Read by QxMD icon Read

p75 NTR

Jiabing Shen, Xiaomei Chen, Hongmei Li, Yang Wang, Keke Huo, Kaifu Ke
Recently, NIX, a pro-apoptotic BH3-only protein, was found to be a novel p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) binding protein by screening a human fetal brain two-hybrid library in our laboratory. We further study the interaction of these two proteins and the possible roles of p75(NTR) and NIX in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced neuronal death. Using the split-ubiquitin yeast two-hybrid system, we found that the "Copper" domain in p75(NTR) and the TM region in NIX were sufficient for the interaction of these two proteins...
October 10, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Karen Oprych, Daniel Cotfas, David Choi
The in situ immunocytochemical properties of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) have been well studied in several small to medium sized animal models including rats, mice, guinea pigs, cats and canines. However, we know very little about the antigenic characteristics of OECs in situ within the adult and developing human olfactory bulb and nerve roots. To address this gap in knowledge we undertook an immunocytochemical analysis of the 11-19 pcw human foetal olfactory system. Human foetal OECs in situ possessed important differences compared to rodents in the expression of key surface markers...
October 7, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
Mateus Vidigal de Castro, Roberta Barbizan, Rui Seabra Ferreira, Benedito Barraviera, Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de Oliveira
Axonal injuries at the interface between central and peripheral nervous system, such as ventral root avulsion (VRA), induce important degenerative processes, mostly resulting in neuronal and motor function loss. In the present work, we have compared two different fibrin sealants, one derived from human blood and another derived from animal blood and Crotalus durissus terrificus venom, as a promising treatment for this type of injury. Lewis rats were submitted to VRA (L4-L6) and had the avulsed roots reimplanted to the surface of the spinal cord, with the aid of fibrin sealant...
2016: Neural Plasticity
Kishore Reddy Katikireddy, Thore Schmedt, Marianne O Price, Francis W Price, Ula V Jurkunas
Human corneal endothelial cells are derived from neural crest and because of postmitotic arrest lack competence to repair cell loss from trauma, aging, and degenerative disorders such as Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD). Herein, we identified a rapidly proliferating subpopulation of cells from the corneal endothelium of adult normal and FECD donors that exhibited features of neural crest-derived progenitor (NCDP) cells by showing absence of senescence with passaging, propensity to form spheres, and increased colony forming efficacy compared with the primary cells...
October 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Danielle A Simmons, Nadia P Belichenko, Ellen C Ford, Sarah Semaan, Marie Monbureau, Sruti Aiyaswamy, Cameron M Holman, Christina Condon, Mehrdad Shamloo, Stephen M Massa, Frank M Longo
Decreases in the ratio of neurotrophic versus neurodegenerative signaling play a critical role in Huntington's disease (HD) pathogenesis and recent evidence suggests that the p75 neurotrophin receptor (NTR) contributes significantly to disease progression. p75(NTR) signaling intermediates substantially overlap with those promoting neuronal survival and synapse integrity and with those affected by the mutant huntingtin (muHtt) protein. MuHtt increases p75(NTR)-associated deleterious signaling and decreases survival signaling suggesting that p75(NTR) could be a valuable therapeutic target...
September 16, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Reka Chakravarthy, Katarzyna Mnich, Adrienne M Gorman
Triple negative breast cancer [TNBC] cells are reported to secrete the neurotrophin nerve growth factor [NGF] and express its receptors, p75 neurotrophin receptor [p75(NTR)] and TrkA, leading to NGF-activated pro-survival autocrine signaling. This provides a rationale for NGF as a potential therapeutic target for TNBC. Here we show that exposure of TNBC cells to NGF leads to increased levels of p75(NTR), which was diminished by NGF-neutralizing antibody or NGF inhibitors [Ro 08-2750 and Y1086]. NGF-mediated increase in p75(NTR) levels were partly due to increased transcription and partly due to inhibition of proteolytic processing of p75(NTR)...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Julien Gibon, Min Su Kang, Arturo Aliaga, Behrang Sharif, Pedro Rosa-Neto, Philippe Séguéla, Philip A Barker, Alexey Kostikov
Mature neurotrophins as well as their pro forms are critically involved in the regulation of neuronal functions. They are signaling through three distinct types of receptors: tropomyosin receptor kinase family (TrkA/B/C), p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) and sortilin. Aberrant expression of p75(NTR) in the CNS is implicated in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. The goal of this work was to evaluate one of the very few reported p75(NTR) small molecule ligands as a lead compound for development of novel PET radiotracers for in vivo p75(NTR) imaging...
October 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Pablo F Barcelona, Nicholas Sitaras, Alba Galan, Gema Esquiva, Sean Jmaeff, Yifan Jian, Marinko V Sarunic, Nicolas Cuenca, Przemyslaw Sapieha, H Uri Saragovi
UNLABELLED: In many diseases, expression and ligand-dependent activity of the p75(NTR) receptor can promote pericyte and vascular dysfunction, inflammation, glial activation, and neurodegeneration. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by all of these pathological events. However, the mechanisms by which p75(NTR) may be implicated at each stage of DR pathology remain poorly understood. Using a streptozotocin mouse model of diabetic retinopathy, we report that p75(NTR) is upregulated very early in glia and in pericytes to mediate ligand-dependent induction of inflammatory cytokines, disruption of the neuro-glia-vascular unit, promotion of blood-retina barrier breakdown, edema, and neuronal death...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Mark Bothwell
The nerve growth factor family of growth factors, collectively known as neurotrophins, are evolutionarily ancient regulators with an enormous range of biological functions. Reflecting this long history and functional diversity, mechanisms for cellular responses to neurotrophins are exceptionally complex. Neurotrophins signal through p75 (NTR), a member of the TNF receptor superfamily member, and through receptor tyrosine kinases (TrkA, TrkB, TrkC), often with opposite functional outcomes. The two classes of receptors are activated preferentially by proneurotrophins and mature processed neurotrophins, respectively...
2016: F1000Research
Thimios A Mitsiadis, Pierfrancesco Pagella
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is important for the development and the differentiation of neuronal and non-neuronal cells. NGF binds to specific low- and high-affinity cell surface receptors, respectively, p75(NTR) and TrkA. In the present study, we examined by immunohistochemistry the expression patterns of the NGF, p75(NTR), and TrkA proteins during human fetal tooth development, in order to better understand the mode of NGF signaling action in dental tissues. The results obtained show that these molecules are expressed in a wide range of dental cells of both epithelial and mesenchymal origin during early stages of odontogenesis, as well as in nerve fibers that surround the developing tooth germs...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Laura Mahady, Sylvia E Perez, Dwaine F Emerich, Lars U Wahlberg, Elliott J Mufson
Central cholinergic structures within the brain of the even-toed hoofed Goettingen miniature domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) were evaluated by immunohistochemical visualization of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and the low-affinity neurotrophin receptor, p75(NTR) . ChAT immunoreactive (-ir) perikarya were seen in the olfactory tubercle, striatum, medial septal nucleus, vertical and horizontal limbs of the diagonal band of Broca and the nucleus basalis of Meynert, medial habenular nucleus, zona incerta, neurosecretory arcuate nucleus, cranial motor nuclei III and IV, Edinger-Westphal nucleus, parabigeminal nucleus, pedunculopontine nucleus and laterodorsal tegmental nucleus...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
S Glerup, U Bolcho, S Mølgaard, S Bøggild, C B Vaegter, A H Smith, J L Nieto-Gonzalez, P L Ovesen, L F Pedersen, A N Fjorback, M Kjolby, H Login, M M Holm, O M Andersen, J R Nyengaard, T E Willnow, K Jensen, A Nykjaer
SorCS2 is a member of the Vps10p-domain receptor gene family receptors with critical roles in the control of neuronal viability and function. Several genetic studies have suggested SORCS2 to confer risk of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Here we report that hippocampal N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity is eliminated in SorCS2-deficient mice. This defect was traced to the ability of SorCS2 to form complexes with the neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR), required for pro-brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to induce long-term depression, and with the BDNF receptor tyrosine kinase TrkB to elicit long-term potentiation...
July 26, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Hongyi Tan, Pinhua Pan, Lemeng Zhang, Zu Cao, Ben Liu, Haitao Li, Xiaoli Su
INTRODUCTION: Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays an important role in asthmatic inflammatory responses. However, the effects of NGF on dendritic cells (DCs) in asthmatic inflammation remain unknown. Therefore, we examined the effects of NGF on co-stimulatory molecules and the release of cytokines after ovalbumin (OVA) and a low dose of LPS (low LPS) stimulation of dendritic cells. METHODS: Bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) were collected from 6- to 8-week-old wide or TLR4(-/-) mice...
December 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Juan Pablo Zanin, Elizabeth Abercrombie, Wilma J Friedman
Cerebellar granule cell progenitors (GCP) proliferate extensively in the external granule layer (EGL) of the developing cerebellum prior to differentiating and migrating. Mechanisms that regulate the appropriate timing of cell cycle withdrawal of these neuronal progenitors during brain development are not well defined. The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) is highly expressed in the proliferating GCPs, but is downregulated once the cells leave the cell cycle. This receptor has primarily been characterized as a death receptor for its ability to induce neuronal apoptosis following injury...
2016: ELife
Eero Castrén, Masami Kojima
Levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are reduced in the brain and serum of depressed patients and at least the reduction in serum levels is reversible upon successful treatment. These data, together with a wealth of reports using different animal models with depression-like behavior or manipulation of expression of BDNF or its receptor TrkB have implicated BDNF in the pathophysiology of depression as well as in the mechanism of action of antidepressant treatments. Recent findings have shown that posttranslational processing of BDNF gene product can yield different molecular entities that differently influence signaling through BNDF receptor TrkB and the pan-neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR)...
July 15, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Attilio Pingitore, Maria Cristina Caroleo, Erika Cione, Ramon Castañera Gonzalez, Guo Cai Huang, Shanta J Persaud
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a protein required for neuronal development that also has regulatory functions in non-neuronal cells. Both NGF and its membrane receptors trkA and p75(NTR) are expressed by islet β-cells. In this study we dynamically profiled NGF secretion from islets and used selective trkA and p75(NTR) inhibitors to identify the role of endogenous NGF in β-cell stimulus-secretion coupling. NGF secretion from mouse islets was transient and did not accompany the sustained second phase of glucose-induced insulin secretion...
November 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Eun-Kyoung Koh, Woo-Bin Yun, Ji-Eun Kim, Sung-Hwa Song, Ji-Eun Sung, Hyun-Ah Lee, Eun-Ji Seo, Seung-Wan Jee, Chang-Joon Bae, Dae-Youn Hwang
To investigate the beneficial effects of diosgenin (DG) on the multiple types of brain damage induced by Aβ-42 peptides and neurotoxicants, alterations in the specific aspects of brain functions were measured in trimethyltin (TMT)-injected transgenic 2576 (TG) mice that had been pretreated with DG for 21 days. Multiple types of damage were successfully induced by Aβ-42 accumulation and TMT injection into the brains of TG mice. However, DG treatment significantly reduced the number of Aβ-stained plaques and dead cells in the granule cells layer of the dentate gyrus...
June 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
J E Cooper, D Natarajan, C J McCann, S Choudhury, H Godwin, A J Burns, N Thapar
The prospect of using neural cell replacement for the treatment of severe enteric neuropathies has seen significant progress in the last decade. The ability to harvest and transplant enteric neural crest cells (ENCCs) that functionally integrate within recipient intestine has recently been confirmed by in vivo murine studies. Although similar cells can be harvested from human fetal and postnatal gut, no studies have as yet verified their functional viability upon in vivo transplantation. We sought to determine whether ENCCs harvested from human fetal bowel are capable of engraftment and functional integration within recipient intestine following in vivo transplantation into postnatal murine colon...
July 6, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Sigrid Regauer, Marianne Gamper, Mathias K Fehr, Volker Viereck
PURPOSE: 'Pain' is the key symptom that distinguishes bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis from overactive bladder syndrome, but overlap occurs. To find a discriminating marker for these bladder diseases, we examined sensory hyperinnervation and neurotrophin receptor expression in bladder biopsies, and nerve growth factor levels in urine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bladder biopsies from patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis with (n=12) and without (n=19) Hunner lesions, overactive bladder syndrome (n=13), and healthy controls (n=12) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry with antibodies to nerve cell marker PGP9...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Urology
Tao Yang, Stephen M Massa, Kevin C Tran, Danielle A Simmons, Jayakumar Rajadas, Anne Y Zeng, Taichang Jang, Sara Carsanaro, Frank M Longo
Neurotrophin (NT) receptors are coupled to numerous signaling networks that play critical roles in neuronal survival and plasticity. Several non-peptide small molecule ligands have recently been reported that bind to and activate specific tropomyosin-receptor kinase (Trk) NT receptors, stimulate their downstream signaling, and cause biologic effects similar to, though not completely overlapping, those of the native NT ligands. Here, in silico screening, coupled with low-throughput neuronal survival screening, identified a compound, LM22B-10, that, unlike prior small molecule Trk ligands, binds to and activates TrkB as well as TrkC...
November 2016: Neuropharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"