánchez
It has been hypothesized that circadian disruption is related to higher cancer risk. Since the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work involving circadian disruption as probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A), multiple studies have been conducted to test this hypothesis. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the findings and evaluate the quality of existing epidemiological studies (case-control and cohort studies) on the relationship between night-shift work and breast and prostate cancer risk...
July 27, 2018: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Samuel D James, Alexander T Hawkins, Amosy E M'Koma
Adenocarcinoma that occurs at the ileostomy site after proctocolectomy (TPC) with an end ileostomy for ulcerative colitis (UC) and/or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a late and uncommon complication. To ascertain the rate of adenocarcinoma at the empirical ileostomy site following TPC, a review of the literature was conducted. PubMed, MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, EMBASE, Google search engine, and the Cochrane Database were investigated for research published between January 1975 and December 2016...
June 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Istvan Mucsi, Marta Novak, Deanna Toews, Amy Waterman
Purpose: In this article, we describe a province-wide collaborative project in which we adapted the Explore Transplant (ET) education program for use in Ontario, Canada, to develop Explore Transplant Ontario (ETO). Kidney transplantation (KT), especially living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT), is the best treatment for many patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), with the best patient survival and quality of life and also reduced health care costs. Yet KT and LDKT are underutilized both internationally and in Canada...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Geraldine Walpole, Helen Clark, Maura Dowling
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to synthesise all qualitative evidence on the experiences of myeloma patients undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). METHOD: A systematic search strategy was developed and a rigorous search of the literature was undertaken searching six databases (CINAHL, Embase, Medline, Psych Info, Ethos and Proquest). The software for systematic reviews was used to blind screen for eligible papers. Quality appraisal of each study was undertaken using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP)...
August 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Kim D Jones, Judith G Baggs, Megan R Jones
Nurses hoping to enter a research intensive doctoral program have a choice of program delivery modes, faculty expertise, and multiple points of entry in addition to the traditional post masters. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) lists doctoral programs in nursing in over 300 universities in the United States (U.S.) and Puerto Rico, with most institutions offering more than one type of doctorate. For prospective students who want to maximize their likelihood of significant, sustained scientific impact, identifying research-intensive Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) programs with faculty who have a topic match is key...
July 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Aganeta Enns, Gloria D Eldridge, Cynthia Montgomery, Vivian M Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Post-secondary students in training for helping profession disciplines, including nursing, may be at elevated risk for high stress levels. Stress among students has been linked with adverse physical and psychological health. In addition to the common stressors associated with post-secondary education, sources of stress for students in the helping professions include balancing academic and clinical demands. Previous research indicates perceived stress levels are correlated with emotional intelligence (EI) and with the coping strategies employed by students...
September 2018: Nurse Education Today
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