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myositis animal model

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971240/characterization-of-the-temporal-trends-in-the-rate-of-cattle-carcass-condemnations-in-the-us-and-dynamic-modeling-of-the-condemnation-reasons-in-california-with-a-seasonal-component
#1
Sara Amirpour Haredasht, Gema Vidal, Anita Edmondson, Dale Moore, Noelia Silva-Del-Río, Beatriz Martínez-López
Based on the 2016 National Cattlemen's Beef Association statistics, the cattle inventory in the US reached 93.5 million head, from which 30.5 million were commercial slaughter in 2016. California ranked fourth among all the US states that raise cattle and calves, with 5.15 million head and approximately 1.18 million slaughtered animals per year. Approximately 0.5% of cattle carcasses in the US are condemned each year, which has an important economic impact on cattle producers.In this study, we first described and compared the temporal trends of cattle carcass condemnations in all the US states from Jan-2005 to Dec-2014...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804914/electrical-impedance-imaging-of-human-muscle-at-the-microscopic-scale-using-a-multi-electrode-needle-device-a-simulation-study
#2
Seward B Rutkove, Hyeuknam Kwon, Maria Guasch, Jim S Wu, Benjamin Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: To use a standard modeling approach to evaluate the feasibility of imaging healthy and diseased skeletal muscle at the microscopic scale with a novel electrical impedance imaging (EII) needle. METHODS: We modeled an EII needle containing 16 impedance electrodes arranged circumferentially around the shaft of a non-conductive 19-gauge needle in 4 planes. We then combined the finite element method approach with a reconstruction algorithm to create imaging simulations of the electrical properties of the triceps brachii by localized intramuscular fat (as might be seen in any chronic neuromuscular disease) and by localized edema (as in inflammatory myositis or after direct muscle injury)...
August 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526635/perspective-scientific-and-ethical-concerns-pertaining-to-animal-models-of-autoimmune-autoinflammatory-syndrome-induced-by-adjuvants-asia
#3
REVIEW
Rohan Ameratunga, Daman Langguth, David Hawkes
The autoimmune/autoinflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) was first described in 2011. The aluminium containing adjuvants of vaccines were stated to be one of the main causes of the condition. Other disorders associated with ASIA include siliconosis, Gulf war syndrome, sick building syndrome and the macrophagic myositis syndrome. We have recently reviewed ASIA as defined by its authors. We have shown that the definition of ASIA is imprecise and includes all patients with an autoimmune disorder as well as potentially the entire population...
May 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387187/effect-of-butylphthalide-intervention-on-experimental-autoimmune-myositis-in-guinea-pigs
#4
Juan Chen, Jingyang Wang, Jiyan Zhang, Chuanqiang Pu
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are a group of rare muscular diseases that are characterized by acute, subacute or chronic proximal and symmetric muscle weakness, muscle fiber necrosis and infiltration of inflammatory cells, particularly activated CD8+ cytotoxic T cells and phagocytes. 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) protects mitochondria and reduces the inflammatory response in multiple disease models. In myositis, it has remained elusive whether NBP can protect muscle cells from muscle fiber injury. Experimental autoimmune myositis (EAM) was induced in a total of 40 guinea pigs by myosin immunization...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083392/limitations-of-current-in-vivo-mouse-models-for-the-study-of-chikungunya-virus-pathogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Yi-Hao Chan, Fok-Moon Lum, Lisa Fong Poh Ng
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne alphavirus that causes febrile chikungunya fever (CHIKF) in humans. This disease is debilitating and characterized by acute fever onset and chronic incapacitating polyarthralgia. CHIKF pathogenesis remains poorly defined with no approved vaccines and therapies. Recent outbreaks in the Caribbean islands have elevated concerns over the possibility of a global pandemic. Tremendous efforts have been made to develop relevant mouse models to enable the study of infection and immunity against this viral disease...
August 7, 2015: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962128/3-n-butylphthalide-reduces-the-oxidative-damage-of-muscles-in-an-experimental-autoimmune-myositis-animal-model
#6
Juan Chen, Jingyang Wang, Jiyan Zhang, Chuanqiang Pu
3-n-Butylphthalide (NBP) protects the mitochondria and reduces apoptosis in multiple disease models. However, it remains to be determined whether NBP can protect muscle cells from oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and apoptosis in myositis. In the present study, a myosin immunization protocol was applied to induce experimental autoimmune myositis (EAM) in guinea pigs. After 4 weeks, a low- or high-dose NBP solution was injected intraperitoneally into the guinea pigs, with saline solution serving as the negative control...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716936/bacterial-infection-imaging-with-18-f-fluoropropyl-trimethoprim
#7
Mark A Sellmyer, Iljung Lee, Catherine Hou, Chi-Chang Weng, Shihong Li, Brian P Lieberman, Chenbo Zeng, David A Mankoff, Robert H Mach
There is often overlap in the diagnostic features of common pathologic processes such as infection, sterile inflammation, and cancer both clinically and using conventional imaging techniques. Here, we report the development of a positron emission tomography probe for live bacterial infection based on the small-molecule antibiotic trimethoprim (TMP). [18 F]fluoropropyl-trimethoprim, or [18 F]FPTMP, shows a greater than 100-fold increased uptake in vitro in live bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ) relative to controls...
August 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709849/effects-of-huperzin-a-on-the-beta-amyloid-accumulation-in-the-brain-and-skeletal-muscle-cells-of-a-rat-model-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Cagatay Han Turkseven, Belgin Buyukakilli, Ebru Balli, Derya Yetkin, Mehmet Emin Erdal, Senay Gorucu Yilmaz, Leyla Sahin
AIMS: Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is characterized by a loss of cognitive function and also the accumulation of β-amyloid peptide (βAP) in the brain parenchyma, which plays an important role in this disease. However, it is often also associated with the non-cognitive symptoms such as loss of muscle function (Inclusion-Body Myositis-IBM). MAIN METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (13 weeks-n=68) were randomly assigned into five groups: Group C: Control; Group D: d-galactose; Group O+D: Bilateral oophorectomy+d-galactose; Group O: Bilateral oophorectomy; Group O+D+H: Bilateral oophorectomy+d-galactose+Hup-A...
September 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333717/effect-of-resistance-exercise-on-muscle-metabolism-and-autophagy-in-sibm
#9
Jae-Hoon Jeong, Dae-Seung Yang, Jung-Hoon Koo, Dong-Ju Hwang, Joon-Yong Cho, Eun-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM), a muscular degenerative disease in the elderly, is an inflammatory myopathy characterized by muscle weakness in the wrist flexor, quadriceps, and tibialis anterior muscles. We aimed to identify the therapeutic effect of resistance exercise (RE) in improving sIBM symptoms in an sIBM animal model. METHODS: Six-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into a sham group (sham, n = 12), chloroquine-control group (CQ-con, n = 12), and chloroquine-RE group (CQ-RE, n = 12)...
August 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318044/pathomechanisms-of-anti-cytosolic-5-nucleotidase-1a-autoantibodies-in-sporadic-inclusion-body-myositis
#10
Nozomu Tawara, Satoshi Yamashita, Xiao Zhang, Mai Korogi, Ziwei Zhang, Tsukasa Doki, Yoshimasa Matsuo, Shunya Nakane, Yasushi Maeda, Kazuma Sugie, Naoki Suzuki, Masashi Aoki, Yukio Ando
OBJECTIVE: Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM), an intractable progressive muscle disease, frequently occurs in older persons. sIBM pathogenesis may involve protein degradation dysfunction and immune abnormalities. Autoantibodies recognizing cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase 1A (cN1A) were found in plasma and serum from sIBM patients. However, whether anti-cN1A autoantibodies play a pathogenic role in sIBM is controversial. This study investigated the pathogenic properties of anti-cN1A autoantibodies in sIBM pathogenesis...
April 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315675/low-intensity-training-and-the-c5a-complement-antagonist-nox-d21-rescue-the-mdx-phenotype-through-modulation-of-inflammation
#11
Janek Hyzewicz, Jun Tanihata, Mutsuki Kuraoka, Yuko Nitahara-Kasahara, Teiva Beylier, Urs T Ruegg, Axel Vater, Shin'ichi Takeda
Inflammatory events occurring in dystrophic muscles contribute to the progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Low-intensity training (LIT) attenuates the phenotype of mdx mice, an animal model for DMD. Therefore, we postulated that LIT could have anti-inflammatory properties. We assessed levels of inflammatory cytokines and infiltrated immune cells in gastrocnemius muscle of mdx mice after LIT. We detected high levels of complement component C5a, chemokine ligand (CCL) 2, CD68+ monocytes/macrophages, and proinflammatory M1 macrophages in muscles of mdx mice...
May 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286105/animal-models-in-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies-how-to-overcome-a-translational-roadblock
#12
REVIEW
Ali Maisam Afzali, Tobias Ruck, Heinz Wiendl, Sven G Meuth
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) encompass a heterogenic group of rare muscle diseases with common symptoms including muscle weakness and the presence of certain histological features. Since the pathogenesis remains unclear, therapeutic approaches in general comprise unspecific immunosuppression strategies that have been met with limited success. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms is critically required to assist in development of targeted therapies. Animal models have proven to be tremendously helpful in mechanistic studies and allow researchers to overcome the inevitable restrictions of human research...
May 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223068/parasite-control-and-skeletal-myositis-in-trypanosoma-cruzi-infected-and-exercised-rats
#13
Rômulo D Novaes, Reggiani V Gonçalves, Arlete R Penitente, Marli C Cupertino, Izabel R S C Maldonado, André Talvani, Antônio J Natali
Non-pharmacological strategies have been rarely described in the treatment of infectious diseases. Although exercise training has been recently incorporated in the clinical management of Chagas disease, the rationale basis that supports this indication is poorly understood. Thus, we investigated the effect of an aerobic exercise on the parasitism, inflammation and oxidative tissue damage in a murine model of Trypanosoma cruzi-induced skeletal myositis. Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: trained not infected (TNI) and infected (TI), sedentary not infected (SNI) and infected (SI)...
June 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192096/gabapentin-decreases-microglial-cells-and-reverses-bilateral-hyperalgesia-and-allodynia-in-rats-with-chronic-myositis
#14
A S Rosa, M F Freitas, I R C Rocha, M Chacur
In the present work, we investigated the antinociceptive effect of gabapentin in a chronic myositis model and its interference in spinal glial cells. Chronic myositis was induced by injection of Complete Freund Adjuvant (CFA) into the right gastrocnemius (GS) muscle of rats and tests for evaluating mechanical hyperalgesia, thermal hyperalgesia and tactile allodynia were performed. Pharmacological treatment with gabapentin was administrated intrathecally and 100μg and 200μg doses were tested. For analyzing astrocytes and microglia in the spinal cord, immunochemistry assay was performed...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153034/tdp-43-cryptic-exons-are-highly-variable-between-cell-types
#15
Yun Ha Jeong, Jonathan P Ling, Sophie Z Lin, Aneesh N Donde, Kerstin E Braunstein, Elisa Majounie, Bryan J Traynor, Katherine D LaClair, Thomas E Lloyd, Philip C Wong
BACKGROUND: TDP-43 proteinopathy is a prominent pathological feature that occurs in a number of human diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and inclusion body myositis (IBM). Our recent finding that TDP-43 represses nonconserved cryptic exons led us to ask whether cell type-specific cryptic exons could exist to impact unique molecular pathways in brain or muscle. METHODS: In the present work, we investigated TDP-43's function in various mouse tissues to model disease pathogenesis...
February 2, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134083/direct-suppression-of-autoaggressive-cd8-t-cells-with-cd80-86-blockade-in-cd8-t-cell-mediated-polymyositis-models-of-mice
#16
Hisanori Hasegawa, Kimito Kawahata, Fumitaka Mizoguchi, Naoko Okiyama, Nobuyuki Miyasaka, Hitoshi Kohsaka
OBJECTIVES: CD80/86 blockade to inhibit CD28 costimulation suppressed alloreactive human and murine CD4+ T cells but not alloreactive CD8+ T cells. In contrast, CD28 costimulation augments CD8+ T cell-mediated cell lysis in antigen-nonspecific stimulation. The present study was conducted to discern whether the CD80/86 blockade exerts therapeutic effects on CD8+ T cell-mediated polymyositis (PM) models of mice and whether the effects could be attributable to direct suppression of autoantigen-specific CD8+ T cells...
July 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076378/p62-pathology-model-in-the-rat-substantia-nigra-with-filamentous-inclusions-and-progressive-neurodegeneration
#17
Kasey L Jackson, Wen-Lang Lin, Sumitra Miriyala, Robert D Dayton, Manikandan Panchatcharam, Kevin J McCarthy, Monica Castanedes-Casey, Dennis W Dickson, Ronald L Klein
One of the proteins most frequently found in neuropathological lesions is the ubiquitin binding protein p62 (sequestosome 1). Post-mortem analysis of p62 is a defining diagnostic marker in several neurodegenerative diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and inclusion body myositis. Since p62 functions in protein degradation pathways including autophagy, the build-up of p62-positive inclusions suggests defects in protein clearance. p62 was expressed unilaterally in the rat substantia nigra with an adeno-associated virus vector (AAV9) in order to study p62 neuropathology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069819/temporal-role-for-myd88-in-a-model-of-brucella-induced-arthritis-and-musculoskeletal-inflammation
#18
Carolyn A Lacey, William J Mitchell, Charles R Brown, Jerod A Skyberg
Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular Gram-negative bacteria that cause the zoonotic disease brucellosis, one of the most common global zoonoses. Osteomyelitis, arthritis, and musculoskeletal inflammation are common focal complications of brucellosis in humans; however, wild-type (WT) mice infected systemically with conventional doses of Brucella do not develop these complications. Here we report C57BL/6 WT mice infected via the footpad with 103 to 106 CFU of Brucella spp. display neutrophil and monocyte infiltration of the joint space and surrounding musculoskeletal tissue...
March 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034602/contribution-of-secreted-nadase-and-streptolysin-o-to-the-pathogenesis-of-epidemic-serotype-m1-streptococcus-pyogenes-infections
#19
Luchang Zhu, Randall J Olsen, Jessica D Lee, Adeline R Porter, Frank R DeLeo, James M Musser
Streptococcus pyogenes secretes many toxins that facilitate human colonization, invasion, and dissemination. NADase (SPN) and streptolysin O (SLO) are two toxins that play important roles in pathogenesis. We previously showed that increased production of SPN and SLO in epidemic serotype M1 and M89 S. pyogenes strains is associated with rapid intercontinental spread and enhanced virulence. The biological functions of SPN and SLO have been extensively studied using eukaryotic cell lines, but the relative contribution of each of these two toxins to pathogenesis of epidemic M1 or M89 strains remains unexplored...
March 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894908/implication-of-artemisinin-nematocidal-activity-on-experimental-trichinellosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#20
Dina M Abou Rayia, Abeer E Saad, Dalia S Ashour, Radwa M Oreiby
Benzimidazole drugs are used for treatment of trichinellosis, but they have a limited effect against encapsulated larval stages of Trichinella spiralis. Hence, there is a considerable interest in developing new anthelmintic drugs. Our aim is to investigate the possible effect of artemisinin on T. spiralis in in vitro and in vivo studies. T. spiralis worms were isolated from infected mice and transferred to 3 culture media; group I: with no drugs, group II: contained artemisinin and group III: contained mebendazole, then they were subjected to electron microscopic study...
April 2017: Parasitology International
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